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SHAKSPEARE'S WİLL.

rr's or the reader's mind; but, if submitted to the There myriads still shall laugh, or drop the tear, philosophical grammarian s examination, they will At Falstatt's humatir, or the woes of Lear: not easily stand under it; and they may puzzle us to

Man, wave-like, following man, thy powers admire; account for their effect in the communication of the

And thou, my Shub spesie, reign vill time expire.

C. S. poet's ideas.

Neustead Albey,

Aug. 1th, 1823.
"Ay, but to dis, and go we know not where :
To lie in cold obstruction, and to rot:
This sensible worm motion to become
Akneduled clod; and the delightedi spirit
To bathe in fiery floods; or to resile
In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice :
To be imprison'd in the viewless winds;
And blown with restless violence about
The pendent world: or to be worse than worst

FROM THE ORIGINAL IN THE OFFICE OF THE of thrise that lawless and uncertain thoughts

PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY. Imagine howlings: 'tis too horrible! The weariest and most loatheel worldly life, That age, ache, penury, imprisonment Can lay on nature, is a paradise

Vicesimo quinto die Martii, Anno Regni Domini To what we fear of death.”

nostri Jacobi nunc Regis Angliæ, &-c. decimo quar. This entire passage, terminating at "howling,” is

to, et Scotiæ quadragesimo nono. Anno Domini

1616. deficient in grammatical correctness, for it contains an antecedent not succeeded by a consequent: In the name of God, Amen. I William Shakbut is there a reader of taste who would wish it to speare of Stratford upon Avon, in the county of be any thing but what it is ? As for those barba- Warwick, gent. in perfect health and memory (God risms of the double negative and the double com- be praised!) do make and ordain this my last parative, which Malone is studious to recall from will and testament in manner and form following ; ihe old copies into Shakspeare's text, I have already that is to say: declared my conviction that they are falsely charged First, I commend my soul into the hands of God upon Shakspeare. They are not to be found in those my creator, hoping, and assuredly believing, through effusions of his muse which issued from the press the only merits of Jesus Christ my Saviour, to be under his own immediate inspection; and they made partaker of life everlasting; and my body to must assuredly be considered as the illiterate errors the earth whereof it is made. of an illiterate transcriber.

Item, I give and bequeath unto my daughter I could now easily, and the task would be delight-, Judith, one hundred and fifty pounds of lawful Engful to me, produce examples, from the page of lish money, to be paid unto her in manner and form Shakspeare, of all the excellencies which I have following; that is to say, one hundred pounds in attributed to his diction; of its sublimity, its force, discharge of her marriage portion within one year its tenderness, tis pathos, its picturesque character, after my decease, with consideration after the 'rate its sweet and ever varying harmony. But I have of two shillings in the pound for so long a time as already very far transgressed the limits prescribed the same shall be unpaid unto her after my decease; to me in my volume ; and I must restrain myself

. and the fifty pounds residue thereof, upor her sure When, therefore, I have cited, at the close of what rendering of, or giving of such sufficieni security as I am now writing, the description by Jaques, in the overseers of this my will sha! like of, to sur“As you Like it," of the seven ages of man, as an render or grans, all her estate and right that shall evidence of Shakspeare's power to touch the most descend or come unto her afier ny decease, or that familiar topics into poetry, as the Phrygian mo- she now hath, of, in, or to, one copyhold lenement, narch could touch the basest substances into gold, with the appurtenances, lying and being in StratI shall conclude this long and, as I fear, this fatiguing, ford upon Avon aforesaid, in the said couniy of treatise on Shakspeare and his works, by asking if Warwick, being parcel or holden of the manor of he be not a mighty genius, sufficiently illustrious Rowington, unio my daughter Susanna Hall, and and commanding to call forth the choice spirits of her heirs for ever. a learned and intellectual century to assert his Item, I give and bequeath unto my said daughter greatness, and to march in his triumph to fame ?

Judith one hundred and tifty pounds more, if she', Yes, master of the human heart! we will or any issue of her body, be living at the end of Thy sovereim wway; and bow before thy throne : three years next ensuing the day of the date of this Where, rich y deck'd with laurels never sere, my will, during which time my cxecutors to pay her It stands aloll, and balles Time's career.

consideration from my decease according to the raie There warbles Presy her sweetest song :

aforesaid : and if she die withan the said term willie There the will Passions wait, thy vas al throng. There Love, there Hate, there Joy in turn presides ; and bequeath one hundred pounds thereof to my

out issue of her body, then my will is, and I do give And rosy Laughter holding both his sides. Althy command the varied tumult rolls :

niece Elizabeth Hall, and the fifiy pounds to be set Now Pity melis, now Terror chills our souls. forth by my executors during the life of my sister Now, as thou wavest the wizard.rod, are seen Joan Hart, and the use and profit thereof coming, The Fays and Elves quick glancing ver the green : shall be paid to my said sister Joan, and afier her And, as the moon her perfect orb displays, decease ihe said fifty pounds shall remain amongst The liule people sparkle in her rays. There, iníd the lightning's blaze, and whirlwind':

the children of my said sister, equally to be divided howl,

amongst them; but if my said daughter Judith bo On the scath'd heath the fatal sisters scowl: living at the end of the said !hree years, or any Or, as hell's caldron bubbles o'er the flame, issue of her body, then my will is, and so I devise Prepare to do a deed without a name.

and bequeath the said hundred and hfiy pounds to These are thy wonders, Nature's darling birth!

be set out by my executors and overseers for the And Fame exulting bears thy name o’er curth. There, where Rome's eague never stoopu for blood, 1 to be paid unto her so long as she shall be married

best benefit of her and her issue, and the stock not By hallow'd Ganges and Missouri's food: Where the bright eyelids of the Morn unclose; and covert baron; but my will is, that she shall And where Day's siecus in golden stalls repose;. have the consideration yearly paid unto her during Thy peaceful triumphs spread ; and mock the pride her life, and after her decease the said stock and or Pella's Youth, and Julius slaughter-dyed. consideration to be paid to her children, if she have

In ages far remote, when Albion's state
Hath touch'd the mortal limit, marked by Fate:

any, and if not, to her executors and assigns, she When Arts and Science fly her naked shore :

living the said term after my decease : provided And the world's Empress shall be great no more :

that if such husband as she shall at the end of the Then Australasia shall thy sway prolong;

said three years be married unto, or at any time) And her rich cities echo with thy song.

after, do sufficiently assure unto her, and the issue

TO

of her body, lands answerable to the portion by this to the right heirs of me the said William Shakspeare my will given unto her, an'l to be adjudged so by for ever. my executors and overseers, then my will is, that Item, I give unto, my wife my second best bed, the said hundred and difiy pounds shall be paid 10 with the furniture. such husband as shall make such assurance, to his Item, I give and bequeath to my said daughter own use.

Judith my broad silver gilt bowl. All the rest of Item, I give and bequeath unto my said sister ny goods, chattles, leases, plate, jewels, and houseJoan twenty pounds, and all my wearing apparel, hold stuff whatsoever, after my debts and legacies to be paid and delivered within one year after my paid, and my funeral expenses discharged, I give, decease; and I do will and devise unto her the devise, and bequeath to my son-in-law, John Hall, house, with the appurtenances, in Siraiford, wherein , gent. and my daughter Susanna his wife, whom I she dwelleth, for her natural life, under the yearly ordain and make executors of this my last will and rent of twelve-pence.

testament. And I do entreat and appoint the said Item, I give and bequeath unto her three sons, Thomas Russell, esq. and Francis Collins, gent, to Willian Hart,

Hart, and Michael Hart, five be overseers hereof. ` And do revoke all former wills, pounds apiece, to be paid within one year afier my and publish this to be my last will and testament. decease.

In witness whereof I have hereunto put my hand, tho Item, I give and bequeath unto the said Eliza- day and year first above written. beth Hall all my plate (except my broad silver and

By me WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE. gilt bowl,) that I now have at the date of this my will,

Witness to the publishing hereof, Item, I give and bequeath the poor of Stratford aforesaid ten pounds; to Mr. Thomas Combe

Fra. Collyns, my sword; to Thomas Russel, esq. five pounds;

Julius Shaw, and to Francis Collins of the borough of Warwick,

John Robinson, in the county of Warwick, gent, thirteen pounds

Hamnet Sadler, six shillings and eight-pence, to be paid within one

Robert Whatcott. year after my decease.

Item, I give and bequeath to Hamlet (Hamnet] Probalum fuit testamentum suprascriptum apud LonSadler twenty-six shillings eight-pence, to buy him don, coram Magistro William Byrde, Legum a ring; to William Reynolds, gent. twenty-six Doctore, doc. vicesimo secundo die mensis Junii, shillings eight-pence, to buy him a ring; to my

Anno Domini 1616; juramento Johannis Hal godson William alker, twenty shillings in gold;

unius er. cui, doc. de bene, foc. jurat. reservata to Anthony Nash, gent, twenty-six shillings eight potestate, s.c. Susanna Hall, all. ex. fc. eam pence; and 10 Mr. John Nash, twenty-six shillings cum venerit, &-c. petitur, fic. eight-pence; and to my fellows, John Hemynge, Richard Burbage, and Henry Cundell

, twenty-six shillings eight-pence apiece, to buy them rings.

Item, I give, will, bequeath, and devise, unto my daughter Susanna Hall, for better enabling of her to perform this my will, and towards the perform

THE MEMORY ance thereof, all that capital messuage or tenement, with the appurtenances, in Stratford aforesaid, called The New Place, wherein I now dwell, and two messuages or tenements, with the

appurtenances, situate, lying, and being in Henley-street, MR. WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE, within the borough of Stratford aforesaid ; and all my barns, stables, orchards, gardens, lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, situate, lying, and being, or to be had, received, perceived, or laken, within the towns, hamlets, villages, fields, and grounds of Stratford upon Avon, Old Stratford, To draw no envy, Shakspeare, on thy name, Bishopton, and Welcombe, or in any of them, in Am I thus ample to thy book and fame: the said county of Warwick; and also all ihat Wbile I confess thy writings to be such, message or, tenement, with the appurtenances, As neither man nor Muse can praise too much. wherein one John Robinson dwelleth, situate, lying, 'Tis true, and all men's suffrage. But these ways and being, in the Blackfriars in London, near the Were not the paths I meant unto thy praise, Wardrobe : and all other my lands, tenements, and For silliest ignorance on these may light, hereditaments whatsoever: to have and to hold all Which, when it sounds at best, but echoes right; and singular the said premises, with their appurte- Or blind affection, which doth ne'er advance nances, unto the said Susanna Hall, for and during the The truth, but gropes, and urgeth all by chance; term of her natural life ; and after her decease to the Or crafty malice might pretend this praise, first son of her body lawfully issuing, and to the heirs And think to ruin, where it seem'd io raise. males of the body of the said first son lawfully issu. | These are, as some infamous bawd or whore ing; and for default of such issue, to the second son of Should praise a matron. What could hurt her more? her body lawfully issuing, and to the heirs males of But thou art proof against them, and indeed the body of the said second son lawfully issuing; and Abore th’ill fortune of them, or the need. for default of such heirs, to the third son of the body I therefore will begin. Soul of the age ! of the said Susanna lawfully issuing, and to the heirs Th’ applause ! delight! the wonder of our stage! males of the body of the said third son lawfully issu- My Shakspeare, rise ! I will not lodge thee by ing; and for default of such issue, the same so Chaucer, or Spenser, or bid Beaumont lie to be and remain to the fourth, fifth, sixth, and a little further, to make thee a room : seventh sons of her body, lawfully issuing one after Thou art a monument without a tomb, another, and to the heirs males of the bodies of the And art alive still, while thy book doth live, said fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh sons lawfully And we have wits to read, and praise to give. issuing, in such manner as it is before limited to be That I not mix thce so, my brain excuses, and remain to the first, second, and third sons of her I mean with great, but disproportion'd muses : body, and to their heirs males; and for default of For if I thought my judgment were of years, such issue, the said premises to be and remain to I should commit thee surely with thy peers, mny said niece Hall, and the heirs males of her body And tell how far thou didsi our Lily outshine, lawfully issuing; and for default of such issue, to Or sporting Kid, or Marlow's mighty line. my daughter Judith, and the heirs males of her And though thou hadse small Latin and less Greek, body lawfully issuing'; and for default of such issue, From thence to honour thee, I will not seek

OF MY BELOVED

AND WHAT HE HATH LEFT US.

For names ; but call forth thund'ring Eschylus, As Plato's year, and new scene of the world, Euripides, and Sophocles to us,

T'hem unto us, or us to them had hurid : Pacuvius, Accius, him of Cordova dead,

To raise our ancient sove. eigns from their herse, To live again, to hear thy buskin tread,

Make kings his subjects ; by exchanging verse And shake a stage : or when thy socks were on, Enlive their pale trunks, that the present ago Leave thee alone for the comparison

Joys in their joy and trembles at their rage : Of all, that insolent Greece, or haughty Rome Yet so to tenper passion, that our ears Sent forth, or since did from their ashes come. Take pleasure in their pain, and eyes in tears Triumph, my Britain, thou hast one to show, Both weep and smile ; fearful at plots so sad, To whom all scenes of Europe homage owe. Then laughing at our fear; abus'd, and glad He was not of an age, but for all time!

To be abus'd; affected with that truth And all the Muses still were in their prime, Which we perceive is false, pleas'd in that ruth When, like Apollo, he came forth to warm At which we start, and, by elaborate play, Our ears, or like a Mercury to charm!

Tortur'd and tickl'd; by a crab-like way Nature herself was proud of his designs,

Time past made pasume, and in ugly sort And joy'd to wear the dressing of his lines ! Disgorging up his ravin for our sport: Which were so richly spun, and woven so fit,

While the plebeian imp, from lofty throne, As since, she will vouchsafe no other wit.

Creates and rules a world, and works upon
The merry Greek, tart Aristophanes,

Mankind by secret engines; now to move
Neat Terence, witty Plautus, now not please; A chilling pity, then a rigorous love ;
But antiquated and deserted lic,

To strike up and stroke down, both joy and ire; As they were not of Nature's family.

To steer the affections ; and by heavenly fire Yet must I not give Nature all: thy art,

Mould us anew, siol'n from ourselves :My gentle Shakspeare, must enjoy a part.

This,--and much more, which cannot be exprest For though the poet's matter nature be,

But by himself, his tongue, and his own breast, His art doth give the fashion. And that he Was Shakspeare's freehold; which his cunning brain Who casts to write a living line, must sweat, Improv'd by favour of the nine-fold train ;(Such as thine are) and strike the second heat The buskin'd muse, the comick queen, the grand Upon the Muse's anvil ; turn the same,

And louder tone of Clio, nimble hand And himself with it, that he thinks to frame ; And nimbler foot of the melodious pair, Or for the laurel, he may gain a scorn,

The silver-voic'd lady, the most fair For a good poet's made, as well as vorn.

Calliope, she whose speaking silence daunts, And such wert thou. Look how the father's face

And she whose praise the heavenly body chants. Lives in his issue : even so the race

These jointly woo'd him, envying one another; or Shakspeare's mind and manners brightly shines Obey'd by all as spouse, but lov'd as brother ;In his well-turned, and true filed lines :

And wrought a curious robe, of sable grave, In each of which he seems to shake a lance, Fresh green, and pleasant yellow, red most brave, As brandish'd at the eyes of ignorance.

And constant blue, rich purple, guiltless white, Sweet Swan of Avon ! what a sight it were, The lowly russel, and the scarlet bright: To see thee in our water yet appear,

Branch'd and embroider'd like the painted spring; And make those slights upon the banks of Thames, Each leaf match'd with a flower, and each string That so did take Eliza, and our James !

Of golden wire, each line of silk : there run But stay, I see thee in the hemisphere

J:alian works, whose thread the sisters spun ; Advanc'd, and made a constellation there! And there did sing, or seem to sing, the choice Shine forth thou star of poets, and with rage, Birds of a foreign note and various voice; Or influence, chide, or cheer the drooping stage, Here hanys a mossy rock; there plays a fair Which, since thy flight from hence, hath mourn'd But chiding fountain, purled: not the air,, like night,

Nor clouds, nor thunder, but were living drawn: And despairs day, but for thy volumes' light. Not out of common tiffany or lawn,

Ben Jonson. But fine materials, which the Muses know,

And only know the countries where they grow

Now, when they could no longer himi enjoy, In morial garmenis pent,-Death may destroy,

They say, his body ; but his verse shall live, WORTHY MASTER SHAKSPEARE, And more than pature takes oor hands shall give :

In a less volume, but more strongly bound,
AND HIS POEMS.

Shakspeare shall breathe and speak; with laurel

crown'd,

Which never fades ; fed with ambrosian meat; A MIND reflecting ages past, whose clear

In a well-lined vesture, rich and neat:And equal surface can make things appear,

So with this robe they clothe him, bid him wear it; Distant a thousand years, and represent

For time shall never stain, nor envy tear it. Them in their lively colours, just extent :

The friendly admirer of his Endowments, To outrun hasty time, retrieve the fates, Rowl back the heavens, blow ope the iron gates

1. M. S. Of death and Lethe, where confused lie Great heaps of ruinous mortality:

These admirable verses were first prefixed to the In that deep dusky dungeon, to discern

second folio printed in 1632: they are here placed as a A royal ghost from churls ; by art to learn

noble tribute from a contemporary to the genius of our

immorial Poet. Conjecture has been vainly employed The physiognomy of shades, and give

upon the initials I. M. S. affixed. I entirely subscribe Them sudden birth, wond'ring how oft they live ; to Mr. Boaden's opinion that they are from the pen of What story coldly tells, what poets feign

George Chapman; the structure of the verse and the At second hand, and picture without brain, phraseology' beor marks of his hand, and the vein of Senseless and soulless shews : To give a stage, poetry such as would do honour to his genius. Ample, and true with life,-voice, action, age,

S. W. S

ON

THE PREFACE OF THE PLAYERS.

Prefixed to the First Folio Edition published in 1623.

TO THE GREAT VARIETY OF READERS,

From the most able, to him that can but spell: there you are number'd. Wc had rather you were weigh’d. Especially, when the fate of all Bookes depends upon your capacities : and not of your heads alone, but of your purses. Well! it is now publique, and you wil stand for your priviledges wee know: to read, and censure. Do

So, but buy it first. That doth best coinmend a Booke, the Stationer saies. Then, how odde soever your braines be, or your wisedomes, make your licence the same, and spare not. Judge your sixe-pen'orth, your shillings worth, your five shillings worth at a time, or higher, so you rise to the just rates, and welcome. But, whatever you do, Buy. Censure will not drive a Trade, or make the Jacke go. And though you be a Magistrate of wit, and sit on the Stage at Black-Friers, or the Cockpit, to arraigne Playes dailie, know, these Playes have had their triall alreadie, and stood out all Appeales; and do now come forth quitted rather by a Decree of Court, than any purchas'd Letters of commendation.

It had bene a thing, we confesse, worthie to have bene wished, that the Author himselfe had lived to have set forth, and overseen his owne writings; But since it hath bin ordain'd otherwise, and he by death departed from that right, we pray you, doe not envie his Friends, the office of their care and paine, to have collected and publish'd them; and so to have publish'd them, as where (before) you were abus'd with divers stolne, and surreptitious copies, maimed and deformed by the frauds and stealthes of injurious impostors, that expos’d them: even those are now offer'd to your view curd, and perfect of their limbes; and all the rest, absolute in their numbers, as he conceived thē: Who, as he was a happie imitator of Nature, was a most gentle expresser of it. His mind and hand went together: and what he thought, he uttered with that easinesse, that wee have scarse received from him a blot in his papers. But it is not our province, who only gather his works, and give them you, to praise him. It is yours that reade him. And there we hope, to your divers capacities, you will finde enough, both to draw, and hold you: for his wit can no more lie hid, then it could be lost. Reade him, therefore; and againe, and againe : And if then you doe not like him, surely you are in some manifest danger, not to understand him. And so we leave you to other of his Friends, whom if you need, can bee your guides: if you neede them not, you can leade yourselves, and others. And such readers we wish him.

JOHN HEMINGE,
HENRIE CONDELL.

TEMPEST.

PRELIMINARY REMARK S.

"THE Tempest and the Midsummer Night's Dreamcomplied, and fortunately, the ship was driven and

(says Warburton) are the noblest efforts of that jammed between two rocks, fast lodged and locked for sublime and amazing imagination, peculiar to Shak. Further budging." One hundred and fifty persons gol speare, which soars above the bounds of nature, without on shore; and by means of their boat and skiff (for this fúrsaking sense , or, more properly, carries nature along was half a mne trom land) they saved such part of their with him beyond her established limits."

goods and provisions as the water had not spoiled, all No one has hitherto discovered the novel on which this the tackling and much of the iron of their ship, which play is founded; yet Collins the poet told Thomas War was of great service to them in fiuing out another vessel ion that the plot was taken from the romance of Aurelio to carry them to Virginia. and Isabella,' which was frequently printed during the “ But our delivery,” says Jourdan, “was not more sixteenth century, sometimes in three or four languages strange in falling so opportunely and happily upon the in the same volume. In the calamitous mental indispu. land, as (than our feeding and provision was, beyond sition which visited pour Collins his memory failed him; our hopes, and all men's expectations, most admirable; and he most probably substituted the name of one novel for the Islands of the Bermulas, as every man knoweth for another; the fable of Aurelio and Isabella has no that hath heard or read of them, were nerer inhabited relation to the Tempest. Mr. Malone thought that no by any Christian or Heathen people, but ever esteemed such tale or romance ever existed; yet a frienil of the and reputed a most prodigious and inchanted place, as. late Mr. James Boswell told him that he had some years fording nothing but guils, storms, and foul weather ; ago actually perused an Italian novel which answered which made every navigator and inariner to avoid then Collins' description; but his memory, unfortunately, did as Scylla and Charybuis, or as they would shunne the not enable him to recover it.

Divell himself: and no man was ever heard to make for My friend, Mr. Douce, in his valuable 'Ilustrations this place; but as, against their wils, they have, by of Shakspeare,' published in 1807, had suggested that storms and dangerounesse of the rocks lying seves the outline of a considerable part of this play was bor. I leagues into the sea, suffered shipwracke. Yet did we rowed from the account of Sir George Somers' voyage inde there the ayre so temperate and the country so and shipwreck on the Bermudas in 1609 ; and had points aboundantly fruitfull of all fit necessaries for the sustened out some passages which confirmed his suggestion. tation and preservation of man's life, thal, most in : At the same time it appears that Mr. Malone was enga manner of all our provision of bread, beere, and victuall ged in investigating the relations of this voyage: and he being quite spoiled in lying long drowned in salt water subsequently printed the results of his researches in a notwithstanding we wero there for the space of nine pamphlet, which he distributed among his friends; months, we were not only well refreshed, comforted wherein he shows, that not only the title but many pass and with good sariety contented, but out of the aboundance sa ges in the play were suggested to Shakspeare by the thereof provided us some reasonable quantity and pro account of the tremendous Tenpesi which, in July, portion of provision to carry us for Virginia, and to main 1609, dispersed the fleet carrying supplies from England tain ourselves and that company we found there : to the infant colony of Virginia, and wrecked the vessel | wherefore my opinion sincerely of this island is, thal in which Sir George Some.s and the other principal whereas it hath beene, and is still, accounted the most commanders had sailed, on one of the Bermuda Islands. dangerous, unfortunate, and forlorne place of the world,

Sir George Somers, Sir Thomas Gales, and Captain it is in truth the richest, healthtullest, and (most) pleas. Newport, with nine ships and five hundred people, sailed ing land (the quantity and bignesse thereor considered,) from England in May, 1609, on board the Sea Venture, and merely naturall, as ever man set foote upon.” which was called the Admiral's Ship; and on the 25th The publication set forth by the Council of Virginia, of July she was parted from the rest by a terrible tem entitled, “ A true Declaration of the Estate ofthe Colony pest, which lasted forty-eight hours and scattered the of Virginia, &c. 1610," relates the same facts and events wbole fleet, wherein some of them lost their marly and in better language, and Shakspeare probably derived his others were much distressed. Seven of the vessels, first thought of working these adventures up into a drahowever, reached Virginia ; and, after landing about matic forin from an allusion to the drama in this piece. three hundred and fifty persons, again set sail for Eng. " These jelands of the Bermudas,” says this narrative, land. Two of them were wrecked, in their way home, “have ever been accounted as an inchaunted pile of on the point of Ushant; the others returned safely to rocks, and a desert inhabitation for divells; but all tho England, ship after ship, in 1610, bringing the news of fairies of the rocks were bul tlocks of birdes, and all the the supposed loss of the Admiral's ship and her crew.divels that haunted the woods were but herds of swine.” During a great part of the year 1610 the rule of Somers -What is there in all this Tragicall Comedie that and Gates was not known in England; but the latter, should discourage 119 ? having been sent home by Lord Delaware, arrived in The covert allusions to several circumstances in the August or September. The Council of Virginia pub various narrations of this Voyage have been illustrated lished a narrative of the disasters which had befallen with great ingenuity by Mr. Malone ; and many of them the fleet, and of their miraculous escape. Previously will no doubi have already struek the reader, but we however to its appearance, one Jourdan, who probably must content ourselves with reference to his more de. returned from Virginia in the same ship with Sir Thomas tailed account. Gates, published a pamphlet entitled "A Discovery of The plot of this play is very simple, independent of the Bermudas, otherwise called The Isle of Divels; by the magic; and Mr. Malone has pointed out two sources Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, and Captain from whence he thinks Shakspeare derived suggestions Newport, with divers others :"in which he relates the for it. The one is a play by Robert Green, entitled circumstances of the storm. “They were bound for The Comical History of Alphonsus King of Arragon;" Virginia, and at that time in 30 y.latitude. The whole the other is the Sixth Metrical Tale of George Turber. crew, amounting to one hundred and fifty persons, weary ville, * formed on the fourth novel of the fourth day of the with pumping, had given all for lost, and began to drink Decamerone of Boccaccio, to which he is probably in. their strong waters, and to take leare of each other, debted for the hint of the marriage of Claribel. The intending to commit themselves to the mercy of the sea. magic of the piece is unquestionably the creation of the Sir George Somers, who hari sat three days and nights great bard himself, suggested no doubt by the popular on the poop, with no food and liule rest, at length descri. ed land, and encouraged them (many from weariness * Tragical Tales, translated by Turberville in time of kaving fallen asleep) to continue at the pumps. They This troubles, out of sundrie Italians, kc. 870 1587.

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