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hide her,

Claud. Never tell him, my lord ; let her wear it

ACT NI. out with good counsel.

SCENE I. Leonato's Garden. Enter Hero, Leon. Nay, that's impossible; she may wear her

MARGARET, and URSULA. heart out first. D. Pedro. Well, we'll hear further of it by your

Hero. Good Margaret, run thee into the parlour ; daughter ; let it cool the while. I love Benedick There shalt thou find my cousin Beatrice well; and I could wish he would modestly examine Proposings with the Prince and Claudio : himself, to see how much he is unworthy to have so Whisper her ear, and tell her, I and Ursula good a lady.

Walk in the orchard, and our whole discourse Leon. My lord, will you walk? dinner is ready. Is all of her; say, that thou overheard'st us;

Claud. If he do not dote on her upou this, I will And bid her steal into the pleached bower, never trust my expectation.

(Aside. Where honey-suckles, ripend by the sun, D. Pedro. Let there be the same net spread for Forbid the sun to enter;--like favourites, her; and that must your daughter and her gentle- Made proud by princes, that advance their pride woman carry. The sport will be, when they hold Against that power that bred it :-there will she one an opinion of another's dotage, and no such matter ; that's the scene that I would see, which To listen our propose :* This is thy office, will be merely a dumb show. Let us send her to Bear thee well in it, and leave us alone. call him in to dinner.

(Aside.

Marg. I'll make her come, I warrant you, preExeunt Don Pedro, CLAUDIO, and LEONATO.

sently.

(Erit.

Hero. Now, Ursula, when Beatrice doth come, BENEDICK advances from the arbour.

As we do trace this alley up and down, Bene. This can be no trick: The conference was Our talk must only be of Benedick: sadly borne.' --They have the truth of this from When I do name him, let it be thy part Hero. They seem to pity the lady; it seems, her To praise him more than ever man did merit: affections have their full bent. Love me! why, My talk to thee must be, how Benedick it must be requited. I hear how I am censured Is sick in love with Beatrice: Of this matter they say, I will bear myself proudly, if I perceive is little Cupid's crafty arrow made, the love come from her; they say too, that she will That only wounds by hearsay. Now begin; rather die than give any sign of affection.—I did never think to marry :--) must not seem proud : For book where Beatrice, like a lapwing, runs

Enter BEATRICE, behind. Happy are they that hear their detractions, and can Close by the ground, to hear ou: conference. put them to mending. They say the lady is fair; 'tis a truth, I can bear them witness: and virtuous; Cut with their golden oars ihe silver stream,

Urs. The pleasant'st angling is to see the fish —'tis so, I' cannot reprove it ; and wise, but for loving me :-By my troth, it is no addition to her and greedily devour the treacherous bait: wit;—nor no greai argument of her folly, for I will So angle we for Beatrice; who even now be horribly in fove with her. I may chance have Fear you not my part of the dialogue.

Is couched in the woodbine coverture: some odd quirks and remnants of wit broken on me, because I have railed so long against marriage:

Hero. Then go we near her, that her ear lose But doth not the appetite alter? A man loves the or the false sweet bait, that we lay for it.

nothing meat in his youth that he cannot endure in his age : Shall quips, and sentences, and these

[They advance to the bower. bullets

paper of the brain, awe a man from the career of his hu- ! No, truly, Ursula, she is too disdainful; mour? No : The world must be peopled. When 1 | As haggards of the rock.s

I know her spirits are as coy and wild said, I would die a bachelor, I did not think I should live till I were married.--Here comes Bea- That Benedick loves Beatrice so entirely?

Urs.

But are you sure, trice: By this day, she's a fair lady: I do spy some marks of love in her.

Hero. So says the prince, and my new-trothed lord.

Urs. And did they bid you tell her of it, madam? Enter BEATRICE.

Hero. They did entreat me to acquaint her of it; Beat. Against my will I am sent to bid you come But I persuaded them, if they lov'd' Benedick, in to dinner.

To wish him wrestle with affection, Bene. Fair Beatrice, I thank you for your pains. | And never to let Beatrice know of it.

Beat. I took no more pains for those thanks than Urs. Why did you so ? Doth not the gentleman you take pains to thank me; if it had been painful, Deserve as full,' as fortunate a bed, I would not have come.

As ever Beatrice shall couch upon ? Bene. You take pleasure then in the message ? Hero. O God of love! I know, he doth deserve Beat. Yea, just so much as you may take upon

As much as may be yielded to a man: a knife's point, and choke a daw withal :-- You But nature never fram'd a woman's heart have no stomach, signior ; fare you well. [Erit. of prouder stuff than that of Beatrice :

Bene. Ha! Against my will I am sent to bid you Disdain and scorn ride sparkling in her eyes, come to dinner--there's a double meaning in that. Misprising what they look on ; and her wit

I took no more pains for those thanks t'ian you took Values itself so highly, that to her pains to thank me—that's as much as to say, Any All matter else seems weak: she cannot love, pains that I take for you is as easy as thanks :--If Nor take no shape nor project of affection, I do not take pity of her, I am a villain; if I do not She is so self-endear'd. love her, I am a Jew: I will go get her picture.

'Though Mr. Reed has shown that purpose was some[Erit.

times used in the same sense.

5 A hawk not manner, or trained to obedience; a 1 Seriously carried on.

wild hawk. Hugard, Fr. Latham, in his Book of 2 Steevens and Malone assert that this is a metaphor Falconry, says: Such is the greatness of her spirit, from archery, saying that the full bent is the utmost ex. she will not admit of any society intil such a time as tremity of exertion. Surely there is no ground for the nature worketh,' &c. So, in The Tragical History of assertion! It was one of the most common forms of Didaco and Violenta, 1576 : expression in the language for inclination, lendency; • Perchance she's not of haggard's kind, and was used where it is impossible there could have Nor heart so hard to bend,' &c. been any allusion to the bending of a bow, as in these 6 Wish him, that is, recommend or desire him. So, phrases, from a writer of Elizabeth's age: 'The day in The Honest Whore, 1604: inclining or bending to the evening.-Bending to a •Go wish the surgeon to have great respect,' &c. yellow colour.

7 So, in Othello : 3 Proposing is conversing, from the French Propos, · What a full fortune does the thick lips owe: discourse, talk.

What Ursula means to say is, that he is as deserving 4. The folio reads purpose. The quarto propose, of complete happiness as Beatrice herself.' which appears to be right. See the preceding nole. 8 Undervaluing.

10

Urs. Sure, I think so;

Stand I condemn'd for pride and scorn so much? And therefore, certainly, it were not good

Contempt, farewell ! and maiden pride, adieu ! She knew his love, lost she make sport at it. No glory lives behind the back of such. Hero. Why, you speak truth: I never yet saw And, Benedick, love on, I will requite thee; man,

Taming my wild heart to thy loving hand; How wise, how noble, young, how rarely featur'd, If thou dost love, my kindness shall incite thee . But she would spell him backward:' if fair-faced, To bind our loves up in a holy band : She'd swear the gentleman should be her sister; For others say, thou dost deserve ; and I If black, why, nature, drawing of an antic, Believe it beiter than reportingly.

[Exit. Made a foul blot:2 if tall, a lance ill-headed ; If low, an agate very vilely cut :3

SCENE II. A Room in Leonato's House. Enter If speaking, why a vane blown with all winds : Don PEDRO, CLAUDIO, BENEDICE, and LEIf silent, why a block moved with none.

ONATO.
So turns she every man the wrong side out;
And never gives to truth and virtue that

D. Pedro. I do but stay till your marriage be conWhich simpleness and merit purchaseth.

summate, and then I go toward Arragon. Urs. Sure, sure, such carping is not commendable.

Claud. I'll bring you thither, my lord, if you'll

vouchsafe me. Hero. No: nor to be so odd, and from all fashions, As Beatrice is, cannot be commendable :

D. Pedro. Nay, that would be as great a soil in But who dare tell her so? If I should speak,

the new gloss of your marriage, as to show a child She'd mock me into air; 0, she would laugh me

his new coat, and forbid him to wear it. I will only

be bold with Benedick for his company : for, from Out of myself, press me to death with wit, Therefore let Benedick, like cover'd fire,

the crown of his head to the sole of his foot, he is Consume away in sighs, waste inwardly :

all mirth; he hath twice or thrice cut Cupid's bowIt were a better death than die with mocks;

string, and the little hangman' dare not shoot at Which is as bad as die with ticklings

him: he hath a heart as sound as a bell, and his Urs. Yet tell her of it; hear what she will say.

tongue is the clapper; for what his heart thinks, his Hero. No; rather I will go to Benedick,

tongue speaks."? And counsel him to fight against his passion :

Bene. Gallants, I am not as I have been. And, truly, I'll devise some honest slanders

Leon. So say I'; methinks you are sadder. To stain my cousin with : One doth not know,

Claud, I hope, he be in love. How much an ill word may empoison liking.

D. Pedro. Hang him, truant; there's no true drop Urs. O, do not do your cousin such a wrong.

of blood in him, to be truly touch'd with love: if he She cannot be so much without true judgment,

be sad, he wants money.

Bene. I have the tooth-ach.1a (Having so swifte and excellent a wit,

D. Pedro. Draw it.
As she is priz'd to have,) as to refuse
So rare a gentleman as signior Benedick.

Bene. Hang it!
Hero. He is the only man of Italy,

Claud. You inust hang it first, and draw it after

wards. Always excepted my dear Claudio. Urs. I pray you, be not angry with me, madam,

D. Pedro. What, sigh for the tooth-ach ?

Leon. Where is but a humour, or a worm? Speaking my fancy; signior Benedick, For shape, for bearing, argument,' and valour,

Bene. Well, every one can master a grief, but he

that has it. Goes foremost in report through Italy. Hero. Indeed, he hath an excellent good name.

Claud. Yet say I, he is in love. Urs. His excellency did earn it, ere he had it.— him, unless it be a fancy that he hath to strange dis

D. Pedro. There is no appearance of fancy* m When are yo! married, madam ?

Hero. Why, every day ;--1o-morrow: Come, goin: guises; as, to be a Dutchman to-day; a FrenchI'll show thee some attires; and have thy counsel,

man to-morrow; or in the shape of two countries at Which is the best to furnish me to-morrow.

once; as, a German from the waist downward, all Urs. She's lim'd' I warrant you; we have caught doublet: Unless he have a fancy to this foolery, as

slops ;16 and a Spaniard from the hip upward, no her, madam. Hero. If it prove so, then loving goes by haps :

it appears he hath, he is no fool for fancy, as you

would have it appear he is. Some Cupid kills with arrows, some with traps.

Claud. If he be not in love with some woman, [Exeunt Hero and URSULA. BEATRICE advances.

she therefore says, that wild as her heart is, she will Beat. What fire is in mine ears? Can this be tame it to the hand. true ?

11 Dr. Farmer has illustrated this term by citing a pas.

sage from Sidney's Arcadia, B. II. C. xiv.; but it seems 1 Alluding to the practice of witches in uttering pray- probable that no more is meant by hangman than esoers, i. e. misinterpret them. Several passages, contain.

cutioner, slayer of hearts. ing a similar train of thought, are cited by Mr. Steevens

12 A covert allusion to the old proverb:

As the fool thinketh from Lily's Euphues.

The bell clinketh.' 2 A black man here means a man with a dark or thick beard, which is the blot in nature's drawing.

13 So, in The False One, by Beaumont and Fletcher : 3 An agate is often used metaphorically for a very

* this sounds mangily, diminutive person, in allusion to the figures cut in agate

Poorly and scurvily in a soldier's mouth; for rings, &c. Queen Mab is described, 'In shape no

You had best be troubled with the toothach too, bigger than an ugate stone on the forefinger of an alder.

For lorers ever are.' man.' See note on K. Henry IV. Part 2.

14 A play upon the word fancy, which Shakspearo 4 The allusion is to an ancient punishment inflicted on uses for love, as well as for humour, caprice, or affeo those who refused to plead to an indictment. If they tation. continued silent, they were pressed to death by heavy 15 So, in The Seven deadly Sinnes of London, by weights laid on their stomach. This species of torture Decker, 1606, 'For an Englishman's sute is like a trai is now abolished.

tor's body that hath beene hanged, drawne, and quar. 5 This word is intended to be pronounced as a trisyl. tered, and is set up in several places : his codpiece, i lable, it was sometimes written tickeling.

Denmarke; the collar of his dublet and the belly, in 6 Quick, ready.

7 Conversation. France; the wing and narrow sleeve, in Italy; the short 81. e. ensnared and entangled, as a sparrow with waste hangs over a botcher's stall in Utrich; his huge bird-lime,

sloppes speaks Spanish; Polonia gives him the bootes, 9 Alluding to the proverbial saying, which is as old &c.--and thus we mocke everie nation for keeping one as Pliny's time : That when our ears do glow and fashion, yet steale patches from everie of them to pieco tingle, some there be that in our absence talke of us.' out our pride; and are now laughing-stocks to them, be Holland's Translation, B. xxxiii. p. 297.

cause their cut so scurvily becomes us.' 10 This image is taken from Falconry. She has been 16 Large loose breeches or frowsers. Hence a slop. charged with being as wild as haggards of the rock ; I soller for one who furnishes seamen, &c. with clothes

there is no believing old signs: he brushes his hat you shall see her chamber-window entered; even o' mornings ; What should that bode ?

the night before her wedding-day: if you love her D. Pedro. Hath any man seen him at the bar- then, to-morrow wed her: but it would better fit ber's?

your honour to change

your

mind. Claud. No, but the barber's man hath been seen Claud. May this be so? with him; and the old ornament of his cheek hath D. Pedro. I will not think it. already stuffed tennis-balls.

D. John. If you dare not trust that you see, con Leon. Indeed, he looks younger than he did, by fess not that you know: if you will follow me, I will the loss of a beard.

show you enough; and when you have seen more, D. Pedro. Nay, he rubs himself with civet: Can and heard more, proceed accordingly. you smell him out by that ?

Claud. If I see any thing 10-night why I should Claud. That's as much as to say, The sweet youth's not marry her to-morrow; in the congregation, where in love.

I should wed, there will I shame her. D. Pedro. The greatest note of it is his melan D. Pedro. And as I wooed for thee to obtain her, choly.

I will join with thee to disgrace her. Claud. And when was he wont to wash his face? D. John. I will disparage her no farther, till you D. Pedro. Yea, or to paint himself? for the which, are my witnesses : bear it coldly but till midnight, I hear what they say of him.

and let the issue show itself. Claud. Nay, but his jesting spirit; which is now D. Pedro. O day untowardly turned! crept into a lutestring' and now governed by stops. Claud. O mischief strangely thwarting!

D. Pedro. Indeed, ihat tells a heavy tale for him: D. John. O plague right well prevented! Conclude, conclude, he is in love.

So will you say, when you have seen the sequel. Claud. Nay, but I know who loves him.

[Èreunt. D. Pedro. That would I know too; I warrant,

SCENE III. A Street. Enter DOGBERRY and one that knows him not. Claud. Yes, and his ill conditions; and, in despite

Verges, with the Watch. of all, dies for him.

Dogb. Are you good men and true ? D. Pedro. She shall be buried with her face up Verg. Yea, or else it were pity but they should wards.?

suffer salvation, body and soul. Bene. Yet is this no charm for the tooth-ach. Dogb. Nay, that were a punishment too gond for Old signior, walk aside with me: I have studied them, if they should have any allegiance in them, eight or nine wise words to speak to you, which being chosen for the prince's watch. these hobby-horses must not hear.

Verg. Well, give them their charge,* neighbour (Ereunt BENEDICK and LEONATO. Dogberry. D. Pedro. For my life, to break with him about Dogb. First, who think you the most desartless Beatrice.

man to be constable ? Claud. 'Tis even so: Hero and Margaret have 1 Watch. Hugh Oatcake, sir, or George Seacoal; by this played their parts with Beatrice; and then for they can write and read. the two bears will not bite one another when they Dogb. Come hither, neighbour Seacoal. God hath meet.

blessed you with a good name: to be a well favourEnter Don John.

ed man is the gift of fortune ; but to write and read D. John. My lord and brother, God save you. comes by nature. D. Pedro. Good den, brother.

2 Watch. Both which, master constable, D. John. If your leisure served, I would speak Dogb. You have; I knew it would be your an

Well, for your favour, sir, why, give God D. Pedro. In private ?

thanks, and make no boast of it; and for your write D. John. If it please you :-yet Count Claudio ing and reading, let that appear when there is no may hear; for what I would speak of concerns him. need of such vanity. You are thought here to be D. Pedro. What's the matter?

the most senseless and fit man for the constable of D. John. Means your lordship to be married to the watch; therefore bear you the lantern: This is morrow?

[To CLAUDIO. your charge: You shall comprehend all vagrom D. Pedro. You know, he does.

men : you are to bid any man stand, in the prince's D. John. I know not that, when he knows what name. I know,

2 Watch. How if he will not stand ? Claud. If there be any impediment, I pray you, Dogb. Why then, take no note of him, but let him discover it.

go; and presently call the rest of the watch togeD. John. You may think, I love you not ; let that ther, and thank God you are rid of a knave. appear hereafter, and aim better at me by that I Verg. If he will not stand when he is bidden, he now will manifest : For my brother, I think, he holds is none of the prince's subjects. you well; and in dearness of heart hath holp to Dogb. True, and they are to meddle with none effect your ensuing marriage ; surely, suit ill spent, but the prince's subjects :-You shall also make no and labour ill bestowed !

noise in the streets; for, for the warch to babble and D. Pedro. Why, what's the matter?

talk, is most tolerable and not to be endured. D. John. I came hither to tell you; and, circum 2 Watch. We will rather sleep than talk ; we know stances shortened, (for she hath been too long a what belongs to a watch. talking of,) the lady is disloyal.

Dogb. Why, you speak like an ancient and most Claud. Who? Hero?

quier watchman; for I cannot see how sleeping D. John. Even she; Leonato's Hero, your Hero, should offend; only, have a care that your

bills bo every man's Hero.

not stolen :-Well, you are to call at all the aleClaud. Disloyal ?

houses, and bid those that are drunk get them to D. John. The word is too good to paint out her bed. wickedness; I could

say,
she were worse ;

think 2 Watch. How if they will not ? you of a worse title, and I will fit her to it. 'Won Dogb. Why then, let them alone till they are so der not till further warrant: go but with me to-night, ber; if they make you not then the better answer, I Love-songs, in Shakspeare's time, were sung to the

you may say, they are not the men you took them

for, lute. So, in Henry VI. Part I.

As melancholy as an old lion or a lover's lute.' 2 l. e. 'in her lover's arms.' So in The Winter's 3 The first of these worthies is named from the Dog. Tale :

berry or female cornel, a shrub that grows in every Flo. What? like a corse?

county in England. Verges is only the provincial pro. Per. No, like a bank for love to lie and play on; nunciation of perjuice.

Not like a corse :-or if,—not to be buried, 4 To charge his fellows seems to have been a regular
But quick and in my arms.'

part of the duty of the constable.

with you.

swer.

2 Watch. Well, sir.

Con. Yes, it is apparel. Dogb. If you meet a thief, you may suspect him, Bora. I mean, the fashion. by virtue of your office, to be no true man: and, for Con. Yes, the fashion is the fashion. such kind of men, the less you meddle or make with Bora. Tush! I may as well say, the fool's the them, why, the more is for your honesty.

fool. But seest thou not what a deformed thief this 2 Watch. If we know him to be a thief, shall we fashion is? not lay hands on him?

Watch. I know that Deformed; he has been a Dogh. Truly, by your office, you may; but I vile thief this seven year; he goes up and down like think, they that touch pitch will be detiled: the a gentleman: I remember his name. most peaceable way for you, if you do take a thief, Bora. Didst thou not hear somebody ? is, to let him show himself what he is, and steal out Con. No; 'twas the vane on the house. of your company.

Bora. Seest thou not, I say, what a deformed Verg. You have been always called a merciful thief this fashion is ? how giddily he turns about all man, partner.

the hot bloods, between fourteen and five and thirty! Dogb. Truly, I would not hang a dog hy my will; sometime, fashioning them like Pharaoh's soldiers much more a man, who hath any honesty in him. in the reechy* painting; sometime, like god Bel's

Verg. If you hear a child cry in the night, you priests in the old church window, sometime, like must call to the nurse, and bid her still it.'

The shaven Hercules in the sinircheds worm-eaten 2 Watch. How if the nurse be asleep, and will tapestry, where his cod-piece seems as massy as not hear us?

his club? Dogh. Why then, depart in peace, and let the Con. All this I see; and see, that the fashion child wake her with crying; for the owe that will wears out more apparel than the man: But art not not hear her lamb when it baas, will never answer a thou thyself giddy with the fashion too, that thou call when he bleats.

hast shifted out of thy tale into telling me of the Verg. 'Tis very true.

fashion. Dogb. This is the end of the charge. You, con Bora. Not so neither: but know, that I have tostable, are to present the prince's own person ; if you night wooed Margaret, the lady Hero's gentlewomeet the prince in the night, you may stay him. man, by the name of Hero; she leans me out at her

Verg. Nay, by'r lady, thai, I think, he cannot. mistress' chamber-window, bids me a thousand times

Dogb. Five shillings to one on't, with any man good night,-1 tell this tale vilely :-) should first that knows the statues, he may stay bim: marry, tell thee, how the Prince, Claudio, and my master, not without the prince be willing; for, indeed, the planted, and placed, and possessed by my master watch ought to offend no man; and it is an offence Don John, saw afar off in the orchard this amiable to stay a man against his will.

encounter. Verg. By'r lady, I think, it be so.

Co. And thought they, Margaret was Hero? Dogb. Xa, ha, ha! Well, masters, good night : Bora. Two of them did, the Prince and Claudio; an there be any matter of weight chances, call up but the devil my master knew she was Margaret ; me: keep your fellows' counsels and your own, and partly by his oaths, which first possessed them, and good night.-Come, neighbour.

partly by the dark night, which did deceive them, 2 Watch. Well, masters, we hear our charge : let but chiefly by my villany, which did confirm any us go sit here upon the church-bench till two, and slander that Don John had made, away went Clauthen all to bed.

dio enraged; swore he would meet her as he was Dogb. One word more, honest neighbours : I pray appointed, next morning at the temple, and there, you, watch about signior Leonato's door; for the before the whole congregation, shame her with wedding being thero to-morrow, there is a great coil what he saw over-night, and send her home again to-nighi : Adieu, be vigitant, I beseech you. without a husband.

(Ereunt DOGBERRY and VERGES. 1 Watch. We charge you in the prince's name, Enter Borachio and CONRADE.

stand. Bora. What! Conrade,

2 Watch. Call up the right master constable: We Watch. Peace, stir not.

(Aside. have here recovered the most dangerous piece of Bora. Conrade, I say !

lechery that ever was known in the commonwealth. Con. Here, man, I am at thy elbow.

1 Watch. And one Deformed is one of them; I Bora. Mass, and my elbow itched; I thought know him, he wears a lock. there would a scab follow.

Con. Masters, masters. Con. I will owe thee an answer for that; and now 2 Watch. You'll be made bring Deformed forth, forward with thy tale.

I warrant you. Bora. Stand thee close then under this pent-house,

Con. Masters, for it drizzles rain; and I will, like a true drunkard, 1 Watch. Never speak; we charge you, let us utter all to thee.

obey

go Watch. [ Aside.] Some treason, masters; yet stand Bora. We are like to prove a goodly commodity, close.

being taken up of these men's bills. Bora. Therefore know, I have earned of Don John Con. A commodity in question,' I warrant you. a thousand ducats.

Come, we'll obey you.

(Exeunt. Con. Is it possible that any villany should be so dear?

SCENE IV. A Room in Leonato's House. Enter Bora. Thou shouldst rather ask, if it were pos

HERO, MARGARET, and URSULA. sible any villany should be so rich'; for when rich Hero. Good Ursula, wake my cousin Beatrice, villains have need of poor ones, poor ones may make and desire her to rise. what price they will.

Urs. I will, lady. Con. I wonder at it.

Hero. And bid her come hither. Bora. That shows thou art unconfirmed :3 Thou Urs. Well.

[Exit URSULA. knowest, that the fashion of a doublet, or a hat, or Marg. Troth, I think, your other rabatos were a cloak, is nothing to a man.

better.

Hero. No, pray thee, good Meg, I'll wear this. 1 It is not impossible but that a part of this scene was intended as a burlesque upon The Statutes of the 5 Soiled, sullied. Probably only another form of Streets, imprinted by Wolfe in 1595.'

smulched. The word is peculiar to Shakspeare. 2 This is part of the oath of a grand juryman, and is 6 We have the same conceit in K. Henry VI. Part one of many proofs of Shakspeare's having been very ii

. "My lord, when shall we go to Cheapside, and take conversant with legal proceedings and courts of justice up commodities upon our bills! at some period of his life.

7 i. e. in examination or trial. 3 Unpracticed in the ways of the world.

9 A kind of ruff. Rabat, Fr. Menage says it comes 4 i. e. discoloured by smoke, reeky From recan, from rabattre, to put back, being at first nothing but the Saxon.

Collar of the shirt turned back toward the shoulders.

you to

with us.

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