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THE

DE BATES

IN THE SEVERAL

STATE CONVENTIONS

ON THE ADOPTION OF THE

FEDERAL CONSTITUTION,

AS RECOMMENDED BY THE

GENERAL CONVENTION AT PHILADELPHIA,

IN

17 87.

TOGETHER WITH THE

JOURNAL OF THE FEDERAL CONVENTION,

LUTHER MARTIN'S LETTER.

YATES'S MINUTES,
CONGRESSIONAL OPINIONS,
VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS OF '98. ,

AND

OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION

IN FIVE VOLUMES.

VOL. IV.

SECOND EDITION, WITH CONSIDERABLE ADDITIONS.

OOLLECTED AND REVISED FROM CONTEMPORARY PUBLICATIONS,

BY JONATHAN ELLIOT.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE BANCTION OF CONGRESS.

PHILADELPHIA :
J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO.

187 6.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred

and thirty-six,

By JONATHAN ELLIOT, ra the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Colum.br

INDEX.

BY SPEAKERS' NAMES.

179

186

235

248

NORTH CAROLINA.

Paga
ORGANIZATION of the Convention,........
RULES for the Government of the Convention, Electors, &c,......
HENRY ABBOTT - Religion; opposed to an exclusive Establishment; no

religious Test ; Pagan or Deist may obtain Office; Oath ; by whom are
we to swear? Jupiter, &c., .........

......
Mr. BLOODWORTH - opposed to Congressional Control over Elections,.....

Jurisdiction; no Provision for Juries in civil Causes, .......
Trial by Jury; not on a satisfactory Footing,....
Defence of its Omnission not satisfactory; Precaution in granting Powers,

167. Mississippi Case,..........................
Sovereignty of the Federal Government annihilates the States,......
Powers of Congress dangerous to State Laws,...

180
Amendments, for previous ones, 184. Southern and Northern Interests

divide at Susquehannah, .......

Adverts to the Annapolis Convention, &c.,.....
Mr. NATHAN BRYAN - defends the Majority,.......
Mr. CABARRUS - Prohibitions against Paper Emissions; ex post facto Laws,
Mr. CALDWELL- Maxims, fundamental Principles,....

Convention not authorized to use the Expression “We, the People,"....
Legislative Power controlled by Vice-President's Vote,.....
Elections liable to Abuse, ......
Abuse of Parliamentary Power, .......
Sweeping Clause, not plain ; “Pursuance" equivocal and ambiguous,...
Religion; conceived that Jews, Mahometans, and Pagans, are invited to the
United States,..........................................

......
Mr. WILLIAM R. DAVIE (a Member of the Federal Convention) - for in.

vestigating the Subjert, and discussing Clause by Clause, ..........
System extensive, involving the Principles of Federal Government,.....
Powers of the Fr.deral Convention; states some of the Events, and the

Defects of the Confederation, which gave Birth to the Convention,.......
Negro Representation; Jealousies of the East; one Kind of Property entitled

to Representation as well as any other, &c.,......
Vice-President, Reasons why introduced; Consolidation not intended ;

Representatives,...................................
Confederacies ; Amphictyonic; European, ...
Rhode Island, her Conduct; Elections ; true Construction of the Clause,...
Rhode Island; Party Influence, &c.; Elections, &c.,.......
Journal ; Publication ; necessary to conceal it during the Confederation,....
Principle on which the Constitution was formed,.......
Treaty-making Power, in all Countries, placed in the Executive Depart-
meni, 119. States would not confederate without an equal Voice in the
Formation of Treaties; Separation of Powers, 120. President's Election

on fair Principles ; his Nominations, .................................. 12
Senatorial Term of Service; thirteen Councillors would destroy Presidential

Responsibility, 122. State Sovereignty represented in the Senate ; Treaty;
Laws, their Execution ; Judiciary; prohibitory Provisions ought to

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