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That a Critic should study his own Abilities 197 Nature the best Guide to the Judgement

ibid. But the Judgement may be improved by Art, and by study:

ing the Ancients, especially Homer and Virgil ibid. Of the Licences allowed in Poetry

198 Pride and imperfect Learning the source of Error 199 Of judging of a Performance by a Part of it Of being pleased with glittering Thoughts only

ibid. of judging only from the Language of a Piece, or from the Numbers

ibid. Of being too hard to please, or too apt to admire Of judging partially, and collectingOpinions from others202 Wit is ever pursued with Envy; but the true Critic will temper his Mind with good Nature

203 Characters of an incorrigable Poet, an impertinent Critic and a good one

204 An Admonition to the Critics

205 Of Dr. Armstrong's Art of preserving Health

206 Invocation to the Goddess of Health

207 Of Air, and particularly of that breathed in London ibid. Of the benefit of burning Pit-coal

ibid. Of the choice of Air, and of a Country Situation 208 Diseases arising from a Situation too marshy or too dry ibid. Of the force of Custom, and the friendly Power of native

Air The necessity of a free Circulation of Air, and of draining Bogs, and clearing away Trees

ibid. Of the regard which ought to be paid to Diet and Exercise,

by those who live in Countries that are very dry or very marshy

ibid. Advice to those who would avoid an over moist Air That gratifying the Fancy contributes to Health The Effect which running Water has on the Air

ibid, The benefit of sunny Situations, with a House rather airy

than warm, proved from the languishing state Plants are in when confined to the Shade

ibid. Of Diet

213 Of the Circulation of the Blood, its wafte, and how supply'd

ibid. Of the use of Labour in concocting the Food into Chyle and then into Blood

ibid. of the choice of Food ; liquid Food, Vegetables, and

young Animals, easiest of Digestion ; but not those made fat by unnatural means

ibid. Every Brute is directed by Instinct to its proper Aliment,

but voluptuous Man feeds with all the Commoners of Nature, and is led in pursuit of Pleasure to his own Destruction.

214 Eating to excess, of any Aliment, dangerous, and especially after long Abftinence



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2 1 2 220

The use of sometimes indulging

the Appetite, and of Fatting occasionally to unload the Wheels of Life 216 The Regimen to be observed in the several Seasons of the

Year. That each Month and each Clime produccs the Food which is most proper, but Winter demands more generous Liquors than the other Seasons

ibid. Of the Choice and proper use of Water

217 The only Liquors drank in the first Ages of the World ibid. That which is most pure, which is sooneft evaporated, and

which generally falls from the Sides of Mountains, or rises from a sandy Spring is best

218 Of fermented Liquors, and their use.

ibid. When drank unmixed with Water they retard Concoc

tion, as appears by their Property of preserving Reptiles, and animal Food from Putrefaction

ibid. That Generous Liquors may sometimes be drank freely and

to good purpose, tho'but seldom ; for whatever too much accelerates the motion of the Fluids, whether it be Wine, high season'd Meats, or laborious Exercise long continued, impairs the Constitution

ibid. Of Exèrcise

219 The Importance of Exercise to those of a delicate Frame ib. The Pleasures of a rural Life and Conversation 'That the Fancy is to be indulged in our choice of Exercise,

since it is this only which distinguishes Exercise from

Labour That in all our Exercises we should begin and end leisure

ly; avoiding the use of cold Liquors while we are hot, and taking care to cool by degrees

ibid. Of Bathing, and of the use of the Cold Bath (to fortify the

Body against inclement Weather) to those whose Ćon:

ftitutions will admit of it The warm Bath recommended to those who dwell in ful.

try climes, and sometimes to the Inhabitants of our own, when the skin is parched, the Pores obstructed, and Perspiration imperfectly performed

ibid. The Seasons for Exercise should be adapted to the Con

ftitution. Labour, when fasting, is best for the corpulent Frame ; but those of a lean habit should defer it until a Meal has been digested

ibid. No Labour either of Body or Mind is to be admitted

when the Stomach is full, and the Spirits are required
to promote Digestion ; for it is dangerous to hurr
half concocted Chyle into the Blood

ibid. The corpulent Frame requires much Exercise, the lean less

ibid. No Labours are too hard in the Winter; but in the Sum

mer milder Exercises are best, and those are most proper in the Morning and Evening, avoiding the noxious Dews of the Night





The Pleasures of Rest after Labour, and an Admonition

against eating too much, and too late at Night ibid.

Caution againft mifapplying those Hours, either in Study

or Company, in which Nature intended we should rest 224

The Reason why those who labour obtain so much Re-

freshment from Sleep, while the Indolent find but little



Of Cloathing--- The necessity of putting on the Winter

Garb early, and not leaving it off till late in the Spring


Of the sweating Sickness


Of the Pasions


Of the Soul and its Operations


That painful Thinking, or the Anxiety, which attends se-

vere Study, Discontent, Care, Love, Hatred, Fear and

Jealousy fatigues the Soul and impairs the Body 226

Precepts for Reading--- The Postures most proper, and the
Advantage of reading loud


It is a great Art in Life so to manage the restless Mind

that it may not impair the Body


The dreadful Effects of those misguided Passions which

fill the Mind with imaginary Evils


Those chronic Passions which spring from real Woes and

not from any Disorder in the Body, are to be cured by

such Diversions or Business, as fill the Mind, or remove

it from the Object of its Concern


The Folly of seeking Relief from Drinking

of the Mischiefs that attend Drunkenness, such as doing

rash Deeds that are never to be forgotten, the Loss of
Friends, Money, Health, &c.


The Poet's Tribute to the Memory of his Father ibid.

The wretched Situation of those who having nothing to do

are obliged to spend their Days in queft of Pleasure 229

Indolence and Luxury are Enemies both to Pleasure and
to Health


Of Virtue and good Sense---Their Effects


Whatever supports the Mind in a State of Serenity and

Chearfulness, supports the Body also; hence the Blessing

of Hope which Heaven has kindly thrown into our Cup

as a Cordial for all our Evils


The dreadful Effects of Anger, and of other Passions 231

Violent Sallies of Passion are sometimes useful in cold and
corpulent Constitutions

But those who are subject to violent Passions should refrain
from strong Liquors


Of the Use of Musick in soothing the Passions ibid.

Of the Power of Poetry and Milick united


Of the great use of Didactic Poetry





Improvement of Life. An Eastern Story, by Mr. Johnson33

of the Force and Propriety of Parables in the New Testa-

Of the Affinity between Poetry and Painting

The Reason why we are so affected by a beautiful Passage

in Shakespeare


The Heads and Hearts of Men not so bad as they are

generally represented


PRECEPTS for Lyric Poetry, with occasional Re-


of the origin of this species of Poetry


Of invoking the Muses


Of the excellencies of Pindar


Division of Lyric Poetry into the Sublime Ode, the lefler Ode

and the Song





39 to 96




Of Songs, with some few Examples and Remarks ibid. Of the Lefler Ode

55 A Fragment.of Sappbo, by Mr. Philips

ibid. Young Old Age from Anacreon, by Mr. Fawkes 56 The Power of Gold, by the same

$7 The Vanity of Riches, by the same

ibid. The Number of his Mistresses, by the same On Old Age, by Dr. Broome

59 Cupid wounded--b-from Anacreon

60 Ode in the manner of Anacreon, by Mr. Prior ibid. Answer to Chloe Jealous, in the manner of Sappho, by the same

61 A better Answer to Chloe Jealous, by the same

62 On receiving a Moss-Rose from a sick Lady, byMr. Dodd ib. Of the more florid and figurative Ode On Fancy, by Mr. Wbarton

ibid. On a young Lady's Birth-day, by Mr. Smart On the Death of Mr. Thomson, by Mr. Collins

68 Of Divine Odes, or Hymns

69 Hymn, by Mr. Addison

70 Pastoral Hymn from the 23d Psalm, by the same 71 Of the Sublime Ode

ibid. The Song of Moses

72 Whence this Species of Poetry obtained the Name

73 Of the Pindaric Ode

74 The Eleventh Neuinean Ode, by Dr. Weft

75 Of irregular Odes

82 Alexander's Feais, by Mr. Dryden

ibid. Ode on Music, by Mr. Pope

86 The gth Ode of the first Book of Horace, byMr.Congrevego On Constancy, by Mr. Mason

92 On the New Year, by Mr. Woty

93 On Lyrick Poetry, by Dr. Aken hide

95 PRECEPTS for SATIRE, with occasional Remarks 99 to 149 Of its origin and use

ibid. Imitation of the ad Satire of the 2d Book of Horace, by

Mr. Pope
Dr. Swift's Verses on his own Death

106 London, a Satire, by Mr. Johnson

116 Love of Fame, Satire the 2d. by Dr. Young

123 Mack Flecknoe, by Mr. Dryden

130 Of Burlesque Satirical Poems

137 The splendid Shilling, by Mr. Philips

ibid. Hudibrass, by Mr. Butler

144 PRECEPTS for DRAMATIC Poetry, with occafional Re

marks Of the Drama in general, and its use

149 Of Comedy

160 Of Tragedy Of Farce, musical Entertainments,Opera and Pantomimesji

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149 to 180


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