« ZurückWeiter »
Page 194 200
Houston and Kilallan 34.
Lismore and Appin 53
36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41.
203 211 227 242 259 301 308 315 332 337 342 348 357 369 385 409 414 419 435 438 441 449 462 465 469 479 482
SCOT LA N D.
PARISH OF JEDBURG H.
From Materials furnished by the Rev. Dr. Thomas SOMER:
VILLE Minister of Jedburgh.
Origin of the Name.
the abbot and monks of Jedburgh, in the year 1165 *;
• A fac fimile copy of this charter was published at Edinburgh by A. Bell, anno 1771.
Extent.-The extent of this parish is considerable, being about thirteen niles long, and in fome places not less than six or seven miles broad: But the figure is irregular, being frequently interfected by the parishes of Oxnam and Southdean. It is bounded by Northumberland on the south and southcast, by the parish of Oxnam on the east, by Southdean on the south and south-weít, by Bedrule on the west, by Ancrum on the north and north-west, and by Crailing on the northeast.
Situation and Surface. The parisha is fituated within the county of Roxburgh or Tiviot dale. It is the seat of a presbytery, (that of Jedburgh) and belongs to the fynod of Merfe and Tiviotdale. The soil is various. The lower part of the parish, lying upon the banks of the Tiviot, is flat, and in general con Gits of light loam ; but some part of it is gravelish, and fome deep clay. By far the greater part of the parish, however, confits of hills and sheep farms. The hills are generally green and dry; but the interjacent flats are covered with bent, and rather swampy. On the whole, not above a fifth or sixth part of the parilh consists of arable ground
Climate, Difeafés, &c.—The climate allo varies in different parts of the parish. It is often mild and temperate in the town of Jedburgh, environed with the high banks of the ad. jacent river, while it is sharp and cold at the distance of a mile or two. The town itself is peculiarly healthy, fewer epidemical distempers prevailing there than in the neigh.. bouring towns of Hawick and Kelso. The rheumatism is the most common disorder, which, though not frequent 2mong people of better station, who are comfortably clothed, fed, and lodged, is nevertheless very general among tlie poorer sort of people, particularly such as are advanced in life, who, in consequence of their miserable mode of living, and still more of the coldness and dampness of their houses, owing partly to the scarcity and high price of fewel, have too much realon to complain of what they call the pains, or the pains within them. The air, however, on the whole, being very falubrious, there are many instances of longevity in the parish. An old woman, who died 15 years ago, said that the was 105; but her name was not in the parish record. There are several now living, both in the town and country part of the parish, above 80. Many have survived go during the incumbency of the present minister; and there are three perfons in the town, now living, who are above go. There is also a shepherd in the 94th year of his age, who atteçds his flock as usual. The ravages which the imall-pox formerly made have been greatly mitigated, innoculation being of late very general and very fuccessful. In order to reconcile the minds of the common people to this useful practice, the heritors of Jedburgh, about ten years ago, allowed a sinall suin to defray the expence of innoculating the children of the poor, at a period when the disease was peculiarly fatal. This generous delign was attended with the happiest fuccefs; ainong a thouland patients, innoculated by Dr Lindlay in the course of above 20 years practice, only two have been loit, and there is the strongest reason to believe that thcse two had been previously infected in the natural way. The other phy. ficians and surgeons of the place have allo been, it is believed, equally fortunate in this important branch of their practice.
Rivers.-The river Jed, which runs through this parish, has its fource in the north fide of the Carter-hill, in the pa rish of Southdean, about the distance of fourteen miles from the town of Jedburgh. It abounds with trouts, particu
. On the south side of the same hill, the river Tyne, which zens by Newcastle, takes its rife.
larly with a species of small red trout, of an excellent flavour. The river Tiviot also passes through this parish ; the banks of which at first are steep, and its course rapid, yet afterwards it flows in beautiful curves, through wide and fertile haughs. In addition to its natural, it is to be hoped, that, in time, it will have artificial ftreams, as it is believed, from a late survey, that a canal might be carried from the sea to Ancrum Bridge. At present, however, there are no internal commodities to compensate for the great expence which such a work would re
Mineral Springs. There are two chalybeate springs near Jedburgh, and there are appearances of more in different places of the parish, which have never been yet properly investigated. One of the former, called Tud Hope Well, has been used with success in fcorbụtic, and, it is said, in rheumatic disorders.
Hills. The most remarkable hill in the neighbourhood of Jedburgh, is the Dunian, which is fituated partly in the parish of Jedburgh, and partly in that of Bedrule. Its elevation above the level of the sea is 1024 feet. The ridge of hills on the south side of the parish of Jedburgh, contiguous to the English border, is considerably higher, but arising from an elevated base, the elevation is not so striking. The tops of these hills are in general conical, and those who are attached to such ideas, are at no loss to discover a variety of circum. Itances favourable to the volcanic system.
Woods.—About fifty years ago the parish of Jedburgh abounded with wood. A few old oaks, elms, beeches, plains, and weeping willows still remain. The wood, which begins to rise from the old stocks upon the banks of the Jed, together with a variety of new plantations, form a beautiful and ro