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rch towards JARS

frontiers of Portu
that the
intent upon fome
of Portugal

the court of

Other letters

who have

HE Merchants obtain an at your


the obliged to renew plaints of the great damage

and cargoes continue

take the liberty to put your R. Highness in mind, That the first time that their confidence in your Highness's equity led them to have recourse to of complaint, forefaw at that time the total ruin their principals, who had the cutest ground of our navigation and commerce: That on thất account, your R Highness graciously promifed powerfully to fupport their just complaints in the afsembly of the States-General, and even to make remonstrances in your own name to the British court, provided the losses were properly attested: That the merchants of the province immediately drew up a lift of the veffels that had been carried either into the ports of G. Britain or thofe of her colonies, with an eftimate of the value of the carcommitted by English privateers on board, thofe goes, and a detail of the enormous robberies veffels; the whole accompanied with original and credible atteftations: That, not content with ha ving refpectfully delivered thofe inconteftable proofs to their High Mighineffes, and to your took the liberty to reprefent, in writing, and vetR. Highness in private, the Body of Merchants bally, how much it imported the welfare of the provinces to take proper meatures for putting an




ject, in which ms to be deeply interefted." Advices from LISBON, of Oct. 1o. Bin Je us, that several regiments wer rching from the Portuguese frontiers From the Tother s of the kingdom towards Der parts tcapital; and that the week before, etachment of cavalry and grenadiers ? been lent beyond the Tagus on a ret expedition. According to fome váte letters from t thence, his Molt ithful Majefty was i as in a very dangerous y, till attended by one Mr Scrafton, English furgeon; who finding that his und had been too haftily healed, laid open fince which his Majefty Hossain Sears o be out of danger danger; but it is red he will never more have the ufe his right army944 9637 They write from Breft in FRANCE, it nine men of war, and three frigates led from thence the 15th of October, 1 North America, with a good many ops, and large sane santities of ammu- end to such unjust depredations, and for obtaining


reparation of fo great lofles: That in the second

29.24ting on the 15th of audience which your R. Highness was pleased to

are alfo told, that an-
ber feet left that
ovember, confifting of nine fail, part
anfports and part fhips of war. This
et is thought to be deftined for Goree
the coaft of Africa.


The following is a letter from the AGUE, dated Nov. 7. Their High ghtinelles have a again received diftches from M. Hop, our minifter at ondon, informing them, that Lord Olderneffe mouth, all reprefentations th regard to the infults done to our Tels by the English would be ufelefs, ile their High Mightineffes permitted eir fubjects to carry on an illicit trade, which it was for both the honour and ereft of G. Britain to put a ftop." 1 They write from the fame place, of v. 21. that on Thursday fevennight, .Nov. 9. a deputation of the molt inent merchants of Amfterdam arrid there; and that, after vifiting the fionary, and the prefident of the eek, they waited on the Princess-Rent, t, to whom they delivered the folwing memorial. eget kasvol malplei

give them upon fresh complaints, your R. Highnefs declared, that the fubfequent damage exceeded what you could have believed: That your R Highness, in your aftonishment, added, in

terms full of cordial affection, that if things fhould continue as they were, your dear country, in whofe welfare you took fo much concern, having adopted it alone for your country, would be ruined; that you would employ your utmost endeavours to obtain reparation of past loffes, and would immediately take fuck measures for

that end as fhould be confiftent with the honour

Showered him by word of the republic, and the advantage of commerce,

which fhould always have your protection; and that you would justify the fincerity of your promifes by facts.

7.9978 W to vod

That the deputies, on their return home, made a report of the fuccefs of their commiffion to certain of feeing the face of affairs foon changed: their principals; who were equally pleafed and but their joy and expectation is turned into bitterness; which is the more fenfibly felt, as they now again, find themfelves under a neceflity of importuning your R. Highness for the third time, by the English fince that time, amounting to by exhibiting a lift of feventy of their fhips taken bear thirteen millions of florins: That thefe veffels have been condemned, fome in the three kingdoms, others in the British colonies, and elfewhere, under the most frivolous pretences, in contempt of all law, contrary to juftice, and reaVOL. XX.



fon, as well as the treaties in force between the two nations: That being informed an accom modation was negotiating with the British mini try, the Body of Merchants flattered themselves they fhould obtain, by this treaty, an indemnification of their great loffes; but that not one merchant had as yet reaped the fmalleft fruit from this negotiation.

That with grief they behold their hopes of protection diminish daily, rather than increase: That it is to be feared the evil will grow worse and worse, and rife to the utmost height: That feveral fhips of war, which have returned to the ports of the republic from their voyages, have been difarmed and laid up, without being replaced by others: That it is evident to a demonitration, that the aforefaid illicit practices muft give a mortal blow to commerce in general, and to our country in particular: That thousands of perfons, who were poffeffed of great wealth, or in eafy circumstances, are thereby fallen to decay; and, if a speedy remedy be not applied, not only eminent merchants, but fwarms of retail-traders, will infallibly be ruined: That by this decay of trade many hundred mechanics are deprived of work, particularly thofe employed in the filk-way, in fugar-houfes, dying, &c. who confequently languish in idleness.

rived at its utmost period: and to consider, that if the reftitution of the hips and cargoes be de layed, the one will go to decay and the other fpoiled. They moreover conjure your R. Highnefs, to interpose your good' offices in fech: manner. that the English nation may make good the immenfe loffs they have suffered, and atftain from doing them further damage, to the hazard of totally ruining the republic.

The Merchants cannot forbear laying before your R. Highness the firm refolution taken by his Highness the late Prince of Orange, your illefrious husband, of most laudable memory, to employ, had Heaven been pleased to prolong his days, every method to restore the trade which thefe provinces carry on by Hamburg, to its for mer flourishing flate. They moft humbly re commend to your R. Highness this branch of trade, which hath coft them fuch heavy imp tions during fo many years, and of which they will be able to continue the payment, when, by the interpofition of your R. Highness, they th be fo happy as to enjoy the protection in this refpect, which is not more neceflary than ardently defired. If that should fail, the Merchants mal declare, upon their honour, that the comm of thefe provinces in general will be at an ad and that, notwithflanding their zeal for the w fare of the commonwealth, they will be th to pay taxes much lefs neceffary.

To thefe humble fupplications the Marchants add the most fincere prayers for the property of your R. Highness's family; whom morever they requeft to preferve their common rights and liberties, purchased at fo dear a rate, and lem tain them against those who seek to make the wpublic fuffer.

That at prefent (and what will it be in the middle of winter?) great numbers of creditable tradesmen are forced to fubfift on the charity of their respective companies and of the hofpitals: That the number of thefe neceflitous people increafes daily, whilst the revenues of the charitable foundations decrease, because they are obliged to give alms to fuch numbers, and because they are deprived of the contributions they ufed to receive in better times: That it is natural for every one who forefees a threatening lofs, to attend rather to his own prefervation, than to the affiftance of those whofe unhappy lot has rendered them objects of compaflion: That frugality thus prevailing over liberality, people continue to feel the misfortunes of others, but are little difpofed to give them any relief: That, confidering on one hand all thefe difafters, and on the other the welfare of commerce and of their country, the Body of Merchants have thought it their duty again to reprefent to your R. Highness,

expected home should be taken like the others, want of means will force the merchants to give

up trade.

that if redrefs doth not foon fucceed to their command of armies about the fame age; plaints, it is to be feared, that, in cafe the hips both of them were put to the bane of their feveral empires, without vaining them a rush. The marriages of both were matters of intereft rather thin it clination; but in that particular, the magnanimity of the Pruffian greatly furpaffes that of the Roman. The fcens of Cæfar's actions were rather gloriou than dangerous; those of Frederick wer always dangerous, and therefore alwa glorious. The quickness of Cel conquefts never was exceeded but y



For thefe reafons, being perfuaded of your R. Highness's clemency, they prefume to claim the performance of the promifes you were pleafed to make them at their fecond audience; promiles fo agreeable, fo full of tenderness and regard, and fo much confided in by them, that they ftill expect to feel the effects of them. Accordingly they most humbly fupplicate your R. Highness, to be gracioully pleafed to concur in the neceffary meatures for faving the commercial fubjects of the republic from a calamity that is ar

Juft as we were fidifhing our foreni affairs, we found what follows in the London papers.

"It has been a queftion, Which is the greatest character, that of Julius CESAR, or that of FREDERICK B. King of Pruffia? to folve which, we fubmit the following comparison to the judgment of our readers.

Both of them entered upon the comh

hofe of Frederick. The progrefs of the Former was fwift, that of the latter was apid. The barbarians against whom Cafar fought, were barbarous in every refpect the barbarians who acted a gainft Frederick, were barbarous in all enfes but in the practice of arms. Cæfar had his Pompey, and Frederick has his Daun the two former were Romans, the two latter are Germans. Though Cæfar was generally victorious, yet he was furprifed by Pompey at Dyrra chium; and though Frederick was feldom beaten, yet he was in the very fame manner furprifed by Daun at Hochkirchen; and each owned he might have been ruined, had his enemy known how to have made use of his victory.

Cæfar, upon finishing his expedition into Africa, wrote to the fenate a famous laconic letter, Veni, Vidi, Vici; but Frederick could have given an account of the clofe of his campaign in 1758, more laconically by one third, Veni, Vici; for the terror of his name prevented his even feeing his enemies. [595.] In learning they were equal: both of them were poets, and both of them hiftorians. Each compofed the memoirs of his own family; Frederick that of Brandenburg; Cæfar that of the Julii, which he read over the corpfe of his grandmother, and of which we have a fragment in Suetonius. Cæfar ruined the liberties of Rome; Frederick afferted thofe of Germany. Cæfar was debauched; Frederick is fober. Cæfar was tall; Frederick is fhort. Cæfar's nofe was hooked Frederick's is fquare. Both of them alike fhone in the arts of polifhed life; each of them carried the Mufes both into the field and the cabinet; and to conclude, the characteristic of Frederick, by a fort of prefcience, was drawn by Lucan in the following line, which be defigned as the character of Cæfar, Nil aðum reputans dum quid fupereffet agendum."


-} 13 bath A





N D.


Many ponponed articles, are now inserted.] The parliament was, by proclamation, fummoned to meet on Tuesday Nov. 140; but, by an order of council, dated Nov. 7. it was prorogued to


Thursday the 23d. It met accordingly on the 23d of November. This feffion, the fixth of the current parliament, was opened by commillion. The Lords" Commiffioners fpeech, which was read by the Lord Keeper, and the addreffes, follow.


But mo 4561


My Lords, and Gentlemen,

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purfuance of the authority given to us by amongst other things to declare the caufes of his his Majefty's commiffion under the great feal, holding this parliament, his Majefty has been graciously pleafed to direct us to aflure you, that he always receives the highest fafisfaction, ia being able to lay before you any events that may promote the honour and intereft of his kingdoms.


That, in confequence of your advice, and enabled by that affiftance which you unanimously gave him, his Majefly has exerted his endeavours to carry on the war in the moft vigorous manher, in order to that defirable end, always to be wifhed, a fafe and honourable peace. It has plea fed the divine providence to biefs his Majefty's measures and arms with fuccefs in feveral parts; and to make our enemies feel, that the frength of G. Britain is not to be provoked with impunity.

We have it alfo in command from his Ma

Jefty to acquaint you, that the conqueft of the ftrong fortrefs of Loufburg, with the illands of Cape Breton and St John; the taking of Frontenac, of the highest importance to our operations in North America; and the reduction of Senegal; cannot fail to bring great diftrefs upon the tion, to procure great advantages to our own. French commerce and colonies; and, in proporThat nation has also been made fenfible, that, whilft their forces are fent forth to invade and ravage the dominions of their neighbours, their own coafts are not inacceffible to his Majelly's in the demolition of their works at Cherburg, efleets and armies. This they have experienced rected at a great expence, with a particular view to annoy this country; and in the loss of a great number of thips and veffels: but no treatment, however injurious to his Majefty, could tempt him to make retaliation on the innocent fubjects

of that crown.

In Germany, his Majefly's good brother the King of Pruffia, and Prince Ferdinand of Bruntwick, have found full employment for the armies of France, and her confederates; from rica, have derived the most evident advantage. which our operations, both by fea and in Ame Their fucceffes, owing, under God, to their able conduct, and the bravery of his Majesty's troops and thofe of his allies, have been signal and glorious.

ferve to you, That the common cause of liberty His Majefty has further commanded us to ob and independency is still making noble and vi gerous efforts, against the unnatural union form


ed to opprefs it: That the commerce of his fubjects, the fource of our riches, has, by the vigi lant protection received from his Majesty's fleet, flourished in a manner not to be paralleled during fuch troubles. In this ftate of things, his Majefty, in his wifdom, thinks it unneceffary to use many words to perfuade you to bear up againft all difficulties; effectually to fland by, and defend his Majefty; vigorously to fupport the King of Pruffia, and the rest of his "Majefty's allies; and to exert yourselves to reduce our enemies to quitable terms of accommodation.

Gentlemen of the boufe of Commons,' The uncommon extent of this war, in diffe-, rent parts, occafions it to be uncommonly expenfive. This his Majefty has ordered us to declare to you, that he fincerely laments, and feels deeply for the burdens of his people. The feveral eflimates are ordered to be laid before you; and his Majesty defires only fuch fupplies, as fhall be requifite to push the war with advantage, and be adequate to the neceffary fervices.

My Lords, and Gentlemen,

His Majesty has, in the last place, graciously commanded us to aflure you, that he takes fo much fatisfaction in that good harmony which fubfifts amongst his faithful fubjects, that it is more proper for him now to thank you for it, than to repeat his exhortations to it. This union, neceffary at all times, is more efpecially fo in fuch critical conjunctures; and his Majesty doubts not, but the good effects we have found from it, will be the strongest motives to you to purfue it.


Nothing can poffibly be of greater hadde va your fubjects; and we return your Majelly jud portance, than the navigation and commeraf te dutiful thanks for that protection and fecuty which they have received from your royal tre, in the difpofition of your fleet, to which their p

most dutiful and loyal fent condition is fo much The

stagnation of our enemies trade, and the taket pus
and destroying so many of their capital this
war, ought, in this view, to be reckoned among
the most happy events. Can




The LORDS address, Nov, 24.

Moft Gracious Sovereign,

rent, in the reputation thereby acquired to you
Majefty's arms, and in the diftrefs they cannot ful
to bring upon the French commerce and colonies, My Lor
as well as in the happy effects procured to that
of G. Britain. 357 Boy

We have seen, with the warmest emotions of jul ác ser
refentment, the exorbitant devastations comin
ted by the armies of France upon the dominof
of your Majefty and those of your allies in Gew
many. They must now have experiented to
much, in confequence of their unbounded
tion to invade their neighbours, their own coul
are expofed in the demolition of their expenive
works at Cherburg, particularly intended for the
annoyance of this country; and in the lofs f
many fhips and veffels, as well privateers as other
in their ports. At the fame time, we can
fufficiently admire your Majesty's magnanimity
and moderation, în not having hitherto retalate
on the innocent subjects of that crown, the
rions treatment which you have received."

We have a just sense of the real advantages de rived to the operations of G. Britain in particuli, the wife conduct of the King of Pruffia, and Pret as well as to the common caufe in general, from Ferdinand of Brunswick.Their great abilities and the bravery of your Majelly's troops, cuous, in the fucceffes with which they have bett thofe of your allies, have been fignally conf attended, and mult be acknowledged by

20 worth


fubjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in parliament affembled, beg leave to ap proach your throne with hearts full of that duty and affection to your facred perfon and government, which become the moft faithful subjects to the best of kings.

Permit us to declare our grateful sense of thit paternal tenderness which your Majelly his a preffed for the burdens of your people ceive from thence the strongest encouragement t adhere, the more firmly, to the cause of the Pr teftant religion and publie liberty, against any t natural union formed to opprefs it. To this caufe, we will, to our utmost, effectually th by and defend your Majefty; fupport the Keg of Prussia, and the rest of your allies; and vi gorously exert ourselves to reduce our enemies to equitable terms of accommdoation.

Our duty and fidelity to your Majesty, our zeal for the Proteftant fucceffion in your royal family, are uniform and unalterable; our pay

That conftant regard and attention which your Majefty has fhewn to the honour and intereft of your kingdoms, have filled our minds with the molt grateful fentiments; and we fee, with real fatisfaction, thofe active and vigilant efforts which your Majefty, in your great wifdom, has made, to carry on the war with vigour, in order to the defirable end, which we all with, a safe and ho. nourable peace,

Juftice and good policy required, that our enemies fhould feel how dangerous it is for them. to provoke the fpirit and strength of the British nation. We acknowledge, with becoming thankfulness, the goodness of the divine provi-ers for the prolongation of your precious life, dence, in having crowned your Majefty's mea- aufpicious reign over us, are fincere and fever fures and arms with fuccefs, in feveral parts; and, and we beg leave to give your Majelly the fro we joyfully congratulate your Majefty on the cft affurances, that nothing fhall be wanting conqueft of the ftrong fortress of Louisburg, with our part, to improve union and good harmon the islands of Cape Breton and St John, the ta- amongst all your fubjects, for promoting king of Frontenac, and the reduction of Senegal." fecuring the interefting and cllential objects The high importance of thefe fucceffes is appa

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ne grands neitsugar en The King's anfuerons Ty Lords, solo return you my hearty thanks his very dutiful and affectionate addrefs. The action which you exprefs in my measures the zeal you thew for my honour and fupport, true intercft of my kingdoms, and the af see of my allies, as well as for purfing the with vigour, are highly acceptable to me. y cannot fail to produce the beit effects in prekent conjun&ture. 1. strance


the rights of your Majesty's crown, and of the
Proteftant religion, and the common caufe of li-
berty and independency, against the dangerous
union which hath been formed to oppress them,
up against difficulties, and
themleives to the utmost, by granting to your
Majefly fuch fupplies as thall be neceflary, effec-
tually to stand by and defend your Majefty, and
vigoroufly to fupport the King of Prusha, and the
reft of your Majelly's allies; firmly relying on
the wifdom and goodness of your Majefty, that
the fame will be applied in the propereft manner,
to push the war with advantage, and to reduce
the enemy to equitable terms of a fafe, honour-
able, and lafting peace.




We beg leave alfo, to exprefs our most grate ful fenfe of the paternal fatisfaction your Maje fly takes, in that good harmony which fublift amongst your faithful fubjects, and of your Ma!” jetty's gracious acceptance of the univerfal zea and affection of your people which falutary'uz? nion hath enabled us to effectually to exert our ftrength abroad, and hath preferved, at home, tranquillity, fafety, and public credit; and we truft, that the continuance of the fame truly na tional spirit will, by the bleffing of God, be at tended with the like happy effects for the future. The King's anfwer. ** 0.4 Sjeve Gentlemen, I return you my thanks for your dutiful and affectionate addrefs; and for this fieth mark of your unanimous zeal in defence of me and my crown, and of my good brother the King of Pruffia, and the rest of my allies.You may depend on my conftant endeavours for the prefervation of my kingdoms, their trade, and colonies; and for the liberties of Europe. {


The COMMONS address, Nov. 25. Loft Gracious Sovereign JE your Majelly's molt dutiful and loyal fubjects, the Commons of G. Britain, in ament aflembled, return your Majesty our Lincere and hearty thanks for the fpeech de ed, by your Majesty's command, to both les of parliament, an ofisicit de sto Ve beg leave to congratulate your Majesty, hearts full of the most unfeigned joy, upon many signal fucceffes with which it has pleadivine providence to bless your Majelly's fuces and arms in feveral parts of the world; icularly in the important conqueft of the ng fortress of Louifburg, with the islands of


Breton and St John; the taking of Fron ic, fo effential to our operations in North A ica; the reduction of the valuable fettlement senegal; the total demolition of the harbour works of Cherburg, erected at fo great exce by the enemy, with a particular view to loy this country; and the deftruction of the ping and privateers in the ports of France. Your Majesty's faithful Commons feel, with the heft fatisfaction, how greatly thefe events reand to the honour and interests of your Maje 's kingdoms, to the upholding the reputation: the British arms and to the maintaining and ending the glories of your Majesty's reign. We have the most lively fenfe of thefe happy afequences funder God) of your Majefty's wif m in the powerful exertion of the naval force thefe kingdoms, to the annoyance and diftrefs the fleets, trade, and navigation of France, whilt ecommerce of G Britain flourishes in full protec n and fecurity; and at the fame time, of your ajefty's juftice and magnanimity, in fteadily pporting your allies, and in carrying on with gour, in all parts, this arduous and neceflary



Adm. Boscawen, in the Namur, and Rear-Adın. Sir Charles Hardy, in the Royal William, with the Bienfaifant, a French fhip taken in Louisburg harbour, arrived from North America at Spithead, Nov. 1. Several other hips came out with them, but parted com pany foom after they left Louisburg. Adm. Boscawen fell in, on the 27th of October, off the land's end, with fix or feven French men of war and two bred in frigates from Quebeck; and though he had but four fhips, he offered them bat tle. He exchanged a few fhot with them in the clofe of the evening; but in the morning, defigning to renew the engagement, he found the enemy had flipt away in the night, and were almoft out of fight, fo that he could not overtake them. There were great rejoicings Portsmouth on the Admiral's arrival,


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It is with joy and admiration we see the glous efforts made in Germany, by your Ma ty's great ally the King of Pruffia, and those de by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, fecondby the valour of your Majesty's troops, and pole of your allies; and that full employment as thereby been given to all the armies of France d of her confederates from which, our ope ations, both by fea and in America, have res cived the moft evident and important advan



dis #1:

Permit us to affure your Majefly, that your and the town was illuminated the whole aithful Commons, juflly animated in defence of night. He arrived at London Nov. 4.

4 R


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