Abbildungen der Seite

are advices, that one of the Ruffian men of war which made a part of the fleet of obfervation, was blown up, not a perfon on board being faved; and that another of them was wrecked on the coaft of Afdahl, not above 50 out of 500 foldiers and failors having been able to fave themselves in their boats.

From SWEDEN we have advice, that a new confpiracy against the government has been difcovered, and that feveral perfons have been taken into cuftody, and are under ftrict examination. It feems the defign of it in general was to diminish the power of the fenate, and increase the royal prerogative; but fcarce any particulars worth mentioning have come to hand.

There are letters, bearing, that the King of DENMARK caufed a memorial be prefented to the Emprefs of Ruffia, containing very bitter complaints and ftrong remonftrances on the coming of a Ruflian and Swedish fleet before Copenhagen, to the interruption of his fubjects trade and navigation. Her Imperial Majesty told the Danish envoy, that the never intended to give the leaft umbrage to the King his mafter; that this ftep was owing to a mistake of her admiral, who had exceeded his orders; and that others directly contrary had already been fent to him on the head. A letter from Bremen, dated Sept. 7. told us, that his Danish Majefty had given orders, that all the Hanoverian magazines and other effects, fhould be removed, in eight days, from Oldenburg and Delmenhorit. According to other accounts, the reafon of this step was, to take away all pretext from the enemies of their Britannic and Pruffian majefties for fending their effects alfo into his dominions, and from the facets of Rullia and Sweden for putting into the ports of Slefwick and Holstein.

9000 fick, with 1000 men in health to take care of them. All this had been erroneous or premature. The Rulians being joined by a corps under Gen. Refanow, which had been on inarch before the battle of Zorndorf to reinforce them, they transported their fick and wounded to Marienwerder. Gen. Brown was alfo carried thither: and it is faid there were great hopes of his recovery. It was not till the 21ft of September that the Ruffian army quitted Landsberg. It marched by Soldin and Piritz, and arri ved at Stargard in Pomerania on the 26th, leaving where-ever it paffed the ufual marks of its prefence. Count Dobna put on march to follow it, and arri ved on the 26th at Soldin. The Ruffians having left a garrifon in Landsberg, a Pruffian detachment was fent to di lodge it. The Ruffians made as if they would defend themfelves; but finding that the detachment nevertheless advan ced, they fhut the gates of the town, and fled by the other fide of the Warta into Poland. The Pruffians took pos feffion of the place, in which they found only fix wounded Ruffian officers, who were made prifoners. On the 2d of Oc tober, C. Dohna fet forward from Soldin, and on the 3d arrived at Piritz. At this latter place the rear of the Ruffians appeared refolved to make a stand; but feeing the troops of the opposite fide ad. vancing boldly to attack them, they retired precipitately, with the loss of 46 huffars and one ftandard taken from them. The town of Piritz, which had been condemned to pay a ransom of 10,000 crowns, was happily delivered by this fpeedy arrival of protectors. The Ruffians ftill retreating farther from the Oder, C. Dohna entered Stargard with his army on the 20th, and made 30 prifoners. Before this time the van of the Ruffians had retired a great way far ther. A body of them had besieged Colberg, near the Baltic, from the 3d to the 9th of October. That day their general withdrew to the distance of fome miles, and made a feint of railing the fiege, in hopes to make the garrifon fal ly out, and cut off their retreat to the town;. but this ftratagem not fucceed

We now proceed to the affairs of GERMANY. According to our laft, the first divifion of the Ruffian army under Gen. Fermor had begun to retreat from Landberg towards Poland on the 15th of September; the fecond and third were to follow on the 16th and 17th; and they left behind them in Landiberg

, he returned on the 10th, reinforby a large body of troops, and a1 fummoned the governor to furren; which he refused to do. On the h the Ruffians began again to bomd the place. The 13th they made affault, but were beat off with the of 200 men, among whom was MaLauterbach, and two other officers. the 14th the befiegers made a fresh ult, and advanced with the greater fidence that the town fired with wder only; but when they were come tty near, the governor received them th fo finart a fire, that 500 were killon the spot, and the attack was reled. According to accounts publifh by authority at Berlin, the fortrefs il held out on the 20th; the works d fuffered no damage; the governor d taken fuch precautions, that no part the town had been fet on fire; and e garrifon had loft no men. By very te advices, the Ruffian army was dicting its march precipitately through eetz and Kailies, two towns in the lew Marche, near the frontiers of Po


According to our laft, the Swedes, ho had advanced within five German iles of Berlin, had returned fuddenly, pon advice that Gen. Weedel, at the ead of a large body of Pruffian troops, which was to be joined by the garrifon of Stettin, was marching to attack them. As Gen. Weedel advanced upon their ear, the Prince of Bevern, governor of Stettin, who had come from thence with even battalions, 1200 horfe, and a body of light troops, came upon their flank, nd gave them no rest. Gen. Weedel having beat one of their detachments near Tarmow on the 25th of September, he pitched his camp at the village of Dechtow. But as the Swedes were still masters of Fehrbellin, where they had placed a garrison of 1400 men, and as they might from thence lay the circle of Havalland under contribution, he determined to dislodge them. For this end he marched on the 28th, with 1200 foot, and attacked them. They difputed the ground from houfe to houfe, but were at length entirely driven out

of that town, with the loss of above 500 men, of whom nine officers and 222 private foldiers were made prifoners. The Pruffians have not told us their own lofs. After this we were informed of the latter having fucceflively taken poffeffion of Anclam and Demmin. On the 4th of October a detachment from the garrifon of Stettin feized on the town of Loitz, on the Peene, and made the Swedish garrifon prifoners of war. The 10th the Swedes abandoned Fehrbellin, Prighitz, Ruppin,, and fome other fmall places they occupied in those quarters, and retired with their whole army towards Stralfund. The Pruffians fay, that the advantages they gained by taking the little town of Loitz are very confiderable, as it not only makes them masters of both fides of the Peene, but enables them to lay almost all Swedish Pomerania, even to the gates of Stralfund, under contribution.

Our former accounts of the armies in

Saxony left his Pruflian Majefty's head quarters, on the 20th of September, at Schonfield, within a German league of M. Daun's at Stolpen, both on the right of the Elbe; while the armies under Pr. Henry of Pruffia, and the Prince of Deux-ponts were obferving one another, on the left of that river, within a fmall diftance of Drefden. The fo!lowing is an authentic relation of his Pruffian Majefty's proceedings after the affair at Fifchbach, Sept. 16. [490.], to the action at Hoch-Kirchen, Oct. 14. It is dated, Berlin, O. 21. and was publifhed in the London gazette.


Gen. Retzow incamped at Fischbach; after which our army made a motion to the left, and marched to Rammenau. This obliged the Prince of Dourlach to march to Bautzen. Two days after we diflodged Gen. Laudon from an eminence, which we were defirous of occupying, and inM. Daun thought camped at Bifchofswerda. proper to make a march on his right, and then incamped in the mountains of Wilten. King had previously given orders to Gen. Retzow to take poit at Bautzen; and in confequence of the enemy's motions, our army marched thither, while Gen. Retzow pufhed as far as Weiflenberg. The Prince of Dourlach had pofted himself upon the height of Arensdorff, and M. Daun was incamped at Kittlitz. The King's army marched to Hoch-Kirchen, from whence he diflodged the Auitrians,

Auftrians, and posted himself upon the eminences which extend from Hoch-Kirchen towards Groditz. In the night between the 13th and 14th

of October M. Daun ordered an attack to be made on our right; and as the night was extremely dark, and the fog very thick, the pandours having diflodged our free battalions, which were at the very extremity of our flank, by that means flipped into the village and fet it on fire; and thereby obliged the battalions, which had covered the fides of it, to abandon it, and retire farther. The Auftriaus attempted several times to pass through it, but were repulfed both by our infantry and cavalry. Gen. Retzow was at the fame time attacked by the Prince of Dourlach; but after he had repulfed the enemy and taken 300 prifoners, he was coming to join the army, the left of which was attacked at the time they received orders to reinforce the right, which was done by the whole, except the battalion of Kleilt; which, having advanced too far in repelling the enemy, could not join the army again, and was obliged to lay down their arms. The poft on the right was maintained from half an hour after four till ten, when the army received orders to retire. Gen. Retzow joined it, and it now occupies the poft of Biertitz and Dobrefchutz. We have loft M. Keith and Pr. Francis of Brunswick, whom we cannot fufficiently regret. Pr. Maurice of Anhalt is wounded; and as he was going in a coach to Bautzen, was made prifoner. Gen. Geift is wounded in the arm, and Maj.-Gen. Crockow, of the cuiraffiers, in the shoulder. The King, the Margrave, and all the generals who were in the action, have either received contufions, or had their horfes wounded. We cannot as yet make an exact estimate of our lofs, but it may be depended on, that the whole does not exceed 3000 men. Night prevented the regiments on the right from ftriking their tents, by which we were greatly incommoded, and they confequently loft: but thefe are misfortunes which are fometimes unavoidable in the chances of war. We have about 500 of the enemy prifoners, a mong whom is the General Marquis de Vittelefchi. We hope foon to give the public better


We may add to this account, that, fince it was written, our lofs has greatly decreafed by the return of a great number of foldiers, who were feparated from their corps during the engagement. The lofs of the enemy greatly exceeds ours.

Several accounts of the battle of Oct, 14. were given us in the Bruffels ga.

zette; but the following, dated, Bruf fels, O. 30. is the most full and parti cular, and therefore we give it entire.

M. Keith was fhot dead at the first discharge of the enemy's mufketry. He received the bullet in bis breaft, dropt down, and never spoke a word afterwards. Pr. Francis of Brunswick received bis death by a cannon-ball, which carried off his head just as he was mounting his horfe The for mer was buried 08. 15. the day after the battle, with all the honours die to his rank, under three discharges of twelve pieces of cannon, and three discharges of small arms, by the Auftrian brigade of Colloredo, who remained on the field of Latile,

The enemy marched on the 10th inft. and came and incamped in fight of the Imperial and Royal army, their right occupying the emine ces of Hoch-Kirchen, and their left extending to Kottitz. The King of Pruffia made the more hafte to take that pofition, as he judged it necef ary both to fecure the communication with S fra by Gorlitz, and alfo to fupport the body of troops, about 8000 ftrong, which occupied the advantageous camp of Weiffenberg, and which we refolved to attack on the 11th, and cut of from the main body of the army. This motion of the King determined the Marshal to advance his right. He caufed the bill of Stromberg to be immediately occupied by five battalions, and the village of Gloffe by four battalions of gre nadiers. Both thefe pofts could be fupported by the right wing of the army. There was to time to lofe in taking this pofition, which hinder ed the Pruffians from marching to Gorlitz with out giving them battle. The King advanced towards us; and at the fame time the corps of Weilenberg made a motion to take poffeflion of the hill of Stromberg, and confequently of the road to Gorlitz; but feeing their defign prevented, this corps returned to their former poll.

On the 11th, the Marshal reconnaitred the

pofition of the enemy, and refolved to rack their right wing, though covered by the eminen ces, and the poft of Hoch-Kirchen The intrenchments and batteries upon the eminences, and at the village of Hoch-Kirchen, on which the King made his men work continually, re dered the execution of this design very difficult. To make it fucceed, it was neceflary to find a way through the thick woods behind our army, to come at the enemy with advantage. 10 judge by the event, it should feem, that the King of Pruffia never dreamed of the poffibility of fuch an enterprife. The advantageous pofition of our army feented indeed to render it most expedient to wait for the enemy, who could not execute their defign without coming to a general action: but as foon as the Marfhal was informed, that the obftacle, occafioned by the difficulty of the roads, might be removed, the ardour of the offcers and private men, who were most eager to engage, and the fecurity of the enemy, who by their motions appeared to have not the least es Pe refolution to begin the attack, notwithstand of confirmed him it ing the great difficulties he had to formount.

The Marthal no fooner laid theft motives be fore the general officers of his army, but an at tack was unanimoully refolved on. It was to bast been executed the 13th; but the large compat which the artillery was obliged to make, and the obftacles which flood in the way of lone difpo fitions neceflary for fecuring the fuccefs of the enterprife, made it be deferred till next day The more to deceive the King of Prussia, the Marl

arfhal had on the 11th caufed barricades of es to be made in the wood on his left, that is fay, oppofite to the right wing of the enemy: d redoubts to be raised at proper diftances a. ng the front of his own army. At the fame e M. de Laudon had orders to poft himself near s wood.

All these dispositions being at last completed, : Marshal's plan was executed with all poffible actness. The different columns and the artily defined for the first attack, having traverI the woods by very difficult roads, arrived aut four in the morning within gunfhot of the vanced pofts of the enemy, without being perved. At five o'clock all the columns attacked once; and though fome deferters had gone oto the enemy in the night, their reports onferved to increafe their fecurity; for all that ty could tell them was, that our left marched kwards. Before day-light the advanced ards of the columns, and the corps under M. Laudon, had with great bravery made themves mafters of the poft of Hoch-Kirchen, and o of the eminences behind the camp. At dayak our foot were poffcffed of the eminences, d were formed in order of battle in the very mp of the Pruffians. A few minutes after this, e Duke of Aremberg attacked their left, and ade himself master alfo of the redoubts the eney had there. Notwithstanding the obftinate fence of the enemy, they were forced to yield the vivacity of the attack made by our in ntry, which, without being fupported by artilry, broke their ranks in fome places fwordhand, in others with their bayonets fixed. Our vanguard and grenadiers feeing the enemy iven from Hoch-Kirchen, and their right rerang, liftening only to the ardour of their zeal, rfued them, contrary to the Marshal's exprefs ders. Mean time the enemy's infantry rallied, ad obliged ours to retire. At the fame inflant loch-Kirchen was attacked by the flower of the ruffian troops, and the fire of the artillery and Ball arms began to be extremely hot.

The enemy, after returning three times to the harge, at length made themfelves mafters of art of the village: but as the fate of the day deended upon that poft, they met with the most igorous refiftance. To furtain this poft, the reiments of Clerici, Bathiani, Stachtenberg, Viux Colloredo, and after them those of Arberg, os-Rios, and Puella, were made to advance ucceffively, as alfo the carabiniers and horfe renadiers under the command of the Count l'Ayafias. The regiment of Clerici fuffered greatly on this occalion; but that of Bathiani ook four colours, and 300 prifoners. Whilft the Marthal was doing his utmoft to fupport our troops at Hoch-Kirchen, the reft of our left kept a continual fire upon the enemy, without ming to a clole engagement, till they fhould be fure that we were abfolutely mafters of that important poft. The unfhaken firmnets of our troops having at length deprived the Pruffians of all hope of retaking it, they retired under the fire of a nume


rous artillery, which was placed in the centre of their camp. M. Keith, who commanded the right of the enemy in this bloody battle, was killed; as were Pr. Francis of Brunfwick and Gen. Kleift. The former was interred, after the battle, with all the honours due to his rank.

While the battle was fought with fo great warmth on that fide, the horfe of our left were forced to give way; but, by the indefatigable zeal of Count O Donnel, general of horfe, and the other generals, they were immediately rallied. Count Lafci, on his fide, with five companies of horfe-grenadiers,and carabiniers draughted from the regiments of Deux-Ponts, O Donnel, Serbelloni, Aufpach, and Buccow, fell upon the enemy's foot which were marching against our left. The bravery of these troops foon recovered our former advantages; and the conduct of the general who commanded them, greatly contributed to the fuccefs of the action. M. de Til lier, major-general, merits the fame praife. Both difplayed, on this memorable day, no less skill than bravery.

The terrible fire of the Pruffian artillery and fmall arms having greatly thinned the ranks of our foot, the Marfbal made them clofe as much as poffible, and again led them against the enemy. At the fame time, Baron Buccow and the Duke of Aremberg forced their way through defiles, which they had orders to pafs; and the continual fire they made upon the enemy, forced them to retire. A part of the infantry and cavalry which compofed the corps at Weiffenberg, attempted to go to the affiftance of the left of the Pruffians; but Baron Buccow immediately caufed the regiments of O Donnel and AnhaltZerbft, commanded by the Generals Count de Zollern and Bettom, to advance; who attacked the head of this reinforcement with fo much vigour, that it was no fooner attacked, than routed.

Seeing themselves thus vanquifhed on every fide, not by fuperiority of numbers, but folely by the valour of our troops, the enemy retired, to gain the eminences behind them, which favoured their retreat. At nine o'clock their fire flackened confiderably, and they wholly retired to the plain of Predlitz, where the good countenance of their cavalry gave the rest of their army time to form.

All was over by ten; and the Marshal fent M. de Laudon, with three regiments of dragoons, topurfue the enemy.

We took the whole camp of the Pruffians, and all their baggage. The regiments of their right wing had fearce time to take up their arms. The number of cannon we took at the beginning of the affair, during the action, and in the purfuit, amounts to 101, among which are 3' twenty-four and 37 twelve pounders. A great quantity of ammunition and warlike implements have alfo fallen into our hands and more are fill bringing in, as well as artillery. We have taken upwards of 28 colours and two ftandards. from the enemy Thefe undoubted proofs of victory were prefented on the 18th to their Impalad

4 H

Imperial and Royal Majefties by M. de Tillier.

We may compute the lofs of the enemy already in killed, wounded, and deferters, at 10,000 at least. We cannot justly tell what our lofs is; but it would not have been fo confiderable if the enemy had not had fuch a vait number of artillery.

The Marthal does all poffible juftice to the bravery and refolution of the troops, and above all gives the greatest eulogiums to the infantry, and to the Croats under M. de Laudon, who very justly deferve them. The different corps which were engaged, and beat all the enemy's forces were greatly inferior to them in number: for except fome battalions, which marched to fupport the Duke of Aremberg, the corps under the Prince of Baden-Dourlach had no thare in the battle; nor had the regiments of Neyperg, Mentz, and Serbclioni,pofted in the centre for greater fecurity, and the four battalions of the referve. The artillery under the command and direction of Col. Walter, most fuccesfully feconded the ardour of our troops. Notwithstanding the difficulty of the roads, this officer, by his great care, brought it up with the stores at the precife time appointed, to all the places for which it was destined; and in the action it was ferved with no Jels quickness than skil.

The great number of dead that covered the ground, and the cold, which began to be very fevere, determined the Marthal to make the troops, already greatly fatigued, return to their old camp. His Excellency, however, left the brigade of Count Colloredo, with the companies of grenadiers and carabiniers, on the field of battle, to bury the dead, and take care of the wounded. The camp of which we made ourselves mafters, was given up to be pillaged. According to the advices we have received, the enemy incamp ed the night after the battle at Klein-Bautzen.

Killed and wounded of the Auftrians.






Total 918

German foot

Dourlach's corps Laudon's corps Artillery

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]













44 covered waggons

17 waggons

9 chefts of balls



On the preceding battle the follow.10 ing obfervation has been inferted in fome news papers. "Perhaps, when all cir cumftances are confidered, the King of Pruflia will appear greater in his late defeat, than in any victory he ever yet obtained. The wing of his army furprifed at a distance from him, the two generals that commanded it flain on the firft onfet, his other principal generals wounded, the whole wing in confufion without a leader; to come, in thele defperate circumstances, in hafte from another quarter, to recover all; twice to repulfe the enemy, and at last retire, overborn only by numbers and fatigue, without being purfued; is fuch an inftance of good generalfhip, as, perhaps, no man ever heard of before." - In the mean time, had not his Pruffian Maje fty allowed himfelf to be deceived by the feigned retreat of an enemy whole alertnefs he knew, and confequently bad taken all precautions to prevent afurprise, even as if he had expected an attack, it would have been much for both his ho, nour and intereft. There are, however, fuggeftions that there was treachery in the cafe; a thing that might difconcert the wifeft meatures formed by human forefight; and we have pofitive advices, that the Pruffian general Retzow has been arrested, and fent to Spandau.


According to advices from Berlin of Oct. 24. publifhed by authority, the King of Pruflia's camp was ftili near Bautzen in Lufatia, oppofite to the Au ftrians near Lauban. M. Daun having reinforced himself before the 14th with part of the Auftrian troops which had been in the army of the circles, his Pruffian Majefty likewife thought pro per to call to him his brother Pr. HeaFy, with 7000 men and a fine train of artillery; who pu their march carried off, at Konigbruck, a picquet of thirty men and an officer., Lt-Gen. Itzenpliz was appointed to command the army which had been under that prince. Twe regiments were drawn from the garrifos of Drefden to reinforce that army. W: are informed, that immediately after Pr. Henry's junction with the King, d pofitions were made for attacking Martha!

« ZurückWeiter »