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RELIGION. Heylyn's differtation on faith 181.
Pag. 194. lin. 7. from the bottom, the multipli-
269. XV. 251. 278-281. 657.]
CORRECTIONS and ADDITIONS.
P. 276. c. 2.1. 46. for two read three. The
P. 362. l. 7. from the bottom, for 1.689921
P. 425.c. 2. 1. 2. from the bottom, for 22d read
The plan; of Cherburg, and charts of the
CON T E N T
HISTORY. A fummary or recapitulation of the public affairs of laft year 1.-18.
Swedish memorial in juftification of their invading the Pruffian dominions 31. The Pruf fan answer ib. Austrian account of the battle of Liffa 34. A revolution in Bengal 37. Treaty between the British and the new nabob 38. -The King's meffage, and the supply thereupon granted for the Hanoverian army 39.
Refolutions of the Irish Commons 40. -State of the Edinburgh charity-workhouse 40. The Edinburgh fociety premiums, and the perfons to whom they are adjudged 43. An effay towards a character of the King of
POETRY, &c. Three anthems intended to have been fung in the Edinburgh revolutionclub on the King of Pruffia's birthday 19. A fong in honour of that monarch ib. On viewing the eclipfe on his birthday 20. A monody on the death of the Duke of Hamilton ib. To the memory of Mr Allan Ramfay ib. An ode writ by the King of Pruffia after the battle of Rolbach 21.
A fummary or recapitulation of the
T seems to be generally agreed, that the race of the ancient Sophis of PERSIA has been for a confiderable time extinct. Ever fince the death of the famous Thamas Kouli Kan, who fupplanted and ruined that family, and was himself afterwards affaffinated by his own relations in 1747, that kingdom has fuffered all the calamities of a destructive civil war. A fucceffion of competitors to the throne has fprung up, but no one has been able to establish himself in it. During the year whofe history we are to recapitulate, very few advices have ar
The ECLIPSE of the moon, as obferved at London and near Edinburgh 21.
The trial of Lt-Gen. Sir JOHN MORDAUNT. Lifts of the members of the court-martial, and of the evidences 22. The charge ib. Thierry the pilot's examination ib. Mr Sec. Pitt's depofition 23. An account of the expedition ib. A fummary of the evidence concerning the practicability of an attempt 28. Extracts of the General's defence ib. and of the judgeadvocate's remarks 29. The judgment i LISTS, TABLES, &C. Captures by the British
46. Accounts of a naval engagement off Cape François 47. Captures by the French 50. Marriages and Births ib. Deaths 51. The Duke of Hamilton's death, family, and funeral ib. Lord Windfor's epitaph 52. Preferments 52. General officers ib. Admirals 53. Quantity and value of linen ftamped for fale in Scotland in 1757 ib. Prices of grain and meal ib. Edinburgh mortality-bill b. Bills of chriftenings and burials for 1757, in feveral places ib. New books, with the prices 54Foreign books, with a fhort account of each 55.
PUBLIC AFFAIRS of the year 1757. rived from thence; and thefe, fuch as they were, have not much attracted the attention of Europeans, who have had more important affairs among themselves to fix their thoughts upon. Early in the year we were told, that Ifpahan, the capital had again changed its master, Azad Kan having driven Carem Kan thence, and once more attained the poffeffion of that city; that Huffein Kan had withdrawn to Miffendroon; that Carem Kan was mafter of Schiras; that almost every city and town had an oppreffive lord; and every petty governor acted like an
abfolute monarch. According to advices killed on the fpot; the rest of his army from Baffora, dated in the end of May, was difperfed, and the greatest part of very little had been done for twelve them inlifted with the conqueror. Azad, months before. Azad governed in the who with difficulty made his escape to capital by a deputy, having returned him. Tauris, threw himself, with a body of felf to his own country, to quell fome re- men, into a fortress called Roumia, where bellious fubjects. Carem, for fome time, he had placed his wives and his treasure. confequent to his defeat, lay inactive at He did not remain long quiet there. Schiras; but afterward laid all the Di- Forced to feek a fafer retreat, he took ghestan countries under contribution, and fhelter, taking what treasure he could proceeded even to Dooreck, an ancient carry away, with a prince of the Curdes, Perfian city, bordering upon the territo- father to one of his wives, upon the ries of Baffora. In Dooreck one Schach frontiers of Turky, near the city Van, Soloman had long enjoyed an uninter- where he expected to be out of danger; rupted fway. But Carem having, in that city, which is fituated upon the lake March laft, demanded of him 5000 to. Actamar in Armenia, being very strong, mans to pay his troops, on the Schach's and its caftle paffing for impregnable. refufal, he marched against him with a Akiaré Beig, his father-in-law, who, confiderable body of troops, laid wafte properly speaking, is but the ringleader his country, and obliged him to give of a gang of robbers, the Curdes living triple the fum he demanded at firft, be- altogether by robbery, and upon their fides cattle and provifions of all kinds to cattle, feeing him preparing to remove a great value. Carem took his route with his treasures to Turky, did not dethence through the Deftroof countries, liberate long what to do; but after mawhence he drained fuch confiderable king him a laconic fpeech, "Why fhould fums, and fo increafed his army, which you carry fo much riches into Turky? was faid to confift of 30,000 men, well It is better that I fhould have it than the provided, that it was thought he intend- Turks," ftripped him of every thing, ed once more to vifit Ifpahan.-But the and fent him away with only one fermoft particular account of the affairs of vant. Azad, with this wretched equiPerfia, was contained in a letter from page, retired to Van; from whence, haAmfterdam, of Nov. 8. in fubftance as ving nothing to carry away with him, he follows. The valt empire of Perfia is proceeded with great speed to Bagdat, divided between four princes, two A- where he arrived the 13th or 14th of guans, and two Perfians. Azad Kan Auguft. The Bafhaw, informed of his reigns over the country from Ifpahan to arrival, prepared an apartment for him, the frontiers of Turky. Achmet Kan with a view to retain him in his service, poffeffes Candahar and Machat, or Cho- as long as the unfortunate prince should rafan. Carem Kan rules over the coun- think proper to tarry with him. A try on the other fide of Ifpahan, viz. Georgian prince, [we fuppofe Heraclius, Schiras, Kerman, and the gulf of Perfia. who formerly made a figure in Perfia as Ghilan on the Cafpian fea is the portion a victor in fome battles, and] who at the of Mahomet Huffein Kan, who paffes head of 4000 of his fubjects, all Chrifor the weakest of the four; but afted ftians, had shared in Azad's overthrow, by his new fubjects, who are naturally had taken fhelter, in the middle of July, brave, hardy, and industrious, begins to at Bagdat, with thirteen of his men, beplay a part that will foon make him be ing all that remained of the 4000, was confidered as a principal actor. In May received by the Bahaw with all poffible laft, Huffein fell upon Azad, near Caf marks of diftinction, though it be agreebin in Irac, the refidence of many of the able to neither the customs nor religion ancient kings of Perfia. As the latter of the Mahometans to pay great honour was attacked unexpectedly, and his army to Chriftians. Mahomet Hoffein being, engaged in defiles, and in the paffage of by the defeat of Azad, mafter of more a river, he had no fewer than 12,000 than half the monarchy of Perfia, will foon
foon reunite the acquifitions made by Europe, furrounded by their numerous Carem his Perfian competitor, the lat- armies, making the moft vigorous efter not being in a condition to refift forts against them all, bearing fucceffes him; and there is no appearance that with great moderation, and difafters Achmet will come on purpose to trouble with very uncommon strength of mind, him, from Candahar and Chorafan, when abandoned by all the world findprovinces feparated from the reft of Per- ing refources in himfelf and his loving fia by a defert of more than forty days fubjects, acting in perfon as it were in difjourney. Befides, it is affured, that ferent places at once, oppofing the unthis prince is marched to India with all daunted bravery of himself and his troops his forces, where he has made an ir- to the vaftly fuperior crouds of his foes, ruption like that which the famous Kouli and in the end of the campaign undoubtKan formerly made. According to edly confounding them by his repeated letters from Derbent, by the way of A- and amazing victories. But to proceed: firacan, received at Petersburg in De- The differences that had fo long fubfistcember, the army of Huffein having ed between their Britannic and Pruffian marched in September laft from Tauris Majefties, were accommodated by a in order to meet the army of Ali-Kan, treaty concluded at Westminster in Ja[whether a new competitor, or one of nuary 1756. By that treaty, the King the other three under a different name, of Pruffia renewed his guaranty of the is not faid], a bloody battle enfued be- fucceffion of the houfe of Hanover to tween them, in which the former was the British crown, engaged to pay off entirely defeated; the vanquished left the refidue of the Silefia loan due to Bri7000 dead in the field, and retired in tifh fubjects, and promised to oppose the great confufion towards the frontiers of entrance of any foreign troops into GerGeorgia, where they plundered all the many; and the King of G. Britain recountry round.We have chofen to nounced all his rights to the principaligive a pretty full account of the affairs ty of Eaft Friefland, that had long been of Perfia in this fummary, as most of a fubject of difpute between the two mothem were omitted in our monthly col- narchs, and renewed his guaranty of lections last year, when feveral articles Silefia, which had been formerly ceded were poftponed to make room for affairs to Pruffia by the Emprefs Queen of more generally interefting. Hungary. In May following, the courts of Vienna and Verfailles, which had for many ages been at enmity, and whofe intereits feemed to be incompa tible, ftruck up a treaty of alliance and friendship. This treaty contained a mutual guaranty of the whole dominions of the two fovereigns, with a ftipulation of furnishing 24.000 men, or an equivalent in money, in cafe either of the contracting parties were attacked. 'Tis faid, that the treaty between G. Britain and Pruffia induced the Emprefs-Queen to this conjunction with France, fo unnatural, and fo aftonishing to all Europe.
In recapitulating the affairs of Europe, we shall begin with GERMANY, as we did in our former fummary, that region continuing to be the fcene of the molt interefting tranfactions. And as the period at prefent under review has there produced a greater number of very important events than have happened in any one country within a fingle year fince the commencement of this work; as more battles have been fought between combatants greatly unequal in numbers, with remarkably different iffues, and more blood has been fpilt, than perhaps can be found during the like space for a great way backward, we hope for the indulgence of our readers, though this fummary fhall exceed the ufual bounds. We fhall fee a prince, juftly styled the great defender of the Proteftant caufe, doomed to destruction by a formidable com bination of above half the powers of
When difputes arofe between Britain and France with respect to the limits of their refpective poffeffions in North America, a confiderable time before the event which gave occafion to the treaty between the courts of Vienna and Verfailles, his Britannic Majefty, dreading that France would attack his electoral dominions,
dominions, though in his electoral capacity he had no difpute with that crown, made a requifition of the fuccours promised by the Emprefs-Queen, but received no fatisfactory answer, tho' he thought he had reafon to expect the moft effectual affiftance from that princefs, confidering that he had formerly lavished his treasures and his troops, had facrificed the interefts of his kingdoms, and even expofed his facred perfon, to reinftate her in the poffeffion of the inheritance of her fathers [xviii. 489.]. About the time of making that requifition, a plan for diftreffing G. Britain was faid to have been propofed by the court of Versailles to the King of Pruffia, which the latter rejected with abhorrence; and a scheme that had been fome years fince concerted by the courts of Vienna, Petersburg, and Drefden, for ftripping his Pruffian Majesty of a great part of his dominions, was laid before the King of G. Britain, but rejected by that prince, whofe fentiments, as the King of Pruffia juftly obferves, are too noble and too generous to adopt fchemes incompatible with his good faith.
Soon after the figning of the treaty of Verfailles, the Pruffian monarch, ha ving got intelligence of the defigns of his enemies, took the alarm, and order. ed all his regiments to be made complete. Mean while the Emprefs-Queen ordered an army of above 50,oco men to affemble near Colin in Bohemia, and another, of 40,000, in Moravia. Thefe warlike preparations occafioned a good deal of altercation between the two courts. The King of Pruffia infifted, that the Emprefs-Queen would formally engage not to attack him either that year or the next. Her answer was, That the parties were at peace; and that to contract an engagement of this nature, was to convert the peace into a truce. All means used for a reconciliation proved ineffectual. By this time the Empress Queen had got the court of Petersburg alienated from G. Britain, fo that the former refufed to accept of the first payment of the fubfidy formerly ftipulated by the latter, and had effectuated a reconciliation of the court of
Petersburg to that of Verfailles, betwee whom a coldness had fubfifted for seve ral years.
All these things alarmed the King of Pruffia; and he conceived, that his only chance of fafety lay in taking the start of his enemies. Accordingly his troops, to the number of about 70,000, entered Saxony by three different routes, in the end of Auguft 1756. The King of Poland, Elector of Saxony, foreseeing what happened, affembled all his electoral troops, and incamped them at Pirna, fouth of Drefden; whither he repaired himself with two of his fons, Sept. 3. the rest of the royal family ftill remaining at Drefden, the capital. The King of Pruffia entered Drefden on the 8th, and his troops invefted the camp at Pirna; his Polith Majefty refusing to withdraw his forces, or cause them return to their former quarters, and observe a ftrict neutrality. As it was not easy to force the Saxon camp, the King caufec it be clofely blocked up, in order tha by ftarving them they might be forcec to furrender. The blockade being formed, Marshal Keith was fent with a Pruffian army to the frontiers of Bohemia, to prevent any fuccours being fent from the Auftrian army to the Saxons. At the fame time an army of Auftrians, under Marshal Count Brown, marched from the camp at Colin, along the Eibe, to meet the Pruffians. His Pruffian Majefty arrived at his army in Bohemia, Sept. 28. marched his troops forward, and came to a battle with M. Brown at Lowofitz, on the 1ft of Q&tober. Both fides claimed the victory; but the confequences made it evident, that the Prufian pretenfions were beft founded. Soon after this action, the Saxon army, being difappointed of fuccours from Bohemia, having first made a fruitless attempt to efcape, furrendered to his Pruffian Majefty, and most of the foldiers entered into his fervice, the officers being allowed to go to their respective places of abode, upon their parole not to ferve againft him. In confequence of this furrender, his Polish Majefty, attended by his two fons Xavier and Charles, fet out for Warfaw, the capital of Poland; where