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abstraction action activity affirmation answer assertion believe better character clear collection common consciousness consider contradiction course desire doctrine doubt duty element Essay evil exist fact false feeling felt finite follow forced function further give given habits happiness Hedonism hence higher hold human idea ideal identified immoral impossible individual knowledge less live lower matter means mere merely mind moral motive nature never object once opinion ordinary organism ourselves pain particular perhaps persons philosophy pleasant pleasure positive possible practical present principle punishment question reader reality realize reason reflection relation relative religion remains responsibility result rule sake satisfaction seems seen selfish sense side simply speaking sphere stand suppose tell theory thing thought tion true truth universal unless virtue volition vulgar whole wrong
Seite 87 - No reason can be given why the general happiness is desirable, except that each person, so far as he believes it to be attainable, desires his own happiness. This, however, being a fact, we have not only all the proof which the case admits of, but all which it is possible to require, that happiness is a good : that each person's happiness is a good to that person, and the general happiness, therefore, a good to the aggregate of all persons.
Seite 206 - Lives through all life, extends through all extent, Spreads undivided, operates unspent ; Breathes in our soul, informs our mortal part, As full, as perfect in a hair as heart ; As full, as perfect in vile man that mourns, As the rapt seraph that adores and burns. To Him no high, no low, no great, no small ; He fills, He bounds, connects and equals all.
Seite 151 - Reason in itself confounded, Saw division grow together, To themselves yet either neither, Simple were so well compounded; That it cried, How true a twain Seemeth this concordant one! Love hath reason, reason none, If what parts can so remain.
Seite 86 - ... mankind must by this time have acquired positive beliefs as to the effects of some actions on their happiness; and the beliefs which have thus come down are the rules of morality for the multitude, and for the philosopher until he has succeeded in finding better.
Seite 162 - Dem Herrlichsten, was auch der Geist empfangen, Drängt immer fremd und fremder Stoff sich an; Wenn wir zum Guten dieser Welt gelangen, Dann heißt das Beßre Trug und Wahn.
Seite 68 - Yet no one whose opinion deserves a moment's consideration can doubt that most of the great positive evils of the world are in themselves removable, and will, if human affairs continue to improve, be in the end reduced within narrow limits.
Seite 266 - Is there a God?' asks the reader. 'Oh, yes,' replies Mr. Arnold, 'and I can verify him in experience.' 'And what is he then?' cries the reader. 'Be virtuous, and as a rule you will be happy,' is the answer. 'Well, and God?' 'That is God,' says Mr. Arnold; 'there is no deception, and what more do you want?
Seite 139 - What is it then that I am to realize? We have said it in "my station and its duties." To know what a man is (as we have seen) you must not take him in isolation. He is one of a people, he was born in a family, he lives in a certain society, in a certain state. What he has to do depends on what his place is, what his function is, and that all comes from his station in the organism.
Seite 259 - From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty; As surfeit is the father of much fast, So every scope by the immoderate use Turns to restraint : our natures do pursue (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane) A thirsty evil ; and when we drink, we die.
Seite 9 - We pay the penalty because we owe it, and for no other reason; and if punishment is inflicted for any other reason whatever than because it is merited by wrong, it is a gross immorality, a crying injustice, an abominable crime, and not what it pretends to be.