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TABLE 2.Nlustrative allotment to States under title II, 1940 data 1

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1 Figures do not add to total due to rounding.

Based on U. 8. Department of Commerce estimates of 1940 income payments and 1940 census of populgtion, ages 5 to 20, and assumption that relative financial needs of States would be in direct ratio to proportion of United States total income payments less 65 percent of proportion of United States population 5 to 20. Applied to continental United States only. This method of allocation differs from that provided in section 3 (B) of S. 181 only in that the ages included are 5 to 20, inclusive, instead of 5 to 17, inclusive.

* Estimated.

APPORTIONMENT UNDER TITLE III Funds to enable States to render special educational services are apportioned (sec. 302) on two bases: (1) One-half on total population, and (2) one-half by the methods of allocation used under title II. Table 3 shows $50,000,000 apportioned on the basis of total population (column 2), and $50,000,000 apportioned on the same basis as in table 2 (column 3).

TABLE 3.— Illustrative allotment to States under title III, 1940 data?

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1 Figures do not add to total due to rounding. * Estimated.

Apportionment under title IV The $150,000,000 which would be authorized for appropriation under title IV for the assistance of needy students would be allotted on the basis of population 14 to 20 years of age, inclusive. The apportionment of $150,000,000 on this basis is given in column 2 of table 4. The number of students assisted by this sum under three assumptions as to average amount of assistance per student is shown in columns 3, 4, and 5 of table 4. At an average rate of $50 per student, $150,000,000 would provide assistance to 3,000,000 students, or 17.2 percent of the total of 17,400,000 persons between the ages of 14 and 20, inclusive. At $75 per student, 2,000,000 (11.5 percent) would be assisted. At $100 per student, 1,500,000 (8.6 percent) would be assisted. Estimates for each individual State on these three assumptions are shown in table 4.

TABLE 4.-Illustrative allotment to State under title IV, 1940 data'

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Alabama..
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia.
Idaho
Illinois.
Indiana
Iowa..
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan.
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska..
Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New Mexico.
New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon.
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Utah..
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington..
West Virginia.
Wisconsin.
Wyoming.
District of Columbia
Alaska.
Hawaii.
Puerto Rico.
American Samoa.
Virgin Islands.
Guam....

3,615, 000

575, 000 2, 463, 000 6, 509,000 1, 215, 000 1,857.000

282,000 2,048, 000 3,954, 000

619,000 8, 043,000 3, 702, 000 2, 754, 000 2,003, 000 3, 483,000 2, 889,000

935, 000 2,011, 000 4, 595, 000 5, 704, 000 3,059, 000 2, 772,000 3,984, COO

614,000 1, 480,000

100,000

516,000 4, 481,000

650, 000 13, 477,000 4, 846, 000

788,000 7, 443,000 2,879,000 1,096, 000 11, 553,000

811, 000 2,680,000

767, 000 3, 543, 000 7,612, 000

694, 000

390, 000
3, 359, 000
1,750,000
2, 433, 000
3, 377, 000

284, 000
592, 000

72, 291 11, 502 49, 262 130, 181 24, 306 37, 149

5, 632 40, 960 79, 075 12, 386 160, 851 74, 043 55, 075 40, 060 69, 670 57, 774 18, 695 40, 229 91,899 114, 087 61, 174 55, 435 79, 680 12, 282 29, 600

2,005 10, 316 89, 624 12, 998 269, 541 96, 912 15, 754 148, 860 57, 577 21, 928 231,062 16, 214 53, 597 15, 342 70, 868 152, 250 13,888

7.802 67, 186 35. 006 48, 650 67, 544

5, 683 11, 839

48, 194

7, 668 32, 841 86, 787 16, 204 24, 766

3, 755 27, 307 52, 716

8, 257 107, 234 49, 362 36, 716 26, 707 46, 447 38, 516 12, 463 26,819 61, 266 76, 058 40, 783 36, 956 53, 120

8, 188 19, 733

1, 336 6,878 59, 749

8, 666 179, 694 64, 608 10, 503 99, 240 38, 385 14, 619 154, 041 10,810 35, 732 10, 288 47, 245 101, 500

9, 258 5, 201 44,790 23, 337 32, 433 45, 029 3,789 7,893

36, 145

5, 751 24, 631 65, 090 12, 153 18, 574

2,816 20, 480 39, 537

6, 193 80, 425 37, 022 27, 537 20, 030 34, 835 28, 887

9,348 20, 115 45, 950 57, 044 30, 587 27, 717 39, 840

6,141 14, 800 1, 002 5, 158 44,812

6, 499 134, 771 48, 456

7,877 74, 430 28,789 10, 964 115, 531

8, 107 26, 799

7, 671 35, 434 76, 125 6,944 3, 901 33, 593 17, 503 24, 325 33, 772 2,842 5, 919

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1 Figures do not add to total due to rounding.

TOTAL FUNDS APPORTIONED TO STATES Table 5 is a summary of allotments to States under S. 717, if made on the bases noted above. The distribution of the total of $550,000,000 appears in column 2.

TABLE 5.—Illustrative allotments to States authorized by bill s. 7171

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EXPLANATION OF CHART (FILED WITH THE COMMITTEE) "RELATIVE ABILITY AND

APPORTIONMENT S. 717, TITLE II, PER PERSON 5–20 YEARS" This chart shows the illustrative allotments shown in table 2 which the National Board might make if it were to take the ability of the States into consideration. On the right-hand side is shown the apportionment per person 5 to 20 years of age in continental United States. The length of the bars corresponds to the figures in column 3 of table 2, providing the hypothetical allotment ranging from zero in the very wealthy States to $17.23 in Mississippi.

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The left-hand side of the chart represents the relative ability of each State, as measured by 1940 income payments per person 5 to 20. This ranges from $6,511 in the District of Columbia to $591 in Mississippi. An examination of the two sets of bars shows that the assumed pattern of apportionment presented for illustrative purposes in table 2 takes into account the relative ability of the States to pay for education.

EXPLANATION OF CHART (FILED WITH THE COMMITTEE) "ILLUSTRATIVE

APPORTIONMENT S. 717, TITLE III” This chart shows in graphic form the data presented in table 3. As with the chart on title II, the States are ranked in order of their financial ability, from highest to lowest.

The left-hand bars represent the amounts which the States would receive from the $50,000,000 apportioned on the basis of total population of all ages. Each State would receive the same per capita amount, approximately $0.37. Although these funds would be apportioned in terms of total population, it is of note that they would represent the equivalent of $1.32 per person 5 to 20 years.

The right-hand portion of this chart shows the distribution of the $50,000,000 under title III to be apportioned on the same basis as that of title II. The relative lengths of the bars are therefore the same as those showing the apportionment of funds under title II. As under title II, this half of the title III funds would be distributed in such a way as to take relative ability and educational load of the States into account. The average allotment per person 5 to 20 years of age would be $1.32, but this half of the fund would not go to all States on that basis. The apportionment would vary from zero in the wealthy States down to $2.87 per person 5 to 20 in Mississippi. The total amount of money represented on the left is $50,000,000, the same total amount as represented on the right. The funds on the left are distributed uniformly per capita. The funds on the right are distributed in such a way as to vary inversely with financial ability.

Senator MORSE. Mr. Chairman, I suggest we adjourn until tomorrow morning, if I might have a minute to introduce something in the record. Senator DONNELL. You may.

Senator Morse. The committee will recall that Willard B. Spalding, superintendent of schools of Portland, Oreg., was scheduled to testify before the committee, but we were unable to hear him because of the fact that we could not meet at the time he was here, and when he was here we were hearing other witnesses. He has left with me a statement in which he points out what he considers to be both strengths and weaknesses in S. 717 and he asked me if I would be willing to insert the testimony in the record.

I wish to say when he was in town and came in to see me to discuss some of his views on Federal aid, some of which I share and some of which I do not share, I thought it would be a very excellent idea to have him testify before the committee and that permission was granted. In view of the fact that he left his testimony in written form, I would like unanimous consent to have it made a part of the record of the hearing.

Senator DONNELL. Hearing no objection, it is so ordered. (The matter referred to is as follows:)

STATEMENT OF DR. WILLARD B. SPALDING, SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS,

PORTLAND, OREG. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, the need for Federal aid to schools has already been presented to this committee. You may be interested, however, in what is happening to Portland, Oreg., because of the inadequacy of present Federal assistance. Portland is a war-congested city. In it are located 2 of the vast Kaiser Co. yards. In it, also, are over 100 other war plants. Its population has increased tremendously since the war began. The war industries have

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