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CHAPTER XVI.

WAR of 1744-Auses of war-preparations for defense-conimencement of hostilitics,

alarms from Indians and French-volunteers-capture of Louisburg-treaty of Falmouth
-unsettled state of the country-war of 1754-capturo of Quebec-peace.

CLAPTER XVII.

POPULATION at different periods beforo the revolution—tnxes-currency-lumbor and buw-

mills-grist-mills-trado and commerce-customs and collection-wharvos-general
description of the Neck prior to the revolution-streets.

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COURT8-court-houses and jails-inforfor courts—superior courts-law and lawyers-capital

trials- decrease of crime.

CILAPTER XXIII.

ECCLXIASTICAL nnirs aftor tho røvolution-Episcopal society-First Parisli—Second Inrish

in Portland-oath of Mr. Smith, Mr. Nichols ordained, death of Dr. Denne-Second
Parish, Mr. Payson ordained, his death and successor8—Third Congregational socicty-
Chapel society, Third Parish— Iligh street church - Mothodist society-Baptists-
Christians-Universalists--Swedenborginne-Roman Catholics-Marinore' church.

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MISCELLANIES-Cumberland and Oxford canal-bridges-promenadus—sugar-houno-steam-

shipBoard of trudo- manufacturus-academy and schools — librury-Atheneum-
authors charitable societies-comotories—opidomics—change of governmont t a city-
tuxos-donths and marriagos-immigrants population and character of tho inhabitants
-customs of the peoplo at different periods-annuseinents—thoutro-conclusion.

BIOGRAPUICAL NOTICES.

INDIAN deed to forge Munjoy of land at Aumoncongin, June 4, 1066.

LETTERS to Quorgo Bramhall 1687 and 1688, and recoipts from hiin and Silvanus Davis.

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No. XVII.

Tlouses now standing which survived tho conflagration of 1774-Dr. Deano's letter on tho

subject of an engraving of tho town as it appeared at tho time of the firu.

PETITION for a division of the town of Falmouth in 1785.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

A third of a century has elapsed since the publication of the first edition of the History of Portland. That having long since been exhausted, I have yielded to repeated applications, and, with much labor and without pecuniary profit, have prepared a new edition of the work. I have taken the occasion to correct such errors as have been discovered in the first impression — to throw light received from subsequent investigations into our early annals upon transactions which seemed obscure, and to bring the history of our progressive community down to the present day. I have added several biographical notices, and made others morc full in genealogical facts; and to the whole have appended a copious index.

During the third of a century wbich has intervened since the first publication, the population of the town has considerably more than doubled ; its commerce, and its various industrial, religious, social, and literary institutions have multiplied in far larger proportion, and almost an entirely new community has taken the place of the living generation which I then addressed. This accumulation of facts, while it has necessarily extended the work, has given additional value to its pages.

In 1820, when Maine became an independent State, no historical work, nor any other of literary value had been published in the State. Gov. Sullivan's History of Maine was published in Boston in 1795; although a native of Maine, he then resided in that city. Historical sketches of several towns had appeared in the Mass. Historical Collections; and Moscs GreenIcaf in 1816, had issued from the press in Boston, and Joseph Whipplc the sainc year from the press in Bangor, Geographical and Statistical pamphlets, one of one hundred and fifty-four, and the other of one hundred and two pages, having reference more particularly to the question of separation then agitating the minds of the people. The first work on a

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