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■77°- 300 22' which was nine miles to the southward of our ^ -*-'_> reckoning, longitude 2060 39' W. Some lands near the shore, of a considerable height, boreW.
As we advanced to the northward, from Botany Bay, the land gradually increased in height, so that in this latitude it may be called a hilly country. Between this latitude and the Bay, it exhibits a pleasing variety of ridges, hills, vallies, and plains, all clothed with wood, of the fame appearance with that which has been particularly described: the land near the shore is in general low and sandy, except the points, which are rocky, and over many of them are high hills, which, at their first rising out of the water, have the appearance of islands. In the afternoon we had some small rocky islands between us and the land, the southernmost of which lies in latitude 300 10', and the northernmost 29° 58', and somewhat more than two leagues from the land: about two miles without the northernmost island we had thirty-three fathoms water. Having the advantage of a moon, we steered along the shore all night, in the direction of N. and N. by E. keeping at the distance of about three leagues from the land, and having from twenty to twenty-five fathoms water. As soon as it was light, having a fresh gale, we made Tuesday ig.all the sail we could, and at nine o'clock in the morning, being about a league from the shore, we discovered smoke in many places, and having recourse to our glasses, we saw about twenty of the natives, who had each a large bundle upon his back, which we conjectured to be palm leaves for covering their houses: we continued to observe them above an hour, during which they walked upon the beach, and up a path that led over a hill of a gentle ascent, behind which we lost sight of them: not one of them was observed to stop and look towards us, but they trudged along, to all appearance, without the least emotion either of curiosity or surprize; though it is impossible they should not have seen the (hip by a casual glance as they walked along the shore, and though she must, with respect to every other object they had yet seen, have been little less stupendous and unaccountable than a floating mountain with all its woods would have been to us.
At noon our latitude, by observation, was 2S9 39' S. '77°and longitude 2060 27' W. A high point of land, ^J^t^ which I named Cape Byron, bore N. W. by W. v^at the distance of three miles. It lies in latitude 28° 37' 30" S. longitude 206? 30' W. and may be known by a remarkable sharp peaked mountain, which lies inland, and bears from it N. W. by W. From this point, the land trends N. 13 W. inland it is high and hilly, but low near the shore; to the southward of the point it is also low and level. We continued to steer along the shore with a fresh gale, till sun-set, when, we suddenly discovered breakers a-head, directly in the ship's course, and also on our larboard bow. At this time we were about five miles from the land, and had twenty fathoms water: we hauled up east till eight, when we had run eight miles, and increased our depth of water to fortyfour fathoms: we then brought to, with the ship's head to the eastward, and lay upon this tack till ten, when having increased our sounding to seventy-eight fathoms, we wore, and lay with the ship's head to the land till five in the morning, when we made fail, and at day-We(j jff. light were greatly surprized to find ourselves farther to the southward, than we had been the evening before, though the wind had been southerly, and blown fresh all night: we now saw the breakers again within us, and passed them at the distance of one league. They lie in latitude 280 8* S. stretching off east two leagues from a point of land, under which is a small island. Their situation may always be known by the peaked mountain which has been just mentioned, and which bears from them S. W. by W. for this reason I have named it Mount Warning. It lies seven or eight leagues inland, in latitude 280 22' S. The land about it is high and hilly, but it is of itself sufficiently conspicuous to be at once distinguished from every other object. The point off which these shoals lie, I have named Point Danger. To the northward of this point the land is low, and trends N. W. by N. but it soons turns again more to the northward.
At noon we were about two leagues from the land, and by observation, in latitude 270 46' S. which was seventeen miles to the southward of the log; our Ion. Vol. II. X gitude gitudewas 2o6° 26'W. Mount Warning bore S. 26 W. distant fourteen leagues, and the northernmost land in fight bore N. We pursued our course along the shore, at the distance of about two leagues, in the direction of N. i E. till between four and five in the afternoop, when we discovered breakers on our larboard bow. Our depth of water was thirty-seven fathoms, and at fun-set the northernmost land bore N. by W. the breakers N. W. by W. distant four miles, and the northernmost land set at noon, which formed a point, and to which I gave the name of Point Look-out, W. distant four miles, in the latitude of 27° 6'. On the north side of this Point the shore forms a wide open bay, which I called Moreton's Bay, in the bottom ot which the land is so low that I could but just see it from the top-mast head. The breakers lie between three and four miles from Point Look-out; and at this time we had a great sea from the southward, which broke upon them very high. We stood on N. N. E. till eight o'clock, when having passed the breakers, and deepened our water to fifty-two fathoms, we brought to till midnight when we made fail again to theN.N. E. Thurs. 17. At four in the morning we had 135 fathoms, and when the day broke, I perceived that during the night I had got much farther northward, and from the shore, than I expected from the course we steered, for we were distant at least seven leagues; I therefore hauled in N. W by W. with a fresh gale at S. S- W. The land that was farthest to the north the night before, now bore S. S. W. distant about six leagues, and I gave it the name of Cape Mo Ret On, it being the north point of Moreton's Bay: its latitude is 26° 56' and its longitude is 2060 28'. From Cape Moreton the land trends away west, farther than can be seen, for there is a small space, where at this time no land is visible, and some on board having also observed that the sea looked pales than usual, were of opinion that the bottom of Moreton's Bay opened into a river: we had here thirty-four fathoms water, and a fine sandy bottom: this alone would have produced the change that had been observed in the colour of the water; and it was by no means necessary to suppose a river to account for the land at the bottom of the Bay not being visible; for supposing the land
there there to be as low as we knew it to be in a hundred '77°. other parts of the coast, it would have been impossible, Mayto fee it from the station of the (hip; however, if any future navigator should be disposed to determine the question, whether there is or is not a river in this place, which the wind would not permit us to do, the situation may always be found by three hills which lie to the northward of it, in the latitude of 260 53'. These hills lie but a little inland, and not far from each other: they are remarkable for the singular form of their elevation, which very much resembles a glass-house, and for which reason I called them the Glass Houses: the northernmost of the three is the highest and largest: there are also several other peaked hills inland to the northward of these, but they are not nearly so remarkable. At noon our latitude was, by observation, 260 28' S. which was ten miles to the northward of the log, a circumstance which had never before happened upon this coast; our longitude was 2060 46'. At this time we were between two and three leagues from the land, and had twenty-four fathoms water. Alow bluff point, which was the south head of a sandy bay, bore N. 6a W. distant three leagues, and the northernmost point of land in sight bore N. | E. This day we saw smoke in several places, and some at a considerable distance inland.
In steering along the shore at the distance of two leagues, our soundings were from twenty-four to thirtytwo fathoms, with a sandy bottom. At six in the evening, the northernmost point of land bore N. £ W; distant four leagues; at ten it bore N. W. by W. 5 W. and as we had seen no land to the northward of it, we brought to, not well knowing which way to steer.
At two in the morning, however, we made sail with Friday 18. the wind at S. W. and at day-light we saw the land extending as far as N. | E. the point we had set the night before S. W. by W. distant between three and four leagues. It lies in latitude 250 58', longitude 2060 48' W. the land within it is of a moderate and equal height, but the point itself is so unequal, that it looks like two small islands lying under the land, for which, reason I-gave it the name of Double Island Point; it may also be known by the white cliffs on the north f
fide of it. Here the land trends to the N. W. and X 2 forms
*n°- forms a large open bay, the bottom of which is so low I *y' .a flat, that from the deck it could scarcely be seen. In crossing this bay, our depth of water was from thirty to twenty-two fathoms, with a white sandy bottom. At noon we were about three leagues from the shore, in latitude 250 34' S. longitude 2060 45' W. Double Island Point bore S. % W. and the northernmost land in sight N. I E. This part of the coast, which is of a moderate height, is more barren than any we had seen, and the soil more sandy. With our glasses we could discover that the sands, which lay in great patches of many acres, were moveable, and that some of them had not been long in the place they possessed; for we saw, in several parts, trees half buried, the tops of which were still green; and in others, the naked trunks of such as the sand had surrounded long enough to destroy. In other places the woods appeared to be low and shrubby, and we saw no signs of inhabitants. Two water snakes swam by the ship; they were beautifully spotted, and in every respect like land snakes, except that their tails were broad and flat, probably to serve them instead of fins in swimming. In the morning of this day the variation was 8* 20' E. and in the evening 8° 36'. During the night we continued our course to the northward, with a light breeze from the land, being distant from it between two and three leagues, and having from twentythree to twenty-seven fathoms, with a fine sandy bottom. Satnrd. 19. ' At noon on the 19th, we were about four miles from the land, with only thirteen fathoms. Our latitude was 250 4', and the northernmost land in sight bore N. 2i W. distant eight miles. At one o'clock, beingstill four miles distant from the shore, but having seventeen fathoms water, we passed a black, bluff head, or point of land, upon which a great number of the natives were assembled, and which therefore I called Indian Head: it lies in latitude 250 3'. About four miles N. by W. of this Head, is another very like it, from whence the land trends away somewhat more to the westward: next to the sea it is low and sandy, and behind it nothing was to be seen, even from the masthead.