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m°- very rarely detected in any act of dishonesty. Before, ,^_^—^j indeed, and while they considered us as enemies, who came upon their coast only to make art advantage of them, they did not scruple by any means to make an advantage of us; and would, therefore, when they had received the price of any thing they had offered to fell, pack up both the purchase and the purchase-money with all possible composure, as so much lawful plunder from the people who had ho view but to plunder them.
I have observed that our friends in the South Seas had not even the idea of indecency, with respect to any object or any action; but this was by no means the cafe with the inhabitants of New Zealand, in whose carnage and conversation there was as much modest reserve and decorum with respect to actions, which yet in their opinion were not criminal, as are to be found arrlohg the politest people in Europe. The women were not impregnable; but the terms and rharirier of compliance were as decent as those in marriage among us, dnd according to their notions, the agreement was is irirlbcenr. When any of our people made an overture td aHy bf their yourig women, be was given to understand that the consent of her triends was necessary, and by the influence of a pro, jier present, it was generally obtained; but when these preliminaries are settled, it was also necessary to treat the wife for a night, with the farrie delicacy that is here required by the wife for life, and the lover who presumed to take any liberties by which this was violated, was sure to be disappointed.
One of our gentlefneh having made his addresses to a family of the better sort, received an answer, which, translated into our language, according to the mode and spirit of it, as well as the letter, would have been exactly in these terms: "Any of these young ladies will think themselves honoured by your addresses-, but you must first makemaa suitable present, and you must then come and steep' with us on shore, for day-light must by no means be a witness of what passes between you."
I have already observed, that in personal cleanliness
they are not quite equal to our friends at Otaheite;
'*. - * because, because, not having the advantage of so warm ac!!- '7?0mate, they do riot Ib ofren go into the water; but the most disgustful thing *bout them is the oil, with which, like the Islanders, they anoint their hair: it i» certainly the fat either of fish, or of birds, melted down, and though the better fort have it fresh, their inferiors use that which is rancid, and consequently are almost as disagreeable to the smell as a Hottentot; neither Are their heads srtt from vermin, though We observed that they Were furnished with tombs, both of bone and wood: these combs are sometimes worn stuck upri'ght in the hair as an ornament, a fashion which' at present prevails among the ladies of England. The men generally wear their beards stiort, 4rid their hair tied upon the crown of the head in a bunch-, in which they stick the feathers of various birds, in different -manners, according to their fantie's; forhfetimes one is placed on each fide of the temples, pointing forwards, which we thought made a very disagreeable appearance. The women wear their hair sometimes cropped short, and sometimes stowing dver their shoulders.
The bodies of both sexes are rnatked with the black stains called Amoco, by the fame method that is used at Otdheite, arid called Tattowing; but the men ate rridre marked, and the womeh less. The women in general stain no part of their bodies but the lips, thditgh fbrrietimes they are marked with smalt black patches oh other parts: the men, on the contrary, seem to add something every year to the ornaments of the last, so that some of them, who appeared to be of an advanced age, were almost covered from bead to foot. Besides the Arrioco, they have marks impressed by a method Unknown jp us, of d very extraordinary kind: they are furrows of about a line deep and a line broad, such as appear vp6n the bark of a tree which has been cut through, after a year's growth: the edges of these furrows are afterwards indented by the fame method, arid being perfectly black, they shake a most frightful appearance. The faces of the old rhen are almost Covered with these rriarks; those who dre young, black only (heir lips like the women: when they are somewhat older, they have generally a black
177°' patch upon one cheek, and over one eye, and so praMarc_" , ceed gradually, that they may grow old and honourable together: but though we could not but be disgusted with the horrid deformity which these stains and furrows produced in the " human face divine," we could not but admire the dexterity and art with which they were impressed. The marks upon the face in general are spirals^ which are drawn with great nicety, and even elegance, those on one fide exactly corresponding with those on the other: the marks on the body somewhat resemble the foliage in old chased ornaments, and the convolutions of fillagree work; but in these they have such a luxuriance of fancy, that of an hundred, which at first fight appeared to be exactly the same, no two were, upon a close examination, found to be alike. We observed, that the quantity and form of these marks were different in different parts of the coast, and that as the principal feat of them at Otaheite was the breech, in New Zealand it was sometimes the only part which was free, and in general was less distinguistied than any other.
The skins of these people, however, are not only dyed, but painted, for as I have before observed, they smear their bodies with red oker, some rubbing it on dry, and some applying it in large patches mixed with oil, which is always wet, and which the least touch will rub off; so that the transgressions of such of our people as were guilty of ravishing a kiss from these blooming beauties, were most legibly written upon their fates.
The dress of a New Zealander is certainly, to a stronger at first fight, the most uncouth that can be imagined. It is made of the leaves of the flag, which n,as been described among the vegetable productions of this country: these leaves are split into three or four flip-, and the flips, when they are dry, interwoven with eajiU other into a kind of stuff between netting and cloth, with all the ends, which are eight or nine inches song, hanging out on the upper side, like the shag or thrumb mats, which we sometimes fee lying in a passage. Of this cloth, if cloth it may be called, two pieces serve for a compleat dress; one of them is tied over their shoulders with a string, and reaches as low as the knees; to the end of this string is fastened a bodkin of bone, which is easily passed through any two parts of this up- '77°per garment, so as to tack them together; the other, March' piece is wrapped round the waist, and reaches nearly to the ground: the lower garment, however, is worn by the men only upon particular occasions; but they wear a belt, to which a string is fastened, for a very singular use. The inhabitants of the South Sea islands flit up the prepuce so as to prevent it from covering the glans of the penis, but these people, on the contrary, bring the prepuce over the glans, and to prevent it from being drawn back by contraction of the part, they tie the string which hangs from the girdle round the end of it. The glans indeed seemed to be the only part of their body which they were solicitous to conceal, for they frequently threw off ail their dress but the belt and string, with the most careless indifference, but shewed manifest signs of confusion, when, to gratify our curiosity, they were requested to untie the string, and never consented but with the utmost reluctance and shame. When they have only their upper garment on, and sit upon their hams, they bear some resemblance to a thatched house; but this covering, though it is ugly, is well adapted to the use of those who frequently sleep in the open air, without any other shelter from the rain.
But besides this coarse shag or thatch, they have two sorts of cloth, which have an even surface, and are very ingeniously made, in the same manner with that manufactured by the inhabitants of South America, some of which we procured at Rio-de Janeiro. One sort is as coarse as our coarsest canvas, and somev hat resembles it in the manner of laying the threads, but it is ten times as strong: the other is formed by many threads lying very close one way, and a few crossing them the other, so as to bind them together; but these are about half an inch asunder, somewhat like the round pieces of cane matting which are sometimes placed under the dishes upon a table. This is frequently striped, and always had a pretty appearance; for it is composed of the fibres of the. fame plant, which are prepared so as to shine like silk. It is made in a kind of frame of the size of the cloth, generally about five feet long, and four broad, across which the long threads, which lie
Vol. II. S close
1770- close together, or wrap, are strained, and the cross M"Qb .threads, or woof, are worked in by hand, which must be a very tedious operation.
To both these kinds of cloth they work borders of different colours, in stitches, somewhat like carpeting, or rather like those used in the samplers which girls work at school. These borders are of various patterns, and wrought with a neatness, and even an elegance, which, considering they have no needle, is surprizing: but the great pride of their dress consists in trie fur of their dogs, which they use with such œconomy, that they cut it into stripes, and few them upon their cloth at a distance from each other, which is a strong proof that dogs are not plenty among them-; these" stripes are also of different colours, and disposed so as to produce a pleasing effect. We saw some dresses that were adorned with feathers instead of fur, but these were not common; and we saw one that was intirely covered with the red feathers of the parrot.
The dress of the man who was killed, when we first went ashore in Poverty Bay, has been described already; but we saw the same dress only once more during our stay upon the coast, and that was in Queen Charlotte's X Sound.
The women, contrary to the custom of the sex in general, seemed to affect dress rather less than the men: their hair, which, as I have observed before, is generally cropt short, is never.tied upon the top of the head when it is suffered to be long, nor is it ever adorned with feathers. Their garments were made of the fame materials, and in the fame form, as those of the other sex, but the lower one was always bound fast round them, except when they went into the water to catch lobsters, and then they took great care not to be seen by the men. Some of us happening one day to land upon a small island in Tolaga Bay, we surprized several of them at this employment; and the chaste Diana, with her nymphs, could not have discovered more confusion and distress at the sight of Actæon, than these women expressed upon our approach. Some of them hid themselves among the rocks, and the rest crouched down in the sea till they had made themselves a girdle and apron of such weeds as they could find,