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The narrowest part of the streight, through which >77°we had been driven with such rapidity, lies between'/^""J^j Cape Tierawitte, on the coast of Eaheinomauwe and Cape Koamaroo: the distance between them I judged to be between four and five leagues, and, notwithstanding the tide, now its strength is known, may be passed without much danger. It is safest, however, to keep on the north-east shore, for on that side there appeared to be nothing to fear; but on the other shore there are not only the islands and rocks which lie off Cape Koamaroo; but a reef of rocks stretching from these islands fix or seven miles to the southward, at the distance of two or three miles from the shore, which I bad discovered from the hill, when I took my second view of the streight from the east to the western sea.
About nine leagues north from Cape Tierawitte, and under the fame shore, is a high and remarkable island, which may be distinctly seen from Queen Charlotte's Sound, from which it is distant between fix or seven leagues. This island, which was noticed when we passed it en the 14th of January, I have called EnTry Islf.
On the east fide of Cape Tierawitte, the land trends away S. E. by E. about eight leagues, where it ends in a point, and is the southermost land on Eaheinomauwe. To this point I have given the name of Cape Palliser, in honour of my worthy friend Captain Palliser. It lies in latitude 410 37'S. longitude 1830 58' W. and bore from us this day at noon S. 79 E. distant about thirteen leagues, the ship being then in the latitude of 41° 27'S. Koamaroo at the fame time bearing N. A E. distant seven or eight leagues. The southermost land in sight bore S. 16 W. and the snowy mountains S. W. At this time we were about three leagues from the shore, and a-breast of a deep bay or inlet, to which I gave the name of Cloudy Bay, and at the bottom of which there appeared low land covered with tall trees.
At three o'clock in the afternoon, we were a-breast of the southermost point of land that we had seen at noon, which I called Cape Campbell; it lies S. by W. distant between twelve and thirteen leagues from
•77°- Cape Coamaroo, in latitude 41 ° 44' S. longitude 183° J^l^J 45' W. and with Cape Palmei forms the southern entrance of the streight, the distance between them being between thirteen and fourteen leagues W. by S. and E. by N.
From the Cape we steered along the shore S. W. by S. till eight o'clock in the evening, when the wind died away. About half an hour afterwards, however, a fresh breeze sprung up at S. W. and I put the ship right before it. My reason for this, was a notion which some of the officers had just started, that Eaheinomauwe was not an island, and that the land might stretch away to the S. E. from between Cape Turnagain and Cape Palliser, there being a space of between twelve and fifteen leagues that we had not seen. I had indeed the strongest conviction that they were mistaken, not only from what I had seen the first time I discovered the streight, but from many other concurrent testimonies, that the land in question was an island; but being resolved to leave no possibility of doubt, with respect to an object of such importance, I took the ep^ portunity of the wind's shifting to stand eastward, and accordingly steered N. E. by E. all the night. At nine Thmsd. 8. O'clock j.n the morning we were a-breast of Cape Palliser, and found the land trend away N. E. towards Cape Turnagain, which I reckoned to be distant about twenty-six leagues : however, as the weather was hazy, so as to prevent our seeing above four or five leagues, I still kept standing to the N. E. with a light breeze at south; and at noon Cape Palliser bore N. 7 2 W. distant about three leagues.
About three o'clock in the afternoon three canoes came up to the ship, with between thirty and forty people on board, who had been pulling after us with great labour and perseverance for some time. They appeared to be more cleanly, and a, better class, than any w? had met with since we left the Bay of Islands, and their canoes were also distinguished by thesameomaments which we had seen upon the northerly part of the coast. They came on board with very little invitation, and their behaviour was courteous and friendly: upon receiving presents from us, they made us presents in return, which had not been done by any of the natives
that we had seen before. We soon perceived that our F'?7°" guests had heard of us, for as soon as they came on. J f board, they asked for Whow, the name by which nails were known among the people with whom we had trafficked: but though they had heard of nails, it was plain they had seen none: for when nails were given them, they asked Tupia what they were. The term Whow, indeed, conveyed to them the idea not of their quality, but only of their use; for ii is the fame by which they distinguish a tool, commonly made of bone, which they use both as an augur and a chiflel. However, their knowing that we had Whow to fell, was a proof that their connections extended as far north as Cape Kidnappers, which was distant no less than fortyfive leagues: for that was the southermost place on this fide the coast where he had any traffic with the natives. It is also probable, that the little knowledge which the inhabitants of Queen Charlotte's Sound had of iron, they obtained from their neighbours at Tierawitte; for we had no reason to think that the inhabitants of any part of this coast had the least knowledge of iron or its use before we came among them, especially as when it was first offered they seemed to disregard it as of no value. We thought it probable, that we were now once more in the territories of Teratu; but upon inquiring of these people, they said that he was not their king. After a short time, they went away, much gratified with the presents that we had made them; and we pursued our course along the shore to the N. E. till eleven o'clock the next morning. About this time, the weather happening to clear up, we saw Cape Turn- Frlday 9again, bearing N. by E. ■? E. at the distance of about seven leagues: I then called the officers upon deck, and asked them, whether they were not now satisfied, that Eaheinomauwe was an island; they readily answered in the affirmative, and all doubts being now removed, we hauled our wind to the eastward.
O F A
VOYAGE round the WORLD.
Range from Cape Turnagain southward along the eastern Coast of Poenammoo, round Cape South, and back to the western Entrance of Cootie's Sireigbt, ivbicb compteated the Circumnavigation of this Country: witb a Description of the Coast, and of Admiralty Bay: "The Departure from New Zealand, and various Particulars.
,»-0> \ T four o'clock in the afternoon of Friday the 9th February. x~\_ of February, having tacked, we stood S. W. v"7"v"~~,and continued to make fail to the southward till sunset SuniVi on l^e XIth> when a fresh breeze at N. E. had carried us back again the length of Cape Palliser, of which as the weather was clear we had a good view. Between the foot of the high land and the sea there is a low flat border, of which there are some rocks that appear above water. Between this Cape and Cape Turnagain, the land near the shore is, in many places, low and flat, and has a green and pleasant appearance; but farther from the sea it rises into hills. The land between Cape Palliser and Cape Tierawitte is high and makes in table-points; it also seemed to us to form two bays, but we were at too great a distance from this part of the coast, to judge accurately from appearances. The wind having been variable, with
calms, calms, we had advanced no farther by the 12th at noon '770than latitude 410 52', Cape Palliser then bearing north..Feb""|^l distant about five leagues; and the snowy mountains Moadll_ „ S. 83 W.
At noon on the 13th, we found ourselves in the la-Tuesd.13. titude of 42° 2' S. Cape Palliser bearing N. 20 E. distant eight leagues. In the afternoon, a fresh gale sprung up at N. E. and we steered S. W. by W. for the southermost land in fight, which at sunset bore from us S. 74 W. At this time the variation was 150
At eight o'clock in the morning of the 14th, having WedneC 14
run one and twenty leagues S. 58 W. since the preceding noon, it fell calm. We were then a-breast of the snowy mountain which bore from us N. W. and in this direction lay behind a mountainous ridge of nearly the fame height, which rises directly from the sea, and runs parallel with the shore, which lies N. E. i N. and S. W. £ S. The north-west end of the ridge rises inland, not far from Cape Campbell; and both the mountain, and the ridge are distinctly seen as well from Cape Koamaroo as Cape Palliser : from Koamaroo they are distant two and twenty leagues S. W. 3 S. and from Cape Palliser thirty leagues W. S. W. and are of a height sufficient to be seen at a much greater distance. At noon this day, we were in latitude 420 34' S. The southermost land in sight bore S. W. » W. and some low land that appeared like an island, and lay close under the foot of the ridge, bore N. W. by N. about five or six leagues.
In the afternoon when Mr. Banks was out in the boat a shooting, we saw, with our glasses, four double canoes, having on board fifty-seven men, put off from that shore, and made towards him: we immediately made signals for him to "come on board; but the ship, with respect to him, being right in the wake of the sun, he did not see them. We were at a considerable distance from the shore, and he was at a considerable distance from the ship, which was between him and the shore; so that it being a dead calm, I began to be in some pain for him, fearing that he might not see the canoes time enough to reach the (hip before they should get up with him: soon after, however we saw his boat in motion, and had the pleasure to take him