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which in the evening came to the south, and cosltinu- '7*9ing so all night, by day-light brought us pretty well in P'""!!*^. ■with the land, seven leagues to the westward of the Saturio. Cavalles, where we found a deep bay running in S.W. by W. and W. S. W. the bottom of which we could but just see^ and there the land appeared to be low and level. To this bay, which I called Doubtless Bay, the entrance is formed by two points, which lie W.N. W. and E. S. E and are five miles distant from each other. The wind not permitting us to look in here, we steered for the westermost land in fight, which bore from us "W. N. W. about three leagues, but before we got the length of it, it fell calm. \

While we lay becalmed, several canoes came off to us, but the people having heard of our guns, it was •not without great difficulty that they were persuaded to come under our stern: after having bought some of their cloaths, as well as their fish, we began to make inquiries concerning their country, and learned, by the help of Tupia, that, at the distance of three days rowing in their canoes, at a place called Moored Whennua, the land would take a short turn to the southward, and from thence extend more to the west. This place we concluded to be the land discovered by Tasman, which he called Cape Maria Van DieMen, and finding these people so intelligent, we inquired farther, if they knew of any counjry besides their own? They answered, that they never had visited any other, but that their ancestors had told them, that to the N. W. by N. or N. N. W. there was a country of great extent, called Uhmaroa, to which some people had sailed in a very large canoe; that only part of them returned, and reported, that, after a passage of a month, they had seen a country where the people eat hogs. Tupia then inquired whether these adventurers brought any hogs with them when they returned? they laid, No. Then, replied Tupia, your story is certainly false, for it cannot be believed that men •who came back from an expedition without hogs, had ever visited a country where hogs were to be procured. It is however remarkable, notwithstanding the shrewdness of Tupia's objection, that when they mentioned



hogs, it was not by description but by name, calling ,them Booah, the name which is given them in the! South-Sea islands; but if the animal had been wholly unknown to them, and they had had no commuiiica'tion with people to whom' it was known, they could not possibly have been acquainted with the name.

About ten o'clock at night, a breeze sprung up at W. N. W. with which we stood off north; and at Sunday 10. noon the next day, the Cavalles bore S„ E. by E. distant eight leagues; the entrance of Doubtless Bay S. by W. distant three leagues; and the north-west' extremity of the land in sight, which we judged to be the main, bore N. W. by W. our latitude by observation was 340 44' S., In the evening, we found the variation to be j2°4i'E. by the azimuth, and 12° 40' by the amplitude. Moocfcy u. Early in the morning, we stood in with the land, seven leagues to the westward of Doubtless Bay, the bottom of which is not far distant from the bottom of another large bay, which the shore forms at this place, being separated only by a low neck of lind, which juts out into a peninsula that I have calledKNUCKLE Point. About the middle of this bay, which we called Sandy Bay, is a high mountain, standing upon a distant shore, to which I gave the name of Mount Camf.i. The latitude here is 34°5i'S. and longitude i86D5o'. We had twenty-four and twenty-five' fathom water, with a good bottom; but there seems to be nothing in this bay that can induce a fliip to put into it; for the land about it is utterly barren and desolate, and, except Mount Camel, the situation is low: the foil appears to be nothing but white sand, thrown up in low irregular hills and narrow ridges, lying parallel with the shore. But barren and desolate as this A place is, it is not without inhabitants: we saw one vil

lage on the west side of Mount Camel, and another on the east side; we saw also five canoes fulf of people, who pulled after the ship, but could not come up with us. At nine o'clock, we tacked and stood to the northward; and at noon the Cavalles bore S. E. by E. distant thirteen leagues; the north extremity of the land in sight making like an island,- bore N. W. i N. * ■ distant distant nine leagues, and Mount Camel bore S. W. by »769S. distance six leagues. iT-^—"v

The wind being contrary, we kept plying northward till five o'clock in the evening of the 12th, whenTuesd. i». having made very little way, we tacked and stood to the north-east, being two leagues to the northward of Mount Camel, and about a mile and an half from the shore, in which situation we had two and-twenty fathoms water.

At ten it began to blow and rain, which brought Wednef. Ij. us under double-reefed top-fails; at twelve we tacked, and stood to the westward till seven the next morning, when we tacked and stood again to the N. E. being about a mile to the windward of the place where we tacked last night. Soon after it blew very hard at N. N. W. with heavy squalls and much rain, which brought us under our courses, and split the main-topfail, so that we weTe obliged to unbend it, and bend another. At ten it became more moderate, and we set' the top-sails double reefed. At noon, having strong, gales and heavy weather, we tacked and stood to the^westward, and had no land in sight for the first time since we had been upon this coast.

We had now strong gales at W. and W. S. W. and at half an hour past three we tacked and stood to the northward. Soon after a small island, lying off Knuckle Point,' bore S. A W. distant half a league. In the evening, having split the sore and mizen top-sails, We brought the ship under her courses; and at midnight we wore, and stood to the southward till five in the morning, when we tacked and stood to the N. W. andThursd. 14. saw land bearing south, at the distance of eight or nine leagues; by this we discovered that we had fallen much to the leeward since yesterday morning. At noon, our latitude by observation was 34° 6 S. and the fame land which we had seen before to the N. W. pow bore S. W. and appeared to be the northern extremity of the country. We had a large swell rolling in from the westward, and therefore concluded that we were not covered, by any land in that quarter. At eight in the evening we tacked and stood to the westward, with as much fail as we could bear; and at noon the next day we were in latitude 134° 10', longitude Friday i«,


>769- 1850 45' W. and by estimation about seventeen leagues December^ j-rom ^ \andf notwithstanding our utmost endeavours to

keep in with it. Smuij. 16. On the 16th, at fix in the morning, we saw land from the mast-head, bearing S. S. W. and at noon it bore S. by W. distant fourteen leagues. While we were standing in for the shore, we sounded several times, but had no ground with ninety fathoms. At eight we tacked in a hundred and eight fathoms, at about three or four miles from the shore, which was the fame point of land that we had to N. W. before we were blown off. At noon it bore S. W. distant about three miles: Mount Camel bore S. by E. distant about eleven leagues, and the westermost land in fight bore S. 75 W. the latitude by observation was? 340 20' S. At four o'clock we tacked and stood in shore, in doing which we met with a strong rippling, and the ship fell fast to leeward, which we imputed to a current setting east. At eight we tacked and stood -» off till eight the next morning, when we tacked and stood in, being about ten leagues from the land. At noon, the point of land which we were near the day before, bore S. S. W. distant five leagues. The wind still continued at west; and at seven o'clock we tacked in thirty-five fathoms, when the point of land which has been mentioned before bore N. W. by N. distant four or five miles; so that we had not gained one inch •to windward the last twenty-four hours, which confirmed our opinion that there was a current to the eastward. The point of land I called North Cape, it being the northern extremity of this country. It lies in latitude 340 22' S. longitude 1860 55' W. and thirty-one leagues distant from Cape Bret, in the direction of N. 63 W. It forms the north point of Sandy Bay, and is a peninsula jetting out N. E. about two miles, and terminating in a bluff head that is flat at the top. The isthmus which joins this head to the main land is very low, and for that reason the land of the Cape, from several situations, has the appearance of an island. It is still more remarkable when it is seen from the southward, by the appearance of a high round island at the S. E. point of the Cape; but this is also a deception; for what appears to be an island is

a round

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a round hill, joined to the Cape by a low narrow neck '7S9of land. Upon the Cape we saw a HippahT or village. v eTM_ J_j and a few inhabitants; and on the south-east side of it there appears to be anchorage, and good shelter from the south-west and north-west winds.

We continued to stand off and on, making N. W. Thursd. ai. till noon on the 21st, when North Cape bore S. 39 E. distant thirty-eight leagues. Our situation varied only a few leagues till the 23d, when, about seven o'clock £atur. 13. in the evening, we saw land from the mast-head bearing S. i E. At eleven the next morning we saw itSunday24. again, bearing S. S. E. at the distance of eight leagues. "W"e now stood to the S. W. and at four o'clock the land bore S. E. by S. distant four leagues, and proved to be a small island, with other islands or rocks still smaller, lying off the south-west end of it, and another lying off the north-east end, which were discovered by Tasman,. and called the Three Kings. The principal island lies in latitude 340 12' S. longitude 1870 48' W. and distant fourteen or fifteen leagues from North Cape, in the direction of W. 14 N. At midnight we tacked, and stood to the N. E. till six the next morning, which was Christmas-day, when we tacked and stood to the south- Monday 15. ward. At noon, the Three Kings bore E. 8 N distant five or six leagues. The variation this morning by the azimuth was 11° 25'E.

On the 26th, we stood to the southward close upon Tuesday i5. a wind, and at noon were in latitude 350 10' S. longitude 180' 20' W. the Three Kings bearing N. 26 W. distant twenty-two leagues. In this situation we had no la.nd in sight; and yet, by observation, we were in the latitude of the Bay of Islands, and by my reckoning but twenty leagues to the westward of North Cape; from whence it appears, that the northern part of this island is very narrow; for otherwise we must have seen some part of the west side of it. We stood to the southward till twelve at night, and then tacked and stood to the northward.

At four o'clock in the morning the wind freshened, v/ednes. 17.

and at nine blew a storm, so that we were obliged to

bring the stiip to under her main-sail. Our course

made good between noon this day and yesterday

Vol.. II. O was

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