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'769- merit to me, because I hoped the report and appearance of the boys would procure a favourable reception for ourselves. I had already sent an officer on shore with the marines and a party of men to cut wood, and 1 was determined to land near the place; not, however, to abandon the boys, if when we got ashore they ihould be unwilling to leave us, but to send a boat with them in the evening to that part of the bay ta which they pointed, and which they called their home. Mr. Banks, Dr. Solander, and Tupia were with me, and upon our landing with the boys, and crossing the river, they seemed at first to be unwilling to leave us j but at length they suddenly changed their minds, and^ though not without a manifest struggle and some tears, they took their leave. When they were gone, we proceeded along a swamp, with a design to shoot some ducks, of which we saw great plenty, and four of the marines attended us, walking a-breast of us upon at bank that overlooked the country. After we had advanced about a mile, these men Called out to us, and told us, that a large body of the Indians wis in sight, and advancing at a great rate. Upon receiving this intelligence, we drew together, and resolved to make the best of our way to the boats. We had scarcely begun to put this into execution when the three Indian boys started suddenly from some buflies, where they had concealed themselves, and again claimed our protection; we readily received them, and repairing to the beach as the clearest place, we walked briskly towards, the boats. The Indians were in two bodies, one ran along the bank, which had been quitted by the marines, the other fetched a cempass by the swamp, so that we could not see them. When they perceived that we hat! formed into one body they slackened their pace, but still followed us in a gentle walk. That they slackened their pace, was for us, as well as for them, A fortunate circumstance; for when we came to the side of the river, where we expected to find the boats that were to carry us over to the wooders, we found the pinnace at least a mile from her station, having been sent to pick up a bird, which had been stiot by the officer on shore; and the little boat was obliged to make three trips before we could all get over to the

rest rest of the party. As soon as we were drawn up on 17S9. she other side, the Indians carue down, not in a body October. as we expected, but by two or three at a time, all armed, and in a short time their number increased to about two hundred. As we now despaired of making peace with them, seeing that the dread of our small arms did not keep them at a distance, and that the ftip was too far off to reach the place with a mot, we resolved to re-embark, left our ft ay should embroil us in another quarrel, and cost more of the Indians their lives; we therefore advanced towards the pinnace, which was now returning, when one or the boys suddenly cried out, that his uncle was among the people who had marched down to us, and desired us to stay and talk with f.hem. We complied, and a parley immediately commenced between them and Tupia; during which the boys held up every thing we had given them, as tokens of our kindness and liberality $ but neither would either of the boys swim over to them, or any of them to t.he boys. The body of the man, who had been killed' the day before, still lay exposes upon the beach; the iboys feeing it lie very near us, went up to it, and covered it with some of the clothes that we had given them; and soon after a single man, »}narmed, who proved to be the uncle of Maragovete, the youngest of the. boys, swam over . to us, bringing in his hand, a. green branch, which we supposed, as well here as at Gtafoeite, to be an emblem of peace. We received his, branch by the hands of Tupia, to whom he gave it, and made hum many presents; we also invited him to go on board th e ship, but he declined it; we therefore left him, and expected that his nephew and.-the. twa other young .Indians would have stayed with him, .but, to our great Sw prize, they chose rather to go As soon' as we had retired, he went and gathered another green branch, and with this in his hand he>approached the dead body which the youth had covered with part of.bis clothes,, valking.sideways,. wit-humany ceremonies, and then throwing it towards him; when this.w4s.dtwe, he returned to his companions, who had fat dow. n upon the sand to observe the issue of his negotiation. They immediately gathered round him, and con tin; utd in a body .1 ." '; J above


above an hour, without seeming to take any farther notice of us.- We were more curious than they, and observing them with our glasses from on board the ship, we saw some of them cross the river upon a kind of raft, or catamarine, and four of them carry off the dead body which had been covered by the boy, and over which his uncle had performed the ceremony of the branch, upon a kind of bier, between four men; the other body was still suffered to remain where it had been first left.

Aster dinner, I directed Tupia to ask the boys, if they had now any objection to going ashore where we had left their uncle, the body having been carried off which we understood was a ratification of peace ? They said they had not: and the boat being ordered, they went into it with great alacrity. When the boat, in which I had sent two midshipmen, came to land, they went ■Willingly ashore; but soon after she put off they returned to the roeks, and, wading into the water, earnestly entreated to be taken on board again; but the people in the boat, having positive orders to leave them, could not comply. We were very attentive to what happened on shore, and keeping a constant watch' with our glasses, we saw a man pass the river upon another raft, and fetch them to a place where forty or fifty of the natives were assembled, who closed round them, and continued in the same place till sun-set: upon looking again, when we saw them in motion, we could plainly distinguish our three prisoners, who separated themselves from the rest, came down to the beach, having waved their hands three times towards the ship,' ran nimbly back and joined their companions, who walked leisurely away towards that part which the boys had pointed to as their dwelling-place ; .we had therefore the greatest reason to believe that no mischief wouldhappen to them, especially as we perceived that they went off in the clorhes we had given them.

After it was dark, loud voices were heard on shore in the bottom of the bay, as usual, of which we could never learn the meaning.




A Description 'of Poverty- Bay, and the Face of the adjacent Country. The Range from to Cape Turnavain, and back to Tolaga; -with some Account of the People and the Country, and several Incidents that happened on that Part of the Coafi.

THE next mosning, at six o'clock, we weighed,Wednes. u. and stood away from this unfortunate and inhospitable place, to which I gave the name of PovertyBay, and which by the natives is called T^oneroa, or Long Sand, as it did not afford us a single article that we wanted, except a little wood. It lies in latitude 380 42' S. and longitude 1810 36' W. it is in ihe form of an horse shoe, and is known by an island lying close under the north-east point. 1 he two points which form the entrance are high, with sleep white cliffs, and lie a league and a half or two leagues from each other, N. E. by E. and S. W. by W. the depth of water in the bay is from twelve to five fathom, with a sandy bottom and good anchorage; but the situation is open to the wind between the south and east; boats can go in and out of the river at any time of the tide in fine weather; but as there is a bar at the entrance, no boat can go either in or out when the sea runs high. The best place to attempt it is on the north-east side, and it is there practicable when it is not so in any other part. The shore of the bay, a little within its entrance, is a low flat sand, behind which, at a small distance, the face of the country is finely diversified by hills and valhes, all clothed with wood and covered with verdure. The country also appears to be well inhabited, especially in the vallies leading up from the bay, where we daily saw smoke rising in clouds one behind another to a great distance, till the view terminated in mountains of a stupendous height.

The south-west point of the bay I named Young Nick's Head, after Nicholas Young, the boy who first saw the land: at noon it bore N. W. by W. distant about three or four leagues, and we were then about three miles from the lhore. The main land


i769. extended from N. E. by N. to S. and I proposed to October. f0]|ow the direction of the coast to the southward as far 'as the latitude of 40 or 41, and then, if I met with no encouragement to proceed farther, to return to the northward.

In ihe afternoon we lay becalmed, which the people on shore perceiving, several-canoes put off, and came within less than a quarter of a mile of the vessel, but could not be persuaded to come hearer, though Tupia exerted all the powers of his lungs and his eloquence, upon the occasion, shouting, and promising that they should not be hurt. Another canoe was now seea coming from Poverty-Bay, with only four people on board, one of whom we well remembered to have seen in our first interview upon the rock. This canoe, without stopping, or taking the least notice of the others, came directly along side of the ship, and with very little persuasion we got the Indians on board. Their example was soon followed by the rest, and we had about us seven canoes, and about fifty men. We made them all presents with a liberal hand, notwithstanding which they were so desirous to have more of our commodities, that they sold us every thing they had, even the clothes from their backs, and the paddles from their boats. There were but two weapons among them, these were the instruments of green talc, which were shaped sornewhat like a pointed battledore, with a short handle and sharp edges; they were called Patop-Patoo, and were well contrived for close fighting, as they would certainly split the thickest scull at a single blow.

When these people had recovered from the first impressions of fear, which notwithstanding their resolution in coming on board, had manifestly thrown them into some contusion, we enquired after our poor boys. The man who first came on board immediately answered, that they were unhurt and at home; adding, that he had been induced to venture on board, by the account which they had given him of the kindness with which they had been treated, and the wonders that were in the ship.

While they were on board they shewed every fig? of friendship, and invited us very cordially to go


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