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A N

A C C O U N T

O F A

VOYAGE round the WORLD.

BOOK II.

CHAP. I.

The Passage from Oteroah to New Zealand; Incidents which happened on going a-/bore there, and while the Ship lay in Poverty-Bay.

,7£ 'X^T'k fa''ed from Oteroah on the 15th of August, Auguit. V V and on Friday the 25th we celebrated the an

*——v 'niversary of our leaving England, by taking a Cheshire

T.nfra,r'5'cheese from a locker, where it had been carefully treasured up for this occasion, and tapping a cask of porter, which proved to be very good, and in excellent order. On the 29th, one of the sailors got so drunk, that the next morning he died: we thought at first that he could riot have come honestly by the liquor, but we afterwards lcardned that the boatswain, whose mate he was, had, in mere good-nature, given him part of a bottle of mm. WeJnef. 30. On the 30th we saw the comet; at one o'clock in the morning it was a little above the horizon in tfie eastern part of the heavens; at about half an hour after four it pasted the meridian, and its tail subtended an

angle angle of forty-two degrees. Our latitude was 380 26' S. our longitude, by log, I47°6''W. and [the variation, of the needle, by the azimuth, 70 9' E. Among others that observed the comet was Tupia, who instantly cried out, that as soon as it should be seen by the people of Bolabola, they would kill the inhabitants of LTietea, who would with the utmost precipitation fly to the mountains.

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On the 1st of September, being in the latitude bfSeptcmbrr. 40 22'S. and longitude 174° 29' W. and there not FtuU* '• being any signs of land, with a heavy sea from the westward, and strong gales, I wore, and stood back to the northward, fearing that we might receive such damage in our sails and rigging, as would hinder the prosecution of the voyage.

On the next day, there being strong gales to the west-Saturday t. ward, I brought to, with the ship's head to the northward; but in the morning of the 3d, the wind being .Sund:l)'3more moderate, we loosened the reef of the main-Tail, set the top-sails, and plied to the westward.

We continued our course till the 39th, when ourtuesd. 19. latitude being 290 and our longitude I59:)29', we observed the variation to be 8" 32' E. Oh the 24th, being Sunday 14. in latitude 33° 18', longitude 162° 51', we obferved'a, small piece of sea-weed, and a piece of wood covered with barnacles: the variation here was iO°4.8'E.

On the 27th, being in latitude 28° 59', longitude Wed. 17. 1690 5 , we saw a seal asleep upon the water, and several bunches of sea-weed. The next day we (aw more'Thursd- l9' sea-weed in bunches, and on the 29th, a bird, which Friday 19. we thought a land-bird ; it somewhat resembled a snipe, but had a short bill. On the 1st of Oaober, we saw ^J^,. birds innumerable, and another seal asleep upon the water; it is a general opinion that seals never go out of soundings, or far from land, but those that we saw in these seas prove the contrary. Rock-weed is, however, a certain indication that land is not far distant. The next day, it being calm, we hoisted out the boat, Mond. i. to try whether there was a current, but found none. Our latitude was 370 10', longitude 1720 54' W. On the 3d, being in latitude 360 56', longitude 1730 27', we Tues. 3. took up more sea-weed, and another piece of wood toI a vered

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vered.with barnacles. The next day we saw two more ,seals, and a brown bird, about as big as a rav.en, with'

Svecf 4. some, white feathers under the wing. Mr.'Gore told us, that birds of this kind were f^erj in gre,at nurnbexs about Falk|and's Islands, and bur people gave them the name, of Port-E^mont hens.

Thursd. 5. | pritheerh, we thought the; water changed colour,

but, upon casting the lead, had no ground with 180

fathojn.. In the eyeningof this day, the, variation was

'.; .. ... 1,2°. 50'tl. and while we were going nine leagues it

encreafed', to i ±°.2?. Friday 6. "On 'the 'next (jay, Friday, October 6th, we saw land frbmthe 'mast-head, bearing W. by N. and stood directly 'for if -% i.rt the evening it could just be discernecrfrom the deck, and appeared large. The variationthis day was, by., az.imtjtlj., and amplitude, 15° 4'i E. arid''by'observation made of the fun and moon, the , longitude of the ship appeared to be 180° .55' W. and by' trie medium of this and subsequent observations, tfiere appeared to be an error, in the ship s account or longitude during her, run.frpm, Otaheite, of 30 J6', 0 shejbeing so much to the westward of the longitude re, sutting rVjfini tlje'^qg^ At, midnight, I brought to and sourjded^jbut had, ho-ground wifff one hundred and. seventy, fathom.c ;, ,,.-..

Saturday 7. On 'tbVjfh, ,it fell cairn, we therefore approached. .^helariss s^wl_y; and,in,thfiaffernoon^ vthen a breeze sprynEpj'p,. we wer.e still, dj^anf seven.or.eight leagues. Jt appeared still larger, a^ fit was more distinctly seen, with sourer, five ranges of.hills rising one over the • 'other,', and a chain, of rnounfains above all, which appfcarpd (6 be of an, enormous, height. This land be- . came the subject,of much eager conversation j.but the genera],opinion seeped to,0c, tha} we had found.the '1 erra australis incognita. About five o'clock, we saw the opening of a bay, which seemed to run pretty far inland, upon which we hauled our wind and stood in for it; we also saw smoke ascending from, different pfacesori'shore. \Vhen night came on, however, we,kept plying off and on til) day-light, when we foupd ourselves to the leeward of the bay, the wind being at .norths, We could now perceive that the hills were ".,',/" clothed

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clothed with wood, and that some of the trees in the '7«9vallies were very large. Bv noon, we fetched in with^_" ^J^ the south-west point, but not being able to weather it, tacked and stood off: at this time we saw several canoes standing cross the bay, which, in a little time, made to shore, without seeming to rake the least notice' of the ship; we also saw some houses, which appeared to be small, but neat; and near one os them a considerable number of the people collected together, who were sitting upon the beach, and who, We thought, were the same that we had seen in the canoes. Upon a" small peninsula, at the north-east head, we could plainly perceive a pretty high and regular paling, which inclosed the whole top of a hill; this was also the subject of much speculation, some supposing it to be a park of dfeer, others an inclosure for oxen and sheep. About four o'clock in the afternoon, we anchored on the northwest side of the bay, before the entrance of a small river, in ten fathom water, with a fine sandy bottom, and at about half a league from the shore. The sides of the bay are white cliffs, of a great height; the middle is low land, with hills gradually rising behind, one towering above another, and terminating in the chain of mountains, which appeared to be far inland.

In the evening I went on shore, accompanied by Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander, with the pinnace and yawl, and a party of men. We landed a-breast of the ship, on the east side of the river, which was here about forty yards broad; but seeing some natives on the west side, whom I wistied to speak with, and finding the river not sordable, 1 ordered the yawl in to carry us over, and left the pinnace at the entrance. When we came near the place where the people were assembled, they all ran away; however, we landed, and leaving four boys to take care of the yawl, we walked up to some huts which were about two or three hundred yards from the water-side. When we had got some distance from the boat, four rrien, armed with long lances, rushed out of the woods, and running up to attack the boat, would certainly iiave cut her off', if the people in the pinnace had not discovered them3 and cuiied to the boys to drop down the I 3 stream t

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1769. stream: the boys instantly obeyed; but being closely October. purfuecj by the Indians, the cockswain of the pinnace, » who had the charge of the boats, fired a musquet over their heads; at this they stopped and looked round them, but in a few minutes renewed the pursuit, brandishing their lances in a threatening manner; the cockswain then fired a second musquet over their heads, but of this they took no notice; and one of them liftin g up his spear to dart it at the boat, another piece was fired, ■which shot him dead. When he fell, the other three: stood motionless for some minutes, as if petrified with astonishment; as soon as they recovered they went back, dragging after them the dead body, which, however, they soon left, that it might not incumber their flight. At the report of the first musqqet we drew together, having straggled to a little distance from each other, and made the best of our way back to the boat and, crossing the river, we soon saw the Indian lying dead upon the ground. Upon examining the body we found that he had been shot through the heart. He was a man of middle size and stature, his complexion was brown, but not very dark, and one side of his face was tattowed in spiral lines of a very regular figure; he was covered with a fine cloth, of a manufacture altogether new to us, and it was tied on exactly according to the representation in Valentyn's account of Abel Tasman's Voyage, hereafter given; his hair also was tied in a knot on the top of his head, but had no feather in it. We returned immediately to the fltip, where we could hear the people on shore talking with great earnestness, and in a very loud tone, probably about what had happened, and what should be done. Mond. 9. In the morning, we saw several of the natives where they had been seen the night before, and some walking with a quick pace towards the place where we had landed, most of them unarmed, but three or four with long pikes in their hands. As I was desirous to establish an intercourse with them, I ordered three boats to be manned with seamen and marines, and proceeded towards the shore, accompanied by Mr. Banks, Dr. Solander, the other gentlemen, and Tupia; about fifty of them seemed to wait for our landing, on the

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