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Antirica } 4,131,490
Sq. miles. Population. the “ clergy reserves." There are seChina 1,250,000 360,000,000 parate establishments of Roman Ca. British
tholics, Presbyterians, Baptists, MeAmerica
thodists, &c. all which enjoy equal The general diffusion of knowledge protection and support from the Goat home by means of an extended edu.
vernment. The state of education in cation, and the legislative abolition of these colonies appears also to be highly slavery, are among the circumstances respectable; and, in all of them, the which are at the present time favour
press is free, and newspapers abound. able to emigration ; and which, not
Their cost to the nation is not in. withstanding Mr. Martin's opinion to
considerable, and is provided for by the contrary, have occupied a consi. parliamentary grant; but in return derable share of the attention of the they materially aid the national reveGovernment, and will, we are per
nues, by an extensive commerce, chiefsuaded, still occupy its attention, into ly in timber and corn, with the prothe hands of whatever political party duce of mines and fisheries. the reins may chance to fall.
Those persons who have read Mr. On reading the note which termi. Martin's former volumes will not want nates the introduction to the present information respecting his style : we volume, we felt some regret at its ap
therefore forbear from quoting any of pearance; because that note and a the very descriptive paragraphs confew other paragraphs in the book, ap
tained in the present, in which the pear to have a political character, not general reader will find, among other quite consistent with the professed ob- details, a brief narrative of the conject of the author, and which might quest of Canada, and death of Genetherefore have been well spared. We ral Wolfe; a description of Niagara, presume it is intended that Mr. Mar- and its Falls; of the earthquake in Ca. tin's work should survive the tempo- nada in 1663 ; of the effects of cold rary fluctuations of party; for which in the northern districts, and of the reason its author would have done ice-roads, ice-boats, snow storms, and wisely had he omitted to notice them. modes of travelling in those districts ;
There is one regulation, which, as it with various geological notices, and appears to us to be of importance, and descriptions of the state of society calculated to promote emigration, we
in the colder regions. venture to suggest ;-it is that the ex- It may be some recommendation of pense of intercourse by letter, between this work that, before the publication the emigrants and those friends whom of the fifth and concluding volume, they may have left behind them in the first is undergoing a second the mother country, should be fixed on
edition. the lowest possible scale. Many important considerations, which space will not allow us to specify, Greenwood's Picture of Hull. With se. show the expediency of such an ar
venty illustrations. . 8vo, pp. 207. rangement.
“IN a literary point of view, It is due to Mr. Martin to acknow- the claims of this book to public apledge, that on the various topics of probation" are not, in our judgment, history, general and natural statistics, quite so humble as its author would religion, education, revenues, com
assume. It appears to us fully to an. merce, and government, he is highly swer to its title, and to be a picture, interesting and instructive. The go- and a good picture, “ in which no vernment of these colonies, it appears, interesting or important point is omitis committed to governors and lieute- ted.” nant-governors, with the aid of legis- Kingston, or Kingstown, upon Hull, lative councils and representative as- (so named by King Edward I, as apsemblies. There is in each colony a pears from the history, of which Mr. Protestant episcopal Establishment, Greenwood has given a very conwell endowed; those of Upper and densed summary, compiled from Frost, Lower Canada in particular, have re- Tickell, and others) was placed under ceived for their exclusive use, one- a warden and bailiff, in 1293, and in seventh part of the territory called 1299 was constituted a free borough.
It was even then regarded as one of empowered to have a sword carried the principal towns on the northern erect before him. coast. From that date its growth ap- After a careful examination of this pears not to have been very rapid, un- “Picture of Hull," by Mr. Greenwood, til the extension of the maritime power we venture to pronounce it a work of and commerce of Great Britain gave considerable merit. Its typography it importance as a port; for which its and embellishments are excellent, in situation on the Humber, and at the addition to the old and modern plans confluence of that river with the of Hull, it contains a third plan which stream called Old Harbour River, pe- describes the limits of the borough culiarly adapted it.
under the Reform Act. Speed's map, which Mr. Greenwood has re-engraved, compared with a more modern and well-executed sur
Memoirs of the Life, Character, and vey, prefixed to the volume, will show
Writings of Sir Matthew Hale. By the reader the nature and extent of
J. B. Williams, Esq. LL.D. F.S.A, the enlargements and alterations which 8vo, pp. 408. took place during the two last centu- Bishop Burnet's Life of Hale ries. The docks, in particular, are of stands upon a par with Walton's ad. comparatively recent origin. They en- mirable biographies. It has attained close the old town on the inland side, the rank of an acknowledged English and separate it from the new; and Classic, has been made familiar to the would, were there need of such defence public by republications in various in that direction, abundantly supply forms and sizes, and has acquainted the place of the ancient wall and ditch, all the classes of readers with the parwith which the town was formerly ticulars of Hale's uneventful life, his separated from the marsh.
high reputation as a lawyer and a di. The citadel stands on the opposite vine, and, above all, with the blameshore of Old Harbour River, and is of less purity of his Christian character. modern erection.
So satisfactory has this biography been There are three churches in the old considered, that amidst the multitude town, and three in the new, besides of books no other author has attempted chapels and meeting-houses. Deli. a life of Hale as a separate publicaneations of these, together with en- tion, nor indeed could any other work gravings of the public offices, schools, be made better worthy the attention almshouses, and other objects of inte- of the world; for the very few other rest, and particularly neat portraits particulars respecting Hale, which are of some distinguished natives of the scattered throughout his own writings borough, form the embellishments of and those of his contemporaries are, the work.
generally speaking, extremely unimThe biographical notices include portant. Baxter's narrative of his names of some note; and among others, conversations with Hale is the only those of Luke Fox, the voyager ; An- exception, and that, however inte. drew Marvell, with his autograph ; Sir resting in itself, furnishes no foundaGeorge. Lawson ; Commodore Thomp- tion for a new biography. In the son; John Mason the poet; and last, work before us the author has thrown though not least in public estimation, together Burnet's Life, Baxter's Narthe late William Wilberforce, with a rative, and the few other minute parview of the house in which he was ticulars he could glean elsewhere, and born. We are glad to learn that his out of them has written a new biogratownsmen intend to do themselves phy. Burnet's work is the ample honour by erecting a column to his foundation, and two-thirds of the vomemory.
lume are nothing more than Burnet's The municipal government of this facts, presented to the public in lantown consists of a mayor, recorder, guage slightly altered, and in a difsheriff, and twelve aldermen, who are ferent arrangement.
Burnet's style justices of the peace. By the charter in this biography, although not progranted to them in the 18th year of bably the best that could possibly be King Henry the Sixth, the mayor is devised, has a quaint simplicity which
renders his narrative very interesting; especially so speedily after the recent that of Mr. Williams is more ambi- reprint of Burnet's Lives under the tious, it approaches more nearly to editorship of the venerable Bishop what is often called 'fine writing,' Jebb. but will not, we fancy, be generally preferred. Occasionally, indeed, the Annals and Antiquities of Lacock Abnecessity which he has imposed upon bey, in the County of Wilts, with himself of altering the Bishop's phra- Memorials of Ela, the Foundress, seology, whether for better or worse, the Countess of Salisbury, &c. by whilst he retained his facts, has driven W.L. Bowles, M.A. and John Gough him to curious straits, and now and Nichols. 8vo. then into blunders in facts and oddi. ties in style greater than any which has generally been written, after the
THE history of Monasteries as it modern refinement could discover in
model of the great work of Dugdale, the sentences of Burnet. For instance, in which brevity was indispensable, Burnet wrote,
has seldom extended beyond a descrip• He loved building much, which he
tion of the ruins and architectural re. affected chiefly because it employed many
mains, a catalogue of the superiors of poor people; but one thing was observed in all his buildings, that the changes he
the convent, and a transcript of the made in his houses were always from
most important charters relative to
the foundation. magnificence to usefulness; for he avoided every thing that looked like pomp or va
It is not a little remarkable that the nity, even in the walls of his houses. proverbial minuteness and elaborate He had good judgment in architecture, research of our English antiquaries and an excellent faculty in contriving has never yet been exercised in workwell.'
ing out the history of one of our great Mr. Williams alters it thus :
abbeys, in a manner at all approaching • He was fond of architecture, and his to the completeness which the still love to it was increased by the employ- existing records would authorize. If ment it created to the poor. His judg- investigated fully and closely, any one ment in it as a science was good ; in the of them would afford ample materials indulgence of his taste, however, he for an important volume, possessing a avoided vanity and pomp, and connected main current of considerable interest, utility with every contrivance and every and a ramification of contributary change.'
sreamlets, illustrating the topography Burnet properly used 'building'in and genealogy of the neighbouring one sense, and 'architecture' in ano. district. ther sense. Mr. Williams confounds
In comparison with many, Lacock the two words, and uses one of them was a foundation of humble pretenin both senses. Again, Burnet wrote: sions. Even in the same county there
' And he was scarce ever seen more were two larger nunneries— Wilton angry than with one of his servants, for and Amesbury'; and from the time of neglecting a bird that he kept, so that it
its foundation (the history of which, died for want of food.'
and of its Foundress, as enlarged upon This is rendered by Mr. Williams by Mr. Bowles, are certainly matters thus.
of high and even romantic interest) • Never was his anger seen to glow so until the dissolution, it remained in hot, as towards one of his servants who the second rank of such establishments, had negligently starved a bird to death, the peaceful and unpretending retreat FOR WANT OF Foop.'
of female devotion. Its history, howIt is of such alterations and trans- ever, as given in the present work, positions, that the bulk and substance shows what might be done by the use of Mr. Williams's book is made up. of every available record, combined He has written in a Christian spirit, with a methodical arrangement, in and we have no doubt with a good elucidating the histories of monasintention ; but the little he has added teries of greater importance. to our knowledge of the subject of his The first objects for examination are biography, does not justify his having the foundation charters, the confirmainflicted a new booki upon the world; tions obtained from superior jurisdictions, ecclesiastical and feudal; and gies of de Sarisbury, Longespé, and the coadjutors in the foundation ; Romara, and their connections, have then the most important subsequent received considerable accessions and benefactors; the surveys and valuations corrections; and among the important of the monastic property at different discoveries developed, and prevalent periods ; and the succession of supe- errors corrected, we may instance the riors. The charters and records rela- followingtive to estates may be best arranged That the first Earls of Salisbury under the head of each place, as in the were not named Devereux, but only 15th Chapter of the present volume, de Sarisbury. in which the history of each, as con- That they had a common origin nected with the abbey, is given in a with the house of Roumara, which brief narrative.
produced an Earl of Lincoln: and that In cases where the monks themselves the Tancarvilles, Chamberlains of Norhave left the annals of their house, mandy, were probably of the same they are found chiefly to record the lineage. architectural works executed at suc. That Ela of Salisbury had two sisters : cessive periods, the legal controversies though, the Earldom being an indiwith secular aggressors or professional visable fief, she was made the sole rivals, the election of abbats, the heiress, and their names have been fallings of timber, cleansing of fish- hitherto unknown. ponds, and most important agricultu- That, as William Longespé, Earl of ral operations, extraordinary seasons, Salisbury, was the son of Fair Rosastorms and eclipses, famines, plagues, mond, Geoffrey Archbishop of York, , and murrains; together with the deaths who was more than fifteen years his in the families of their patrons, and senior, is not likely to have been the such public events as struck the atten- King's son by the same mother. The tion of the chronicler, either from their difficulties attending Rosamond's hisimportance, or the vicinity of the place tory, have arisen from her being of their occurrence.
assigned as the mother of Archbishop Such are some of the principal mate- Geoffrey. rials available to the writers of mo- That the present representative and nastic history; and which have been heir general of the Longespés is Lord faithfully employed in the present work Stafford and not Lord Audley : as will as far as the records of Lacock ex- be more fully shown by Mr. Beltz in tend, whilst their deficiencies have his History of the Order of the Garter. in some respects been supplied by illus- We shall only add that the work is trations drawn from those of similar written throughout with taste and establishments. We think the accounts elegance; that many pleasing little of the discipline and domestic economy digressions occur to relieve the dryness of the nuns, the ceremonies of profes- of antiquarian detail; that the romantic sion, consecration, election of abbesses, incidents connected with the monastic funerals, &c. will be new to the history are skilfully interwoven with modern reader, at least to those the historic narrative ; some very uninitiated in the mysteries of the natural and elegant poems are interchurch of Rome.
spersed, among which the Lay of Lacock abbey possessed a book of Talbot the Troubadour pleased' 'us history, the work of one of its inmates, particularly; the reflections by Mr. not recording, however, the annals of Bowles on the Monastic Life, --his the house, but relating the romantic last visit to Old Sarum,-his obserhistory of the Foundress and first vations on Stonehenge, and many Abbess Ela, the heiress of the Earldom other passages, are of superior ins of Salisbury. Following the state- terest ; while the imagination of the ments of this authority, Mr. Bowles Poet sheds a pensive gleam, like that has been induced to enter at large into of the evening sun, upon the venerable the history of the early Earls of Salis. ruins which it has preserved from bury; so that, in fact, a great portion obscurity. We therefore thus bid Mr. of this work is biographical detail and Bowles farewell : genealogical disquisition. The genealo.
Time had his triumph—with remorseless wing
The Knight and the Enchantress; with
return from the Opera. Indeed, I do other Poems. By the Lady Emme
think Frederick has already more than line Stuart Wortley.
half of it by heart: but do you know, it
really was likely to have produced a most WE were just going to commence violent quarrel between us. Frederick our review of this little volume, when doats upon the character of the En. we happened to be favoured with a chantress; while I absolutely rave, when sight of a letter from a lady, to whom
I hear the admirable descriptions of the the noble authoress, we presume, had Knight: however, we have compromised presented the volume, in return for
the matter satisfactorily, by allowing that
their respective excellence is nearly equal. the gift; and she has so well expressed My dear Lady Emmeline! how could you our sentiments, that we begged per- write such charming poetry, so finished, mission to make use of her epistle, so delicate, so refined in expression, so which she kindly granted.
musical in the rhythm (as I believe it is
called) which I think is much prettier Grosvenor-square, May 25. than to talk about verses having feet ; My dear Lady Emmeline,
and Frederick (who is looking over my I cannot say how much Frederick* shoulder) adds, so masculine in thought: and myself have been delighted with the I assure you we are all amazement! You beautiful volume of Poetry which must excuse my transcribing the opening found on our table last night, after our of the Poem :
Say whither along, ah! whither along,
Yet whither along art thou hurrying now;
On the old mountain's towering brow?
Ah! why then, whither along, in thy strength and thy speed ?
And forbear now to urge your tir'd steed.
Ah! why, then, whither along, &c. Do you know, my dear Lady Emme. they amount to near fifty-five, without line, that we were so pleased with this the last couplet, which we consider to be animated address, that I absolutely got a noble conclusion: it is our pet of the Frederick to count the pumber of the whole. whithers along," and do you know,
Ha! whither along, ho! whither along-whither, whither ?
Frederick is the name of the lady's husband. They have two beautiful dear little children, and an elegant villa at East Sheen, with a pair of the sweetest ponies in the world. Gent, MAG. Vol. IV.