A system of practical medicine, comprised in a series of original dissertations, arranged and ed. by A. Tweedie


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Seite 76 - ... application of a mustard poultice. The tartar emetic should then be immediately rubbed in, either in the form of a warm saturated solution, or an ointment composed of one part tartar emetic to two of spermaceti ointment. With these precautions we have rarely failed to excite a full pustular inflammation in as short a time as that required for the rising of a blister, with far less irritation to the system, and with decided relief to the pectoral symptoms. We have reason to believe that a minute...
Seite 129 - It may be the consequence of a partial pleurisy. We have mentioned, that after a pleuritic effusion has long compressed the lung, and the compression has been perpetuated by a rigid false membrane formed over it, the absorption of the liquid leaves a void, which the collapse or contraction of the walls of the chest is in some cases insufficient to obliterate, and this void is sometimes filled with air secreted by the membranes.
Seite 338 - ... pus were visible in distinct situations among the muscular fasciculi. Some of these depositions were situated deeply, near to the cavity of the ventricle, while others were more superficial, and had elevated the reflected pericardium from the heart. The muscular fibres of the auricles were also softened in their texture, and loaded with blood, but without any collections of pus between them. All the cavities of the heart were loaded with coagulated blood.
Seite 55 - ... the larynx. Dr. Williams, in a treatise on diseases of the respiratory organs,. says, " Although the effusion is generally thickest and more tough in sthenic cases, yet it is pretty abundant in asthenic cases, so much so that Andral and Gendrain consider plastic inflammation of the mucous membrane to be rather of the subacute, than of the most acute kind.
Seite 338 - This evidently depended on the nutrient vessels being loaded with venous blood. The fibres were also very soft and loose in their texture, being easily separable, and with facility compressed between the fingers. Upon looking closely to the cut surface exposed in the section of either ventricle, numerous small collections of dark coloured pus were visible in distinct situations among the muscular fasciculi.
Seite 51 - Nitrate of bismuth; calomel with twelve -times its weight of sugar; red precipitate, sulphate of zinc, or sulphate of copper, mixed with thirty-six times their weight of sugar; alum with twice its weight; and acetate of lead with seven times its weight — are remedies suitable for this purpose. IV. The...
Seite 132 - ... diagnosis is generally easy. Percussion shows the level to which the liquid rises, according as it varies with the position of the patient. The motions of the liquid, also, especially upon coughing, will also often give evidence of the presence of air in the cavity. Dr WILLIAMS has stated that, "on change of posture and on coughing, the liquid will sometimes drop from the parts which have just been immersed ; and the sound of this will exhibit the metallic ringing in so distinct a manner, that...
Seite 92 - Asthmatic patients should avoid using it as an ordinary beverage, lest the habit of taking it should impair its efficacy as a medicine.
Seite 130 - ... membrane, and condensed in the part contiguous to the empty space. There was also some contraction in the chest in both cases. This kind of pneumothorax is very rare. "Another kind of pneumothorax is that which may be called idiopathic, and arises from an effusion or secretion of air into the sac of the pleura without perforation. This is also of very rare occurrence. It is said to occur sometimes...
Seite 199 - ... chilliness and a sensation as of cold water running down the back ; weariness and stiffness of the limbs, and pains in the neck, back, and loins, more intense than those which attend the common forms of fever. In the more severe cases there is decided rigor alternating with heat and flushing of skin ; the fever has an exacerbation every evening, and lasts from two to fourteen days: pain is felt over the frontal sinuses and cheek-bones, or behind the sternum.

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