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ARTS AND MANUFACTURES
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
FOR THE YEAR
Digested and Prepared by
TENCH COXE, Esquire,
PRINTED BY A. CORNMAN, JONR.
DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, TO WIT:
BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the twenty-third day of June, in the thirty-eighth year of the L.S.
Independence of the United States of America; A. D. 1814. ADAM CORNMAN, Junr. of the said District, hath deposited in this office the Title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor in the words following, to wit:
“ A statement of the Arts and Manufactures of the United States of “ America, for the year 1810: digested and prepared by Tench Coxe,
Esquire, of Philadelphia.” In conformity to An Act of the Congress of the United States entitled, “An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned,” and also to the Act, entitled, An Act supplementary to An Act, entitled, “An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,” and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching, historical and other prints.
D. CALDWELL, Clerk
of the District of Pennsylvania.
NOTICE TO THE READERS.
The two series of tables, which form the third and fourth parts of this volume, were digested and published under the authority of Congress and an instruction of the Treasury. With these tables, the communication of the eighth of December, 1812, from Mr. ('oxe, (who was engaged by the gov. ernment to prepare a statement of the ARTS and ManUFACTURES of the UNITED STATES,) was addressed to the secretary of the Treasury. It comprised parts I. and II. of this book, and is to be considered as the work of an individual, occasioned by his desire to be useful to his country.
To the copy furnished for this publication, some recent notes have been added, to extend the exposition of the condition of our manufactures, in some degree, to the state of things in the current year. It may be proper to remark that some alterations, containing, with part of the notes, matter, which would not have been inserted in an official paper, are now introduced from considerations of public utility.
June 30, 1814.
ARTS AND MANUFACTURES
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
1. A collection of facts, evincing their benefactions to agriculture, commerce, navigation and the fisheries, and their subserviency to the public defence, with an indication of certain existing modes of conducting them, peculiarly important to the United States:
II. A collection of additional facts, tending to show the practical foundation, actual progress, condition and establishment of the American arts and manufactures, and their connexion with the wealth and strength of the United States.
TOGETHER WITH One series of tables of the several branches of American manufactures, exhibiting them by states, territories and districts, so far as they were returned in the reports of the marshals and of the secretaries of the territories, and their respective assistants, in the autumn of the year 1810; together with similar returns of certain doubtful goods, productions of the soil, and agricultural stock, so far as they have been ieported:
AND ANOTHER series of tables of the several branches of American manufactures, exhibiting them in every county in the Union, so far as they were returned in the reports of the marshals, and of the secretarics of the territories and their respective assistants, in the autumn of the year 1810: which tables were
Prepared in Execution of an instruction of
Secretary of the Treasury,
GIVEN BY HIM
IN OBEDIENCE TO A RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS
19th day of March, 1812.
OF REFERENCES TO SOME OF THE SUBJECTS AND MATTERS,
IN THIS VOLUME.
Tables for counties
PARTS Tables for states
I. & II. Agents for manufactures,
31, 43, 49 Agriculture aided by manufactures in newest settlements, and in states abounding in land,
6, 7, 8 superior importance of,
54, 59 requires the neighbourhood of manufactures, 58, 59, 48 Arts, fine, and sciences: auxiliary to manufactures, 32, 36, 49, 53 Ashes, pearl and pot,
41) American manufacturers, the sole purchasers of our raw
materials, except cotton, and of much of it, A new career in national industry produced by machinery, &c.
24 Adulterations. Preventions of,
43 B Basis of American manufactures,
59 Banks aided by manufactures,
20 21 Bells,
12 Book binding,
321 Boats and vessels,
23 Boots shoes, &c.
22 Branches of manufactures, so far as reported,
37 Bloomeries and boring mills,
10, 11 Breweries,
221 Brass and buttons,
43 15, 16 Bricks, tiles and brick clay,
42 British manufactures and exports in ordinary times,
52 Bottles, patent casks and sedatives,
40. 41 British commerce more prosperous than any other by means of her
26 manufactured exports, and the importation of raw materials, manufactures,
52 Books instructing in manufactures saving labor, 28, 34, 42, 44 Blockade,
58 С Cannon and muskets,
47 Carolina, north and south, 8, marshes and swamps, of
36, 38 Candles,
17, 18, 38 Case liquors, error for cane, ,
37 Cabinet wares,
23 Carbonic, printed, by error, canbonic fuel,
32 Cards of wire,
27 Carding mills and machines,
7 Carpets, wool the best material for: cotton, hair and silk used, :
31 Carriages, for pleasure and work,
24 Casks, patented, foi fermented draught liquors,
24, 41 Capital, accumulation of, &c.
10, 22 in raw materials, such as hemp, cotton, &c.
16 in land stock,
82 Caviar: from acipensis (for accipensis by error,) sturgeon,