Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

- Sewa:d. wo Lincoln.

| Wade.

| Cameron.

Baies.

| McLean.

| Rend.

- Chase.

1 Dayton.

| Sumner.

The Fremont.

1 Collamer.

4

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

lature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to

FIRST BALLOT,
Slavery in any Territory of the United States.
9. That we brand the recent re-opening of the African

Stalcs.
slave-trade, under the cover of our national flag, aided
by perversions of judicial power, as a crime against hu-
manity and a burning shame to our country and age;

Maine.. .10 6
and we ca'l upon Congress to take prompt and efficient

7 me4sures for the total and final suppression of that exe

New Hampshire 1

Vermont.. crab'e traffic.

Massachusetts..21 10. That in the recent vetoes, by their Federal Gover

Rhode Island... nors, of the of the Legislatures of Kansas and Ne

Connecticut.. 2 1
oraska, prohibiting Slavery in those Territories, we find a

New-York... .70
practical illustration of the boasted Democratic princi-
pie of Non Intervention and Popular Sovereignty embo-

New Jersey
died in the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and a demonstration Pennsylvania.. 11 4

3

Maryland of the deception and fraud involved therein.

Delaware. 11. That Kansas should, of right, be immediately ad

8 14 mitted as a State under the Constitution recently formed

Virginia..

Kentucky. 5 6 2
and adopted by her people, and accepted by the House

Ohio...
8

84
of Representatives.

Indiana

26
12. That, while providing revenue for the support of the
General Government by duties upon imports, sound policy

Missouri.

12

Michigan. requires such an adjustment of these imposts as to en

Nlinois..

22 courage the development of the industrial interests of the

Texas.

4 whole country: and we commend that policy of national

Wisconsin. .10 exchanges which secures to the working men liberal

Iowa.

2 2 wages, to agriculture remunerating prices, to mechanics

California... 8
and manufacturers an adequate reward for their skill,

Minnesota.. 8
labor, and enterprise, and to the nation commercial pros-
perity and independence.

Oregon

Teritories. 13. That we protest against any sale or alienation to

Kansas

6
others of the Public Lands held by actual settlers, and

Nebraska. 2 1
against any view of the Homestead policy which regards Dis. of Columbia ?
the settlers as paupers or suppliants for public bounty ;
and we demand the passage by Congress of the complete

Total.... 1734 102 3 504 48 12 1 49 14 1 1 10
and satisfactory Homestead measure which has already
passed the House,

Whole number of votes, 465. Necessary to
14. That the Republican Party is opposed to any change a choice, 233.
in our Naturalization Laws or any State legislation by The second ballot was then taken.
which the rignts of citizenship hitherto accorded to immi-
grants from foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired ;

Mr. Cameron's name was withdrawn.
and in favor of giving a full and efficient protection to
the rights of all classes of citizens, whether native or na-

SECOND BALLOT.
Juralized, both at home and abroad.
15. That appropriations hy Congress for River and

Suites.
Harbor improvements of a National character, required
for the accommodation and security of an existing com-
merce, are authorized by the Constitution, and justified

Maine...

10 by the obligations of Government to protect the lives and

New-Hampshire

1
property of its citizens.
16. That a Railroad to the Pacific Ocean is imperatively Massachusetts.

Vermont.

10

22 4
demanded by the interests of the whole country; that Rhode Island..

3
the Federal Government ought to render immediate and
efficient aid in its construction; and that, as preliminary New-York..

Connecticut

70
thereto, a daily Overland Mail should be promptly New Jersey
established.
17. Finally, having thus set forth our distinctive prin- Maryland

Pennsylvania.

21 48

3 ciples and views, we invite the coöperation of all citi

Delaware.

6
cens, however differing on other questions, who substan-
tially agree with us in their affirmance and support.

8 14
Virginia..
Kentucky...

7 9
On the following day, Friday, May 18th, the Ohio.

14 Indiana.

26 Chair having announced that the naming of

Missouri..

18 candidates for President was in order, Wm. Michigan..

12 M. Evarts, of New-York, named William H. Illinois..

22

Texas.
Seward.

Wisconsin.

10 Mr. Judd. of Illinois, named Abraham Lin- Iowa...

2 coln. Mr. Dudley, of New-Jersey, nominated California

8 Wm. L. Dayton. Gov. Reeder, of Pennsylva

Minnesota.

8

Oregon. vania, nominated Simon Cameron. Mr. Cart

Territo jes ter, of Ohio, nominated Salmon P. Chase. Kansas..

6 Francis P. Blair, of Maryland, nominated Ed-District of Columbia... 2

Nebraska..

3 1
ward Bates, of Missouri.
indiana seconded the nomination of Abraham

Total.....

.1844 181 35 2 8 424 10 2 Lincoln. Mr. Austin Blair, of Michigan, seconded The third ballot was taken anid excitement, the nomination of Mr. Seward; so also did Carl and cries for “the ballot.” Intense feeling Schurz, of Wisconsin, Mr. Worth, of Minnesota, existed during the voting, each vote being and Mr. Wilder, of Kansas.

awaited in breathless silence and expectancy. Mr. Corwin, of Ohio, nominated Judge Mc- The progress of the ballot was watched with Lean.

most intense interest, especially toward the Vr. Delano, of Ohio, seconded the nomination last, the crowd becoming silent as the contest of Mr. Lincoln, as did also one of the delegates narrowed down. The States, as called, voted as from lowa.

follows:
The balloting then proceeded, with the follow-
g result:

* Previously withdrawn.

Bates.

Cameron.

McLenn.

| Chase.

| Dayton.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

IlIIII | Bates.

ollulll | McLean,

||| Dayton.

II | C. M. Clay.

C. M. Clay.
81|| Banks.

Twi|| Reeder.
Folr|| Hickman.
SATCOM Hamlin.

||||| Read.
III|| H. W.Davis.

!! Dayton,

1 Houston.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

|al

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Mainc,

10 New Hampshire. 1

Maine.

16 Vermont..

10
New-Hampshire..

10 Massachusetts....13

Vermont. Rhode Island. 1

Massachusetts.... 20

1 Connecticut.. 1

Rhode Island.. New-York. .70

Connecticut..... 2 1

2 New Jersey..... 5

New-York... 9 4 2 11 35
Pennsylvania..

52
New Jersey. 1

7

6 Maryland.

9

Pennsylvania.. 41 24 24 7 11
Delaware...

6
Maryland...

1 8 Virginia..

14

Delaware..

3

1 2 Kentucky 4 13

Virginia.. 23 Ohio. 15 29

Kentucky. ..23 Indiana..

26

Ohio. Missouri..

Indiana.

18 Michigan...

Missouri.. Illinois.

Michigan.

4

8 Texas. 6

Illinois..

2 16 Wisconsin. .10

Texas.. Iowa.. 2

Wisconsin. California.. 8

Iowa.

1 1 Minnesota.. 8

California.

8 Oregon.. 1

Minnesota..

1

1 6 Territories.

Oregon..

1

1 Kansas..

Territories Nebraska... 8

Kansas.. Dist. of Columbia 2

Nebraska..

1

Dist. of Columbia.. 2
180 22 244 2311 5 1 1

Total.. ..1011 387 51 58 194 1 8
This gave Lincoln 2311 votes, or within 2} of Total 461. Necessary to a choice, 232.
a nomination.
Before the result was announced, Mr. Cart-

THE SECOND BALLOT. ter, of Ohio, said-I rise, Mr. Chairman, to an- States.

Hamlin. Clay. Hickman. nounce the change of four votes from Ohio, Maine....

16 from Mr. Chase to Abraham Lincoln.

New Hampshire.

10 Vermont.

10 This announcement, giving Mr. Lincoln a Massachusetts.

26 majority, was greeted by the audience with the Rhode Island most enthusiastic and thundering applause.

Connecticut..

10 New-York...

70 Mr. McCrillis, of Maine, making himself heard,

New-Jersey

14 said that the young giant of the West is now of Pennsylvania..

54 age. Maine casts for him her 16 votes. Maryland..

10 Delaware.

6 Mr. Andrew, of Massachusetts, changed the

Virginia. vote of that State, giving 18 to Mr. Lincoln and Kentucky. 8 to Mr. Seward.

Ohio

46

12 Mr. B. Gratz Brown, of Missouri, desired to

Indiana.

14 Missouri.

18 change the 18 votes of Missouri to the gallant son Michigan.

8 of the West, Abraham Lincoln, Iowa, Con- Illinois.

20

Texas.. necticut, Kentucky, and Minnesota also changed

Wisconsin their votes.

The result of the third ballot was Iowa.. announced:

California..
Minnesota....

1 Whole number of votes cast .466

Oregon... Necessary to a choice..... 234

Territories

Kansas. Abraham Lincoln had received 354, and was Nebraska. declared duly nominated.

District of Columbia.

2 On motion of Wm. M. Evarts, of New York,

Total..

367

86 seconded by Mr. Andrew, of Massachusetts, tbe

18 nomination was then made unanimous.

Massachusetts withdrew the name of Mr. On motion of Mr. Evarts, of New-York, the Banks, and cast 26 votes for Mr. Hamlin. Convention now took a recess till 5 o'clock, to Pennsylvania withdrew the name of Gov. afford time for consultation as to Vice-President. Reeder, and cast 54 votes for Mr. Hamlin.

At 5 o'clock the Convention rëassembled, On motion of Mr. Blakey, of Kentucky, the
listened to nominations, and then proceeded to nomination was made unanimous.
ballot.

Mr. J. R. Giddings, of Ohio, othered and the
The following is a record of the ballotings for Convention adopted the following:
Vice-President:

Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with those men

who have been driven, some from their native States and [Note.-Col.Fremont had sent a letter by one

others from the States of their adoption, and are now

exiled from their homes on account of their opinions ; of the delegates from California, withdrawing and we hold the Democratic party responsible for the his name from the list of candidates for Presi- gross violations of that clause of the Constitution which dent. This letter was published before the declares that citizens of each State shall be entitled to

all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the meeting of the Convention.]

several States.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Mr. Ashmun made a brief speech, and the Resolved, That it is both the part of patriotism and Convention adjourned sine die, with nine hearty of duty to recognize no political principle other than

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE COUNTRY, THE UNION OF THE cheers for the ticket.

STATES AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE Laws, and that, | as representatives of the Constitutional Union men of

the country in National Convention assembled, wo NATIONAL REPUBLICAN COMMITTEE. hereby pledge ourselves to maintain, protect and de

fend, separately and unitedly, these great principles of The Convention previous to its adjournment public liberty and national safety, against all enemies made choice of the following gentlemen as the at home and abroad, believing that thereby peace may National Committee for the next four years :

once more be restored to the country, the rights of the

People and of the States reëstablished, and the GovernMaine-CHARLES J. GILMAN, Brunswick.

ment again placed in that condition, of justice, fraternity New-Himpshire-GEORGE G. Fogo, Concord.

and equality, which, under the example and Constitution Vermont-LAWRENCE BRAINARD, St. Albans.

of our fathers, has solemly bound every citizen of the Massachusetts-John Z. GOODRICH, Stockbridge.

United States to maintain a more perfect union, estab. Rhode IslandThomas G. TURNER, Providence. lish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for Connecticut-GIDEON WELLES, Hartford.

the common defense, promote the general welfare, and New-York-EDWIN D. MORGAN, Albany.

secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our New-Jersey-DENNING DUER, N. Y. City.

posterity.
Pennsylvania-EDWARD MCPHERSON, Gettysburg
Delaware-NATHANIEL B. SMITHERS, Dover.
Maryland_JAMES F. WAGNER, Baltimore.

DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION-1860.
Virginia-ALFRED CALDWELL, Wheeling.
Ohio-THOMAS SPOONER, Reading, Hamilton Co.

A Democratic National Convention assembled
Indiana-SOLOMON MEREDITH, Centerville.

at Charleston, S. C., on the 23d of April, 1860, Illinois—NORMAN B. JODD, Chicago. Michigan-AUSTIN BLAIR, Jackson.

with full delegations present fronı every State Wisconsin-CARL SCHURZ, Milwaukee.

in the Union, and double delegations from IowaANDREW J. STEVENS, Des Moines.

Illinois and New-York. One of the New York
Minnesota John McKUSICK, Stillwater.
Missouri-ASA S. JONES, St. Louis.

delegations was elected by the State Nominating Kentucky-Cassius M. CLAY, Whitehall.

Convention which met at Syracuse the precedCalifornia-D. W. CHEESMAN, Oroville.

ing autumn; while its rival was elected by Oregon-W. FRANK JOHNSON, Oregon City.

districts, and led by Fernando Wood, Mayor of Kansas-WILLIAM A. PHILLIPS, Lawrence. Nebraska~0. H. IRISH, Nebraska City.

the commercial emporium. From Illinois, one Dist. of Columbia, JOSEPH GERHARDT, Washington. of the delegations was favorable to Senator

At a meeting held in Chicago, May 18th, Douglas, and the other opposed to that gentle1860, the Committee organized by choosing the man. Tickets of admission were given by the Hun. E. D. Morgan, of New.York, Chairman, National Committee to the former or “Šoft” and George G. Fogg, of New-Hampshire, Secre- Delegation from New York, thus deciding, so tary. Subsequently, the following persons were | far as their power extended, against the Wood constituted the Executive Committee:

or “ Hard" contestants, who were understood E. D. MORGAN, of New-York.

to be opposed to the nomination of Douglas. GIDEON WELLES, of Connecticut.

Francis B. Flournoy, of Arkansas, was choN. B. JUDD, of Illinois.

sen temporary chairman, and the Convention Carl SCHURZ, of Wisconsin. John Z. GOODRICH, of Massachusetts.

opened with an angry and stormy debate on the DENNING DUER, of New-Jersey.

question of the disputed seats. Mr. Fisher, of GEO. G. Fogg, of New-Hampshire.

Va., presented a protest from Mayor Wood,

on behalf of his delegation, against their CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION-exclusion from the Hall. The reading of the 1860.

protest was ruled out of order, and, after a

wrangling debate, committees were appointed A Convention of Delegates, coming from on Permanent Organization and Credentials, twenty States, and claiming to represent the and the communication of Mayor Wood was “ Constitutional Union Party,” met at Baltimore referred without reading to the latter. on the 9th of May, and nominated for President

On the following day, the Committee on John Bell, of Tennessee, and for Vice-President Organization reported the name of Caleb CushEdward Everett, of Massachusetts. The ballot- ing, of Mass., for President, with one Viceings for President resulted as follows :

President and one Secretary from each State, 1st. 2d.

2d. which report was adopted. They also reported
John Bell, 637 138 Edward Everett, .. 25 a rule “ that in any State in which it has not
Sam. Houston,.. 57 69 Wm. L. Goggin,... 8
John M. Botts, 97 Wm. A. Graham, .. 22 18

“been provided or directed by its State Con-
John McLean,... 21 Wm. L. Sharkey,.. 7 81 vention how its vote may be given, the
J. J. Crittenden, .
28 1 Wm. C. Rives,

13

“ Convention will recognize the right of each Necessary to a choice, 1st ballot, 128; second “ delegate to cast his individual vote.' Which ballot, 127.

was also

opted. The nomination of Mr. Bell was thereupon A Committee on Resolutions and Platform made unanimous.

was now appointed; and it was voted that no Mr. Everett was unanimously nominated for ballot for President and Vice-President should Vice-President.

be taken till after the adoption of a Platform. The Convention adopted the following as Adjourned. their

On the following day, the only progress made PLATFORM

by the Convention was the settlement of the Whereas, Experience has demonstrated that Plat- question of contested seats, by confirming the forms adopted by the partisan Conventions of the sitting delegates ; that is, the “Softs” from people, and at the same time to widen the political On the 26th, no progress was made, though country have had the effect to mislead and deceive the New-York, and the Douglas men from Illinois. divisions of the country, by the creation and encouragement of geographical and sectional parties ; therefore, there was much angry debate and many threats

1st.

18

7 1

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

of bolting on the part of delegates from the ment to protect the rights of persons or pro. Cotton States, unless their views iu regard to perty on the high seas, in the Territories, or Platform should be adopted.

wherever else its constitutional authority exOn the 27th, the Platform Committee, failing tends. to agree, presented an assortment of Platforms, The fourth that, when the settlers in a Terrifrom which the Convention was expected to tory bave adequate population to form a State make its selection. The majority report, pre- Constitution, the right of Sovereignty comsented by Mr. Avery, of N. C., was as fol- mences, and, being consummated by their adlows:

mission into the Union, they stand upon an Resolved, that the Platform adopted at Cincinnati be equal footing with the citizens of other States, affirmed, with the following resolution:

and that a State thus organized is to be admitThat the National Democracy of the United States ted into the Union, Slavery or no Slavery. hold these cardinal principles on the subject of Slavery in the Territories: First, that Congress has no power to

The day was spent in fierce debate, without abolish Slavery in the Territories ; second, that the Ter- coming to a vote on any of these various proporitorial Legislature has no power to abolish Slavery in sicions. the Territories, nor to prohibit the introduction of slaves

On the 28th, Senator Wm. Bigler, of Penn-
therein, nor any power to destroy or impair the right of
property in slaves by any legislation whatever. sylvania, moved that the majority and minority

Resolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures reports be recommitted to the Convention, with
to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave instructions to report in an hour, the following
Law are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitu-
tion, and revolutionary in their effects.

resolutions :
Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal Govern- Resowed, That the Platform adopted by the Demc-
ment to protect the rights of person and property on the cratic party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following
high seas, in the Territories, or wherever else its jurisdic- explanatory resolution :
tion extends.

Resolved, That the Government of a Territory, orResolved, That it is the duty of the Government of ganized by an act of Congress, is provisional and tempothe United States to afford protection to naturalized rary, and, during its existence, all citizens of the United citizens from foreign countries.

States have an equal right to settle in the Territory, Resolved, That it is the duty of the Government of without their rights, either of person or property, being the United States to acquire Cuba at the earliest prac. destroyed or impaired by Congressional or Ter.itorial ticable moment.

Legislation.
The principal minority report, which was pre- to the doctrine that it is the duty of Government to

Resolved, that the Democratic party stands pledged sented by Mr. Henry B. Payne, of Ohio, and maintain all the constitutional rights of property, of signed by the members of the committee whatever kind, in the Territories, and to enforce all the from Maine. New-Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode decisions of the Supreme Court in reference thereto. Island, Connecticut, New-Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, afford ample and complete protection to all its citizens, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, lowa, Minnesota, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or New-York, and Pennsylvania, (all the Free foreign

Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in a States except California, Oregon, and Massachu- military, commercial and postal point of view, is speedy setts), reaffirmed the Cincinnati Platform; de- communication between the Atlantic and Pacific States; clared that all rights of property are judicial in and the Democratic Party pledge such Constitutional

Government aid as will insure the construction of a their character, and that the Democracy pledge railroad to the Pacific coast at the earliest practical themselves to defer to the decisions of the period. Supreme Court on the subject; ample protec- the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terns as

Resolved, that the Democratic Party are in favor of tion to citizens, native or naturalized, at bone shall be honorable to ourselves and just to $paiu. or abroad; aid to "a Pacific Railroad;" the Resolved, That the enaciments of State Legislatures acquisition of Cuba, and that all State resistance to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave to the Fugitive Slave Law is revolutionary and Law, are hostile in character, subversive of the Consti

tution, and revolutionary in their effect. subversive of the onstitution, Gen. Benj. F. Butler, of Massachusetts, pre

Mr. Bigler moved the previous question. sented another minority report, reaffirming the moved to lay Mr. Bigler's motion on the table.

Mr. W. Montgomery (M. C.), of Pennsylvania, Cincinnati Platform, and declaring Democratic He did not regard as a compromise a proposiprinciples unchangeable in their nature when tion for a Congressional Slave Code and the applied to the same subject matter, and ouly reopening of the African Slave Trade; but, recommending, in addition to the Cincinnati Platform, a resolution for the protection of all learning that the adoption of his motion would

have the effect of tabling the whole subject, he citizens, whether native or naturalized.

withdrew it. Mr. Payne stated that his report, although a called for, and the vote was first taken on the

A division of the question was minority one, represented one hundred and seventy-two electoral votes, while the majorit. 151; but the proposition to instruct the com

motion to recommit, which was carried, 152 to report represented only one hundred and

inittee was laid on the table, 242} to 562, as twenty-seven electoral votes.

follows: Mr. James A. Bayard (U. S. Senator), of Dela: ware, presented another series of resolutions, as Massachusetts, 121; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 5;

YEAS.— Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; follows:

New-York, 35; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 3; MaryThe first affirmed the Cincinnati Platform, land, 51; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South CaroThe second declared that Territorial Govern- lina, 8; Georgia, 10; Florida, 3; Alabama, 9; Louisi

ana, 6; Mississippi, 7; Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri, ments i re provisional and temporary, and that 4; Kentucky, 6; bio, 23; 'Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; during their existence all citizens of the United Michigan, 6; lowa, 4; Minnesota, 4; California, 31– Suites have an equal right to settle in the Terri- 242).

NAYS.—Massachusetts, t; Connecticut, 1 ; New-Jersey, tories without their rights of either person or 7; Pennsylvania, 15; Maryland, 21; Missouri, 9; Ten: property being destroyed or impaired by Con- nessee, 11; Kentucky, 7; Indiana, 6; Wisconsin, 5; gressional or Territorial legislation.

California, t; Oregon, 8—56}.
The third. that it is the duty of the Govern- Subsequently, on the same day, Mr. Avery,

All we

wuty of the Committee on Platform, trict of Columbia. Now, we maintain that Congress has reported the following:

no right to prohibit or abolish Slavery in the District of

Columbia. Why? Because it is an existing institution. Resolved, That the platform adopted by the Democratic It becomes the duty of Congress under the Constitution to party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following ex- protect and cherish the right of property in slaves in that planatory Resolutions :

District, because the Constitution does not give them the First. That the government of a Territory organized by power to prohibit or establish Slavery. Every session of an act of Congress, is provisional and temporary; and, Congress, Northern men, Southern men, men of all parduring its existence, all citizens of the United States have ties, are legislating to protect, cherish and uphold the insti. an equal right to settle with their property in the Territory tution of Slavery in the District of Columbia. without their rights, either of person or property, being des- It is said that the Cincinnati platform is ambiguous, and troyed or impaired by congressional or territorial legislation. that we must explain it. At the South, we have main.

Second. That it is the duty of the Federal Government, tained that it had no ambiguity; that it did not mean in all its departments, to protect, when necessary, the Popular Sovereignty; but our Northern friends say that rights of persons and property in the Territories, and it does mean Popular Sovereignty. Now, if we are wherever else its constitutional authority extends. going to explain it and to declare its principles, I say

Third. That when the settlers in a Territory having an let us either declare them openly, boldly, squarely, adequate population form a State Constitution, the right or let us leave it as it is in the Cincinnati Platform. I of sovereignty commences, and, being consummated by want, and we of the South want, no more doubtful platadmission into the Union, they stand on an equal foot- forms upon this or any other question. We desire that ing with the people of other States; and the State thus this Convention should take a bold, square stand. What organized ought to be admitted into the Federal Union, do the minority of the committee propose? Their solution whether its constitution prohibits or recognizes the institu- is to leave the question to the decision of the Supreme tion of Slavery.

Court, and agree to abide by any decision that may be Fourth. That the Democratic party are in favor of the made by that tribunal between the citizens of a Territory acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall upon the subject. Why, gentlemen of the minority, you be honorable ourselves and just to Spain, the earliest cannot help yourselves. That no concession to us. practicable moment.

There is no necessity for putting that in the platform, beFifth. That the enactments of State legislatures to de- cause I take it for granted that you are all law-abiding feat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, are citizens. Every gentleman here froin a non-slaveholding liostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and state is a law-abiding citizen; and if he, be so, why we revolutionary in their effect.

know that when there is a decision of the Supreme Court, Sixth. That the Democracy of the United States recog- even adverse to his views, he will submit to it. nize it as the imperative duty of this Government to pro- You say that this is a judicial question. We say that tect the naturalized citizen in all his rights, whether at it is not. But if it be a judicial question, it is immaterial to bonne or in foreign lands, to the same extent as its native- you how the platform is made, because all you will have to born citizens.

say is, “this is a judicial question; the majority of the ConWhereas, one of the greatest necessities of the age, in a vention were of one opinion ; I may entertain my own opinpolitical, commercial, postal and military point of view, is ion upon the question ; let the Supreme Court settle it." a speedy communication between the Pacific and Atlan- Let us make a platform about which there can be nu tic coasts: Therefore be it

doubt, so that every man, North and South, may stand Resolved, That the Democratic party do hereby pledge side by side on all issues connected with Slavery, and adthemselves to use every means in their power to secure the vocate the same principles. That is all we ask. passage of some bill, to the extent of the constitutional demand at your hands is, that there shall be no equivocaauthority of Congress, for the construction of a Pacific tion and no doubt in the popular mind as to what our Railroad, from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, principles are. at the earliest practicable moment.

Mr. H. B. Payne, of Ohio, replied at length, Mr. Avery took the floor, and spoke at length and, in the course of his argument, said : in favor of his report, and in the course of his

The question of Slavery had distracted the Courts and remarks said:

the party since 1920, and we hoped by the Compromise I have stated that we demand at the hands of our measures of 1850, the Kansas law of 1854, and the PlatNorthern brethren upon this floor that the great principle form of 1852 and 1856, that the policy of the Democratic which we cherish should be recognized, and in that view I party was a united and settled policy in respect to Afrispeak the common sentiments of our constituents at home; can slavery.

The Democracy of the North and I intend no reflection upon those who entertain a differ- have, throughout, stood by the South in vindication of ent opinion, when I say that the results and ultimate conse- their constitutional rights. For this they claim no quences to the Southern States of this confederacy, if the credit. They have simply discharged their constitutional Popular Sovereignty doctrine be adopted as the doctrine duty; and, though some Southern Senators may rise in of the Democratic party, would be as dangerous and sub-| their places and stigmatize us as unsound and rotten, we versive of their rights as the adoption of the principle of say we have done it in good faith, and we challege contraCongressional intervention or prohibition. We say that, in diction. We have supposed that this doctrine of Popular a contest for the occupation of the Territories of the United Sovereignty was a final settlement of the Slavery difficulty. States, the Southern men encumbered with slaves cannot You so understood it in the South. We are not claiming compete with the Emigrant Aid Society at the North. We anything in our Platform but what the Cincinnati Platform say that the Emigrant Aid Society can send a voter to one

was admitted to have established. of the Territories of the United States, to determine a

What was the doctrine of 1556 ? ' Non-intervention by question relating to slavery, for the sum of $200, while it Congress with the question of Slavery, and the submission would cost the Southern man the sum of $1500. We say, of the question of Slavery in the Territories, under the then, that wherever there is competition between the Constitution, to the People. South and North, that the North can and will, at less ex

It is said that one construction has been given to the pense and difficulty, secure power, control and dominion Platform at the South and another at the Norh. He over the Territories of the Federal Government; and if, could prove from the Congressional debates that from then, you establish the doctrine that a Territorial Legisla- | 1350 to 1856 there was not a dissenting opinion expressed ture which may be established by Congress in any Terri- in Congress on this subject. tory has the right, directly or indirectly, to affect the insti.

To show that Squatter Sovereignty had been tution of Slavery, then you can see that the Legislature by its action, either directly or indirectly, may finally ex- generally accepted as the truc Democratic docclude every man from the slaveholding States as ef- trine, Mr. Payne quoted from eminent Southern fectually as if you had adopted the Wilmot Proviso out Democratic Statesmen as follows: and out.

But we are told that, in advocating the doctrine we now FROM A SPEECH OF HON. HOWELL COBB, OF GEORGIA. do, we are violating the principles of the Cincinnati platform. They say that the Cincinnati platform is a Popular majority of the people of Kansas should decide this

“I stand upon a principle. I hold that the will of the Sovereignty platformn; that it was intended to present and question, and I say here to-night, before this people and practically enforce that great principle. Now, we who before this country, that I, for one, shall abide the decimade this report deny that this is the true construction of sion of the people there. I hold to the right of the People the Cincinnati platform. We of the South say that when to self-government. I am willing for them to decide this we voted for the Cincinnati platform we understood, from the fact that the Territories stand in the same position as

question." the District of Columbia, that non-interference and non

FROM THE SAME. intervention in the Territories was that same sort of non- "I would not plant Slavery upon the soil of any porinterference and non-intervention forbidde in the Dis- tion of God's earth against the will of the people. The

.

« ZurückWeiter »