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See on page 39 :
Question. “Is it your opinion that either the Lake Erie outrage or St. Alban's raid would ever have occurred, if the perpetrators of them had not known that the British Provinces afforded them a safe asylum for retreat ?"
Answer. “ The surrender of Burley showed that it was not a safe asylum for retreat !”
But Burley was surrendered January 31, 1864. Paper C., p. 82.
His erroneous statements on p. 29 and p. 30, as to the employment of detectives, under Colonel Ermatinger, to prevent the raids, have been fully shown when considering Colonel Ermatinger and his detectives.
These errors of memory are explained, when we reflect that the transactions are not within his jurisdiction, and he would know nothing of them personally; that he gives no dates; and that he confounds what was done after the raid with what was done before it.
In this last respect Mr. Langevin appears much better.
Hon. H. L. Langevin.
He knows no facts as to any measures being taken by the Government to prevent the raids. All his statements are general and indefinite. When asked (p. 49) :
Q. "What steps were taken for guarding the frontier before the raid ?”
A. “I do not recollect any special matter about that ; I do not think that we were ever called upon from the position of affairs to do anything of the kind ; I do not think we saw there was any need of it.”
Q. “Afterwards great precautions were taken ?”
Q. “Was Colonel Ermatinger an official under your Department ?"
A. “I do not remember exactly what his position was at the time; I think he must have been a mere Justice of the Peace. After the raid I think he was employed by us more than once as a stipendiary magistrate." On page 55 he says: “On referring to an Order in Council passed on a memorandum of the same date, from the Attorney-General for Upper Canada (Sir John A. McDonald), I see that he recommended that a stipendiary magistrate be appointed holding a commission for certain counties in Upper Canada.”
This, doubtless, was the appointment of MeMicken to which Sir John McDonald referred in his testimony, page 30, as having been made to prevent breaches of neutrality. It will be seen that it was two months after the St. Alban's raid.
Refer also to Book C., p. 64.
It is evident from the testimony of Mr. Langevin that no magistrates or detectives were appointed to watch the doings of of the refugees until after the St. Alban's raid. His testimony on this subject is contained on pages 55 and 56 of his Deposition. Page 55.
Q. “Have you any knowledge of any magistrates or detectives being appointed prior to the 16th of December, 1864 ?
A. Immediately after the St. Alban's raid the Government appointed and sent officers to take all the measures necessary to prevent a recurrence of the same; I cannot now give the names.”
LOSSES OF THE SEVERAL CLAIMANTS.
coupons attached, dated August 15, 1864, bearing at
the rate of 7% per cent. semi-annual interest Interest semi-annually thereon, as represented by coupons
attached, at 7% per cent., semi-annually, to the 15th
of February, A.D. 1872, date of memorial Also, 10,000 dollars United States' notes, with coupons
attached, bearing interest at the rate of 5 per cent.
semi-annually .. Semi-annual interest thereon at 5 per cent., to February
15, 1872, the date of the memorial.. Also, other United States' coupon bonds, with coupons
attached, payable in gold, at the rate of 6 per cent.
semi-annually in gold Semi-annual interest in gold to the 15th day of February,
1872, date of memorial Also, National and State Bank bills, to the amount of :: Interest annually thereon, at 6 per cent., to February 15,
1872, date of memorial Also, damages sustained by claimant by destruction of
business, and suspension thereot for a long period of
time .. Also, amount paid out for counsel fees and services in
attempting to secure said men and property, and to
June 15, 1873 ..
Deduct amount of gold paid by Canadian Government
April 11, 1865 ..
Balance due claimant
The Canadian Government should not be allowed any premium on gold paid, because the same was applied in payment for bonds or securities payable in gold.
Claim No. 4. Bradley Barlow, Receiver of St. Alban's Bank.
Claim No. 13. Oscar A. Burton, Receiver of Franklin County
Bank. Whole amount of bills of said Franklin County Bank taken at the time of raid ..
40,000 00 Whole amount of so-called legal tender notes, issued by
the United States' Government, and bills of solvent banks of New England and Nev York
36,406 63 Interest annually thereo: to February 15th, 1872, date of memorial
40,711 26 Interest on 76,406 dol. 63 c. from February 15th, 1872, to June 15tlı, 1873
3,256 90 Whole amount of damages sustained by suspension and closing of the bank
23,000 00 Interest thereon from February 15th, 1872, to June 15th, 1873.
2,000 00 Whole amount paid out for expenses, as per memorial
5,000 00 Interest thereon from October 19th, 1864, to June 15th, 1873..
All the bills of the Franklin County Bank in excess of 31,857 dollars taken from that bank, amounting to 8,143 dollars, were redeemed by the claimant. The balance of the loss was in the bills of other banks or Government currency.
Claim No. 5. Mariette Fields, Administratrir.
Claim No. 6. Seth W. Langdon.
50 dollars each
annually attached, to February 15th, 1872
295 98 40 00
Claim No. 10. Charles F. Everest.
Amount of United States' coupon bonds, with gold
593 08 96 00
1,889 08 Claim No. 14. Lucian B. Clough, Administrator. Damages claimed on behalf of the widow and children of
Elinas J. Morrison, for shooting and killing said
10,000 00 1873, at 6 per cent. per annum
Amount of moneys and securities received by Canadian officials belonging to the claimants, and either misappropriated by those officials to their own use, or wrongfully given over to the St. Alban's raiders : Standish and a Government official of Canada took from
a shed of the International Hotel at Frelighsburg and gave to George N. Saunders, Rebel Agent in Canada, (See Standich dep. pages 71 and 75)
15,000 00 Collector. of Customs, Kemp, a Government official,
received from one of the raiders, Mr. Wallace, at Frelighsburg (see Ambrose L. Hall's dep., page 50), and gave a portion to the raiders
10,000 00 Orrin B. Kemp, the clerk of the magistrates' court at
Frelighsburgh, had two 100-dollar United States'
200 00 Bailiffs Wells and Monahan likewise had moneys left with them by the raiders, which was afterwards given over to the raiders; but the exact amount the claimants have been unable to ascertain. The last above moneys, taken by Canadian officials,
amounting to about And interest thereon from October 19th, 1864, to June
15th, 1873, amounting to Amounting in all to was not included in the amount surrendered up to the raiders by Lamothe, and the same has never been surrendered up to its owners,
wise accounted for by the Canadian Government to its owners. This amount is included in the amounts claimed by claimants in their memorials as above specified.
The claimants are at a loss to see how the British Government can refuse, under any view of the law, to pay to the claimants this amount of money, which the Canadian officials, holding commissions direct from their Government, either corruptly appropriated to their own use or wrongly restored to the raiders.