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Τ Η Ε

LIFE and DEATH

OF

R I CH ARD

THE

S E C O N D.

KING Richard the Second.
Duke of York,

Uncles.to Bolingbroke, Son to John of Gaunt, afterwards King

Henry the Fourth.
Aumerle, Son to the Duke of York.
Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.
Earl of Salisbury
Earl of Berkley
Bulhy,
Bagot, Servants to King Richard.
Green,
Earl of Northumberland,
Percy, son to Northumberland, Friends to Bolingbroke.
Ross,
Willoughby,
Bishop of Carlisle,
Sir Stephen Scroop, s

Friends to King Richard.
Fitzwater,
Surry,

Abbot of Westminster, Lords in the Parliament.
Sir Pierce of Exton,

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Queen to King Richard.
Puichess of Gloucester.
Dutchess of York.
Ladies attending on the Queen.

Heralds, two Gardiners, Keéper, Messenger, Groom, and

other Attendants.

SCEN E, dispersedly, in several Parts of

England,

The

(1) The LIFE and DEATH of KING RICHARD II.

A C Τ Ι.. SCENE, the COURT. Enter King Richard, John of Gaunt, with other No

bles and. Attendants..

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King RICHAR D..
LD John of Gaunt, time-honour'd Lancaster,
Haft thou, according to thy oath and bond,

Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold son,
Here to make good the boift'rous late appeal,

(1) The life and death of King Richard 11.] But this history comprizes little more than the two last years of this unfortunate Prince.. The action of the drama begins with Bolingbroke's appealing the Duke of Norfolk, on an accusation of high treason, which fell out in the year 1398 ; aod it closes with the murder of King Richard at PomfreEastle, towards the end of the year 1400, or the beginning of the ensuing year. Mr. Gildon acknowledges, that Shakespeare has drawn: K. Ricbard's character according to the best accounts of history; that is,. insolent, proud, and thoughtless in prosperity; dejected, and de. fponding on the appearance of danger. -But whatever blemishes he had either in temper or conduct, the difresses of his latter days, the double divorce from his throne and Queen, are painted in such frong colours, that those blemishes are loft in the shade of his misfortunes; and our. apassion for him wipes out the memory of such fgots, quas bumana parum cavit natura.

Which

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Which then our leisure would not let us hear,
Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?

Gaunt. I have, my Liege.
K. Rich. Tell me moreover, haft thou sounded him,
If he appeal the Duke on ancient malice,
Or worthily, as a good subject should,
On some known ground of treachery in him?

Gaunt. As near as I could lift him on that argument, On some apparent danger seen in himAim'd at your Highness; no invetrate malice.

K. Rich. Then call them to our presence; face to face, And frowning brow to brow; ourselves will hear Th’accuser, and th' accused freely speak: High ftomach'd are they both; and full of ire; In rage, deaf as the sea; hafty as fire.

Enter Bolingbroke and Mowbray. Boling. May many years of happy days befal My gracious Sovereign, my most loving Liege !

Mowb. Each day still better other's happiness; Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap, Add an immortal title to your crown!

K. Rich. We thank you both, yet one but flatters us, As well appeareth by the cause you come; Namely, t'appeal each other of high treason. Coufin of Hereford, what doft thou object Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?

Boling. First, (Heaven be the record to my speech!)
In the devotion of a subject's love,
Tend'ring the precious fafety of my Prince,
And free from other mis-begotten hate,
Come I appellant to this princely presence.
Now, Thomas Mowbray, 'do I turn to thee,
And mark my greeting well; for what I speak,
My body shall make good upon this earth,
Or my divine foul answer it in heav'n.

Thou art a traitor and a miscreant ;
Too good to be so, and too bad to live ;
Since, the more fair and crystal is the sky,
The uglier seem the clouds, that in it fly.

Once

Once more, the more to aggravate the note,
With a foul traitor's name stuff I thy throai:
And wish, so please my Sor'reign, ere I move,
What my tongue speaks,my right-drawn sword may prove.

Mowb. Let not my cold words here accuse my zeal ;
'Tis not the trial of a woman's war,
The bitter clamour of two eager tongues,
Can arbitrate this cause betwixt us twain;
The blood is hot, that must be cool'd for this.
Yet can I not of such tame patience bolt,
As to be huth'd, and nought at all to lay.
First, the fair rev’rence of your Highness curbs me,
From giving reins and spurs to my free speech;
Which else would poit, until it had return'd
These terms of creason doubled down his throat.
Setting aside his high blood's royalty,
And let him be no kinsman to my Liege,
I do defy him, and I spit at him;
Call him a slanderous coward, and a villain ;
Which to maintain, I would allow him odds,
And meet him, were I ty'd to run a-foot
Even to the frozen ridges of the Alps,
Or any other ground unhabitable (2),

Where (2) Or any orber ground inhabitable. ] I don't know that this word, (like the French term, inbabitable,) will admit the two different acceptations of a place to be dwelt in, and 7.01 to be dwelt in : (or that it may be taken in the latter sense, as inbabitabilis (among the larines) sogni.. fies uninbabitab'e ; tho' inbabitare signifies only to inbabie :) and there. fore I have ventur'd to read,

Or any orber ground unhabitable; So in the old Quarto, or first rough draught of our author's Taming of tbe Sbrew ;.

Unbabitable as the burning Zone. I confess, there is a passage in Ben Johnson's tragedy of Cariline, which should feem to favour the equivocal construction and use of this word;

And who, in such a cause, and 'gainst such fiends,
Would not now with himself all arm and weapon,
To cut such poisons from the earth, and let
Their blood out, to be drawn away in clouds,
And pour’d on some inbabitable place,
Where the hot fuo ang lime breeds nought but monfters?..
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