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KING Richard the Second.
Uncles.to Bolingbroke, Son to John of Gaunt, afterwards King
Henry the Fourth.
Friends to King Richard.
Abbot of Westminster, Lords in the Parliament.
Queen to King Richard.
Heralds, two Gardiners, Keéper, Messenger, Groom, and
SCEN E, dispersedly, in several Parts of
(1) The LIFE and DEATH of KING RICHARD II.
A C Τ Ι.. SCENE, the COURT. Enter King Richard, John of Gaunt, with other No
bles and. Attendants..
King RICHAR D..
Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold son,
(1) The life and death of King Richard 11.] But this history comprizes little more than the two last years of this unfortunate Prince.. The action of the drama begins with Bolingbroke's appealing the Duke of Norfolk, on an accusation of high treason, which fell out in the year 1398 ; aod it closes with the murder of King Richard at PomfreEastle, towards the end of the year 1400, or the beginning of the ensuing year. Mr. Gildon acknowledges, that Shakespeare has drawn: K. Ricbard's character according to the best accounts of history; that is,. insolent, proud, and thoughtless in prosperity; dejected, and de. fponding on the appearance of danger. -But whatever blemishes he had either in temper or conduct, the difresses of his latter days, the double divorce from his throne and Queen, are painted in such frong colours, that those blemishes are loft in the shade of his misfortunes; and our. apassion for him wipes out the memory of such fgots, quas bumana parum cavit natura.
Which then our leisure would not let us hear,
Gaunt. I have, my Liege.
Gaunt. As near as I could lift him on that argument, On some apparent danger seen in himAim'd at your Highness; no invetrate malice.
K. Rich. Then call them to our presence; face to face, And frowning brow to brow; ourselves will hear Th’accuser, and th' accused freely speak: High ftomach'd are they both; and full of ire; In rage, deaf as the sea; hafty as fire.
Enter Bolingbroke and Mowbray. Boling. May many years of happy days befal My gracious Sovereign, my most loving Liege !
Mowb. Each day still better other's happiness; Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap, Add an immortal title to your crown!
K. Rich. We thank you both, yet one but flatters us, As well appeareth by the cause you come; Namely, t'appeal each other of high treason. Coufin of Hereford, what doft thou object Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?
Boling. First, (Heaven be the record to my speech!)
Thou art a traitor and a miscreant ;
Once more, the more to aggravate the note,
Mowb. Let not my cold words here accuse my zeal ;
Where (2) Or any orber ground inhabitable. ] I don't know that this word, (like the French term, inbabitable,) will admit the two different acceptations of a place to be dwelt in, and 7.01 to be dwelt in : (or that it may be taken in the latter sense, as inbabitabilis (among the larines) sogni.. fies uninbabitab'e ; tho' inbabitare signifies only to inbabie :) and there. fore I have ventur'd to read,
Or any orber ground unhabitable; So in the old Quarto, or first rough draught of our author's Taming of tbe Sbrew ;.
Unbabitable as the burning Zone. I confess, there is a passage in Ben Johnson's tragedy of Cariline, which should feem to favour the equivocal construction and use of this word;
And who, in such a cause, and 'gainst such fiends,