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PASSED BY THE
General Court of Massachusetts,
IN THE YEAR
1 8 6 2:
THE CONSTITUTION, THE MESSAGES OF THE GOV.
CHANGES OF NAMES OF PERSONS,
WILLIAM WHITE, PRINTER TO THE STATE.
18 6 2.
FORM OF GOVERNMENT
Commonwealtþ of Massachusetts.
The end of the institution, maintenance and administra- Objects of gov
ernment. tion of government, is to secure the existence of the body politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it, with the power of enjoying, in safety and tranquillity, their natural rights, and the blessings of life: and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness.
The body politic is formed by a voluntary association of Body politio, how individuals : it is a social compact, by which the whole peo- its nature. ple covenants with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for the common good. It is the duty of the people, therefore, in framing a constitution of government, to provide for an equitable mode of making laws, as well as for an impartial interpretation and a faithful execution of them; that every man may, at all times, find his security in them.
We, therefore, the people of Massachusetts, acknowledging, with grateful hearts, the goodness of the great Legislator of the universe, in affording us, in the course of his providence, an opportunity, deliberately and peaceably, without fraud, violence or surprise, of entering into an original, explicit and solemn campact with each other; and of forming