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3. The Rules of Syntax, before given, are
With all these improvements however,
But the Rules, which have been here laid
ing either. Poetical, or Prosaic Writers; and that, as it conceives, without impropriety; for there is no one mode of figurative expression used by the Greek Poets, which is not also frequently adopted by their Writers in Prose. But the Second proposes to itself to teach Style also, and therefore selects Sentences from one Author only, and that the most excellent of all others for beautiful Simplicity, viz. the Incomparable XENOPHON.
Lastly, let it be premised of the whole Work, that being calculated for the ordinary use of those who have made no very great proficiency in Greek Learning, it is satisfied with having given only such rules as are necessary for juft and elegant composition. The more minute niceties of the Greek Language are to be found in the Port Royal Grammar; and the Edition of Dawes's Miscellanea Critica, published by the learned and admirable THOMAS BURGESS *: the filling up of its Ellipses (which . alone resolves all the seeming difficulties of Greek Synthesis) is fully taught in the Ellipses Græce by LAMBERTUS Bos t: the doctrine of
* Now Bishop of St. David's.
+ In the Edition by Schwebelius; or, in that printed at HALLE, improved with the Notes of MICHAELIS. B 3
its Particles is explained in the Do&trinæ Particularum, by HOOGEVEEN: the flexion of Verbs in a more simplified manner is exhibited in the Analogia Græca by LENNEP: the peculiar elegancies of the Greek Idiom are set forth in ViGER’s Book De præcipuis Græcæ Dictionis Idiotismis, edited and improved by HOOGEVEEN: the philosophical distinctions of Grammar in general, and of Greek in particular, are to be learned from Volume the Second on the Origin and Progress of Language, by Lord MonBODDO; who, notwithstanding some ftrange hypotheses objectionable in both his Works, has nevertheless with accurate fidelity exhibited the Metaphysics of ARISTOTLE; and with acknowledged erudition, penetration, and taste, developed the structure and harmony, the force and beauty of Ancient Composition.
For the information of those who would make farther enquiries into the Grammatical Art, is extracted and fubjoined from the First Book of Vossius De Arte Grammaticá, c. 4. a brief account of those Writers, to whom Grammarians of later times are much indebted for their knowledge and observations.
“ Eorum, quorum nobile quicquam supersit, princeps locus debetur APOLLONIO Alexandrino, cognomento Avoxoræ five difficili : qui tempore M. ANTONINI claruit. Hujus quatuor extant Libri Περι Συνταξεως. Ηoc volumen ipfe neceffarium esse ait ad poetas intelligendos, atque id a se scriptum pela waons angolcas. Etiam filius ejus HERODIANUS plurima reliquit, hodieque fuperfunt Παρεκβολα μεγαλου ρηματος, και εκ των αυτου, Παραγωγα δυσκλιτων ρηματων : item quedam Περι Αριθμων. Ρraeterea ad nos pervenit libellus TRYPHONIS Alexandrini De Dialectis, item de Vocum Paffionibus. Item exstat ELII DIONYSII opufculum Περι Ακλιτων ρηματων et Περι εγκλινομενων λεξεων : necnon JOANNIS GRAMMATICI Περι εγκλινομενων, uti et De Dialectis. Etiam CheroBOSCi fupereft libellus Περι εγκλινομενων, et Περι του Εσιν, et de femininis in w exeuntibus, deque TOU' EQEXXUSIXOU N, sive, quibus y addatur, vel non addatur. Multi etiam, renafcentibus literis, præclarè de Arte hac meriti funt. Ex iis, EMANUEL CHRYSOLORAS idoneus eft, unde discantur principia linguæ Græcæ: nisi quòd verborum formationes omittit. Plenior DEMETRIUS CHALCONDYLAS. Addendus EMANUEL MoscHOPULUs Περι Συνταξεως. . Fusiùs de arte scripsit CONSTANTINUS LASCARIS. Omnium vero doctiffimè hanc artem Libris Quatuor tractavit Theodorus GAZA Theffalo
nicensis. Cujus operam ab ingenio et doctrina fic commendat FRANCISCUS ROBORTELLUS, ut nulli veterum poftponendam dicat. Nec ei se simile quicquam legiffe, eo in genere,
dictitabat BUDÆUS. Is, primo quidem libro, agit de literis, et octo orationis partibus, præpofitione exceptâ, de qua libro iv. Secundo, accuratiùs illa de octo partibus expendit, ac, præter cætera, temporum formationem exponit. Tertio considerat accentus, quantitatem, orthographiam, et varios barbarismi modos. Quartus eft de structura orationis, et variis dicendi formis.”
By the most judicious Writers on Language, APOLLONIUS and GAZA are cited as Authors of superior merit ; they may therefore be recommended to the particular notice of the Greek Student,