The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

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OUP Oxford, 24.01.2008 - 356 Seiten
In 1572, towns in the province of Holland, led by William of Orange, rebelled against the government of the Habsburg Netherlands. The story of the Dutch Revolt is usually told in terms of fractious provinces that frustrated Orange's efforts to formulate a coherent programme. In this book James D. Tracy argues that there was a coherent strategy for the war, but that it was set by the towns of Holland. Although the States of Holland were in theory subject to the States General, Holland provided over 60 per cent of the taxes and an even larger share of war loans. Accordingly, funds were directed to securing Holland's borders, and subsequently to extending this protected frontier to neighbouring provinces. Shielded from the war by its cordon sanitaire, Holland experienced an extraordinary economic boom, allowing taxes and loans to keep flowing. The goal - in sight if not achieved by 1588 - was a United Provinces of the north, free and separate from provinces in the southern Netherlands that remained under Spanish rule. With Europe increasingly under the sway of strong hereditary princes, the new Dutch Republic was a beacon of promise for those who still believed that citizens ought to rule themselves.
 

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Inhalt

THE MANAGEMENT OF DEBT
iii
RECEIVERS LOANSAND REPARTITIËN
iii
FROM THE HUNDREDTH PENNY TO THE VERPONDING
iii
Seeds of Discord
iii
The Noorderkwartier
iii
Amsterdam
iii
Leiden and Haarlem
iii
Dordrecht and Gouda
iii

2War Finance and Fiscal Devolution
THE PROVINCIAL LANDAND EXCISE TAXES
CEREMONIAL FORUMOR COMMUNITY OF THE REALM?
THE BANKERS COME TO CALL
The HabsburgEra to 1567
PART IIWAR IN HOLLAND OCTOBER 1572JULY 1576
ii
Repression Rebellion and Revolt 15671572
ii
4Toward a Workable Strategy for Defensive Warfare
ii
5The New Fiscal Regime
ii
The Urban Oligarchies
ii
PART IIIHOLLAND AND THE CLOSERUNION JULY 1576DECEMBER1582
iii
The States General at War with Spain
iii
7Hollands Garden
iii
8Paying for an Ever More Expensive War
iii
GEMENE MIDDELEN
iii
CHURCH AND STATE
iii
Dordrecht and Delft
iii
Gouda and Leiden
iii
PART IVA NEW REPUBLIC 15831588
iv
Parmas Offensive 15831588
v
10The Securing of Hollands Forward Frontier15831588
xii
11Hollands Pyramid of Credit
xxiv
THE PYRAMID OF CREDIT
xxviii
THE VERPONDING
xxxiii
AMSTERDAM
xxxvi
Holland and its Critics
xli
The Dutch Republic in EuropesRepublican Tradition c15901650
lxi
Bibliography
lxxiii
Index
xciii
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Über den Autor (2008)

James D. Tracy is Professor of History at the University of Minnesota.

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