The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588
OUP Oxford, 24.01.2008 - 356 Seiten
In 1572, towns in the province of Holland, led by William of Orange, rebelled against the government of the Habsburg Netherlands. The story of the Dutch Revolt is usually told in terms of fractious provinces that frustrated Orange's efforts to formulate a coherent programme. In this book James D. Tracy argues that there was a coherent strategy for the war, but that it was set by the towns of Holland. Although the States of Holland were in theory subject to the States General, Holland provided over 60 per cent of the taxes and an even larger share of war loans. Accordingly, funds were directed to securing Holland's borders, and subsequently to extending this protected frontier to neighbouring provinces. Shielded from the war by its cordon sanitaire, Holland experienced an extraordinary economic boom, allowing taxes and loans to keep flowing. The goal - in sight if not achieved by 1588 - was a United Provinces of the north, free and separate from provinces in the southern Netherlands that remained under Spanish rule. With Europe increasingly under the sway of strong hereditary princes, the new Dutch Republic was a beacon of promise for those who still believed that citizens ought to rule themselves.
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THE MANAGEMENT OF DEBT
RECEIVERS LOANSAND REPARTITIËN
FROM THE HUNDREDTH PENNY TO THE VERPONDING
Seeds of Discord
Leiden and Haarlem
Dordrecht and Gouda
The Urban Oligarchies
PART IIIHOLLAND AND THE CLOSERUNION JULY 1576DECEMBER1582
The States General at War with Spain
8Paying for an Ever More Expensive War
CHURCH AND STATE
Dordrecht and Delft
Gouda and Leiden
PART IVA NEW REPUBLIC 15831588
Parmas Offensive 15831588
10The Securing of Hollands Forward Frontier15831588
11Hollands Pyramid of Credit
THE PYRAMID OF CREDIT
Holland and its Critics
The Dutch Republic in EuropesRepublican Tradition c15901650
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Eingeschränkte Leseprobe - 2008
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Alba Alexandre Farnèse Amsterdam Antwerp April army August Baltic Brabant Brill Brussels burghers Calvinist Cambridge University Press Catholic cavalry cent Charles church city’s commanders companies Council debts defend Delft deputies Dordrecht duke Dutch Republic Dutch Revolt Enkhuizen excise February Flanders Friesland garrison Gelderland gemene middelen German Geschiedenis Ghent Gorinchem Gouda governor–general Groen Haarlem Habsburg Hague Holland and Zeeland Holland under Habsburg infantry INGWVO Jan van Nassau January July June land Leicester Leiden levy licenten loans Lords Low Countries Maas magistrates March Mary of Hungary Medemblik merchants military month Netherlands Nierop Noorderkwartier North Holland October ofthe Oorsprong Orange’s Overijssel Parma payments Philip political pounds prince provinces quota RANH RAZH Reformed Rennenberg renten repartitie repartitiën revenues sconces September siege soldiers Sonoy Spain Spanish stadtholder Staten van Holland subsidy towns Tracy trade troops Union of Utrecht verponding vroedschap Willem van Oranje Zeeland Zuider Zee