Gene Patents and Collaborative Licensing Models: Patent Pools, Clearinghouses, Open Source Models and Liability Regimes

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Geertrui van Overwalle
Cambridge University Press, 11.06.2009 - 477 Seiten
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Concerns have been expressed that gene patents might result in restricted access to research and health care. The exponential growth of patents claiming human DNA sequences might result in patent thickets, royalty stacking and, ultimately, a 'tragedy of the anti-commons' in genetics. The essays in this book explore models designed to render patented genetic inventions accessible for further use in research, diagnosis or treatment. The models include patent pools, clearing house mechanisms, open source structures and liability regimes. They are analysed by scholars and practitioners in genetics, law, economics and philosophy. The volume looks beyond theoretical and scholarly analysis by conducting empirical investigation of existing examples of collaborative licensing models. Those models are examined from a theoretical perspective and tested in a set of operational cases. This combined approach is unique in its kind and prompts well founded and realistic solutions to problems in the current gene patent landscape.
 

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Inhalt

Patent pooling for genebased diagnostic testing
3
Case 1 The MPEG LA Licensing Model What
33
Case 2 The SARS case IP fragmentation
42
Critical analysis ofpatent pools
50
Clearinghouse mechanisms in genetic diagnostics
63
Case 3 The Global Biodiversity Information Facility GBIF
120
Agriculture PIPRA A standard license public sector
135
The Science Commons Material Transfer
143
Critical commentary on open source in the life
213
Several kinds of should The ethics of open source
219
Pathways across the valley of death Novel intellectual
247
Case 10 The International Treaty on Plant Genetic
289
from discovery to invention
311
Patent tsunami in the field of genetic diagnostics
331
Gene patents and clearing models Some comments from
339
Access to genetic patents and clearing models
350

Case 7 The collective management of copyright
151
Comment on the conceptual framework for
161
Open source genetics Conceptual framework
171
Case 8 CAMBIAs Biological Open Source
194
Case 9 Diversity Arrays Technology Pty Ltd DArT
204
The role of law institutions and governance
365
Of thickets blocks and gaps Designing tools
383
Index
465
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Über den Autor (2009)

Geertrui van Overwalle is head of the Patent Law Research Group at the Centre for Intellectual Property Rights at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. She also teaches Intellectual Property Law and Patent Law at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and the University of Liège.

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