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NEW SERTES. No 6--Voul] BALTIMORE, OCTOBER 4, 1817. [No. 6--Vor. XllI. Whole No.318
THE PAST THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURB.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT 95 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Demonstrations of Expenditure.
GREAT BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES. The first set of the diagrams given below, are copied from the Liverpool Courier." Each square is said to “shew the extent and proportion of the different branches of public expen
diture of the British empire;" its object is to demonstrate that relief promised from the abolition of pensions and sinecures is wholly fallacious, and to point out the necessity of striking at the great causes of expenditure, especially that on account of the national delt.
The second set, relating to the United States, have been drawn by the editor of the WeekBY REGISTER, on the same scale as those laid down for Great Britain, that a comparison may 'at önce be made. It should, however, be observed, that in the amount of the annual ex.
penditure of the United States, and in the cost of the debt, is included an actual regular re duction of the national debt of about five millions per annum---or, equal to nearly 5 per cent. of the present capital;* while that of Great Britain is increasing.
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. Total annual expenditure of Great
Britain and Ireland.
Total annual expense of
the national debt.
uf Ireland. Tojal of the government
Ussides the above, the British editor should have added poor-rates and tytlies; which, ar: torting to the preceding scale, would stand about this:
The last, the tythes, alone, being as large as the diagram shewing the whole disbursement of the government of the United States.
The scale is so small that, as it applies to the United States, it is hardly possible to make it mathematically just---but it is suficiently go to answer the purpose of a general cons parison, for which it is designed, though coarsely done.
* The actual reduction of the debt is equal to about one-fifih of the whole ex pentditare of the United States.
Vol. XIII. -6..
The colonization scheme. branded by a hot iron with their owner's namel To say that I would be a zealous friend of
--Their situation in any part of the United
States is much better than it is in the West any rightful and reasonable scheme that could Indies; but we blush at the manifestation of a black poputation, or lessen their number, would disposition to treat them as bad, and to fo bid black population, or lessen their number, would the
probability of their ever becoming useful, WEEKLY REGISTER, I Hatter myself, have except as slaves. The e are laws existing (we found me consistent. I never have inade one read and those who commend such laws rail
believe) to punish persons for teaching them to rule of right for one set of men, or for one at the degeneracy” and “brutality of the country, and advocated its opposite as appli- blacks! Abishop of an established church cable to another. The doctrine of expediency would not do more than this-produce a cause is the doctrine of tyrants—the fertile source and condemn the effect! of most of the evils of the human race--yet necessity may supercede law; and, perhaps; mind, was so much hedged by difficulties. I
No question that ever presented itself to my even acts of violence are sometimes justified have thought much upon it, for I have believed to repress, or extinguish, a greater and more that “God is just;" but never yet was able to fix permanent evil. But who shall settle boundaries to power: Who restrain the impetu
upon any thing even agreeable to my own mind, osity of man armed with a little brief authori. regarding, alike, the rights and safety of the two
parties concerned in the affai. To effect this, ty: --Hic labor, hoc opus est.
would be to me a greater glory than to have I entirely dislike the cynical spirit that finds won the victory of aterloo:--but it has bofault without offering a substitute for the thing thered wiser heads than mine. something that condemned. Yet, while I profess myself with-will very gradually, but constantly, conduct out any hope of success in the colonization us to the desired end, inay possibly strike a project I freely acknowledge that I have no- philanthropic n:ind-and, I would only ald, thing better to offer. I am only afraid that, by that that something must be looked for at home. having our attention directed abroad, we may
From the United Slates' Gazitie. neglect our means at home. This is the opera- Estimate of the time and expenses of transporting, tion of things in too many important particu- maintaining, and establishing, exclusive of the lars in the United States. It is in ourselves, charges of governing and protecting a colony of and by ourselves only, that we have to expect
free people of color, in Africa, as proposed by
the American Colonization Society. any important or permanent improvement of In the United States, there are now, 1,500,000 our condition, in any respect. * Foreign af- people of color (of whom 1,200,000, are slaves.) fairs are as one of the many items that conduce ir it is contemplated to remove but one third of this to these; we would not disregard them ---but number, to the colony, at least 34 years will be rethe people have placed too great a value upon quired for that purpose, as not more than 15,000, thein.
can be transported in any one year.
To remove 15,000 in one year, will require about I am not prepared to say that the annexed 60 ships or vessels, as it would be dangerous and estimate is too high. If it is so, and we de oppressive to send on board of any one vessel, more duct fifty per cent. froin it, the amount still than 250 persons. left is formidable enough to repress every ex
The transportation of 15,000 persons
in 60 ships, in each year, will cost pectation of success in the project. If, at so $75 for each person, being for the much cost and trouble, we find 15,000 annual- 15,000 persons
$1,125,000 ly willing to go to a strange land, and effect The expenses of clothing and fitting their transportation, what is the consequence?
each colonist for the voyage, as it in the mean time we shall have had 55 or
is known almost every one will be 60,000 such persons born amongst us, and no
unprovided for such an expedition,
will be at least $25, eachi, making sensible effect will be to be discerned.
575,000 Let us look at home. Let the talents, the It is contemplated, by the present zeal, the influence and the wealth excited in
plan of the American colonization behalf of the plan for foreign colonization, be
society, to find each colonist with
food for one year, after his arrival domesticated to the relief, protection and ad
in Africa, the charges for which, vancement of the unfortunate race- and some
as provisions must be sent from thing, I know not what, perhaps, may be fall- America, will not be less tlian $75 en on to bring about an object so much to be for each, making for 15,000
1,125,000 lesired, as an annelioration of their condition, it is also contemplated, and admitted if not a remote, but ultimate, change of their
to be necessary, by the advocates of circumstances.
*The following are examples of the manner of In the West Indies, this wretched race of advertising runaways in Jamaica "Deborah, a cre. men are regarded exactly in the same light marked 11. W. L. er right breası”—William, a
ole, marked C. M. on right shoulder"'--"Tom, a creale, that we regard borses; and are, in like manner mundingo, marked I. W. on his breasts.”
this plan, to clothe each co'onist
lives that we might live free and independent. for two years after his arrival in
Moved by sensibilities which these reflections Africa, the expenses of which, may
call forth, and which they can never wish to be computed for each year $25, being S50 for every colonist in the
pro repress,---the Republican Artillerists of Ches. two years, and making for 15,000 750,000 ter county, believe it would be highly becomThe purchase of land, supposing for
ing in thein, to attempt such measures as will every family of 10 persons, one hun
enable them to pay a tribute of respect, which dred acres are procured, will re:
has so long been due, to the memory of dequire every year for 15,000 colo.
parted merit: They therefore nists 150,000 acres, which will cost
Resolve, That Isaac D. Barnard, Joshua not less than twenty cents per acre, and will amount to
Evans, jr. and Joseph Pearce, esquires, be a
30,000 The cost of agricultural instruments,
committee to inake arrangements for enclosing, articles for domestic purposes, the
in a durable manner, the graves of the brave erection of buildings for each fami
men who perished in the massacre, near the ly, and of mills for the preparation
Paoli, on the 20th September, 1777; and also of the products of their industry
to procure a stone, with an appropriate inscripfor fool or market, will not be less for each family than 875, and for
tion, to be placed in such part of the enclothe 1,500 families will be
122,500 sure as shall be deemed most expedient.
Resolved, that it be enjoined upon said comJannunting to an aggregate annual
mittee to confer with such of our surviving reexpenditure of
4,797,500 volutionary patriots as can conveniently be And to the aggregate expenditure for
consulted, with respect to the most eligible
mode of performing this duty; and also that the 500,000 colonists of
the committee be directed to open a subscripBy the period the 500,000 are com
tion paper for the purpose of defraying the pletely colonized, the remaining
expense of the same; to which our fellow-citicoloured populatiou of the United
zens generally are hereby respectfully invited States will have increased
to contribute. 3,000,000, and to colonize them at the raie of 90,000 per year, will
Resolved, that so soon at the said committec require 34 years and 360 ships,
shall be enabled to go on with the work, they each transporting 250 persons, and
be directed to have the same executed in the the annual espenses of these colo
best possible manner; and, if practicable, to nists according to the foregoing es•
have it in such a state of forwardness that it timale, wilide
98,795,000 may be completed, in the presence of the comAnd the aggrega!e cost of colonizing
pany, on Saturday the 20th September next. the whole of those persons, inciud.
Resolved, that in case the undertaking can ing the expenses of the first colo.
be accomplished by the time aforesaid, this ny of 500,000, will
$979,030,000 company will assemble at the Paoli, on the an
niversary of the catastrophe, and proceed Paoli Monument.
from thence to the place of burial, to close the ists of Chester county,” held on the fourth of committee proceeded to the performance of the At a meeting of the Republican Artille. ceremony with the insual military honors.
in conformity with these resolutions the July, 1817-Isaac D. Barnard, esq. presid- Auty assigned them. The tumulus, or cluster ing, and Dr. WM. DARLINGTON, acting as of graves, in which the soldiers were interred, vice president; after the proceedings in ho- was enclosed by a substantial stone wall, form. nor of the day had been gone through, the following preamble and resolutions were submit
ing an oblong square, from north to south, six"ted to the consideration of the
ty-five feet long by twenty feet wide, with a company,
and unanimously a lopted:
gate in the middle of the western side-wall.
A handsome marble inouement, eight feet and On the 20th of September next, it will have been forty years since a number of our revo- erected in the centre of the enclosure. Upon
an half in height, was then procured and lutionary heroes, commandled by the gallant the four sides of the die of the monument, gen. Wayne, were massacred in the most which is a solidl block of marble four feet in savage manner by the British, in a night at height, and twenty inches square, the follow tack, near the Paoli
. The soil which has ing inscriptions are engravedl-... been consecrated by the remains of these patriots, is exposed to the invasion of every rude
(On the west side-frosting the gates and careless footstep, with no enclosure to
SACRED protect it-without even the humble meinorial
to the memory of the
PATRIOTS of a stone to designate the spot, where sleep who on this spot fell a sacrifice our brave defenders. Yet a few sljort years,
to and conjecture alone could point to thie turf
BRITISH BARBARITY, which wraps the men, who laid down their
during the struggle for
AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE, mory of the men of '76 is still cherished with on the night of the
a holy fervor; and that the spirit of those twentieth Septeinber
times is still 'emplatically the spirit of the American people. The numbers, brilliancy,
and respectability of the assemblage at the on the south side.)
Paoli, on the the morning of the 20th Septem
ber, has probably never been equalled on any the remains of fifty-three
occasion, in Chester county. l'pwards of sour AMERICAN SOLDIERS,
hundred volunteer troops, of different descripwho were the victims of cold-blooded cruelty
tions, appeared completely equipped; and the
concoursc of citizens was immense. The in the well known "MASSACRE AT THE PAOLI,”
zeal and spirit displayed by the Junior Artilwhile under the command
lerists of Philadelphia, and the volunteer of
corps from Montgomeryj and Delaware counGENERAL ANTHONY WAYNE,
ties, in attending from such a distance, deserve an officer whose military conduct, bravery and humanity, particular notice and acknowledgment. were equally conspicuous
At 11 o'clock, the procession was organized throughout the
by colonel Cromwell Pearce, late of the 16th REVOLUTIONARY WAR. regt. U. S. infantry, who acted as officer of
the day;---and the line of march was taken up (On the north side.)
in the following order:ATROCIOUS MASSACRE
Capt. Harris' ", Union troop of
Chester and Delaware,
officer of the day.
Isaac Wayne esqr. Rev. David Jones. of
Officers of the U. s, nary.
"Riepublican Artillerists of Chester county." (On the east side.)
commanded by maj. Barnard, This memorial
(with an elegant brass field piece.)
Captain Cooper's "Junior Artillerists,”
Captain Wersler's “Chester county
volunteer light infantry.” KEPUBLICAN ARTILLERISTS Capt. Holdgate's "Montgomery Blues." of Chester county,
Capt. G. G. Leiper's "Delaware Fencibles." aided by the contributions of their fellow-citizens.
Brig. gen. Brooke, and staff--and
officers of the 3rd division, It being ascertained that the work would be accomplished in due time for the purpose, the
Pennsylvania militia. artillerists prepared to close the proceedings
Field officers of inilitia, from Philadelphia. with appropriate military honors, on the anni- Capt. Holstein's troop of cavalry, versary of the massacre.
from Montgomery county. The surviving officers and soldiers of the re- Capt. Smith's Delaware county troop. volutionary war; the rev. David Jones, who
Contributors served as chaplain to gen. Wayne's brigade
and throughout that contest, and Isace Wayne, esq.
Citizens generally. the only son of the general, were particularly 'The column moved in this order up the Lanrequested to honor the company with their pre-caster turnpike road as far as the Warren tasence on that day. The officers of the Srd vern where it wheeled to the left, and proceeddivision of Pennsylvania militia, were also re- led to the scite of the monument, which it apquested to attend--and the rolunteer corps of proached with solemn music, performed by Chester, and the adjacent counties, were in-two bands, attached to capt. Harris' troop, vited to co-operate with the artillerists on that and the Republican Artillerists, respectively, interesting occasion.
and accompanied by the inusic of the other These several invitations were accepted in corps. By this circuitous route, (about three a manner the most gratifying to the company miles in extent,) the whole ground of the scene who had undertaken the laudable and pious of action, on that disastrous night, was includwork. The attendance evinced that the me-led:
IN HONOR OF
Having arrived at the place of interment, and protecting property, and pursuing and obtain. the troops, and others, took the several stations ing happiness and safety. assigned to them; and an appropriate address
Sec. 2. That all power is inherent in the people; was delivered by major Barnard. The com- thority
, and instituted for their peace, safety, and
and all free governments are founded on their au, mittee of superintendance then proceeded to happiness. For the advancement of these ends, put the last hand to their labors, by adjusting they have, at all times, an unalienable and indetea: the pyramid which crowns the monument.- sible right to alter or reform their government in This was succeeded by an interesting account such manner as they may deem proper.
Sec. 3. That all men have a natural and indefea. of the massacre, by the rey. David Jones, the former chaplain to those ill-fated warriors, who the dictates of their consciences. That no man shall
sible right to worship Almighty God according to was on the ground at the time of that event. be compelled to attend, erect or support any place It did indeed excite emotions of peculiar in- of worship, or to maintain any ministry against his terest, to hear the voice of the venerable com- consent: That no human authority can, in any case panion of Wayne, now in his eighty-second whatever, control or interfere with the rights of con. year, who had served throughout the revolu- science: And that no preference shall ever be given tionary contest; and who again repaired to the by law to any religious societies, or modes of wor'. standard of his country, in order to animate ship: and no religious test shall be required as a
qualification to any office of trust or profit, his youthful compatriots, during the late war Sec. 4. That elections shall be free and equal. with the same vindictive enemy. When he Sec. 5 That in all civil cases, where the value in had finished his remarks, the ceremonies were controversy shall exceed the sum of twenty dollars, concluded by twenty rounds from the field- and in all criminal cases, except in petit misdemeure piece, by the Republican Artillerists, and se ceeding three dollars, in such manner as the legis.
ors, which shall be punishable by fine only, not exa veral völlies of musquetry, from the light lature may prescribe by law, the right of trial by ju. troops.
ry shall remain inviolate. The procession was then resumed; and, Sec. 6. That no power of suspending the opera. having retired some distance, the several con- tion of the laws shall be exercised, except by the panies were dismissed--and the business of legislature, or its authority. the day terminated in the most decorous and be demanded, or property taken or applied to pub
Sec. 7. That no man's particular services shall becoming manner. The scene throughout was lic use, without the consent of his representatives, solemn and imposing: and the impression up- or without a just compensation being made therefor. on the public feeling was, as it should be, of Sec. 8. The rights of the people to bę.secure in the most gratifying and salutary character.
their persons, houses, paper's, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be vio.
lated; and no warrant shall issue but upon probable Constitution of the State of Indiana. cularly describing the place to be searched, and
cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and parti. ADOPTED IN CONVEXTJOM, AT CORYDON, Ox Tue the persons or things to be seized. TWENTY NINTH DAY or JUNE, IN THE YEAR OF OUR Sec. 9. That the printing presses shall be free to LORD, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTEEN, and or every person who undertakes to examine the pro.
STATES THE ceedings of the legislature, or any branch of govern.
ment; and no law shall ever be made to restrain We, the representatives of the people of the ter. the right thereof. The free communication of ritory of Indiana, in convention, met at Corydon, on thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights Monday the tenth day of June, in the year of our of man; and every citizen may freely speak, write, Lord, eighteen hundred' and sixteen, and of the in- and print, on any subject, being responsible for the dependence of the United States, the fortieth, bav. abuse of that liberty. ing the right of admission into the general govern- Sec. 10. In prosecutions for the publication of ment, as a member of the union, consistent with the papers investigating the official conduct of officers constitution of the United States, the ordinance of op men in a public capacity, or where the matter congress of one thousand seven hundred and eighty published is proper for the public information, the seven, and the law of congress, entitled, "an act to truth thereof may be given in evidence; and in all enable the people of the Indiana territory to form a indictments for libels, the jury shall have a right to constitution and state government, and for the ad. determine the law and the facts, under the direce mission of such state into the union on an equal tion of the court, as in other cases. footing with the original sates," in order to establish 11. That all courts shall be open, and every pera justice, promote the welfare, and secure the bles- son, for an injury done bim, in his lands, goods, pero sings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity; do son, or reputation, shall have remedy by the due ordain and establish the following constitution or course of law; and right and justice administered torm of government; and do mutually agree with without denial or delay. each other to form ourselves into a free and inde. Sec. 12. That no person arrested, or confined in pendent state, by the name of the state of Indiana. jail, shall be treated with unnecessary rigor, or be
put to answer any criminal charge but by present. Sec. 1. That the general, great, and essential ment, indictment, or impeachment. principles of liberty and free government may be re.
Sec. 13. That in all criininal prosecutions, the accognized, and unalterably established: We declare, cused hath a right to be heard by himself and coun. That all men are born equally free and independent, sel, to demand the nature and cause of the accusa. and have certain natural, inherent, and unalienablé tion against him, and to have a copy thereof; to rights; among which are, the enjoying and defend. meet the witnesses face to face, to have compulsoing life and liberty, and of acquiring, possessing, I ry process for obtaining witresses io his favor; ant
THE INDEPENDEXCE OF