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tolary composition, and stamped beyond all question as authorities of the first character; though certainly not written with a view to publication. Here will be seen to equal advantage, the philosopher and the man of business, the moralist and negociator, the profound legislator, and the familiar friend, who opens his mind and delivers his sentiments with the same ingenuousness on matters of science and policy, the conduct of private life and the interests of nations. The correspondence contained in this collection, is indeed a store of the soundest lessons of practical wisdom upon subjects of universal moment, and it is also a repository of information which will afford the best instruction to politicians, and will prove a sure guide to the future historian, who shall undertake the task of recording the several stages that have led to the establishment of American Independence, with the consequences of that event upon the states of Europe. The MEMOIRS and CORRESPONDENCE of DR. FRANKLIN will shew much more clearly the great chain on which the fate of nations depends, than the debates of senates, the cabals of cabinets, or the details of battles: and to an Englishman, the Letters, now for the first time published, will be curious and important in a very high degree, as throwing a strong light upon the early part of the present reign, and upon the characters of those persons who had a principal share in the counsels which produced the dismemberment of the British empire, and the creation of a power, which, from being a dependent state, has become its most formidable rival.


Petition. -America known to the Euro-

peans before Columbus


Dr. Franklin to Samuel Danforth, Esq. July 5, 1773.

to His most Serene Highness Don Gabriel of

Bourbon, Philadelphia, Dec. 12, 1775.

On receiving his Version of Sallust


to Dr. Priestly, Paris, Jan. 27, 1777. Phi-

losopher's Stone.-State of affairs in Ame-



to Mrs. Thompson, (at Lille) Feb. 8, 1777. 26

to Dr. Cooper, (Boston.) May 1, 1777. 29

to Mr. Winthrop, (Boston.) May 1, 1777. 30

to Mr. Cushing, (Boston.) May 1, 1777. 32

to Mr. Thomas Viny, (Tenterden, Kent.)

Passy near Paris, May 4, 1779.


to Mrs. Wright, (London.) May 4, 1779. 34

to General Beckwith, May 17, 1779. Dis-

couraging his going to the United States

under the Expectation of being employed

in its armies


to Sir Edward Newenham, Bart. (Dublin.)

May 27, 1779. Respecting Irish Emigra-

tions to the United States

to General Gates, June 2, 1779. Relative

to the Chevalier De Ramondis.-- Capitula-

tion of Saratoga.--Dissensions in America 38

to Richard Bache, Esq. (his son in law) June

2,1779. Respecting Dr. F.'s Enemies in

America. His Grandsons, &c.


to Mrs. Bache, (his daughter) June 3, 1779.

Various Matter

to Mr. Bridgen,(London.) Oct. 2, 1779. On

copper coinage for the United States 46

to B. Vaughan, Esq. Nov. 9, 1779. On his

Edition of some of Dr. Franklin's Writings 47

to Pere Beccaria. Nov. 19, 1779.


to Dr. Price, Feb. 6, 1780.

to Dr. Priestly, Feb. 8, 1780. On true Sci-

ence.-Reflections on the Inconveniences

attending all Situations in Life

to General Washington, March 5, 1780. Re-

lative to the Marquis De la Fayette. Invi-

tation to visit Europe


to the Chevalier De la Luzerne, Mar. 5, 1780.

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Various Matter

Dr. Franklin to F. Hopkinson, Esq. Mar. 16, 1780. Poli-

tical Squibs.-Dr. Ingenhausz's Erperi-

ments on the Leaves of Trees.-Anew Tele-

scope for ascertaining Distances


to Dr. Bond, Mar. 16, 1780.

Letter of



to Dr. Cooper, Mar. 16, 1780. Relative to

his Grandson.The Alliance with France,



to C. Griffin, Esq. Mar. 16, 1780.

to William Carmichael, Esq. (Madrid) June

17, 1780. relative to Sir J. Dalrymple.--

The Marquis de la Fayette.--Report of the

Siege of Charlestown being raised.-Riots

in London.--The Ephemera


to Dr. Fothergill, June 19, 1780. Letter of



to Mr. Small, July 22, 1780. Friendship,

Gout, $c,

to Miss Georgiana Shipley, Oct. 8, 1780. 67

to Dr. Price, Oct. 9, 1780. On the Bri-

tish Parliament.--Religious Tests, &c. 68

to Sir Grey Cooper, Bart. Nov. 7, 1780. re-

specting Mr. President Laurens


Sir Grey Cooper, to Dr. Franklin, Nov. 29, 1780. In an-

swer to the foregoing

Dr. Franklin to Sir Edward Newenham, Bart. Feb. 12,

1781.Passport for Provisions and Clothing

sent to the West Indies

to Monsieur Nogaret, Mar. 8, 1781. Re-

specting the French Translation of a Latin

Line complimentary to Dr. Franklin 74

to the President of Congress, Mar. 12, 1781.

Requests being recalled, and some Appoint-

ment for his Grandson W. T'emple Franklin 75

His Ex. J. Jay, Esq. to the President of Congress, Apr. 21,

1781. On the subject of Dr. Franklin's



Col. J. Laurens to Dr. Franklin, June 9, 1781. On Dr.

Franklin's Wish to retire--and his Grand-


Dr. Franklin to Col. Laurens, Nov. 8, 1781. In answer

to the foregoing

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