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vouring to strengthen the alliance. We certainly fowe much to this nation ; and we shall obtain much more, if the same prudent conduct towards them continues, for they really and strongly wish our prosperity, and will promote it by every means in their power. . But we should at the same time do as much as possible for ourselves, and not ride (as we say) a free horse to death. There are some Americans returning hence, with whom our people should be upon their guard; as carrying with them a spirit of enmity to this country. Not being liked here themselves, they dislike the people; for the same reason, indeed, they ought to dislike all that know them.

With the sincerest respect and esteem, I am ever my dear friend,

Yours most affectionately, B. FRANKLIN.

Sir,

To C. Griffin, Esg.

Passy, March 16, 1780. I have just received the letter you have done me the honor to write to me, and shall immediately deli. ver the packet it recommends to my care. I will take the first opportunity of mentioning to Mr. Gerard what you hint, relative to our not entertaining strangers so frequently and liberally, as is the custom in France. But he has travelled in Europe, and knows that modes of nations differ. The French are convivial, live much at one another's tables, and are glad to feast travellers. In Italy and Spain a stranger, however recommended, rarely dines at the house of any gentleman, but lives at his inn. The Americans hold a medium. I have the honor to be, &c.

B. FRANKLIN.

W. CARMICHAEL, Esq., Madrid. Sir J. D. ***- The Marquis de La Fayette.- Report of the Siege of Charlestown raised.- Riots in London.The Ephemera. DEAR SIR,

Passy, June 17, 1780. Your favours of the 22d past came duly to hand, Sir J. D. *** has been here some time, but I hear nothing of his political operations. The learned talk of the discovery he has made in the Escurial Library, of 40 Epistles of Brutus, a missing part of Tacitus, and a piece of Seneca, that have never yet been printed, which excite much curiosity. He has not been with me, and I am told by one of his friends that though he wished to see me, he did not think it prudent. So I suppose I shall have no communication with him; for I shall not seek it. As Count de Vergennes has mentioned nothing to me of any memorial from him, I suppose he has not presented it,-perhaps discouraged by the reception it met with in Spain.-So I wish, for curiosity's sake, you would send me a copy of it.-The Marquis de La Fayette arrived safely at Boston the 29th of April, and it is said gave expectations of the coming of a squadron and troops.The vessel that brings this, left New-London the second of May; her captain reports that the siege of Charlestown was raised, the troops attacked in their retreat and Clinton killed ; but this wants confirmation. London las been in the utmost confusion for 7 or 8 days. The beginning of this month, a mob of fanatics joined by a mob of rogues, burnt and destroyed property to the amount, it is said, of a million sterling. Chapels of foreign ambassadors, houses of members of Parliament that had pro

moted the act for favouring Catholics; and the houses of many private persons of that religion, were pillaged and consumed, or pulled down to the number of 50; among the rest, Lord Mansfield's is burnt with all his furniture, pictures, books, and papers. Thus he who approved the burning American houses, has had fire brought home to him. He himself was horribly scared, and Governor Hutchinson, it is said, died outright of the fright. The mob tired with roaring and rioting seven days and nights, were at length suppressed, and quiet restored on the 9th in the evening. Next day Lord George Gordon was committed to the tower.

Inclosed I send you the little piece you desire.' To understand it rightly you should be acquainted with some few circumstances. The person to whom it was addressed is Madame Brillon, a lady of most respectable character and pleasing conversation; mistress of an amiable family in this neighbourhood, with which I spend an evening twice in every week. She has among other elegant accomplishments, that of an excellent musician; and with her daughters who sing prettily, and some friends who play, she kindly entertains me and my grandson with little concerts, a cup of tea and a game of chess. I call this my Opera; for I rarely go to the Opera at Paris.The Moulin Joli is a little island in the Seine about 2 leagues hence, part of the country-seat of another friend, 2 where we visit every summer, and spend a day in the pleasing society of the ingenious, learned, and very polite persous who inhabit it. At the time when the letter was

• The Ephemera. See Miscellaneous Pieces. 2 Monsieur Watelet.

written, all conversations at Paris were filled with disputes about the music of Gluck and Picini, a German and Italian musician, who divided the town into violent parties. A friend of this lady having obtained a copy of it under a promise not to give another, did not observe that promise, so that many have been taken, and it is become as public as such a thing can well be, that is not printed, but I could not dream of its being heard of at Madrid! The thought was partly taken from a little piece of some unknown writer which I met with 50 years since in a newspaper, and which the sight of the Ephemera brought to my recollection. Adieu, my dear friend, and believe me ever,

Your's most affectionately,

B. FRANKLIN.

To Dr. FOTHERGILL.
Letter of Friendship.

Passy, June 19, 1780. My dear old friend, Dr. Fothergill, may assure Lady H. of my respects, and of any service in my power to render her, or her affairs in America. I believe matters in Georgia cannot much longer continue in their present situation, but will return to that state in which they were when her property, and that of our common friend G. W. received the protection she acknowledges.

I rejoiced most sincerely to hear of your recovery from the dangerous illness by which I lost my very valuable friend P. Collinson. As I am sometimes apprehensive of the same disorder, I wish to know the means that were used and succeeded in your case ; and shall be exceedingly obliged to you for communicating them when you can do it conveniently. : Be pleased to remember me respectfully to your good sister, and to: our worthy friend David Barclay, who I make no doubt laments with you and me, that the true pains we took together to prevent all this horrible mischief proved ineffectual.! ; '. ii ,:: ... .. I am ever, .

...! :.... .. . Your's most affectionately, ! } - ! ::::::!.... . B. FRANKLIN.'

To Mr. SMALL,'. PARIS, . . .. ...... Friendship. Gout, &c. '

" s

"Passy, July 22, 1780. . ve You see, my Dear Sir, that I was not afraid my masters would take it amiss if I ran to see an old friend though in the service of their enemy. They are reasonable enough to allow that differing politics should not prevent the intercommunication of philosophers who study and converse for the benefit of mankind. But you have doubts about coming to dine with me. I suppose you will not venture it; your refusal will not indeed do so much honour to the generosity and good nature of your government, as to your sagacity. You know your people, and I do not expect you. Į think too that in friendship I ought

"A Surgeon of eminence in the British army: then passing through Paris: brother to Colonel Small, who particularly distin-, guished himself by his humanity at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, near Boston; a trait of whom is admirably delineated by the able pencil of Colonel Trumbull, (an American amateur artist) in his picture of that battle; from which an elegant engraving was made and published in London.

Vol. I.

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