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:. Being born and bred in one of the countries, and having lived long and made many agreeable connexions of friendship in the other, I wish all prosperity to both; but I bave talked, and written so much and so long on the subject, that my acquaintance are weary of hearing, and the public of reading any more of it, which begins to make me weary of talking and writing ; especially as I do not find that I have gained any point, in either country, except that of rendering myself suspected, by my impartiality; in England, of being too much an American, and in Ame rica of being too much an Englishman. Your opinion, however, weighs with me, and encourages me to try one effort more, in a full, though concise statement of facts, accompanied with argunients drawn from those facts; to be published about the mceting of parliament, after the holidays."

If any good may be done I shall rejoice; but at present I almost despair.

Have you ever seen the barometer so low as of late? The 22d instant mine was at 28, 41, and get the weather fine and fair. With sincere esteem, I am, dear friend, yours affectionately,

B. FRANKLIN. To M. DUBOURG,? Paris. Great Britain no Right to tar the North American


London, October 2, 1770. I see with pleasure that we think pretty much alike on the subjects of English America.

We of

Uncertain what is the publication promised in this Letter; possibly the one entitled “Causes of the American Discontents before 1768."

2 Translator of Dr. Franklin's Philosophical Works.


the colonies have never insisted that we ought to be exempt from contributing to the common expenses necessary to support the prosperity of the empire. We only assert,

, that having parliaments of our own, and not having representatives in that of Great Britain, our parliaments are the only judges of what we can and whạt we ought to contribute in this case; and that the English parliament has no right to take our money without our consent. In fact, the British empire is not a single state ; it

comprehends many; and though the parliament of Great Britain has arrogated to itself the power of taxing the colonies, it has no more right to do so, than it has, to tax Hano

We have the same king, but not the same legislatures.

The dispute between the two countries has already lost England many millions sterling, which it has lost in its commerce, and America has in this respect been a proportionable gainer. This commerce consisted principally of superfluities; objects of luxury and fashion, which we can well do without; and the resolution we have formed of importing no more till our grievances are redressed, has enabled many of our infant manufactures to take root'; and it will not be easy to make our people abandon them in future, even should a connection more cordial than ever succeed the present troubles.--I have indeed no doubt that the parliament of England will finally abandon its present pretensions, and leave us to the peaceable en joyment of our rights and privilegés.

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Removal of Lord Hillsborough,—succeeded by Lord


London, August 17, 1772. At length we have got rid of Lord Hillsborough, and Lord Dartmouth takes his place, to the great satisfaction of all the friends of America. You will hear it said among you (I suppose) that the interest of the Ohio planters has ousted him, but the truth is, what I wrote you long since, that all his brother ministers disliked him extremely and wished for a fair occasion of tripping up his heels ; so seeing that he made a point of defeating our scheme, they made another of supporting it, on purpose to mortify him, which they knew his pride could not bear. I do not mean that they would have done this if they had thought our proposal bad in itself, or his oppostion well founded; but I believe if he had been on good terms with them, they would not have differed with him for so small a matter. The K. too was tired of him, and of his administration, which had weakened the affection and respect of the Colonies for a Royal Government, with which (I may say it to you) I used proper means from time to time that his M. should have due information and couvincing proofs. More of this when I see you. The K.'s dislike made the others more firmly united in the reso. lution of disgracing H. by setting at nought his famous report. But now that business is done, perhaps our affair may be less regarded in the Cabinet and suffered to linger, and possibly may yet miscarry. Therefore let us beware of every word and action, that may betray a confideace in its success, lest we render ourselves ridiculous in

cáse of disappointment. We are now pushing for a completion of the business, but the time is unfavorable, every body gone or going into the country, which gives room for accidents. I am writing by Falconer, and therefore in this only add that I am ever your affectionate father,


"P. S. The regard Lord D. has always done me the honor to express for me, gives me room to hope being able to obtain more in favor of our colonies upon occasion , than I could for some time past.


Lord Hillsborough refused admittance to him, 8c,

London, August 19, 1772. I received yours of June 30. I am vexed that my letter to you, written at Glasgow, miscarried not so much that you did not receive it, as that it is pro bably in other hands. It contained some accounts of what passed in Ireland, which were for you only. !

As Lord Hillsborough in fact got nothing out of me, I should rather suppose he threw me away as an orange that would yield no juice, and therefore not worth more squeezing. When I had been a little while returned to London I waited on him to thank him for his civilities in Ireland, and to discourse with him on a Georgia affair. The pors ter told me he was not at home. I left my card, went another time, and received the same answer, though I knew he was at home, a friend of mine being with him, After intermissions of a week each, I made two more visits, and received the same answer. The last time was

on a levee day, when a number of carriages were at his door. My coachman driving up, alighted, and was opening the coach door, when the porter, seeing me, 'came out, and surlily chid the coachman for opening the door before he had enquired whether my lord was at home; and then turning to me, said, “ My Lord is not at home." I have never since been nigh him, and we have only abused one another at a distance. The contrast, as you obşerve, is very striking between his conversation with the Chief Justice, and his letter to you concerning your province. I know him to be as double and deceitful as any man I ever met with. But we have done with him, I hope, for ever. His removal has I believe been meditated ever since the death of the Princess Dowager. For I recollect that on my complaining of him about that time to a friend at Court whom you may guess, he told me, we Americans were represented by Hillsborough as an unquiet people Hot easily satisfied with any ministry, that however it was thought too much occasion had been given us to dislike the present: and asked me, whether, if he should be removed, I could name another likely to be more acceptable to us. I said yes, there is Lord Dartmouth : we liked him very well when he was at the head of the Board formerly, and probably should like bim again. This I heard no more of, bat I am pretty sure it was reported where I could wish it, though I know not that it had any effect.

As to my situation here nothing can be more agreeable, especially as I hope for less embarrassment from the new minister. A general respect paid me by the learned, a pumber of friends and acquaintance among them with whom I have a pleasing intercourse; a character of so

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