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N our Third Volume we left the

CARDINAL in a most exalted I Sphere of ministerial Action, and

Splendor, and in the greatest Esteem with his Royal Master. In

this we have descended with him, from his Zenith of Glory to his Dismission from Court, where we behold him as much neglected as he was before caressed, and as much vilified as before applauded : Though we have seen no Reason for that mighty Indignation, which caused this extream Change; but are fully convinced, that, when the Glory given to him was removed, his Integrity had not departed from him, and that he was in himself as meritorious as ever.

The Observation in the following Line,

Regis ad exemplum, totus componitur orbis, was too fatally verified in the undeserved Fall and Treatment this great Man met with : We learn, however, from hence two useful Lessons the


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one, the Vanity of human Greatness ; the other, the Variableness of human Judgments.

As we have had Occasion, in several Places, to mention the Reasons that induced us to undertake the Compiling this History, we shall not here repeat them : But only observe, that, notwithstanding some Errors may have slipped us, we hope there will not appear any but such as are common; that, we are not conscious to ourselves of any partial Fondnesses for our principal Chatacter, nor of any undue Severities towards his Enemies, either dead or living; that tho' we have taken more Freedom with Monsieur Rapin, than with any other Author, our Readers may see we were not the first who did so, if they will but attend the many Pieces that have been published to set forth his Mistakes; and that we do not conceive even the most Cenforious can bring against us the Charge of undertaking this Publication with a mercenary View, especially as there could be no Hopes of Family Gratifications, in vindicating the Character of one who was the first and last Person in his, of any the least Consequence or Distinction.

After having spoke of the many Circumstances relating to his Disgrace, and attended him both in his Retirement from the World, and his final Departure out of it, we were brought to the MEMOIRS with which this Volume and this Work is concluded, and dispatched them with as much Conciseness as possible.

And we cannot but here hint, that we have been at a much larger Expence about this Collection, than our Subscriptions have hitherto answered; though we are not uneasy on that Account,

because, because, in discharge of our Obligations to the Encouragers of it, we have afforded them more Matter and a greater Number of Embellishments than is usually given, or might reasonably be expected.

In this Volume will be further seen what Use has been made of ancient Records, and other valuable Letters and Papers, many of which are preserved in the Exchequer Record-office: And, as to our taking so many large Quotations from the inimitable Shakespear, we say, that, finding him so full of fine Imagery, in Relation to our CARDINAL, &c. we thought some of his Scenes would be no disagreeable Parts in our History.

We must own too, that we are particularly obliged to several worthy Gentlemen, who furnished us with Original Letters, or other Matters, made use of in the Course thereof; which leads us here to acquaint our Readers, that the CARDINAL had another Dignity in the Church, which had escaped us, till communicated by a Gentleman (while the Index to this Volume was printing off) in these Words,

To Mr. Grove. SI R, A Mong the many Preferments, which Cardinal

Wolsey enjoyed, I do not find any of our Historians mention that of the Deanry of Saint Stephens, Westminster. As you

As you would probably take Occapon to mention this in your History, I give you the Trouble of this Letter.

On the 3d of October, Anno 4to, Hen. 8. the King, by Letters Patents , granted the next Turn


in the Deanry of St. Stephens to Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and George, Earl of Shrewsbury, who, on the 18th of October, in the fame Year, presented Thomas Wulcy, the King's Almoner, and he was admitted and instituted into it by John, Abbot of Westminster.

This appears by an Entry in the Register, or Leafe-books, of the Church of Westminster. In the fame Book is a long Particular of the Ceremony * observed when Wolsey received his Cardinals Cap, and is thus intitled,

Forma Instructionis jam a Lxxv Annis, observat super Transmissione Capelli rubei & Annuli ad novem CARDINALEM,

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E RR A T A. VOL. II. Page 1,

Line 6, for about Eighteen, read not Seventeen ; P. 17,1, 13, f. 3d of March, r. 3d of June,

Vol. III. Page 361, in the Note, Col. 2, Line 19, f, one Barnes, r. one Harness.

Vol. IV. Page 6, in the Note, Col. 1, 1. 20, f. on his own Horse, 1. to his ecur House ; p. 10, in the Note, Col. 1, 1. 8, for Who thought, 1. Who little thought ; p. 15, 1. 2, f. Chency r. Cheney ; p. şi, in the Note, Col. 1, l. 16, f. Friends, r. Enemies; p. 80, in the Note, Col. 2, 1. 16, f. 1537, r. 1534 ; p. 160, 1, 21, f. Princess, 1. Princesses ; p. 180, l. 2, f. Philip the VIlth, r. the Ild; p. 184, in the Note, Col. 2, 1. 7. f. repose, r. repair ; p. 207, 1. 21, f. mute Mafters, r. Moot-maflers; p 288, in the Note, Col. 2, 1. 2, f. 1741, $. 1714. MEMOIRS, p. 20, l. 17, f. ever, r, ever,

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