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the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.

If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which partially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original hercin is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, therefore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.

New-YORK, August 1st, 1860.

CONTENTS.

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ABOLITION Conv. at Warsaw, N. Y., 1839. 12 BELL, JOAN, of Tennessee, nominee of the

ABOLITIONISTS (Garrisonians) for Disunion. 173

Union party for President, 1860...........

29

His Compromise Proposition...

75

ACCEPTANCE of Presidential candidates.... 210

His letter accepting the nomination for Presi-

Adams, CHARLES Francis, of Massachusetts,

dent...

218

President Buffalo Convention, 1848; Nominee of

BENJAMIN, Judas P., of Louisiana, on Pop-

do. for Vice-President....

17 ular Sovereignty

194

ADAMS, GOVERNOR, of South Carolina, re-

His opinion of Douglas..

196

commends in a Message the reopening of the Afri. BIRNEY, JAMES G., of Michigan, Abolition

can Slave-Trade.....

208 candidate for President in 1840..

12

Adams, Jonx, of Massachusetts, chosen

Liberty Party candidate for President in 1844.. 14
President 1796–7: Reëlection defeated 1800_1.... 9 Bonham, MILLIDGE L., of South Carolina,
Adams, John QUINCY, of Massachusetts,

for Dissolution..

172

elected President 1824 ; defeated candidate for Boyd, Linn, of Kentucky, defeated for

do. 1829..

10

Vice-President by Democratic Convention, 1856.. 24

ALLEN, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, offers

BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C., of Kentucky,
Resolve in Whig National Convention, 1848....... 15

nominated Vice-President by Democratic Con-

AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856.... 23 vention, 1856..

24

Elected Vice-President 1856.

22

AMERICAN NATIONAL COUNCIL, 1856...... 23 Speech on General Politics at Frankfort Ky.,

in 1859......

Anti-MASONIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS of

149

Gives casting vote against Free Homestead bill 187

1830 and 1831..

10

Accepts nomination for Presidency..

211

Anti-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1784.

51

BRONSON, Judge GREENE C., on Slavery,

Anti-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1787.

52 letter affirming Slavery to exist only by positive

law..

208

ASAMUN, GEORGE, of Massachusetts, Presi-

dent Republican National Convention, 1860.......

26 Brown, AARON V., of Tennessee, de.

Archisox, DAVID R., of Missouri, beaten

feated for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

tion 1856.....

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1852 20
BANKS, NATHANIEL P., of Massachusetts,

Buchanan, James, of Pennsylvania, beaten

defeated for Vice-President in Rep. Conv., 1856...

22

for President in Democratic Convention, 1844.... 18

Supported for Vice-President in Republican Na.

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

tional Convention, 1860..

23

tion, 1848....

16

Nominated for President by Democratic Con-

Bates, EDWARD, of Missouri, President

vention, 1856..

24

Whig National Convention, 1856.

25 Elected President of the United States, 1856. 22
Candidate for President before Republican Con-

Message on Lecompton..

118

vention, 1860.

27 Special message on do.

117

Letter to the Missouri delegates to the Republic

Veto of Homestead bill.

191

can Convention..

198

Burr, Aaron, chosen Vice-President,

His letter in support of Lincoln and Hamlin.. 199

1800-1..

9

BARBOUR, PHILIP P., of Virginia, beaten
for Vice-President..

10 BUTLER, WILLIAM O., of Kentucky, Demo-

cratic nominee and defeated candidate for Vice-

BARBOUR, JAMES, of Virginia, President

President, 1848..

16

first National Republican Convention....

11

Defeated for President and Vice-President in

President Whig National Convention, 1839.....

Democratic National Convention, 1852.... 20

BARNBURNERS of New York retire from De.

CALĦOUN, JOHN C., of South Carolina,

mocratic National Convention..

16

Nominate Van Buren and Dodge for President

elected Vice-President in 1824, and reelected in

10

and Vice-President....

17

CAMBRELENG, C. C., of N. Y. on Slavery... 204

BARTLETT, G. B., of Kentucky, President

American National Council, 1856.

23 CAMERON, Gen. Simon, of Pennsylvania,

BAYARD, JAMES A., of Delaware, defeated

candidate for President before Republican Na.

tional Convention, 1860

27

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856 24

Presides over Seceders' Convention at Charles CAMPBELL, LEWIS D., of Ohio, offers a re

41 solve in Whig National Convention, 1848. ....... 15

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PAON

CARROLL, Gov. WILLIAM, of Tennessee,

Fourth Democratic National Convention, 1844 .. 18

President of the third Democratic National Con-

Fifth Democratic National Convention, 1843 16

vention, 1840....

12 Sixth Democratic National Convention, 1852.. 20

Seventh Democratic National Convention, 1856. 24

Cass, Gen. LEWIS, of Michigan, beaten for

Eighth Democratic National Convention, 1860.. 29

President in Democratic Convention, 1844.

13

Mr. Avery's (N. C.) Majority Report, from Com-

Democratic nomineee for President, 1848;

mittee on Platform; Mr. H. B. Payne's Mi-

beaten for President, 1848.

16

nority Report from Committee on Platform;

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Senator Wm. Bigler's Compromise proposition 80

tion, 1852..

20 Mr. Avery's amended Majority Report; Mr.

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Avery's remark favor of same; Mr. H. B.

tion, 1856..

24

Payne of Ohio in reply

31

Nicholson Letter on Popular Sovereignty.. 179 His extracts from Breckinridge, Orr, and Ste-

CHAPMAN, Gen. John G., of Maryland,

pheps; Mr. Samuels's (of Iowa) Minority Re-

82

President, Whig National Convention, 1852.....

port..

Minority Report adopted, 165 to 138; Alabama

Chase, Salmon P., of Ohio, candidate for

protests and withdraws..

33

President before Republican National Conven-

Mississippi withdraws

34

tion, 1860..

27 South Carolina, Florida, and Texas withdraws... 36

Proposes to Allow People of Kansas to prohibit

Arkansas retires...

37

Slavery

81 Georgia retires..

38

CLAY, Cassius M., of Kentucky, supported

Louisiana withdraws; Speech of Wm. B. Gaulden

of Georgia in favor of the Slave-Trade

39

for Vice-President in Republican National Con-

Fruitless ballots (57) for President; Adjournment

vention, 1860

28

to Baltimore; The Seceders at Charleston; Se-

CLAY, Henry, of Kentucky, beaten for

nator Bayard, of Delaware, Chairman; They

President, 1832.

11

adopt the Avery Platform

41

Defeated for President in Whig Convention at

They adjourn to Richmond ; They meet at Rich-

Harrisburg, 1839. Defeated for President in

mond June 11; They finally adopt Breckin- .

1844..

13

ridge and Lane; The adjourned Convention at

Defeated for President in Whig Convention,

timore; Gen. Cushing's opening Speech

1848..

15

Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, moves admission of

CLINGMAN, TÆomas L., of North Carolina,

original Delegates; Mr. Kavanagh, of Minne-

sota, moves to lay on table; Previous question

for Dissolution.....

172

defeated..

43

Clinton, De Witt, defeated for President

Proposition of Mr. S. E. Church, of New-York;

9

Report of Committee on Credentials

44

Clinton, George, choseu Vice-President,

Minority Report of do.; Admission of Douglas

1804.

9

Delegates from Louisiana and Alabama

Cochrane, John, of New-York, presents

Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland

and California withdraw..

46

Anti-Slavery Resolves to Mass Meetings.... 207 Delaware, and part of Kentucky, and Missouri

CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION, 1860 29

withdraw; Gen. Cushing resigns the Chair;

Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, offers a pro-

CRAWFORD, MARTIN J., for Dissolution 172

test...

47
Crawford, William H., of Georgia, beaten DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM (Davis's Resolu-
in Democratic Caurus for President in 1816;

tions), adopted by the United States Senate, affirm-

Democratic Caucus candidate for President, 1824 9 ing the duty of Congress to establish a Slave Code

Beaten for President 1824..

10 in the Territories

194

CURRY, J. L. M., of Alabama, for Dissolu-

DICKINSON, DANIEL S., of New-York, sup-

tion.

172

ported for President in Democratic National Con-

CUSHING, Gen. CALEB, of Massachusetts, vention, 1860.

41

President of Democratic National Convention,

1860..

29

Dix, Gen. JOHN A., advocates Freedom

Retires from the chair at Baltimore.

for the Territories in the United States ............

47

207

Presides over the Seceders' Convention at Bal.

timore....

DISUNION AVowed by Southern Statesmen

48

in the event of the election of a Republican Presi.

DALLAS, GEORGE M., of Pennsylvania, nomi dent

170

nated for and elected Vice-President, 1844.... 18

DOBBIN, JAMES C., of North Carolina, beaten

Davis, GARRETT, of Kentucky, defeated for

President in the American National Convention...

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven.

23

tion, 1856....

24

Davis JEFFERSON, of Mississippi, supported, DODGE, Gen. Henry, of Wisconsin, nomi-

1860, for President in National Democratic Con-

vention

nated for Vice-President by New-York Radicals in

41

His resolutions as they passed the Senate.

17

194

1848, but declined..

Davis, John, of Massachusetts, defeated for

DONELSON, ANDREW J., of Tennessee, nomi-

Vice-President in Whig National Convention, 1844.

13

nated for Vice-President by American Convention. 23

Indorsed by Whig National Convention, 1856 ... 25

Davis, John W., of Indiana, President De-

mocratic National Convention, 1852...... ..... 20 Douglas, STEPHEN A., of Illinois, beaten

Dayton, WILLIAM L., of New-Jersey, Re-

for President in Democratic Convention, 1852... 20

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

publica nominee for Vice-President, 1856; de-

feated therefor......

tion, 1856.

24

22

Nominated at Baltimore in 1860

43

DEJARNETTE, DANIEL C., of Virginia, for Dis-

Proposes to extend the Missouri Compromise to

solution

172

the Pacific

74

Mr. Douglas' reply to Lincoln at Freeport... 130

DELAWARE Declares for Free Territories

Mr. Douglas' “Harper" Essay on Popular So-

through Legislative resolves in 1820..

62

vereignty in the Territories..

132

Also in 1849

201

Speech at Springfield, Ill., June 12, 1857.

154

DEMOCRACY OF MAINE for the Wilmot Pro.

Speech on the John Brown raid, July 16, 1860,

viso

201

proposing a Sedition Law...

158

He tells what Popular Sovereignty has done for

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS.--First

Slavery.

159

at Baltimore in 1832.

10 Accepts Nomination for Presidency.

212

Second at Baltimore in 1835

11 Extract from Speech in favor of Missouri Com-

Third Democratic National Convention, 1840.... 12 promiso...

215

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Downs, Solomon U., of Louisiana, beaten

Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1848

15

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Elected Vice-President, 1848.

16

1852...

Defeated for President in Whig National Con-

20

vention, 1852..

18

EVERETT, EDWARD, of Massachusetts, Union

American nominee for President in 1856..

23

candidate for Vice-President in 1860...

29

Indorsed by Whig National Convention in 1856. 25

His views on Slavery-His “Knapsack" Speech

His views on Slavery-Buffalo Letter of 1838,

in Congress Replies of Messrs. Mitchell, Ran.

and Albany Speech of 1856....

202

dolph and Cambreleng-Mr. Everett on Geo-

His Letter to New York Union Meeting, 1860.. 203

graphical Parties—Later Views on Slavery, FITZPATRICK,

in Letters of 1837 and '39..

BENJAMIN, of Alabama, beaten

204

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

His Acceptance of the Nomination for Vice.

President of the United States..

1856..

214

24

His views on the Sumner Outrage.

Nominated by Democratic Convention, 1860... 48

215

Declines the Nomination..

213

ELLMAKER, Amos, of Pennsylvania, Anti FlouRXOY, Francis B , of Arkansas, tem-

Masonic candidate for Vice-President, 1882..... 10

porary Chairman of Democratic National Con-

ELECTION RETURNS IN DETAIL, of all the

vention, 1860.

29

Presidential Elections since 1836..

216 FLOYD, JOHN, of Virginia, supported by

Aggregate vote by States, for President, from

South Carolina for President, 1832..

11

1824 to 1856...

239 FREE HOMESTEADS --Action of Congress on

Alabama vote for President.

228

Governor, Congress, etc. 1859 248

granting free Homesteads to actual settlers.. 182

Arkansas vote for President.

Mr. Grow's Ten-Year proposition defeated in

234

the Honse..

Congress, 1858.

248

184

California vote for President..

Mr. Grow introduces another bill which is

237

Governor, 1839.

passed in the House...

248

185

Connecticut vote for President.

The Senate refused to act upon it..

223

187

Governor, 1960.

Mr. Grow introduces another in 1860, which

240

Delaware vote for President..

224

passes the House..

188

Governor, 1858.

240

Rejected by the Senate...

189

Florida vote for President.

A compromise bill agreed upon.

233

190

Vetoed by the President..

Congress, 1858..

248

191

Veto sustained by the Senate....

193

Georgia vote for President.

225

Congress, 1859.

243 FRELINGHUYSEN, THEODORE, of New-Jersey,

Illinois vote for President.

220 Nominated and defeated for Vice-President in

Congress, 1858

246 1844...

18

Legislature, 1858

247

Indiana vote for President.

222 FREMONT, Col. John C., of California, Re-

Congress, 1858.

246 publican nominee for President, 1856..

22

Iowa vote for President..

237 Defeated for President, 1856.

23

Governor, 1859.

247 Declines a re-nomination, 1860..

28

Kentucky vote for President.

233

Congress, 1859.

244

GARTRELL, Lucius J., of Georgia, for dis-

Louisiana vote for President.

232

solution..

172

Congress, 1859.

243 GEORGIA LEGISLATURE censures Senator

Maine vote for President.

216

Berrien for voting to confirm Mr. Everett as Min-

Governor, 1859..

240

ister to England.....

215

Maryland vote for President..

224

Congress, 1858.

241 GRAHAM, WILLIAM A., of North Carolina,

Massachusetts vote for President..

217 Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1852..

18

Governor, 1859.

240 Defeated for Vice-President, 1852..

22

Michigan vote for President...

221 GRANGER, Francis, of New York, Presi-

Chief Justice, 1859.

Minnesota vote for Governor, 1859.

245

dent Anti-Masonic National Convention..

10

Missouri vote for President.

235

Beaten for Vice-President, 1836..

12

Congress, 1858.

245 GUTHRIE, JAMES, of Kentucky, supported

Mississippi vote for President.

229

for President in National Democratic Conven-

Governor, Congress, etc., 1859 248

tion..

41

New Hampshire vote for President..

216

Governor, 1859. 240 HALE, Joan P., of New-Hampshire, Free

New-Jersey vote for President,

217 Democratic nominee for President, 1852....... 21

Governor, 1859.

241

New-York vote for President..

219

HAMLIN, HANNIBAL, of Maine, nominated

Sec. State, Controller, etc.,

for Vice-President by Republican National Con-

1859..

240 vention, 1860.

23

North Carolina vote for President..

230

Renounces the Democratic party in the U. S.

Congress, 1859

242

Senate..

209

Ohio vote for President...

218

Accepts nomination for Vice-President.

211

" Governor, 1859.

245 Harrison, Gen. WILLIAM H., of Ohio, nom-

Oregon vote for Congress, 1859.

247

inated and defeated for President in 1836.

12

Pennsylvania vote for President..

228

Nominated for President at Harrisburg, Decem-

Congress, 1858.

241

ber, 1839; elected President in 1840.

12

Rhode Island vote for President.

216

Governor, 1860.. 240 HICKMAN, John, of Pennsylvania, support-

South Carolina chooses Electors and Governor ed for Vice-President in Republican Convention,

by Legislature......

248 1860...

28

Tennessee vote for President.

231

Congress, 1859

244

Houston, Gen. Sam, of Texas, supported

Texas vote for President.

238

for President in Union Convention, 1860..

29

Congress, 1859.

243 HUNTER, ROBERT M. T., of Virginia, sup-

Vermont vote for President.

217

Governor, 1859.

240

ported for President by Democratic National Con-

41

Virginia vote for President.

vention, 1860.

226

Governor, 1859.

241 Illinois DECLARES FOR FREE TERRITORIES

Wisconsin vote for President.

237 through Legislative Resolves...

208

Governor, 1859.

247

Jackson, Gen. ANDREW, of Tennessee,

FILLMORE, MILLARD, of New-York, defeated beaten for President in 1824 and elected in 1828... 10

for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1844..... 18 Reëlected President in 1882.....

11

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PAGB

JOHNSON, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported

for President in National Democratic Convention :

Johnson, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-

tion in 1856..

Nominated for Vice-President by Democratic

National Committee, 1860.

Speech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848
Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a

speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report
affirming the absolute right of holding slaves

in the Territories..
Johnson, Richard M., of Kentucky, beaten
in Convention for Vice-President, 1832.

Nominated and elected Vice-President in 1836..
Beaten for Vice-President in 1840..
Beaten for President in Democratic Convention,

1844.
Johnson, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre-

sident of Young Men's National Convention....

JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De-

mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852....

Kansas OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and

Sherman thereon..

KILLINGER, JOAN W., of Pennsylvania,

offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American

Convention, 1856...

KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib-

erty Party National Convention, 1843....

KING, WILLIAM R., of Alabama, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

1848.

Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852.

Elected Vice-President in 1852.

LANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi.

dent of the Republican National Convention, 1836,

LANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for

President in Democratic National Convention,

1852..

Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at

Baltimore in 1860..

Accepts nomination.

Law, GEORGE, of New-York, defeated for

President in American National Convention, 1856.

LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de.

feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848.

LEAKE, SHELTON F., of Virginia, for Disso-

lution.

LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported

by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1832.

LEMOYNE, FRANCIS J., of Pennsylvania,

Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840......

LETCHER, JOHN (Governor of Virginia),

for Dissolution...

LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held

at Buffalo in 1843.........

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM, of Illinois, defeated for

Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856...

Nominated for President by Republican Conven-

tion, 186)...

Speech at Springfield, III., June 17, 1858

Discussion with Mr. Douglas at Freeport, Ill.

Speech at Cooper Institute, New-York, 1860...

Letter to Boston Committee on the Jefferson

Birthday Festival; Letter to Dr. Canisius on

Naturalization..

Accepts nomination for Presidency.

Lucas, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo-

cratic National Convention...

Madison, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-

dent 1818, and reëlected in 1812.
MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO-

MARSH, EPHRAIM, of New-Jersey, President
41 American National Convention.....

28

Mason, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for

Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ...

16

24

MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM

48 through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of Massa-

168

chusetts for freedom...

202

McLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for

President in Republican Convention, 1856..

22

Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860... 27

169

MCKAY, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beat-

en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention 1948... 16

12 McRea, John J., of Mississippi, for Dissolu.

12

tion..

172

MISSOURI COMPROMISE, Adopted.

64

13

The Compromise Repealed,

87

MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against

11

Slavery

204

“ MONROE DOCTRINE."--Extract from the

21

Message of James Monroe on the influence of

European Powers on this Continent...

201

92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-

dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820

9

Moore, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for Disso-

23

lution

172

MORGAN, WILLIAM, revealer of Masonic Se-

13

crets..

10

MOREHEAD, John M., of North Carolina,

President Whig National Convention, 1848......

16

15

20 Morris, Thomas, of Ohio, Liberty Party
22 nominee for President in 1844.

National REPUBLICAN (Clay) CONVEN.

22

tions, at Baltimore, 1831; at Washington, 1832... 11

New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE WILMOT

Proviso through Legislative Resolves.....

208

20

New-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER-

48 ritory.

61

212 New-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of

the Legislature against Slavery in the Territo-

23 ries in 1820,

60

Ditto in 1847-8-9..

206

Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United

15

States Senate..

207

The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free-

172

dom. Address reported by James Brooks... 207

Free Democracy of New York for Freedom.

Resolutions presented by John Cochrane..... 207

11 ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against

Slavery in Territories.....

51

12 ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting

Slavery in Northwest Territory.

52

172 O'Conor, CHARLES, New-York, defends

Slavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union

13 Meeting, New-York, 1859..

164

His letter to Committee of Merchants.

167

22 O 10 DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-

lative Resolves,

208

28 PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE FOR

FREE

127

Territory

61

129

144 PIERCE, FRANKLIN, of New-Hampshire,

nominated for President in Democratic Conven.

tion, 1852....

20

206

Elected President,

22

210

Defeated for President in National Con., 1856 .. 24

Receives one vote for President in National

41

10

Convention, 1860.....

Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,

9

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

20

PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina,

201

beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President

in 1804 and 1808...

12 POLITICAL National PLATFORMS. - None

adopted by first Democratic Convention; Nation-

20 al Republican Platform....

11

tion, 1852.

viso. ...

MANGUM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup-

ported by South-Carolina for President in 1836...
MARCY, William L., of New York, beaten

for-President in Dem. National Convention, 1852,

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