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Por. I remember him well; and I remember him worthy of thy praise.--How dow! what news ?

Enter a Servant. Ser. The four strangers seek for you, madam, to take their leave : and there is a fore-runner come from a fifth, the prince of Morocco; who brings word, the prince, his master, will be here to-night.

Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I should be glad of his approach : if he have the condition of a saint, and the complexion of a devil, I had rather he should shrive me than wive me. Come, Nerissa.—Sirrah, go before. Whiles we shut the gate upon one wooer, another knocks at the door.

[Exeunt.

SCENE III.

Venice. A public Place. Enter BASSANO and SHYLOCK.

Shy. Three thousand ducats,-well.
Bass. Ay, sir, for three months.
Shy. For three months,—well.
Bass. For the which, as I told you, Antonio shall be bound
Shy. Antonio shall become bound, -well.

Bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me?
Shall I know your answer ?

Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, and Antonio bound ?

Bass. Your answer to that.
Shy. Antonio is a good man.
Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the contrary ?

Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in saying he is a good man, is to have you understand me, that he is sufficient; yet his means are in supposition : he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, another to the Indies ; I understand moreover upon the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for England,—and other ventures he hath, squander'd abroad : But ships are but boards, sailors but men: there be land-rats, and water-rats, waterthieves, and land-thieves; I mean, pirates ; and then, there is the peril of waters, winds, and rocks : The man is, notwithstanding, sufficient;-three thousand ducats ; I think, I may take his bond.

Bass. Be assured you may.

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Shy. I will be assured, I may; and, that I may be assured, I will bethink me : May I speak with Antonio ?

Bass. If it please you to dine with us.

Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitation which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the devil into :" I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following ; but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you. What news on the Rialto ? -Who is he comes here?

Enter ANTONIO.
Bass. This is signior Antonio.
Shy. [Aside.] How like a fawning publican he looks !
I hate him for he is a christian :
But more, for that, in low simplicity,
He lends out money gratis, and brings down
The rate of usance here with us in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
- He hates our sacred nation; and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe,
If I forgive him !

Bass. Shylock, do you hear ?

Shy. I am debating of my present store;
And, by the near guess of my memory,
I cannot instantly raise up

the

gross
Of full three thousand ducats : What of that?
Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe,
Will furnish me : But soft ; How many months
Do you desire ?-Rest you fair, good signior; [To Ant.
Your worship was the last man in our mouths.

Ant. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borrow,
By taking, nor by giving of excess,
Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,
I'll break a custom : - Is he yet possess’d,

14) Perhaps there is no character through all Shakespeare, drawn with more
spirit, and just discrimination, than Shy lock's. His language, allusions, and ideas.
are every where so appropriate to a Jew, that Shylock might be exhibited for an
exemplar of that peculiar people.

(5) This, Dr. Johnson observes, is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers; and (he might have added) is an allusion to the angel's thus laying hold of Jacob when he wrestled with him. See Gen, xxxii. 24.

(6] Ripe warts are wants come to the height, wants that can have no other delay. Perhaps we might read--rife wants, wants that come thick upon him.

JOHNSON

HENLEY.

HENLEY.

How much you would ?

Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.
Ant. And for three months.

Shy. I had forgot,_three months, you told me so.
Well then, your bond ; and, let me see-But hear you
Methought, you said, you neither lend, nor borrow,
Upon advantage.
Ant. I do never use it.

Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's sheep,
This Jacob from our holy Abraham was
(As bis wise mother wrought in his behalf,)
The third possessor; ay, he was the third.

Ant. And what of him ? did he take interest ?

Shy. No, not take interest ; not, as you would say, Directly interest : mark what Jacob did. When Laban and himself were compromis'd, That all the eanlings which were streak'd and pied, Should fall as Jacob's hire ; the ewes, being rank, In the end of autumn turned to the rams : And when the work of generation was Between these woolly breeders in the act, The skilful shepherd' peeld me certain wands, And, in the doing of the deed of kind, He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ; Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. This was a way to thrive, and he was blest ; And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not.

Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd for ; A thing not in his power to bring to pass, But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heaven. Was this inserted to make interest good. ? Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams?

Shy. I cannot tell'; I make it breed as fast :
But note me, signior.

Ant. Mark you this, Bassanio,
The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.?
An evil soul, producing holy witness,
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek ;
A goodly apple rotten at the heart;
0, what a goodły outside falsehood hath !

Shy. Three thousand ducats,—’tis a good round sum. Three months from, twelve, then let me see the rate. [7.) See St. Matthew, iv. 6.

HENLEY.

Ant. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you ?

Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and oft,
In the Rialto you have rated me
About my monies, and my usances :8
Still have I borne it with a patient shrug ;
For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe :
You call me-misbeliever, cut-throat, dog,
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine,
And all for use of that which is mine own.
Well then, it now appears, you need my help:
Go to then ; you come to me, and you say,
Shylock, we would have monies ; You say so ;
You, that did void your rheum upon my beard,
And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur
Over your threshold ; monies is your suit.
What should I say to you ? Should I not say,
Hath a dog money? is it possible,
A cur can lend three thousand ducats ? or
Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,
With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness,
Say this,-
Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last ;
You spurn'd me such a day; another time
You call'd me-

-dog; and for these courtesies I'll lend

you

thus much monies.
Ant. I am as like to call thee so again,
To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.
If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not
As to thy friends ; (for when did friendship take
A breed for barren metal of his friend ?)'
But lend it rather to thine enemy;
Who if he break, thou may'st with better face
Exact the penalty.

Shy. Why, look you, how you storm!
I would be friends with you, and have your love,
Forget the shames that you have staind me with,

[6] Usance, in our author's time, I believe, signified interest of money. It has been once before used in this play in that sense. MALONE.

[9] A breed, i. e. interest money bred from the principal. By the epithet barren, the author would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this; that money is a barren thing, and cannot, like corn and cattle, multiply itself. And to set off the absurdity of this kind of usury, be put breed and barren in opposition. WARBURTON

Dr. Warburton very truly interprets this passage. Old Meres says, “ Usurie and encrease by gold and silver is unlawful, because against pature; nature hath wade them sterill and barren, usurie makes them procreative. FARMER

Supply your present wants, and take no doit
Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me:
This is kind I offer.

Ant. This were kindness.

Shy. This kindness will I show :-
Go with me to a notary, seal me there
Your single bond ; and, in a merry sport,
If you repay me not on such a day,
In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound
Of

your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
In what part of your body pleaseth me.

Ant. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a bond,
And say, there is much kindness in the Jew.

Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me,
I'll rather dwell in my necessity.

Ant. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it:
Within these two months, that's a month before
This bond expires, I do expect return
Of thrice three times the value of this bond.

Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians are ;
Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect
The thoughts of others ! Pray you, tell me this ;
If he should break his day, what should I gain
By the exaction of the forfeiture ?
A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man,
Is not so estimable, profitable neither,
As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,
To buy his favour, I extend this friendship :
If he will take it, so ; if not, adieu ;
And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not.

Ant. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.

Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's ;
Give him direction for this merry bond,
And I will go and purse the ducats straight;
See to my house, left in the fearful guard
Of an unthrifty knave; and presently
I will be with you.

[Exit.
Ant. Hie thee, gentle Jew.-
This Hebrew will turn Christian ; he grows kind.

Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind.
Ant. Come on; in this there can be no dismay,
My ships come home a month before the day. (Exeunt.

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