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His house was known to all the vagrant train;
Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride,
He watched and wept, he prayed and felt for all;
Beside the bed where parting life was laid,
At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
With ready zeal, each honest rustic ran;
And plucked his gown, to share the good man's smile.
His ready smile a parent's warmth exprest;
And e'en the story ran that he could gauge. In arguing, too, the parson owned his skill, For, e'en tho vanquished, he could argue still; While words of learned length and thundering sound Amazed the gazing rustics ranged around; And still they gazed, and still the wonder grew, That one small head could carry all he knew. OLIVER GOLDSMITH. "The Village Preacher," in "The Deserted Village."
VOLUME OF TONE
Adequate volume of voice is necessary in order that the public speaker, when occasion demands, should be able to fulfil all requirements. A voice suited to conversation may be wholly unsatisfactory when used in a large hall. How many men, addressing an audience probably for the first time, have been startled and embarrassed by the thinness and strangeness of their own voice.
Proper development of volume of tone, together with a little experience in public speaking, should enable an average person to readily adapt his voice to any ordinary auditorium. His aim should be to be easily heard in all parts of a hall, without undue elevation of pitch or noticeable physical effort.
Volume of voice does not necessarily mean loudness but
rather fulness of tone. Its character is that of depth, roundness, and adequateness. It suggests power in reserve. It therefore inspires confidence both in the speaker and the hearer. As the voice grows through use, volume is to be acquired by practising daily exercises such as are here suggested. In all such practise there should be physical earnestness if the best results are to be secured. Halfhearted, lackadaisical efforts in any pursuit accomplish little. The student should bring his will to bear upon his work. Enthusiasm in the practise of voice exercises will naturally communicate itself to the speaker's public efforts.
It was the custom of Henry Ward Beecher to exercise his voice daily in the open air, exploding it upon all the vowel sounds. As a result of this practise, extending over a period of three years, he developed a voice remarkable for its power and flexibility.
The following combinations should be practised aloud, in clear-cut tone. with abrupt movement of the abdominal muscles:
1. There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, There is a rapture on the lonely shore, There is society, where none intrudes,
By the deep sea, and music in its roar.
KEY OF SOUNDS: e as in heal; a in hail; aw in haul; ah in hot; o in hole; oo in boot.
EXAMPLES FOR PRACTISE IN VOLUME
I love not man the less, but Nature more,
What I can ne'er express, yet can not all conceal.
Roll on, thou deep and dark blue Ocean-roll!
When for a moment, like a drop of rain, He sinks into thy depths with bubbling groan, Without a grave, unknelled, uncoffined, and unknown.
The armaments which thunderstrike the walls
The oak leviathans, whose huge ribs make
These are thy toys, and, as the snowy flake,
Thy shores are empires, changed in all save theeAssyria, Greece, Rome, Carthage,-what are they? Thy waters wasted them while they were free,
And many a tyrant since; their shores obey The stranger, slave, or savage; their decay Has dried up realms to deserts:—not so thou,
Unchangeable, save to thy wild waves' playTime writes no wrinkle on thine azure browSuch as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now.
Thou glorious mirror, where the Almighty's form
Dark heaving;-boundless, endless, and sublime-
Of the Invisible; even from out thy slime
The monsters of the deep are made; each zone
Obeys thee: thou goest forth, dread, fathomless, alone.