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10. POOR MAN'S FRIEND. A new Lately published, Price 4s. 6d., extra boards , edition. Price 8d.

JOURNAL 11. THE LAW OF TURNPIKES. By William Cobbett, Jun., Student of Lincoln's Ion. Price 3s, 6d. boards.

A TOUR IN ITALY,

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12. MR. JAMES PAUL COBBETT'S RIDE OF EIGHT HUNDRED MILES IN

FRANCE AND SWITZERLAND; FRANCE. Second Edition. Price 2s. 6d.

The route being 13. SERMONS.—There are twelve of these, in one volume, on the following sub-Prom Paris, through Lyons, to Marseilles, jects : 1. Hypocrisy and Cruelty ; 2. Drunken- and, thence, to Nice, Genoa, Pisa, Florence, ness; 3. Bribery ; 4. Oppression ; 5. Unjust Rome, Naples, and Mount Vesuvius; Judges; 6. The Sluggard ; 7. The Murderer ; 8. The Gamester ; 9. Public Robbery; 10. The Uunatural Mother ; 11. The Sin of Forbidding | By Rome, Terni, Perugia, Arezzo, Florence,

Bologna, Ferrara, Padnia, Venice, Verona, Marriage; 12. On the Duties of Parsons, aud on the Institution and Object of Tithes. Price

Milan, over the Alps by Mount St. Ber

nard, Geneva, and the Jura, back into 38. 6d. bound in boards.

France ;
A Thirteenth Sermon, entitled “GOOD
FRIDAY; or, The Murder of Jesus Christ

The space of time being, by the Jews.” Price 6d.

From October 1828, to September 1829. 14. MARTENS'S LAW OF NA. TIONS.—This is the Book which was the foundation of all the knowledge that I have a description of the country, of the principal ever possessed relative to public law. The

cities and their most striking curiosities Price is 17s., and the manner of its execution is,

of the climate, soil, agriculture, horticula I think, such as to make it fit for the Library

ture, and products; of the prices of proviof any Gentleman.

sions and labour; and of the dresses and

conditions of the people ; 15. ROMAN HISTORY, French and English, intended, not only as a History for Young People to read, but as a Book of Exer. An account of the laws and customs, civit

and religious, and of the morals and decises to accompany my Prench Grammar.

meanour of the ivhabitants, in the several Two Volumes. Price 13s, in boards.

States. 16. PAPER AGAINST GOLD; or,

By JAMES P. COBBETT. the History and Mystery of the National Debt, the Bank of England, the Funds, and all the Trickery of Paper Money.. The Price of this to be had at No. 11, Bolt-court, Fleet-street. book, very nicely printed, is 5s.

17. LETTERS FROM FRANCE: containing Observations made in that Country during a Residence of Two Months in the THE CRY OF BLOOD FROM IRELAND! South, and Three Months at Paris. By John This day is published, Price ld. M. COBBETT, Price 4s. in boards,

LETTER to the REFORMERS of 18. A TREATISE ON COBBETT'S Tithe doings, with a Picture of the Anglesea

A

GREAT BRITAIN, on the recent CORN; containing Instructions for Propa: Government. By Daniel O'Connell. Esq. gating and Cultivating the Plant, and for

M.P. Harvesting and Preserving the Crop; and also an account of the several uses to which the London : Strange, Paternoster-row; Wat. Produce is applied. Price 2s. 6d.

son, Windmill-street, Finsbury; Cleave, Kiogstreet, Snow-bill;

Cowie, 312, Strand; Hewett 19. PROTESTANT. “REFORMA. and Long, near Temble-bar; Purkiss, WarTION” in England and Ireland, showing how dour-street; Guest, Birmingham; Mann, that event has impoverished and degraded the

Leeds; Heywood, Manchester; and all Book

sellers. main body of the people in those countries. Two volumes, bound in boards. The Price of the first volume is 4s. 6d, The Price of the Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court: and second volume 3s. 6d.

published by him, at Il, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

VOL.78.-No. 2.)

LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 13TH, 1832.

[Price Is, 2d.

There is here and there a spot of good land, just as in the deep valleys that I

crossed; but, generally speaking, the country is poor; and its bleakness is proved by the almost total absence of the oak tree, of which we see scarcely one all the way from MORPETA to Hexuam. Very few trees of any sort, except in the bottom of the warm valleys ; what

there are, are chiefly the ash, which is a PROGRESS IN THE NORTH. very hardy tree, and will live and thrive

where the oak will not' grow at all, Bezham, 1. Oct., 1832. which is very curious, seeing that it I LEFT Morpeth this morning pretty comes out into leaf so late in the spring, early in a post-chaise, to come to this and sheds its foliage so early in the fall. town, which lies on the banks of the The trees, which stand next in point of TYNE, at thirty-four miles distant from hardiness, are the syCAMORE, the BEBCH, MORPETA, and at twenty distant from and the Birch, which are all seen here; Newcastle. MORPETA is a great market- but none of them fine. The ash is the town, for cattle especially. It is a solid most common tree, and even it flinches old town ; but it has the disgrace of upon the hills, which it never does in seeing an enormous new jail rising up the South. It has generally become in it. From cathedrals and monasteries yellow in the leaf already; and many we are come to be proud of our jails, of the trees are now bare of leaf before which are built in the grandesc style, any frost has made its appearance. The and seemingly as if to imitate the Ġo- cattle all along here are of a coarse Taic architecture. At MORPET: my kind; the cows, swag-backed and friend supplied me with plenty of badly shaped, Kiloe oxen, except in peaches, along with every other good the dips of good land by the sides of thing to eat and drink; and along with the bourns which I crossed. Neverthethat, which was much more valuable less, even here, the fields of turnips, of than all these put together, his most both sorts, are very fine. Great pains sensible conversation. He showed me seem to be taken in raising the crops of some of my corn, very nearly ripe, and these turnips : they are all cultivated in as fine as any that I ever saw in my cows, are kept exceedingly clean, and life.

they are carried in as winter food for From MORPETA to within about four all the animals of a farm, the horses miles of Hexham, the land is but very excepted. · indifferent; the farms of an enormous As I approached Hexram, which, as extent. I saw in one place more than the reader knows, was formerly the seat a hundred corn-stacks in one yard, each of a famous abbey, and the scene of a having from six to seven Surrey wagon- not less famous battle, and was, indeed, loads of sheaves in a stack; and not at one time, the ske of a bishop, and another house to be seen within a mile which has now.churches of great antior two of the farm-house. There appears quity and cathedral-like architecture ; to be no such thing as barns, but merely as I approached this town, along a valley a place to take in a stack at a time, down which runs a small river that soon and thrash it out by a machine. The after empties itself into the Tyne, the country seems to be almost wholly desti- land became good, the ash trees more tute of people. Immense tracks of cora- lofty, and green as in June; the other land, but neither cottages nor churches. trees proportionably large and fine; and

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when I got down into the vale of Hex- BEAUMONT, who, not many days before, HAM itself, there I found the oak tree, in what he called a speech, I suppose, certain proof of a milder atmosphere; made at Newcastle, thought proper, as for the oak, though amongst the hardest was reported in the newspapers, to woods, is amongst the tenderest of utter the following words with regard plants known as natives of our country. to me, never having, in his life, received Here everything assumes a different ap- the slightest provocation for so doing. pearance. The Tyne, the southern and “ The liberty of the press had nonorthern branches of which meet a few “ thing to fear from the Government. miles above HEXHAM, runs close by this “ It was the duty of the adıninistration ancient and celebrated town, all round" to be upon their guard to prevent exwhich the ground rises gradually away Iremes. There was a crouching sertowards the hills, crowned here and“ vility on the one hand, and an excitethere with the remains of those castles“ meni to disorganization and to licenwhich were formerly found necessary “ tiousness on the other, which ought to for the defence of this rich and valuable“ be discountenanced. The company, valley, which, from tip of hill to tip of “ he believed, as much disapproved of hill, varies, perhaps, from four to seven " that political traveller who was miles wide, and which contains as fine “ now going through the countryhe corn-fields as those of Wiltshire, and “ meant Cobbett--as they detested the fields of turnips, of both kinds, the “servile effusions of the Tories.” BeauJargest, finest, and best cultivated, that MONT, in addition to his native stupie my eyes ever beheld. As a proof of the dity and imbecility, might have been goodness of the land and the mildness drunk when he said this, but the serof the climate here, there is, in the vile wretch who published it was not grounds of the gentleman who had the drunk; and, at any rate, BEAUMONT was kindness to receive and to entertain me my mark, it not being my custom to (and that in a manner which will pre- snap at the stick, but at the cowardly vent me from ever forgetting either hand that wields it. him or his most amiable wife); there It is my fashion, to meet, if I can, is, standing in his ground, about an acre every assailant upon his own dunghill. of my corn, which will ripen perfectly Beaumont knew I was to be at Hexwell; and, in the same grounds, which, ham; that is his dunghill; but he took together with the kitchen-garden and very good care not to be seen in the all the appurtenances belonging to a neighbourhood at the time; though, house, and the house itself, are laid out, which is curious enough, the dirty felarranged, and contrived, in a manner so low made his appearance there when judicious, and to me so original, as to he found I was gone off to NewcasTLE. render them objects of great interest, Such a wretch, such a truly contemptithough, in general, I set very little va- ble fellow, cannot be an object of what lue on the things which appertain mere- is properly called vengeance with any ly to the enjoyments of the rich; in man who is worth a straw; but, I say, these same grounds (to come back with Swift, “ If a flea or a bug bite again to the climate), I perceived that me, I will kill it if I can;" and, acting the rather tender evergreens not only upon that principle, I, being at Hexlived but throve perfectly well, and (a HAM, put my foot upon this contemptible criterion infallible) the biennial stocks creeping thing, who is offering himself stand the winter without any covering as a candidate for the southern division or any pains taken to shelter them ; of the county, being so eminently which, as every one knows, is by no fitted to be a maker of the laws ! means always the case, even at KEN- The newspapers have told the whole BINGTON and Fulham.

country that Mr. John RIDLEY, who is At night I gave a lecture at an inn, at a tradesman at Hexuam, and occupies Hexham, in the midst of the domains some land close by, has made a stand of that impudent and stupid man, Mr. against the demand for tithes; and that

the tithe-owner recently broke open, in bridge ; and I have seen that valley the night, the gate of his field, and from the source of the Thames to Loncarried away what he deemed to be the don-bridge. At its northern source ! tithe ; that Mr. Ridley applied to the saw it but a mere gutter ; and its other magistrates, who could only refer him source (the Isıs) I rode across (not more to a court of law to recover damages for than four yards over), the water not the trespass. When I arrived at Hex- reaching up to the belly of my horse. RAM, I found this to be the case. I These sides of the Tyne are very fine : further found that BEAUMONT, that impu- corn-fields, woods, pastures, villages ; a dent, silly and slanderous BEAUMONT, is church every four miles, or thereabouts ; the lay-owner of the tithes in and round cows and sheep beautiful; oak trees, about HEXHAM; he being, in a right though none very large ; and, in short, line, doubtless, the heir or successor of a fertile and beautiful country, wanting the abbot and monks of the Abbey of only the gardens and the vine-covered HEXHam; or, the heir of the donor, cottages that so beautify the counties EGFRID, king of Northumberland. 1 in the South and the West. All the found that BeauMONT had leased out buildings are of stone. Here are coalhis tithes to middle men, as is the lauda works and rail-ways every now and then. ble custom with the pious bishops and The working people seem to be very clergy of the law-church in Ireland. well off; their dwellings solid and Finding all this, I, after some introduc- clean, and their furniture good; but the tory matter, made my lecture consist of little gardens and orchards are wanting. a dissertation on tithes; and, I think, I The farms are all large ; and the people proved to the entire satisfaction of the who work on them either live in the people of HEX AM, that all tithes were farm-house, or in buildings appertaining public property; that it would be the duty to the farm-house ; and they are all of the reformed Parliament completely well fed, and have no temptation to acts to abolish them both in England and in like those which sprang up out of the Ireland ; and that, in no respect what- ill-treatment of the labourers in the soever did the claim of the lay-impro- South. Besides, the mere country priator differ from that of the clergy people are so few in number, the state themselves. How it would have de- of society is altogether so different, that lighted Beaumont to have seen himself a man who has lived here all his lifeplaced in the same boat, cheek-by-jowl, time, can form no judgment at all with with all the crowds of fat rectors and regard to the situation, the wants, and vicars! How wise he would have look- the treatment of the working people in ed; and how still nore zealous he would the counties of the South. have been to prevent “ licentiousness in They have begun to make a rail-way the press ;" and how still more neces- from Carlisle to Newcastle; and I sary he would have found it to express sąw them at work at it as I came along. his " disapprobation of the political There are great lead-mines not far from traveller, Cobbett !"

Hexham; and I saw a great number of

little one-horse carts bringing down the North Shields, 2. Oct., 1832, pigs of lead to the point where the Tyne Yesterday morning I came from Hex- becomes navigable to Newcastle; and FAM to NEWCASTLE ; from Newcastle sometimes I saw loads of these pige to SOUTH SHIBLDS (where I have lectured lying by the road-side, as you see this evening); and now I am here with parcels of timber lying in Kent and an intention to lecture here to-morrow Sussex, and other timber counties. No pight. From Hexham to NewCASTLE fear of their being stolen : their weight I came down in a post-chaise, on the is their security, together with their south-side of the Tyne, along a valley value compared with that of the labour which is as fine a corn country as any of carrying. Hearing that BBAUMONT that is to be seen in any parts of the was, somehow or other, connected with banks of the Thames above London- this lead-work, I had got it into my

that upon

five years.

head that he was a pig of lead himself,

North Shidds, 3. Oct., 1832. and half expected to meet with him I lectured at SOUTH SHIELDS last amongst these groups of his fellow. evening, and here this evening. I came creatures ; but, upon inquiry, I found orer the river from South SHIELDS that some of the lead-mines belonged to about eleven o'clock last night, and him; descending, probably, in that same made a very firm bargain with myself right line in which the tithes descended never to do the like again. This evening, to him; and, as the Bishop of Durham after my lecture was over,somegentlemen is said to be the owner of great lead- presented an address to me upon the mines, Beaumont and the bishop may stage, before the audience, accompapossibly be in the same boat with regard nied with the valuable and honourable to the subterranean estate as well as present of the late Mr. Eneas Mackex.

the surface; and, if this zie's HISTORY OF THE County of Norshould be the case, it will, I verily THUMBERLAND; a very interesting work, believe, require all the piety of the worthy of every library in the kingbishop, and all the wisdom of BEAUMONT, dom. I shall insert this address byto keep the boat above water for another and-by; and in the meanwhile proceed

with my progress in the North. As I approached NEWCASTLE, the col. From NEWCASTLE to MORPETH ; lieries, the rail-roads, the citizens' coun- from Morpeth to Hexham ; and then try boxes, the smoke, the bustle, and all the way down the Tyne; though, all the London-like appearance again everywhere such abundance of hne met my eye. But, judge of my sur- turnips, and, in some cases, of mangelprise when I saw a HAMMERSMITH- wurzel, you see scarcely any potatoes ; BRIDGE swinging upon chains, and a certain sign that the working people with just such a lodge for the toll-man do not live like hog's. This root is to live in; and with everything as raised in Northuniberland and Durham, much like the Wen as a young ape is to be used merely as garden-stuff ; and, like an old one! Over it I went, look- used in that way, it is very good; the ing at the tide below, and seeing the contrary of which I never thought, boats push about, as I have so often much less did I ever say it. It is the done, going from Kensington to Barn- using of it as a substitute for bread and Elm and back again. This NewCASTLE for ineat, that I have deprecated it ; and, is really and truly the London of the when the Irish poet, Dr. DRBNNEN, called North: it has all the solidity of the it“ the lazy root, and the root of micity of London; all its appearances of sery,” he gave it its true character. Sir industry and of real wealth; all its pros- CHARLES WOLSELEY, who has travelled pects of permanency; and, there is only a great deal in France, Germany, and this difference in the people, that, at Italy, and who, though Scott-ELDON Newcastle they are all of one breed, scratched him out of the commission of and of one stamp; whereas London is the peace, and though the sincere painhabited by persons from every part of triot Brougham will not put him in the kingdom, pot omitting a consider- again, is a very great and accurate obable number from the sister kingdom ! server as to these interesting matters, As to which has the best population, Ihas assured me, that, in whatever proam naturally shy about delivering a portion the cultivation of potatoes prevery decided opinion, but this I will vails in those countries, in that same say, that a better race than that at New proportion the working-people

are CASTLE and its vicinity, I am quite sa- wretched; an assurance which is fully tisfied that there is not upon this earth. corroborated by my son William, who Here you find all the good qualities, is also a most competent judge, and who public and private ; and, which is a has had opportunities of seeing parts of great thing to say, you find them in France and Belgium, which Sir CHARLES

may not have seen. From this degrading curse; from sitting round a dirty

every class.

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