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Two years' rent at 40s., would he..£40.0Why such lanıl would be immensely dear Expenses, taking the average of 4
without any rent at all. (Cheers.) How could years- Fallow, Wheat, Clover,
he hold out any hope of relief to a man so and Wheat..
4 13 6 situated ? To do so, he should be a gross de. Poor's Rate, Highway Rates,County
ceiver. (Cheers.) He might say, as many a Rates, &c.....
0 3 0 candidaie bad said, " Vote for me, aud I will loterest on 41. 135. 6d., 5 pós cent.,
du something for you." But maoy a mau who for julerest, and 5 per cent. for
bad relied upon such promises bad found a wear and tear, 10 per cent. in the
passage across the wide Atlautic the only whole ...
09 Aineans of escaping from the consequeuces of
such a delusivil. (Cbeers.) If any mau should
5 10 come to them and say he could inake such Produce, 30 bushels per acre, at 8s. 120 ollaud yield a profitable return, whether it paid
rent or not, he (A1r. P.) would tell them, ibat Gain per acre £2 14 2 in his opinion, the assertion would be a down
right lie. (Cneers and laughter.) lle repeated Now a man with such a farm as this might that if any gentleman wi-bed him to do so, le live; though he (Mr. P.) had not allowed for was willing to go still farther iuc, details conhad harvests or for tithes, because, for the nected with this inportant question-for be present, he would sink that q'estion. But wai equally desirous to state' his own views, suppose they came down a peg; and took land and w hear the opinious of others. He was of an iuferior quality, the reut of which should really aud au xiulis tu le-rn all he cou'd on this vply be 20s. per annum. In this case the subject, and had no wish to go to Parliament farmer was subject to the same expenses, if he with his fingers in his nwuth. (Lau:hter.) did justice to the land ; and it was no penny He had endeavoured to add all be could to his or twojenny matter; they all knew thai. stock of infurination since he first came before (Cheers and laugliter.)
the county as a candidate ; aud this made him Rent, 2 years, at 20s.
2 0 0 say, that while lie would do every thing iu bis Expenses, 3 ite nis as above. 5 5 10 power to ensure prosperity to agricalture, lie
weither could nor would, for the purpose of
7 5 10 obtaining their support, promise to do that Produce, 15 bushels per acre, at as, 60 o which weither he uor any other man ovuld
ever hope to perfor... (Clieers.) He could Loss per acre El 5 10 nut do impossibilities; therefore, it was useless Or, 7s. Id. left per acre, for rent.
tu make mirch professious. But he had pledged
himself before, and he would do so again toMany persous might say they could manage
day, to look into the cause, which, a farna at less cost ihan eisis. But he was vot already observed, had produced this effect, to be told that a man should live spon pota: hul no more. (Cheers.) He wished to pronote
and 10 d, what lie could to remedy the evil, toes, hecause he should live as he ought to live. And if a farmer said he could manage
The interests of agriculture for this reason. at a less rost than he (Mr. I'.) had described, What was the use of the manufacturer making let him be asked whether he paid bis servants goods, if he had no customer to buyibem? 28. 6d. per day; for a nuau shou'd not bave And who was his best custoiner? Why, the less; and whether his plonghs and farming farmer. (Cheers.) That was, in good times; gear were in good conditjuuAll these things for he feared that mauy of them had not been should be taken into account. But let them able to command many superfluities lately. takie land that would produce, sot 30 busliels (Cbeers, and cries of' “ True.”) But he per acre, 15, or even 12, but 7, as many of would yet go to Parliament inspiessed with ihem knew was wp often the case. And here the cursciousuess that the interests of agricol(as we understood bim, he would observe, ture aud of manufactures were su identified that however laudlorals miglit consider they with each other as tu be inseparable. He bad obliged tenants lvy letting toem farms, in such sponent of the deprodlence of the inanufacturer cases as this tlie obliged party was not the ou the farmer; but where, on the other hand, tenant, but the landlord, who mare the best would be the utility of a farmer growing more bargain by getting them off his hands. (A coru, or raising more cattle or sheep than he laugh.) Thus, taking the worst quality of could barely consume at his own table, unless, land,
in his turn, he had the manufacturer to pur
chase thein? (Cheers.) Every man must know Two years' rent, at 108.
10 how the two interests hung together. The Then the same expeuses as above.. 5 5 10 nanufacturer would not make goods unless
he had the farmer to buy thein, and the latter
6 5 10 would have no occasion to carry cultivation Produce, 7 busbels, at Es.
2 16 0 beyond the limits of his gardeu, vuless he had
a market for his produce with the mauufac
£3 9 10 turer. (Cheers.) When, for iustance, trade Or, loss per acre, 11. As, 11d., without any was bad in Laucasbi e, he need not tell them Tent.
wbat effect it had ou the Darliugtou aud
as be had
Stockton markets. Breeders either would not commons. (Renewed laughter.) A grocer told bring their stock to inarket; or if they diil, him, a tew days ago, that when wages were they had to drive them home again, and after good, they would have nothing but green tea keeping them another year, suded them, per and loaf sugar; and even wheu they were low
hars, 5s. per head higher, vut of which they they had cu'fee and moist sugar. (Much laugh. we had to pay for the year's keep. (Cries of "True, ter.) But it was out the grocer alune who
true.") Such was always the case when the shared the plunder; it was diffused in various
condition of the manufacturing districts were streams, aud all went to augruent the quautity the to depressed; for no man would pretend to say of himau cumfort and happiness. (Cheers.)
that this could be the consequence of foreigu When that railway was commenced, its enecompetition. (Cheers.) Tliey were reconi- mies prophesied that it never would be fiuisbed. men ded, in a band-bill he had seeu, to send And then, wbeu it was finished, that it must to Parliament only sucho meu a: bad landed go dowo-it could never prosper. It had. estates, and who would look to the protection bowever, been twelve years in operation ; aud of the agricultural interest alone. They night now let them inquire what effect it had proadopt that advice if they admired it; but four duced during that period. Was it nothing his part be thought it would be just as reason, that 100 ships weekly eutered the Tees, where, able to return only meu who bad but que eye. previuus to the construction of the railway, (Lond laughter.) They might dlepeuil upon such a uunaber were lartly seco in bi muoibs? it, that if a man had to go to Parlia tnent tu ulo (Cheers.) But this was not all. The coalany good, he must have both his eyes -aye, trade was going on improving, bringing and keep them open, fou, or he would make into the district, in the course of the a left-hauded business of it. (.Much cheering year, from 200,0001. to 250,0001. in ready and laughter.) But he was surprised that mouey, of which they never saw oue stiver beindividuals truin whium, considering their rank tore. '(Loud cheers.) Then there was that and station in life, better things might have eulargemeut in the trade of the town, cousebeeu expected, should hold the opiuions they quent upon the increased trattic in the river, did upon tbis subject. He was tiut young to which was su advantage.us to the inhabitants follow ibeir example, hy crying up agriculo uf Stocktoo. And there was another material ture, or any oue interest müre than awuther. point to he horne in niud. Committees of the (Cheers.) But bie should endeavour to show, iwo Houses of Parliament had “ sisted" the in a few words, buw certani io lividuals, wbó coil-trade, to ascertain what it was; and it was turned upon their heels as if they felt insulted stated, iu the course of the icquiry, by one of whenever commerce was menti: Bed, deluded the Messrs. Braudlwg, that because competithemselves in eutertainmg the extreme op tiou in that trade had become su great, espenions which they professed to bold vo this cially from Stucktvu, they were not able, tu question. No man seed be ashamed of the North, to sell cuals, in 1830, as high, by 2s. Speaking of his progeny; and he believed be or 3s. per cbalvrou, as in 1828. (Great cheerutight claim a very near relativuship with the ing.) Now, if the people of Stockton did not railway connected with this town. (A laugh.) get the beuetit of that, such benefit was eue Now, that very railroad-a commercial un- jured by some other portion of the commudertaking be it remembered—which had been uity. The saving that would accrue to the 80 traduced, poor tbiug, that if it trad not been public, in the price of ouals, estimating the as bard as irun-(a laugh)--it must have vend at 1,500,000 Newcastle chaldrous, would been knocked dowo long ago,-ibat railroad, amount, at %s per cbaldrou, tu 150,0001. per be was prepared to demostrate beyoud the snuum ; thus proving the truth of that beaupossibility of doubt or contradiction, had heeu tiful priuciple of commerce, that a inau cannot productive of immense benefit to the agri- mend his situation in life without bettering Culture of the district through which it passed. that of his weighbour's also. (Cheers.). The (Hear, bear.) Yet persons were to be found cousequence, therefore, was, ibat while the who could cry “ stand agriculture-down railroad did well for the proprietors, it bad with commerce!" Now, let them contemplate drawi), to this part of the Kingdom, trade the facts. Since the fórniation of that rail froin the Laud's End to Aberdeen, and a large road, 6,000 iu habitauts had been added to the portion of vur fellow-creatures were indebted population of the district. (Loud cheers.) to the enterprise of the southern division of If they considered that each person, litle or the county of Durhan for obtaining one of the big, old and young, consumed, on the average, first necessaries of life at a cheaper price than half a stupe uf meal per week, this would in- they had ever done since the word " cuals" crease the consumption of the district 52,000 was known in this country. (Great cheeriug.) busbels per annum, or atout 7,531 sacks of To return more iminedialely to the subject of fine flour. (Cheers.) The farmers bad vow agriculture. He could assure his hearers, that no longer any occasion to go badgering to some of the agriculturists were lung-headed Loodou to sell their four; for they could me n. They had subjected bim, o in any dispose of it at their own doors! Then there places, to the must minute and searching inwas the extra consumption of beef, butter, quiries: they had used their smallest cheese, and malt; things wbich colliers likel with regard to himn. (A laugh.) He (a laugh); for however farmer's labourers know how other candidates had fare
dis lined, colliers krew very little about short with biase!f the scrutiny bad been most sever
ses not but
and unsparing. They had made himn produce not receive them without his (Mr.P.'s) cooseut. bis title deeds, dowu to the minutest parch. He could not get them if his (Mr. P.'s) laud ment, before they woull graut him their con- were laiu in fallow--if he grew no corn, or fidence. The employment of this systein, suffered his bay.crops w rot ou the ground. however, had only served to place him more (Cheers.) There was no law to force the culfirmly in the public regard ; Tor he bad the rivativu of his ground; and such being the satisfaction of knowing that, in nearly every lact, what becaine of the absolute“ property" instance, as he had before stated, his explana- 1 of the clergy iu the tithes? (Cheers.) Wly, tious bad heen sufficient to secure app.obation, it was ouly the other day that 43 clergymea of his priuciples. (Cheers.) He had been of this diocese liad raised a cry against plurasurprised to find souie agriculturists bold the lities. They objected to a clergyinau boiding opinious they did ou the question of cities. 2 or 3 livings; but who ever heard of a comHe did not ineas to make that a prominent plaiut being breathed agaiust a mau having topic of observatio: here; but he would refer 2 or 3 estates? (Great cheering ) It would to it for the purpose of explaining how tithes really appear from this, that the clergy, whate operated to the injury of the farmer and ebe ever they night say, were beginning to think disadvantage of the public. Suppose a farover that the rithes were not so much their own took a farm at a reut of 2101., but bis laud as they pretende.I. (A laugh)There were lord, after striking his bargail, says, “On, laws agaiust simony in the church ; but whobut I forgut--this farm is eithe-free; and I ever heard of a simoniacal crutract with remust lay ou a sixih he believed that was the gard tu laud. (Much laughter.) There was. rate) to the rent-ubich would thus be ad indeed, a property in advowsuus; but these vanced tu 2451. This was no tenth business. were a peculiar sort of auimal. (Laughter.) (Hear and laughter.) Now, he should like tu But though there might be a property iu the see the guod old times r. vived when the farm- right of presentation to a living, could any. er used to calculate upon realising three reols, thiny be inore moustrous than the assumption one for the laudlord, one for expeuses, an: tha', in cuusequence of sucli presentation, the the third for himself. (Cheers.) 'He did not incumbeut should exact a tax upou the skill, know how the calculation might be made at capital, industry, aud enterprise of the whole the present day ; but he was apprelieusive that, parish? (Much applause.) He would not say in nive cases out of ten, the farmer was afraid (ihat he would take a radical part on this ques. to put peu to paper on the subject. (Cheers.) tion; hut, he would at leasi endeavour to do The rent, then, for this farm, would be 2151., his duty. (Cheers.) The time would cume which on the former principle of calculatiou, -it was fast approaching-when it would be would make the gross produce of the farm asked what right these men hail to mure tbaa 735l. Now, if it had been taken at the rent a teuth of tbe fee of the laud--when there originally stipulated, the produce, by the could be no calculation of fifths or teuths, but
mode of calculariull, should have when each clergyman should be paid accordamounted to 6361..; and the titive of that ing to the extent of his usefulues, and upon would have been 631, whereas the additivnal no viber scale. (Cheers.) He was very auxi. rent impused by the laudlord, on account of ons for the sake of gouliness, that the clergy, the exemption from tithe, would, bave 0. this question, should meet the people balf been 261. less than the value of the tithe. way. They were ihe best friends of the church So that the loss to the farmer, by the opera- who persuaded them to concession (Cheers.) tion of the tithe system, as contra-distiu- Let them go across the Irish Chauuel, and guished from iucrease of rent, would have learu by what they might wituess there, that been the sum he had mentioued—which it is impossible for a church or a state to stand sbuwed that vothing like the value of the tithe out against a combined people. (Immeuse was ever laid ou in the shape of rent. cheers.) For these reasou-, and for the sake (Cheers.) But agaiu ; supposing the farmer of barmony, peace, and religion, the soouer took took a twenty years' lease, aud expended there was a fair and equitable consideration 1,0001. in improvements, calculating upon 10 of this case, the soover the questiou should be per cent., or 10cl. a year, for the employmen properly and judiciously settled, so as to satisiy uf his capital. But if the tithe-farnier should the people, the better for the people, but three. say, “ Out of that fool. I must have 101.,'' the fold better for the churchi. (Loud cheers.) It Joss would he, during the period of the lease, had been suggested tu bim, as he entereu the no less than 7601.-aud without the improve town, that he should say something on the ments 5601.! Was he uot justified thee, in subject of corporeal punislıments in the army: saying that the tithe system was a bir to im- The practice was one which he reprobated provenent-a public dleriment and injury? with all his heart;, and which he would do his (leon cheers.) (After some further calcula- utmost to put au eod to, to whomroerer it apo tions tending to show the mischievous opera- piird, whetiser to blacks or to whites. (Cheers.) tion of tithes, Mr. P. proceeded.) Ti:hes were several persous bad asked bim if he did not the means given to promote a certain end; know that there were such things as White and, therefore, when he heard it as erted that Slave () wners? He knew that he had been the clergy had the same right to the tithes charged with being one of these, as be pretha: he had to his estate, he was compelled to sumed his enemies would charge him with ask, bow did it happen the clergymau could anything to serve their owo purposes. But
they did not know that he was one of the! sending out à in an wiin a splendid name t) strongest stickers fur “ Sallier's Bill," as i. Viewwa, or elsewhere, to protect the interests of was terraed. (Great clieering.) He rejuiced the country, we were to employ ai bouest, to say he had no reprwach o his couscirure well-nuearing man of “principie," would upt ea this priut. While masters or parents, for the consequences be better both for ourselves there was as much culpability ou the oue band and the world? (Cheers.). Wat was it that as on the other, were willing to sacrifice the gave the envoys of Anverica their advantages rising generation, by confining thein to exces- i over he great men of our own country, but sive ivil, be thought it was absolutely ne- their thoroughi acquaintance with the princicessary for the Goverumeut to interfere. ples of trade, which the magnates of our owu (Creep) The first step to be taken was to land so much despised that they would take ablish all-night lahosriu lacíories. (Chters.) an anodyne if they presumed there was a pos. Masters would not sit up to pursue it, aud sibility of their ever dreaming of traue?' (A wby should children du so ? (Cheers.) Ac. laugh.) Sueh men had no chance when pitted taated by these feelingi, lie had speut many against a long.beaded Yaukee. (A laugh.) If, an bour with Mr. Sadlur, aud, mouths before therefore, they would place all the country be thought of stauding here as a cavdi- had lost through “ expediency" in contrast date, had done all in his power to make with wha: it might have gained through that bid as imperative and effectual as be poss" hristiau principle,” they would see the sitly wuld. (Loud cheers.) But the strangest ruck upon which the slip of state had already arg webt to which he bad tu listeu, as op- split, and from which it was desirable to proposed to bis return, was une which had been tect it for the future. Till we adopted someused by certain persons high iu religious func- thing like “ Christian priuciple," as the tious and authority--and one gentleman foundation of our pulicy, in trade and agriespecially, who had a su in the church, la culture, as well as in peace and war, it would told him, that though he believed he would be vain to expect uational prosperity; and go into the House of Commous au huuest man, therefore, whatever mighi be said as to his be would nut come out such. (A laugh.) For losing his priociples, which he regarded more all bis bonesty, however, he knew the reverend tban life, he meant to atiempt it. He might genile mau would not give him his vote. be told bis “ Christian principles" were like (Laugliter). He said to hini, “Yuu come fur- a mathematical proposition, very beautiful in ward on Christiau principles." He replied, theory, but would not work in practice. He "I do so." “ You caurt carry them into meaut, b:wever, to try them; because if he executinu in the House of Commons." What had any hope of serving his country, setting should he say to this! He could only say, I aside any local interests by the advocacy of that is Christianity were available, it must be which a' mau might acquire popularity, it available in every situatiou in life. (Cheers) would be by legislatiug in a spirit accordTo cover de the converse of that proposiiiun aut with that blaze of light,' knowledye, was to say, that though Christianity was a very and understanding, which had burst upon good th ng, we would only take as much as the mind of the English. y evple, with a se liked of it, and leave the rest. (Cheers.) force and effulgecce that were without exBut he agreed with Mr. Fox, that when we ample in this or any other country. (Cheers.) diverged runs ihe line of moral rectitude we Puyularity had always, heretofore, been alsa neut politically wrong, and that honesty in attached to the wheels of the great ; who, public, as well as in private life, would be if they could not win cou'd buy it; but found the best policy. (Loud cheers.) He that day is gone by, aud he was the living considered the assertion, that Christian prin- proof. (Luud cheers.) His hopes were these, ciples could not be successfully maintained in that ihe electors of England, at this crisis, the legislature, far to hold and daring. Let would set aside all minor considerations, and it be recollected what the word most io vogue do their duty by returuing to Parliament none is that quarter had been. It was " expedi- but men who had given prvofs that they ency." Now the only change which bis 7:10- svuglit ooly to promote the interests of their feston embraced was the difference between fellow-mes, and who were anxi us for the * expedieney" aud" justice." He knew what spread of everything useful or valuable in po* expediency" had done for the couutry. Let litics, murals, and religion. (Cheers.) Then them bak around. He kuew that “ Christian might we expect to see the dawn of our cuunprinciple” would remedy stasery; but“ expe- try's regeneration, and to behold the sun of dienc;" would not set the negro at liberty. British prosperity rise to an altitude from (Cheers.) He knew that “ Christian prin- which nothing could reiluce it. (Cheers.) – cipit" said war was wrong, and that it was our Mr. Pease then thanked the assemblage for interest to lise at peace. But it was said that the kindness with which they had listened to it was vot," expedit ut" that there should him; and after offeriug some jucular remarks be peace; and he knew, that during the last upon a statement that bad gone fort!ı, that he war, wben the chaplains of the army had to bad but one speech for all occasions, and expreach of “ peace" they were instructed not posing the absurdity of the imputation, conto say a word against war. (Much laugoter.) cluded amidst the reiterated cheers of the Might not “Christian principle" too, be well crowd by declaring it was his firm purpose, if apphed to our embassics; and if instead of he were blessed with life and strength, to do his best to serve them and the country—an tison) on Saturılay week, stated," he Angel could do no more !
“ never heard of a more gross case, and
“ could not conceive bow any justices CARMARTHENSHIRE JUSTICE-“could commit a respectable gentleman OF-PEACE WORK.
“ to prison for feloniously demolishing a
“ house, when it appeared on the state; (From the Morning Chronicle of 6. November.) ' ment of the witnesses for the prosecu
The people of England are grievously “tion, that all the damage was done mistaken, if they suppose that they can “ before he got there.” The riot was obtain the blessing of good Government made a handle of to arrest this gentleand a fair and impartial administration, man, allowed by his very Tories eneof justice throughout the country, with-nies to be an honourable and most upout many a hard struggle. The Tories right man. He was committed for fe : are united and powerful. They are, of lony, in riotously assembling with divers course, no match for the people when other evil-deposed persons, and with the people pull together. But the mo- force beginning to demolish and pull ment the people relax, the Tories are down the dwelling-house of one John ready for mischief. The Tories, yet Davies. This man, John Davies, had have nearly the whole working of the fired two pistols, and wounded a boy. administration. The lord-lieutenants without any provocation, in conseare nearly all Tories ; and the magis- quence of which outrage his windows tracy throughout all the country are were broken by the incensed populace, nearly all the creatures of the Tory lord- a full hour before Mr. Thomas went 10 lieutenants. These magistrates have, as the house for the purpose of apprehendevery one knows, great power to annoying him. Davies, the perpetrator of and persecute; and woe betide the ho- this outrage, is suffered to go at large, nest man who at the last election agi. and the gentleman who interfered to tation made himself conspicuous in bring him to justice is treated as a promoting the return of reform candi- felon? dates. In some places the magistrates And now for the motive for this fa. proceed to most disgraceful lengths in grant departure from justice. The real wreaking their vengeance on those who crime of Mr. Thomas is the having are opposed to the return of Tory can- called and taken the lead in the numerdidates.
ous public meetings which have taken A strong proof of the truth of these place in that spirited town, and in the remarks has been recently furnished in county of the same name, in favour of the borough of Carmarthen. That the Reform Bill, and the having, by his borough has been thrown into a state of talents, perseverance, and popularity
, great excitement by the commitment to been mainly instrumental in securing prison of George Thomas, Esq., one of beyond a doubt the return to the new its most respectable inhabitants; an Parliament of excellent reforiners for attorney who has the largest practice, both the borough and county; but, and is possessed of a large property in- above all, the having counselled John dependently of his profession.
Jones, Esq., the present Tory member, On the last charter day, as our readers to pledge himself to vote for the Reform may remember, there were riots in Car- Bill in all its stages, without which he marthen. The next day Mr. Thomas had no chance of securing his election. was arrested, and liberated for fourteen In an address to the electors of the days, on finding bail himself for 1,0001. county of Carmarthen, and of the united! and two sureties for 500l. each. At the burghs of Carmarthen and Llanelly, expiration of that term, he was put in dated the 2d of November, Mr. Chomas prison, and bail refused, though tender- thus expresses himself : ed to any amount. Mr. Thomas was “ Electors of Carmarthenshire-1 obliged to apply to the Court of King's “ charge the Hon. Col. Trevor with Bench, and the Judge (Mr. Justice Pat-“ sanctioning or conniving at the pro