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VOL.78.- No. 4.)


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" this time, we suppose, coinmenced “ his lectures at Edinburg!t, has been (doubtless) receiving an overflow of That sort of tribute to which his fre

quent scurrilous abuse of Scotland and " Scutsmen has so naturally advanced a claim. The Caledonian Mercury, re“ceived to-day, contains an elaborate

article, in which the almost incon.

“ceivable contradictions and inconACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND. “sistencies of the oracle of the Register

are duly set forth. In a general way,

this, of course, conveys nothing but No. II.

" that which all the world knew before ; Glasgow, 19. October, 1832. " but as a refresher for the modern On Monday morning, the 15. of Oc- “ Athenians, preparatory to the opentober, I went in a carriage, furnished“ ing of a lecture, it is a furmidable by my kind friends at EDINBURGH, who "affair." accompanied me in it, to a place called Thus we have a specimen of the QUEEN'S-FERRY, where you cross the expectations of this beastly crew of Frits of Forta, to go over to a little place hirelings. Here was this stupid oaf, called North FERRY, whence I went who is scribbling in a dirty newspaper in a post-chaise to the ancient town of in London, while the army-list repreDUXFERMLINE. But before I proceed sents him as a brevet-colonel on full to give a further account of my pro- pay doing duty at Chatuas barracks, gress, I must observe on something that and while we are taxed to the tune of I left behind me at EDINBURGH, namely, five hundred a year, to pay him for his the Caledonian Mercury newspaper, CHATHAM services; here was he, chepromulgating, in one of its columns of rishing in his beasily mind the thought ihe 15. of October, Mr. Dun's address that I should be hissed and hboted out to me at the Waterloo Room, the ad- of Edinburgh ; or, as another newsdress itself, and my answer to that all paper of that city had advised, Aung into dress; and in addition to this, the ihe deepest and dirtiest ditch that could editor's statement, “ that the large be found : and this thought we see * Waterloo Room was crowded to excess coming into his brutal head, in conse" long before the hour appointed; that, quence


elaborate article, " on his entrance, Mr. Cobbett was which had been put forth by this very "greeted with repeated rounds of ap- identical Caledonian Mercury! But, "planse ; and that, at the conclusion of though this might not much surprise * the lecture, thanks were given hini in one, coming from a blundering skull, " the shape of three general cheers; and the produce of potatoes, and filled with * that he was again cheered when he blubber instead of brains, it really is " drove off from the door of the hotel.” matter of surpri:e, that the editor of

In another column of the same paper the Caledoniun Mercury, a name at is the following, which the Caledonian once descriptive of a sensible people, gentleman had the justice, the good and of uncommon science and literary taste, and the sound judgment to extract acumen; it is really matter of astonishand insert from that rumble-tumble of ment to see these two things put forth filth and of beastly ignorance, called the in a paper under such a title, and in one Globe newspaper :

and the same number. * COBBETT.-Cobbelt, who has by Enough of these envious, malignant,



is so.

mercenary, mean and cowardly wretches; solely to the favour with which my but not enough, and never enough, of political principles and my well-known the people of EDINBURGH, of all classes, endeavours and intentions, are viewed. with regard to their conduct towards Perhaps Lord Grey does not think it me; and, self-gratification aside, this is worth his while to read my Register ; a matter of very great importance, if so, that is his fault and not mine : if in a public point of view; because, he do, let him ponder well upon what I somehow or another, no matter how have now said, before he listen to the it has happened, but, somehow or advice of those who would make him another, my name has become iden- believe that he can get on with a retified with certain great measures, in- formed Parliament without making any volving a total change in the manner of great change. conducting the affairs of this kingdom. In returning, now, to my most deNo matter how it has happened; but it lightful tour : upon leaving EDINBURGH,

Therefore, Lord Grry, if he be along the very finest turnpike-road that not blinded by the set who surround I ever saw, the cause-ways on the sides him, must, in this one fact, see quite of which are edged with white stone, enough to induce him to believe that and the gutters paved as nicely as those it is utterly impossible that the Govern- of a street; in leaving EDINBURGH we ment should proceed at all, if it attempt came close by the castle, which I had to get along without making something not seen at so short a distance before, like that sort of change for which I have and up into which I would not go, seesp long been contending. I beseeching that there were soldiers there ; for him to think of this matter seriously; merely speaking to any one of whom and not to imagine that this unequivocal (he choosing to swear that I had popularity of mine is a thing confined to endeavoured to seduce him to desert, or ihe breasts of the working people. Il quit his post) I might have been hanged was not of these that the audiences at by the neck till I was dead, according the theatre of EDINBURGH were com- to a law, originally drawn up by Scott posed. It was not with these that I Eldon, passed for the life of the “good was invited to dine in that city of old king," revived again (on the motion science of all sorts. The popularity did of Scott Eldon) when his worthy not, and could not, arise from any cause eldest son came to the throne, and now other than that which I have stated. I kept in full force by the liberty-loving knew not one single soul in that city; Whigs ! my notification in the Register that i This castle, like the church, is intended to go to EDINBURGH, brought built upon a rock, which rock is me a letter from Messrs. CHADWICK and very lofty, and almost perpendicular ; IRELAND, merchants, whom I had so that it is a most interesting and neither ever seen or heard of before in magnificent spectacle, especially if you my life. The price of entrance at the are on any eminence at a little distance theatre was, on account of the high from the ctty; infinitely grander and charge made for the use of it, a great more interesting than St. Paul's from deal higher than I could have wished, Battersea Rise. I remember noand necessarily excluded working men; thing of the sort equal to it, except the and yet that theatre was crainmed full view of Lincoln cathedral. from the beginning to the end. There come out of the city you see the very was nothing in my writings; nothing pretty and convenient port of LEITA, in my character, except that it had been about a mile and a half away to the vilified more than that of any other right; the Frith of Fortu is before man that ever lived ; nothing in my you; the beautiful county of Fire on station in life; no possibility of my the other side of that; and the Highever being able to make a return for any lands rising up in the distant view. favours received. Therefore, my recep- Just at coming into the country, losing tion and my treatment are to be ascribed sight of the water, you get into the

As you

estate of Lord ROS&BERRY, which is ove DUNFERMLINE, which is now a place of the finest estates of Scotland. It has for the manufactory of table-cloths and everything; fine fields, fine pastures, table-covers, contains about twelve or fiae woods, immense tracks of beautiful fourteen thousand inhabitants, and is, turnips, stack-yards with a hundred like all other manufacturing places, stacks in each ; all, however, rendered more abundant in small and mean mournful to me by the sight of the houses than in houses of a different dethrashing-machine and of the beggarly scription. It is, nevertheless, a good barrack, in which are doomed to live solid town, and is to return one member on oats, barley, peas, and potatoes, those to Parliament, who is, they say, quite without whose labour all this land worthy of its sensible anıl spirited inhawould be worthless, having neither bitants, a good portion of whom, in spite woods, nor stacks, nor turnips, nor of a dreadful alarm about the cholera herds of cattle, nor flocks of sheep. morous, attended in a chapel, from the

After just seeing the top of Lord pulpit of which I harangued them on ROSEBERRY's house, which lies down the necessity of driving out at the door, pretty nearly to the Frith, in a fine or tossing out of the window, any canglade between two lofty woods, we didate who, offering himself as their recame to the QUEEN'S-FEKRY, 100k leave presentative, should hive the audacity of our friends, and sailed across the to tell them, that it was beneath him to Frits, in a large boat, which took us pledge himself to do that which they over in about ten minutes, seeing the wanted him to do for them. After the mouth of the Frith away to our right, harangue, I spent a most pleasant evenand seeing four large men-of-war lying ing (which I made too long) amongst in ordinary about a mile up to our left. these intelligent and zealous men of In that direction, too, we saw the grand DUNFERMLINE, and promised to send mansion of Lord Hopetown, in a very them a small collection of my books for beautiful situation, in a well-wooded the use of their Political Union; which park, forming part of his immense es- I shall do as soon as I get home. tate, which is, they say, another of the This town is celebrated for the finest in Scotland. These descriptions abbey that formerly was here, and has do not accord with my former ideas of been the burial place of several of Scotland, though I knew that there the Scottish kings, particularly of the were some very fine lands and places renowned Robert Bruce, whose tomb in this country ; but it is my business is just opposite the pulpit in the church, truly to describe that which I have and whose names are written, of rather seen, paying no regard whatever to the letters of them are fixed up round what I formerly thought upon the sub- the spire of this church. jeet.

From DunFERMLINE I had engaged From the North Ferry to Dun. to go to Falkirk, which, together with FERMLINE, the country, which belongs, other places, is now to send one memI am told, chiefly to Lord Mokay, and ber to Parliament. We left DUNFERMthen farther on to Lord Elgin, and is LINE about noon on Tuesday, the 16. of in the county of Fife, the country is October, had to go fourteen miles to Kınnearly level; the land not so good as CARDINE, a little town on that side of that in East and Mid-Lothian, but the Frita of Forte, and then to cross still very good; the farms large as be- the ferry to go to Falkirk, at a distance fore; the turnip-fields prodigious; and of six miles from the ferry. The land, uniformly good beyond description; upou leaving DUNFEImline, appears to this being the country for turnips, be- be as line as any can be in the world; cause the FLY never destroys them as the pastures very fine, and also the trees; it does in England; which, when they within the reach of fish; and there is hear it, will make English farmers cease wanted nothing, apparently, that God to wonder that the crops are so uni- himself could have given to man except formly good.

fuel ; and that is here given in coals,


which may be dug out of every field, pastures. I told you before, that the and which are so cheap as to be hardly single men lived in a sort of shed, which worthy of being accounted a part of the is here called a “boothie ; and the expense of a fainily. Yet, in the midst farmer upon this farm living ncar a of all this, how fares the man who la- town, and being said to use his people bours on the land? What share of its rather better than the common run, I produce does he enjoy? These ques- wished to see with my own eyes the tions must receive their answer in an- boothie upon this farm and the men other address to the chopsticks of the in it. South.

The custom here is for men to COBBETT'S ADVICE plough with a pair of horses ; to go

out at daylight; come in at twelve (2ND ADDRE ;)

o'clock, and stay in till two; then go TO THE CHOPSTICKS out again and plough till night; and I

have seen many of them at plough till KENT, SUSSEX, SURREY, HAMPSHIRE,

sun-set. Coke of Norfolk brought this WILTSHIRE, DORSETSHIRE, BERK practice from Scotland to Norfolk ; and SHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE, BUCKING- it has spread over a good part of EngHAMSHIRE, NORFOLK, SUFI OLK, land. It is a very bad practice, though ESSEX ; AND OF ALL THE OTHER I adopted it for some tine, and, I found COUNTIES IN THE SOUTH OF ENGLAND,

it no advantage to me, while it was a Glasgow, 19. October, 1832. great slavery both to the horses and the MY FRIENDS,

men. In my former address I described to I went to the “boothie" between you how the married labourers of Scot- twelve and one o'clock, in order that I land were treated, in what places they might find the men at home, and see lived, and what they lived upon : I am what they had for their dinner. I found now going to describe to you how the the “ boothieto be a shed, with a firesingle men live; I mean the farming piace'in it to burn coals in, with one men, who are what the law calls ser- door-way, and one little window. The Tants in husbandry. I mentioned to Aoor was the ground. There were three you before, that these men are lodged, wooden bedsteads, nailed together like a parcel of them together, in a sort of the berths in a barrack-room,with boards a shed, and that they are never suffered for the bottom of them. The bedding to eat or drink, or even set their foot in seemed to be very coarse sheeting with the farm-house any more than the oxen coarse woollen things at the top; and or the pigs are ; but I had not then ex-all seemed to be such as similar things amived the matter with my own eyes must be where there is nohody but men and ears, which I now have done; and to look after them. There were six I all, therefore, now give you an ac- men, all at home; one sitting upon a count of the whole thing, and shall give stool, four upon the sides of the berths, you my advice bow to act so as to pre- and one standing talking to me. Though vent yourselves or your children from it was Monday, their beards, especially ever being brought into the same state. of two of them, appeared to be some

On Tuesday last, the 16th of this days old. There were ten or twelve month, I went to the farm of a Farmer bushels of coals lying in a heap in one Reid, near the town of DUNFERMLINE. corner of the place, which was, as nearThe land is as fine as man ever set ly as I could guess, about sixteen or his eyes on, having on it some of eighteen feet square. There was no the finest turnips that you ever saw; back-door to the place, and no privy. and there being in the stack-yard about There were some loose potatoes lying three-score stacks, perhaps, each con- under one of the berths. taining from fifteen to twenty quarters Now, for the wages of these men. In of cora ;

fine oxen and hogs in the the first place the average wages of yard, and fine cows and sheep in the these single farming men are about ten

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pounds a year, or not quite four shillings bourer receives for one day's work not a week. Then, they are found pro- half so hard as the work of these men. visions in the following manner : each This shed is stuck up generally away has allowed him two pecks of coarse from the farm-yard, which is surroundoatmeal a week, and three " choppins" ed with good buildings, in which the of milk a day, and a choppin" is, cattle are lodged quite as well as these I believe, the half of one of our pints. men, and in which young pigs are fed They have to use this meal, which a great deal better. There were three weighs about seventeen pounds, either sacks of meal standing in this shed, just by mixing it with cold water or with as you see them standing in our farm, hot; they put some of it into a bowl, houses filled with barley-meal for the pour some boiling water upon it, then feeding of pigs. The farm-house, stir it about and eat it; and they call standing on one side of the yard, is althis BROSE; and you will be sure to ways a sort of gentleman's house, in remember that name. When they use which there are several maids to wait milk with the meal, they use it in the upon the gentleman and lady, and a boy same way that they do the water. I to wait upon them too. There is, genesaw some of the brose mixed up ready rally, a BAILIFF upon these farms,whois to eat; and this is by no means bad very often a relation of the farmer; and, if stuff, only there ought to be half-a- he be a single man, he has either a small pound of good meat to eat along with boothie" to himself, or a place boarded it. The Americans make “ brose” of off in a larger boothie ;' and he is a the corn-meal; but then, they make sort of a sergeant or corporal over the their brose with milk instead of water, common men, who are continually and they send it down their throats in under his eye day and night; and who company with buttered beef-steaks. And being firmly bound for the year, cannot if bere was some bacon along with the quit their service till the year is out. brose, I should think the brose very pro- It is from this source that the“agriculper; because, in this country oats are tural gentlemen," as they call themselves, more easily grown in some parts than in England, have been supplied with the wheat is. These men were not Scorch Bailiffs, who are so justly detroubled with cooking utensils. They tested by you. The Scotch landowners, had a large iron saucepan and five or who suck up and carry away almost the siz brose-bowls; and are never troubled whole produce of the earth, bave told with those clattering things, knives, the English landowners how they maforks, plates, vinegar-cruets, salt-cellars, nage the matter here. The English felpepper-boxes, mustard-pots, table- lows find that they can get nobody in cloths, or tables.

England to treat men in such a way, Now, I shall not attempt any general and, therefore, they bring them up from description of this treatment of those Scotland, and they pick out the hardest who inake all the crops to come; but and most cruel fellows that they can find I advise you to look well at it; and I in Scotland ; so that we have not, by recommend to you to do everything any means, a fair specimen, even of within your power that it is lawful for Scotch bailiffs ; because nineteen twenyou to do, to show your hatred of, and tieths of them would not do the savage to cause to suffer, any one that shall at- things which the English tyrants want tempt to reduce you to this state. The them to do.

Well enough may you meal and the milk are not worth more complain of Scotch bailifts than eighteen-pence a week ; the shed wherever you find one, you ahways find is worth nothing; and here are these the employer to be a granding, hardmen, who work for so many hours in a hearted man, and I advise you to have day, who are so laborious, so obedient, your eye upon every man who has a so civil, so honest, and amongst the best Scotch bailiff; for, you may be very people in the world, receiving for a sure, that his intention is bridg: you whole week less than an American la- down to the shed and to the brose; to

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