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Holland 1-8-2331017





Ο F Τ Η Ε .



STATES, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, infure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this conftitution for the United States of America.


Sect. '1. ALL legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the United States, which shall confift of a fenate and house of representatives.

Sect. 2. The house of representatives shall be composed • of members chofen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he thall be chosen.



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Representatives and direct: taxes shall be apportioned among the several Pcates which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall

' be determined by adding thewhole number of free persons,

including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not' 'taxed_; three-'fisths 'ofials other persons. The actual enumeration shallbe madesiffl within threeyears after the first meeting of the congress _of the United States, and within every subsequenv term often-years, in such manner as they fliall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not e'xce'ed'one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at ctleast one representntive; ansid until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New-Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, 'Nexv-"Jerseyfour, 'Pennsylvahia eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, Sout-h-Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the exeeiiffve 'authority thereof shall issue writs of election, to fill such vacancies. ' '

The house of representatives shall choose their sPeaker i

and otheroffieere ;' and shall 'have the sole' poxverctof impeablj: ment; _:_ *v ->:>;:' -.:- -i -' ' ' Sect. 3. The "senate of the United States shall be composed 'of two Tenatoi-'s-from each state," 'chosen by the legisiamre' thereofi- for sikv years 'and each senator shall have onevote. 3" ' * -- " ' ' ' * Immediately after they shallbe assembled in consequence of the first election,- ' they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators o£ the first class shall be' 'vacated at the' expiration of the second year, of the second dass at'*t'he eicpiration of 'the fourth year, and of the third class at' theexpiration of the sixthct year; so that one third may 'be chosen every second year; and ss if man. ties happenby refignation, or otherwise, durin ssthe recess osthe regiflaturejpf any state, the ssexecutive 't ereof may make tempofaryappointinents until the next meeting of the le iflature, which shall, then fill such vacancies. . 'gNdperson 'shall be a senator who fliall not have attained to the age' of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of

, the United States, and Who shall not, when elected, be an

irssjhabitant 'of that state 'for which he shall be chosen.


The Vice-President of the United States fhall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Prefident, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States.

The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments, When fitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice thall preside : And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States; but the party convicted thall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

Sect. 4. The times, :places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, thall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places for chusing senators.

The congress fhall. allemble at least once in every year, and such meeting hall be on the first Monday in December, unless they hall by law appoint a different day.

Sect. 5. Each house thall be the judge of elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute, a a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorised to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house may provide.

Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punith its members for disorderly behaviour, and with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.

Each houfe shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require fecrecy : and the yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.

Neither house, during the fellion of congress, thall,


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out the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses thall be fitting.

Sect. 6. The fenators and representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest, during the attendance at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the fame; and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No senator or representative fhall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been creased during such time ; and no person holding any of. fice under the United States, thall be a member of either house, during his continuance in office.

Sect. 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills.

Every bill which thall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, fhall, before it become a law, be present. ed to the President of the United States ; if he approve he thall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections, to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall becoine a law. But in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be deterinined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill fhall not be returned by the president within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the fame shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, prevent its re, turn, in which case it shall not be a law. Tip order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence

and house of Representatives may be necessa1 a question of adjournment) shall be presented nt of the United States ; and before the same

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