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Dramatis Personæ,

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DUNCAN, King of Scotland.
Malcolm, } Sons to the King.
Donalbain,
Macbeth,
Banquo,

Generals of the King's Army.
Lenox,
Macduff,
Rofie,

Noblemen of Scotland.
Menteeth,
Angus,
Cathness,
Fleance, Son to Banquo.
Siward, General of the English Forces
Young Siward, his Son.
Siton, an Officer attending on Macbeth
Son to Macduff.
Dector.

Lady Macbeth.
Lady Macduff.
Gentlewomen, attending on Lady. Macbetka
Hecate, and three other Witches.

Lords, Gentlemen, Oficers, Soldiers and Attendantsi

The Ghost of Banquo, and several other Apparitions.

SCENE, in the End of the fourth A&, lies

in England; through the rest of the Play, in Seote land; and, chiefy, at Macbeth's Castle,

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М А С

Β Ε Τ Η.

А ст I.
SCENE, an open Place.

Thunder and Lightning. Enter three Witches,

W

I WITCH.
HEN shall we three meet again?
In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?

2 Witch. When the hurly-burly's done, When the battle's lost and won.

3 Witch. That will be ere set of sun.
i Witch. Where the place ?
2 Witch. Upon the heath.
3 Witch. There I go to meet Macbeth.
i Witch. I come, I come, Grimalkin.
2 Witch. Padocke calls--anon !

All. Fair is foul, and foul is fair,
Hover through the fog and filthy air.

[They rise from the stage, and fly away, SCENE changes to the Palace at Foris. Enter King, Malcolme, Donalbain, Lenox, with Attersa

dants, meeting a bleeding Captain.
Hat bloody is

As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
The newest State.

Mal.

King.

Mal. This is the Serjeant,
Who like a good and hardy soldier fought
'Gainst my captivity. Hail, hail, brave friend!
Say to the King the knowledge of the broil,
As thou didst leave it.

Cap. Doubtful long it stood :
As two spent swimmers that do cling together,
And choak their art: the merciless Macdonel
(Worthy to be a Rebel ; for to that
The multiplying villanies of nature
Do swarm upon him) from the western isles
Of Kernes and Gallow-glases was supply'd;
And fortune, on his damned quarry smiling,
Shew'd like a rebel's whore. But all too weak:
For brave Macbeth (well he deserves that name)
Disdaining fortune, with his brandisht steel
Which smoak'd with bloody execution,
Like valour's minion carved out his passage,
Till he had fac'd the slave;
Who ne'er shook hands nor bid farewel to him,
"Till he unseam'd him from the nave to th' chops,
And fix'd his head upon our battlements.

King. Oh, valiant cousin! worthy gentleman !

Cap. As whence the sun ’gins his reflection, Shipwracking storms, and direful thunders break; (1)

S@ (1) As whence the fun’gins bis reficētion, Shipwracking forms, and direful ibunders break ;] Mr. Pope has degraded this word, 'gins, against the general authority of the copies, without any reason afign'd for so doing; and substituted, gives, in the room of it. But it will soon be obvious, how far our author's good observation and knowledge of nature goes to establish his own reading, gins. For the sense is this ;--- As from the place, from whence

the sun begins his course, (viz. the East,) shipwrecking storms “ proceed; &c."-And it is so in fact, that storms generally come from the East. And it must be so in reason, because the natural and constant motion of the ocean is from East to West: and because the motion of the wind has the same general direction. Præcipua & generalis [Ventorum] caufa eft ipse Sol, qui igneo fuo jubare aerem rare. facit & attenuat; imprimis illum, in quem perpendiculares radios mittit, Jive fupra quem bæret. Aer enim rarefa&tus multo majorem locum poftulat. "Inde fit, ut aer a sole impulfus alium vicinum aerem magno impetu procrudat; cumque Sol ab Oriente in occidentem circumrotetur, præcipuus ab

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So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, (2)
Discomfort swelld. Mark, King of Scotland, mark;
No sooner justice had, with valour arm’d,
Compelld these skipping Kernes to trust their heels;
But the Norweyan Lord, surveying vantage,
With furbisht arms and new supplies of men
Began a fresh assault.

King. Dismay'd not this
Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo ?

Cap. Yes,
As sparrows, eagles; or the hare the lion.
If I say footh, I must report, they were
As cannons overcharg'd; with double cracks, (3)

So

eo aëris impulsus fiet versus occidentem.-Quia plerumque ab aëris per Solem rarefaćtione oritur, qui cum continue feratur ab Oriente in occidentem, majori quoque impetu protruditur aër ab Oriente in occidentem, Varenii Geograph, l. i. c. 14, &c. 20. prop: 10. and 15.------This being so, it is no wonder that forms should come most frequently from that quarter; or that they should be most violent, because here is a concurrence of the natural mo:ions of wind and wave. This proves clearly, that the true reading is 'gins, i. e. begins : for the Other reading does not fix it to that quarter : for the fun may give its reflection in any part of its course above the horizon; but it can begin it only in one.

Mr. Warburton, (2) So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, Discomfort swell’d.j" I have not disturbid the text here, as the sense does not absolutely require it; tho' Dr. Thirlby prescribes a very ingenious and easy correction :

So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come,

Discomforts well’d. i. e. stream’d, flow'd forth: a word that peculiarly agrees with the metaphor of a spring. The original is Anglo-Saxon peallian, featurire; which very well expresses the diffusion and scattering of water from its head. CHAUCER has used the word in these acceptations.

For whiché might she no lengir restrain
Her Terís, thei ganin fu up to well.

Troil. & Crell. I. iv. v. 709. I can no more, but here out cast of all welfare abide the daie of my deth, or els to se the fight that might all my wellynge forowes voide, and of the Rode make an ebbe.

Teftament of Love. I must report they were As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks] Cannons overcharg'd with cracks I have no idea of : My pointing, I think, gives the easy and natural sense. Macbetb and Banquo were like cannons over

charg d ;

So they redoubled strokes upon the foe :
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Or memorize another Golgotha,
I cannot tell.
But I am faint, my gashes cry for help.

King. So well thy words become thee, as thy wounds: They Imack of honour both. Go, get him surgeons.

Enter Roffe and Angus. But who comes here?

Mal. The worthy Thane of Roffe.

Len. What haste looks through his eyes?
So should he look, that seems to speak things strange,

Rolle. God save the King!
King. Whence cam't thou, worthy Thane ?

Rolle. From Fife, great King,
Where the Norweyan banners flout the sky,
And fan our people cold.
Norv.my, himself with numbers terrible, (4)
Aflilted by that most disloyal traitor

The Thare of Cawdor, 'gan a dismal conflict ;
'Till that Bellonn's bridegroom, lapt in proof, (5)
Confronted him with self-comparisons,
Point against point rebellious, arm 'gainst arm,
charg’d; why? because they redoubled strokes on the foe with twice
the fury and impetuofity, as before.

(4) Norway himselt, with numbers terrible,

Allifted by ibat, &c.] Norway himself affifted, &c. is a reading we owe to the editors, not to the poet. That energy and contrast of expreffion are loft, which my pointing restores. The sense is, Nor. way, who was in himself terrible by his own numbers, when afifted by Cawdor, became yet more terrible. (5) 'Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lape in proof, Confronted bim with self.comparisons, Point against point, rebellious arm'gainst arm,

Curbing his lavis Spirit.] Here again we are to quarrel with the transpolition of an innocent comma; which however becomes dangerous to sense, when in the hands either of a careless or ignorant editor. Let us see who it is that brings this rebellious arın? Why, it is Bellora's bridegroom : and who is he, but Macbeth. We can never believe, our author meant any thing like this. My regulation of the pointing restores the true meaning; that the loyal Macberb Onfronted the disloyal Cawdor, arm to arm.

Curbing

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