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Court, which was-that John Waiter pay a fine of fifty pounds-be imprifoned one year in Newgate-ftand once npon the pillory, at Charing-crofs, and give fecurity for his good behaviour for feven years, himself in 5ool. and two fureties

Jool. each.

On Thursday laft was effected the greateft object of internal navigation in this kingdom. The Severn was united to the Thames by an intermediate canal, afcending by Stroud, through the vale of Chalford, to the height of 543 feet, by 40 locks; there entering a funnel thro' the hill of Sapertra, for the length of two miles and three furlongs, and, defcending by 22 locks, it joined the Thames near Lechlade.

Nov. 27. Yefterday the celebrated George Barrington was brought up to the Court of King's Bench, when Mr Wood, his counfel, flated two grounds of error. The counsel for the Crown replied, after which the Court delivered their opinion, which was, that the second objection was unquestionably fatal to the outlawry, for the proclamation abfurdly called the prifoner to appear, after he was outlawed. This was defiting a man to appear, when he is fure to be hanged if he does appear. Upon this error, therefore, the outlawry ought to be reverfed. Mr Juftice Afhhurit then faid,

Let the judgmeut be reverfed, and the prifoner reflored to all that he has loft by the outlawry." A procedendo was directed to carry back the indictment to its proper place. The prifoner was then conducted back to Newgate, to be tried at the next feffions in the Old Bailey.

the fine, faid, though he was in great expectation he was not in poffeffion of a fingle guinea, and that Mr Parfloe had been extremely negligent of his wife. It however appeared, that before this affair, they had lived in the greatest harmony, and were univerfally admired as a pattern of conjugal felicity; that Mr Parfloe was an excellent husband, and extremely fond of his wife. Mr Erfkine made a moft brilliant and animated fpeech for the plaintiff: he laid, the defendant had been taken under the protection of the plaintiff, and had proved a serpent to defroy his future happiness, befides, eutailing infamy, in fome degree, on his infant daughter. Lord Kenyon obferved to the jury, that this was the most aggravated and attrocious cafe that ever came before a court of law. Gentlemen in the army ought to pay particular attention to the punctilios of honour. The defendant had firft feduced the wife of his friend and brother officer from the paths of virtue, (a wife he had married from attachment, without a fortune), and deftroyed his peace and comfort for ever. He next gloried in his wickedness, and wished to confummate the whole by cutting the throat of Captain Pariloe, and thus to add the crime of murder to that of adultery. Large, very large and exemplary damages were due in this cafe. The jury were answerable to their country for their verdict, as the protectos of virtue, and the punishers of vice; they would not do their duty if they did not give very high damages. The jury, without retiring, or deliberating more than two minutes, found a verdict for the plaintiff for Ten Thousand Pounds damages!

Dec. 12. On Wednesday was tried, before Lord Kenyon and a fpecial jury, the great caufe in which Captain Parfloe was plaintiff, and Cornet Sykes, of the fame regiment, only fon of the opulent Sir Francis Sykes, was defendant. The action was for feducing and carrying away the wife of the plaintiff, and the damages were laid at L. 10,000. Several very aggravating circumftances occurred in this cafe. Mr Sykes had been in habits of the strictest friendship with Capt. Parfloe, who entertained him with great hofpitality. The firft time he faw Mrs Parfloe, he declared to feveral gentlemen he would feduce her. After carrying off the wife of the plaintiff. Mr Sykes boafted to a clergyman of what he had done, faid it was a glorious prize, nnd added, that he was ready to fight Mr Parfloe. The counfel for the defendant acknowJedged the facts, but, in mitigation of

It is worthy of notice, that the jury gave the full fum at which the damages were laid, which is the largest ever given for the fame crime fince the cafe of the

Duke of Cumberland.

On Wednesday came on at the Old Bailey, the trial of the celebrated George Barrington, accufed of privately fiealing. Only one witnefs, Mr Le Meturier, appeared, who fwore, that, in January 1787, coming through the lobby of the playhoufe, he felt his purfe move in his pock et, and he feized the prifoner's hand clufe to it, and laid hold of him, on which Mr A'Deane, (a clergyman, now in the Weft Indies) faid to the profecutor, “Sir, you are right, I faw him do it." A franger, whom he could never find after, gave him his purfe directly; his pocket was cut in the lining, and the prifoner's


hand was not in it. Barrington was iecured, and afterwards made his efcape, on which the writ of outlawry took place, as has been formerly ftated. Barrington then crofs-queftioned Mr Le Mefurier, and obferved, that A'Deane was a man of a moft infamous character, and fometimes infane.-Barrington then addreffed. the jury in a very elegant speech, in which he faid, there was not the smalleft degree of evidence to condemn him, neither could they, upon the principles of clear and unequivocal evidence, which the wisdom of ages has established as the criterion to juries to decide by, give a verdict against him. The jury, he faid, were to confider, not what the private opinion of individuals concerning George Barrington may be, but if he is guilty of the crime laid to his charge, of which not the fmalleft proof had been brought. Judge Afhhurft fummed up the evidence, and the jury, after a very fhort conference, returned their verdict not guilty. Mr Barrington bowed and retired. The Court was extremely crowded. The Duke and Duchefs of Cumberland were on the Bench.

Barrington, on his trial on Wednesday, challenged several of the jury.


Order of the Proceffion on laying the Foundation-flone of the New College. No

vember 16.

The Lord Provost, Magiftrates, and
Council in their robes, with the
City Regalia carried before them.
The Principal and Profeffors of the Uni-
verfity, in their gowns, with the
Mace carried before them.
The Students, with green laurel in their

tions, and with the mallet he gave three knocks, faying, "May the Grand Architect of the Univerfe grant a bleffing on this foundation-stone, which we have now laid, and by his Providence enable us to finish this and every other work which may be undertaken for the embellishment and advantage of this city." On this the Brethren gave three huz


The cornucopia and two filver veffels were then brought from the table, and delivered-the cornucopia to the Subftitute, and the two veffels to the Wardens, and were fucceffively prefented to the Grand Mafter, who, according to an ancient ceremony, poured the com, the wine, and the oil, which they con tained, on the ftone, faying, "May the All-Bounteous Author of Nature blefs

this city with abundance of corn, wine, and oil, and with all the neceffaries, conveniencies, and comforts of life; and may the fame Almighty Power preferve this city from ruin and decay to the lateft pofterity." On this the Brethren again gave three huzzas.

A band of fingers, conducted by Mr Schetkey. The different Lodges of Free and Accepted Masons, with their proper infignia, &c.

A band of inftrumental mufic. When they had reached the fcite of the New College, the Grand Mafter ftanding on the east, with the Subftitute on his right hand, and the Grand Wardens on the weft, the fquare, the plumb, the level, and the mallet, were fucceffively delivered by an operative to the Subftitute, and by him to the Grand Mafter, who applied the fquare to that part of the flone which was fquare, the plumb to the feveral edges, the level above the ftone in feveral pofi

The Grand Mafter afterwards addreffed himself to the Lord Provost and Magiftrates as follows:

"My Lord Provoft and Magiftrates of the City of Edinburgb,

"In compliance with your request, I have now had the honour, in the capa

city of Grand Mafter Mafon of Scotland, to lend my aid towards laying that flone on which it is your intention to erect a new College. I muft ever confider it as one of the fortunate events in my life, that the Craft of Free and Accepted Mafons fhould be called forth, to affift at an undertaking fo laudable and so glorious, during the time that, from their affection, I have the honour of fitting in the Chair of the Grand Lodge.

"The attention to the improvement of this city, manifefted by the Magiftrates your predeceffors in office, has, for many years, excited the admiration of their fellow-citizens. The particular exertion of your Lordship and your colleagues, have merited, and it gives me infinite fatisfaction to fay, have obtained, the uni verfal approbation of all ranks of men.

The bufinefs of this day, equally to be remembered in the annals of this city and of Mafonry, will tranfmit your name with luftre to pofterity. Thousands yet unborn, learning to admire your virtues, will thereby be ftimulated to follow the great example you have fet them, of fteady patriótism, love of your country,


and anxious defire to advance the welfare, and increase the fame, of the city of Edinburgh,

"In the name of the Craft of Free and Accepted Mafons, and in my own, I fincerely implore the protection of the Supreme Architect of the Universe, on your Lordship, and your brethren in the Magiftracy. May you long continue here the ornaments of civil fociety; and may you hereafter be received into thofe manfions, thofe Lodges, prepared in Heaven for the bleffed !"

To this addrefs the Lord Provost, in name of the Magiftrates and Town Council of the city of Edinburgh, made a fuitable reply.

The Grand Mafter next addreffed the Principal, as representing the University of Edinburgh, as follows: Reverend Sir,

"Permit me to congratulate you, as Principal, and your Brethren as Profeffors of the University of Edinburgh, on the work in which we have this day been engaged.-A work, worthy of your patrons, who (ever confidering the public good) will not permit the feat of Learning, established in this Ancient Metropolis, to bear the appearance of decay, at a time when fo much attention is bestowed on the elegance and convenience both of public and private edifices.

"Permit me likewife to congratulate my country on the probability of feeing the different Chairs of the Magnificent Structure, now to be erected, filled by men fo diftinguifhed for their piety, fo eminent for their learning, and fo celebrated for their abilities, as those to whom I now have the honour of addreffing myself.

Any panegyric I can pronounce, muft fall fo far fhort of what is due to you, Sir, and your Honourable and Learn ed Brethren, that it would be prefump tion in me to attempt to exprefs my fenfe of your deferts. Suffice it to fay, that the Grand Lodge of Scotland, and the Lodges depending on it, are most happy in having this opportunity of affifting at, and witneffing the laying the foundation from whence, it is their earnest wish, a building may arife, which in future ages may be as renowned for the excellence of its Teachers, and as much refpected for the propriety of conduct in its Students, as the Univerfity now is over which you have the peculiar fatisfaction of prefiding.

the Principal and Profeffors of this College may continue to deliver their inftructions, and the Students to receive their admonitions, in fuch a manner as may redound to the glory of God, the promoting of Science, and the extenfion of all ufeful learning."

To which the Reverend Principal made the following reply :--"My Lord,

May the Almighty Architect, the Sovereign difpofer of all events, grant, that

"From very humble beginnings, the Univerfity of Edinburgh has attained to fuch eminence as intitles it to be ranked among the most celebrated feminaries of learning. Indebted to the bounty of feveral of our Sovereigns; diftinguished particularly by the gracious Prince now feated on the British throne, whom, with gratitude, we reckon among the most munificent of our Royal benefactors; and cherished by the continued attention and good offices of our Honourable Patrons, this Univerfity can now boaft of the num ber and variety of its inftitutions for the inftruction of youth in all the branches of literature and fcience.

"With what integrity and difcern ment perfons have been chofen to prefide in each of thefe departments, the character of my learned colleagues affords the moft fatisfying evidence From confidence in their abilities, and affiduity in difcharging the duties of their respective offices, the University of Edinburgh has become a feat of education, not only to youth in every part of the British dominions; but, to the honour of our country, Students have been attracted to it from almost every nation in Europe, and every State in America.

"One thing still was wanting. The apartments appropriated for the accommodation of Profeffors and Students were fo extremely unfuitable to the flourishing state of the University, that it has long been the general wish to have buildings more decent and convenient erected. What your Lordship has now done, gives a near profpect of having this with accomplished; and we confider it as a moft aufpicious circumstance, that the foundation-ftone of this new mansion of fcience is laid by your Lordship, who, among your ancestors, reckon a man whofe original and universal genius pla. ces him high among the illuftrious perfons who have contributed most eminently to enlarge the boundaries of human knowledge.

"Permit me to add, what I regard as my own peculiar felicity, that, by having remained in my prefent ftation much


longer than any of my predecetlors, I have lived to witnefs an event fo beneficial to thi University, the prosperity of which is near to my heart, and has ever been the object of my warmest wishes.

"May Almighty God, without the invocation of who'n no action of importance fhould be begun, biefs this underta king, and enable us to carry it on with fuccefs. May he continue to protect our Univerfity, the object of whofe inftitutions is to inftil into the minds of youth principles of found knowledge, to infpire them with the love of religion and virtue, and to prepare them for filling the various fituations in fociety with honour to themfelves, and with benefit to their country!—All this we afk in the name of Chrift; and unto the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, we aferibe the kingdom, power, and glory. Amen." After the Principal had finifhed his fpeech, the Brethren again gave three huzzas, which concluded the ceremony.

Two cryftal bottles, caft on purpofe at the Glas-house of Leith, were deposited in the foundation-ftone. In one of these

were put different coins of the prefent reign, each of which being previously enveloped in cryftal, in fuch an ingenious manner, that the legend on the coins could be diftinctly read without breaking the cryftal. In the other bottle was depofited feven rolls of vellum, containing a fhort account of the original foundation and prefent ftate of the Univerfity, together with feveral other papers, and the latest Edinburgh Newspapers containing advertisements relative to the College, &c. and a lift of the names of the prefent Principal and Profeffors; alfo of the prefent Lord Provoft and Magiftrates, and Officers of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. The bottles being carefully fealed up, were covered with a plate of copper wrapt in block tin: and upon the under fide of the copper were engraved the arms of the city of Edinburgh, and of the Univerfity; likewife the arms of the Right Hon. Lord Napier, Grand Mafter Mafon of Scotland. Upon the upper fide, a Latin inscription, of which the following is a copy-:

















Q. F. F. Q. S.


By the Bleffing of Almighty GoD,

In the Reign of the Moft Munificent Prince GEO. III.
The Buildings of the University of Edinburgh,
Being originally very mean,
And now, after two centuries, almost a ruin,


The Right Honourable Francis Lord Napier,
Grand Master of the Fraternity of Free Mafons in Scotland,
Amidst the Acclamations

Of a prodigious concourse of all ranks of people,
Laid the Foundation-Stone
Of this New Fabric;

In which a union of elegance with convenience,
Suitable to the dignity of fuch a Celebrated Seat
Of Learning,
Has been ftudied;

On the 16th day of November,

In the year of our Lord 1789,
And of the era of Mafonry 5789,

Thomas Elder being the Lord Provoft of the City,
William Rob on the Principal of the Univerity,
And Robert Adam the Architect.
May the Undertaking profper, and be crowned with Success!
[N. B. The Tranflation is not upon the Stone.]

The Anthem being fung, the Breth ten, &c. returned to the ParliamentHoufe, the proceffion being reversed:

The Grand Master was fupported, on the right hand, by Sir William Forbes, Bart. a former Grand Mafter; and on the left by his Grace the Duke of Buccleugh.

The Lord Provost, Magiftrates, and Council walked in their robes; his LordThip being fupported on the right and left by the two eldest Bailies.

Principal Robertfon was fupported on the right hand by the Rev. Dr Hunter Profeffor of Divinity, and on the left by Dr Hardie, Profeffor of Church History: The other Profeffors, and a great number of Students, followed. The Profeffors were in their gowns; and all of them, as well as the Students, had a sprig of laurel in their hats.

A large drawing of the eaft front of the New College was carried in the proceffion, before the Grand Lodge, by two operative mafons.

The mufic, both vocal and inftrument al, was well conducted, and confifted of the popular tunes of the King's Anthem, Rule Britannia, The Conquering Hero, and fome excellent pieces compofed for the


A very elegant and sumptuous entertainment was afterwards given, in George Street Affembly Rooms, by the Lord Provoft and Magiftrates, to the Grand Mafier, the Members of the Grand Lodge, and others of the Brethren; and alfo to the Nobility, Gentry, and principal inhabitants of is city; for which purpose, cards of invitation, to the number of 500, were iffued. Upwards of 300 noblemen and gentlemen Vou.X. No. 60. M

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At a meeting of the Royal Medical in Surgeon's Square, the following genSociety, held on Nov. 28 h, in their hall, tlemen were elected annual Prefidents for the enfuing year:

Francis Foulke, Etq; of Cork, Ireland.
John Benjamin Jachmann, M. D. of
Koaingberg, Prufia.

Jofeph Ganagan, Esq; of Dublin, Ire-.


Robert Gray, Efq; of Fort-William,

cers of the Natural Hiftory Society took
Dec. 3. The annual election of the offi
place, at the College Meum, when the
following gentlemen wet chofen for
the enfuing year:

The Rev. J. Walker, S. T. D. Ho norary Prefident

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