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Each heav'n-born paffion struggles to im-
And joy on Angel's wing divinely bent!
Then had his spirit mingl'd with his fire's,
Whereodours mingle with the luscious wine;
Will quickly end, when I no more shall feel
When bondage, chains and wanton tyranny
Undaunted fighting, had undaunted died: Gott danger, and fear, and the like;
O patter to lubbers and
A tight-water boat, and good fea-room give
Cruel they punish with relentless heart :
The fcorpion whip, the fharply goading fteel;
Burfting as from the fhades of endless night, No more each dream fhall Achmet's foul affright;
No more the rankling chain, the gloomy cell,
No more fhall Achmet with affliction dwell.
OЯober 15. 1789.
By Mr DJBDIN..
And it 'an't to a little I'll ftrike; Tho' the tempeft top-gallant-inast smackfmooth fhould imite,
And fhiver each splinter of woodClear the wreck, flow the yards, and house every thing tight,
And under reef 'd forefail we'll feudAvast! nor don't think me a milk-fop fo foft,
To be taken for trifles a-back,
For they fays, there s a Providence fits up
To keep watch for the life of Poor Jack. Why, I heard the good chaplain palaver one day
About fouls-heaven-mercy--and such ; And, my timbers! what lingo he'd coil and belay
Why, 'twas juft all as one as High Dutch. But, he faid, how a fparrow can't founder, d'ye fee,
Without orders that comes down below; And many fine chings, that prov`d clearly
That Providence takes us in tow.
For, fays he, d'ye mind me, let forms e'er fo oft
Take the top lifts of failors a back, There's a fweet little cherub fits perch'd up aloft
To keep watch for the life of Poor Jack.
For OCTOBER, 1789.
THE HE war betwixt the Turks and the Ruffians and Imperialists goes on very languidly. Nothing decifive has been done this campaign. The Turks keep on the defenfive. The Auftrians and Ruffians have loft many men by the wetness of the feafon. It is imagined peace must take place in the winter.
The following are handed about on the Continent as the preliminary articles of a treaty between the Ruffians, Auftrians, and Turks, propofed by Spain and her allies; and which, it is said, Great Britain and Pruffia are endeavouring, with all their power, to prevail on the Divan to accept :
The Crimea to remain for ever in the poffeffion of Ruffia-Oczakow to be reftored to the Turks, but the fortifications to be erafed-Auftria to keep poffeffion of all the at prefent has of Moldavia and Choczim-the fortifications of Belgrade and New Orfova to be erafed the merchants fhips of Auftria to have a free navigation all along the Danube-the convention of 1772 with Sweden to be the bafis of a treaty of peace with that nation.
An attempt was made to introduce an article, indemnifying Auftria and Ruffia for their expences of the war; but the Porte declared fuch an article inadmiffible.
On the 16th of September, twenty-fix hatteries were opened against Belgrade. The Turks kept up a fmart fire upon the befiegers, and had killed feveral of the Auftrians. On the other hand, the Auftrians had thrown a great number of red hot balls into the fuburbs, which had deftroyed many of the houses; the flames during the night, enlightened the horizon, and made a moft terrific appearance. On the 18th, all communication between Belgrade and the furrounding country was compleatly cut off. The Serafkier Pacha was expected to come to the relief of Belgrade, with 1o,coo men. The Field Marthal de Collerado, and the Prince de Waldeck, had taken poft on the heights of Semandria to intercept him, and wifhed for his arrival, as they VOL. X. No. 58.
were prepared, and fuppofed a victory over the Pacha would greatly facilitate the furrender of Belgrade.
Belgrade is the capital of Servia, in Turkey, and is the ftrongeft fortrefs in Europe. This fiege is the only object of importance undertaken by the Auftrians this campaign, and is, indeed, the most important object fince the commencement of the war. It is fuppofed it will be vigorously defended.
Peterburgh, Sept. 4. Advices were received here yesterday from the commander in chief of the army in Finland, that the Swedes had repaffed the Kymen, and had entirely evacuated the Ruffian territory.
Stockholm, Sept. 8. Accounts were re ceived here this morning, that the King of Sweden had quitted the neighbour hood of Hogfors, and fallen back to the frontiers of his own dominions. The Ruffians attempted to cut off the Swedifh garrifon in their retreat; in which they would probably have fucceeded, had it not been for the fpirited efforts of a battalion of the Weft Gotha Dal regiment, who prevented the landing of the enemy's troops that had been embarked in 13 gallies, with a view to effect a defcent at fome diftance from that fortrefs.
A report having been fpread, that the Ruffians had formed the project of fending a part of their coafting fleet, with troops, to attempt a landing near this capital, orders have been iffued for arming and difciplining the city militia; and every precaution is taken for the defence of the neighbouring coafts.'
Sept. 8. "A courier juft arrived from Finland, has brought the difagreeable intelligence, that our army being attacked on the firft of September, both by land and fea, at Hogsfors, has been obliged to retreat from Ruffian Finland to Abborfors, after a gallant defence of eight hours, in which we had so men killed and feveral wounded; amongst the former were Baron Liljenhelm, and Captain Hardt, of Elfburg's regiment, Lieutenant Schultz of the artillery, and Major
The Ruffian officers taken and brought in prifoners, report, that the attack was made by their whole fleet avowedly to totally annihilate ours, but which, by the bravery of our officers and feamen, they have not been able to injure materially."
A more decifive victory, or one more important in its confequences, by the retreat of the King of Sweden, has not been gained for many years, than that gained by the Ruffians over the Swedish flotilla. The Ruffian fleet was commanded by the Prince de Naffau, and Major-general de Litta, a Knight of Malta. The engagement lafted fifteen hours. Six large fhips and three gallies fell into the hands of the Ruffians, feventeen veffels were burnt, and feven funk. Several officers of rank, and upwards of 1000 foldiers and feamen were made prifoners. One of the veffels taken was the Swedish Admiral's galley; the Admiral himfelf efcaped in his boat. The Ruffian fleet fuftained confiderable damage, two of their gallies were blown up. The Swedes fought with the greateft brave ry, but they were overpowered by numbers, the Ruffian force being double theirs. The Chevalier de Litta, Knight of Malta, by his gallant behaviour, and
military skill, contributed much to the
Berlin, Sept. 15. The difference be tween the Ruffian and Swedish accounts received here of the action between the two coafting fleets, on the 24th ult. is fo great as to make it extremely difficult to form a juft idea of the refult, or of the confequences which may enfue; but, upon the whole, it is believed that the Swedish galleys, which made good their retreat, are not rendered unfit for fervice, and that they are fufficiently numerous to prevent the Ruffians from ha ving a decided fuperiority. This opinion is confirmed by the certainty of the King of Sweden's having received a confiderable reinforcement of troops and ftores, which make his force by land fuperior to that of Ruffia, and may enable him to fupport himself during the few remaining weeks that this campaign can
removed to Hetzondorff on Thursday Vienna, Sept. 9. ‹ The Emperor, who change of air, and his Imperial Majefty laft, begins already to benefit from the is now in a better ftate of health than he has been in, at any time, for the last five months.
Sunday evening laft, by which it appears An account was published here on that, on the 18th ult. the Turks were again defeated by the corps under General Clairfait, and obliged to take refuge in the fortress of Orfova.
The march of the grand army from Weifskirchen for Syrmia began on the 30th ult, in three colums, by different routes, which are to rendezvous in the vicinity of Opova, and to be afterwards joined by the Croatian army, which has hitherto been encamped at Ruma. The whole force intended for the attack of Belgrade, is computed at upwards of seventy thousand men.'
iffued by the Emperor.
20th of May, 1767, between the late
fcarcity and dearness of corn, by which The fecond, an edict to prevent the all perfons in the Pays Bas are, within 48 hours, to deliver in an account of the grain
grain they have, under penalty of confifcation, and a fine of ten florins for every hundred weight they conceal. It alfo breaks all contracts made between individuals for the delivery of grain; and every one offending, both buyer and fell er, is liable to the confifcation of their grain, and a fine of ten florins for every hundred weight.
The third is an ordinance, dated the 30th ult. to prevent emigration to the band of diffenting patriots, who are without the frontiers, and who affert they have the promise of foreign powers to affift them, which the Emperor denies, with information that he has had pofitive affurances from foreign powers to the contrary. He therefore prohibits all perfons of every rank from feducing others to emigrate, or affifting them therein, under pain of death, and confifcation of their effects; 10,000 florins is to be the reward of all thofe who inform against others to convict them; their names to be concealed, and, if guilty themselves, to have a general pardon. All perfons leaving the Pays Bas, to join the band of patriots, are to undergo the sentence of perpetual banishment, and confifcation of their eftates and effects, and are alfo rendered incapable of inheriting any eftate or legacy, which is to go to the next heir. And all those who are already gone away, are ordered to return within 15 days, or, at the expiration, they are to be profecuted by the fifcal officers, with the greateft rigour.
The celibacy of the Romish clergy is fhortly to be abolished in Germany, as it will, in all probability, in all the Catholic countries in Europe.
The government of Vienna pleasantly anfwered the reprefentations of the clergy on this fubject. Do you think, gentlemen, that your celibacy contributes 'more to population than your marriage < can do?"
The Courier de Florence obferves very feriously, that the best expedient for the Roman Pontiff would be to lead the way, and very urgently advises the Pope to get married.
It is an happy omen to see the spirit of toleration and Christianity beaming forth throughout every country in Europe: nothing can demonftrate fo clearly the improvement which fcience has wrought on the opinions of mankind. For centuries paft, have the Jews been victims to the horrible perfecutions of religious fanaticism, fometimes by fire, and at other times by the fword.
His Imperial Majefty has juft published an edict, permitting the free tolera tion of the Jewish religion throughout his dominions. It allows all the Jews refiding within the limits of his monarchy, the rights of citizens, jura civitatis. By this conceffion the Jews have a liberty to buy and fell houses, and feignorial eftates, acquire the rights of Nobility, Barons, and Counts, and to affift at the States General; they may even poffefs baronies, having the power of juftice.-They are to enjoy all the rights and communities of burghers, and are competent to hold any civil or military employments.
In confequence of this edict, two very confiderable fynagogues are on the point of being built, one at Prague, the other at Vienna, befides fome other confiderable establishments.
National Affembly, Paris, September 15. When the Aflembly met on Thursday, the permanence of the National Affembly having been decided, fome doubts arole among the members, whether this permanence was to be applied to the prefent Affembly; after fome difcuffion, it was declared to be understood, not to relate to this meeting, which was principally for fixing the Conftitution, but to thofe Affemblies which fhould be held in future for the legislation.
On Friday the affair of the royal fanction was refumed, and the queftion propofed, Whether the King can refuse his confent to the acts of the legislative body?' It was determined in the affirmative, by 740 votes againft 143.
Another question then arofe, In cafe the King fhould refufe his confent, would his refufal be fufpenfive or final?' the fufpenfive refufal was adopted by 673 againfe 325, fo that it was carried by a majority of 348, that the King's veto, or refufal, was only fufpenfive, not final.
On this a new queftion arofe, 'How long the fufpenfion fhould laft, when a member defired that it might first be determined how long each parliament should laft; that is, Whether their parliaments fhould be annual, biennial, triennial, &c.' Many arguments were adduced in favour of each of these terms; and, after a long debate, it was determined in favour of biennial parliaments, by 836 against 46; the queftion of the fufpenfion was then adjourned.
16. The following is an abftract of the late refolutions of the National Affenbly.