Courts and Trials: A Reference Handbook

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ABC-CLIO, 2003 - 263 Seiten

A collective overview of contemporary developments affecting court organization and judicial procedures.


America has a long history of sensationalized trials and infamous lawyers and judges, but what is the truth about how our system of jurisprudence really works? Courts and Trials: A Reference Handbook makes the subject accessible by presenting an overview of the organization of courts and procedures used in criminal and civil cases, with special emphasis on contemporary developments.

The book analyzes specific issues: methods of selecting judges, the capacity of citizen-jurors to make appropriate decisions, cameras in the courtroom, three strikes laws, and the prosecution of juveniles as adults. The discussions illuminate competing perspectives on controversies that influence new initiatives and reforms affecting courts and their operations.


  • Covers key historical people and events throughout U.S. jurisprudence history
  • Documents and tables include excerpts from relevant constitutional provisions, statutes, and judicial opinions; tables include statistics on court organization in different states and in other countries

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Ausgewählte Seiten

Inhalt

1 Introduction
1
2 Issues and Controversies
33
3 Chronology
79
4 Biographical Sketches
107
5 Documents and Statistics
131
6 Agencies and Organizations
177
7 Print Resources
205
8 Nonprint Resources
235
Glossary
245
Index
253
About the Author
265
Urheberrecht

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Beliebte Passagen

Seite 111 - The constitution of the family organization, which is founded in the divine ordinance, as well as in the nature of things, indicates the domestic sphere as that which properly belongs to the domain and functions of womanhood.
Seite 133 - Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
Seite 149 - That government hires lawyers to prosecute and defendants who have the money hire lawyers to defend are the strongest indications of the widespread belief that lawyers in criminal courts are necessities, not luxuries. The right of one charged with crime to counsel may not be deemed fundamental and essential for fair trials in some countries, but it is in ours.
Seite 151 - We have learned the lesson of history, ancient and modern, that a system of criminal law enforcement which comes to depend on the confession will in the long run be less reliable and more subject to abuses than a system which depends on extrinsic evidence independently secured through skillful investigation.
Seite 147 - All that it is necessary now to decide, as we do decide, is that in a capital case, where the defendant is unable to employ counsel, and is incapable adequately of making his own defense because of ignorance, feeble-mindedness, illiteracy, or the like, it is the duty of the court, whether requested or not, to assign counsel for him as a necessary requisite of due process of law...
Seite 133 - ... 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the congress may by law have directed.
Seite 148 - There is no meaningful distinction between a rule which would deny the poor the right to defend themselves in a trial court and one which effectively denies the poor an adequate appellate review accorded to all who have money enough to pay the costs in advance.

Über den Autor (2003)

Christopher E. Smith is a professor in the School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

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