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Authors made use of and quoted in this

. Work Aristotle.

Lactantius. .:
Aristophanes. '';. Livy.
Basil St.

.: L' Eitrang Bona Cardir ... Menander. Castalio.

Moor's Utopia, Cicero.


Claudian. : Plato. ... *
Cæsar's Com.

Plutarch. ..

Pindar. Demosthenes.

· Pythagoras. Duty of Man. Phocilides. Euripides.

Propertius. .... Erasmus

Plautus. Epictetus.

Patrick Dr. Grotius.

Quintilian. Guardian's Instruction, Socrates. Hierome St.

Seneca. Hesiod.

Simonides. Homer.

Terence. Horace.

: Theophrastus. Hypocrates. Juvenal.

Virgil. Isocrates.


Tibullus. :'.


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OR, King LEMUEL's Lesson

Paraphras'd, &c. Proverbs, Chap. xxxi. Verse 1. The Words of King Lemuel; the Prophecy

that his Mother taught Him.


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HESE are the weighty Words

and wise Sentences of King Lemuel; which his careful Mother Bathsheba taught him in his Youth, as 'the best Rules to walk by, and

to lay the solidest Foundations of future Glory; Royalty, or Renown: Well understanding, that the Fear of the Lord is not only the Beginning, but also the End of all Wifi dom; and that to train up a Child from his Infancy in the Ways of Virtue, which he should pursue in his riper Years, is the only Method can



be taken to prevent his departing from Good. ness in his old Age, and wandering into the Wilderness of all Evil and Folly. It was the sole Desire of her Soul, it seems, to see her son do well in the World ; and therefore she gives him · these falutary Instructions following, that are fit for the greatest Monarch and the wiseft Prince, to the meanest Person or poorest Peasant upon Earth ; either for re&tifying his own Manners, ruling his Family, or governing his Kingdoms. These Sacred Sayings carry along with them the Voice of divine Inspiration and Prophecy. They are of so great moment, that they plainly appear to proceed from a prophéčick Spirit of Heavenly Intelligence and Wisdom. And she afterwards inculcates them with so much Authority, as well as pathetical Affection, as if she was a Prophetess indeed, with no less Character than that of having God Almighty's Commission and Credentials. For me teaches him in this chapter, all Manner of desirable Graces and good Things, that Heart can wish for in this transitory Life, and foretels him of his future Happiness by following her vircuous Advice, and adhering to her instructive Council, against rash Judgment, or taking ill Courses. In short, her Majesty's prudent Admonitions intitle him to a Crown at present upon Earth, as well as in Heaven hereafter ; and give him a plentiful Foretaste of the joys to come, both in this and the next World.

all Mannels. For the filmighty's Coharacter

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CONTROVERSY is none of my Business

in this place. But whosoever this Mother was, whether Queen Bathsheba, or some other Jewish Princess; and whoever King Lemuel was,

a hea whether Solomon, or some other Prince in Chaldea, it cannot be very material or proper to my prefent Purpose. For what would that Dispute signifie to this pra&tical Paraphrase, or these Moral Remarks ? " However, without all doubt, The instructed her child as became a Queen, and a Parent of Piety as well as Love ; by taking Care of his early Institution in the learned Counfels of the Ancients, and teaching him his exact Duty as a King : So that I Mall, with Submission, pursue the Parable here as it lies in Holy Scripture, for our good Example, without any Scruple concerning the Tradition, or Variation from the Sacred Text, or as little Deviation as possible from the Scope of this remarkable Lesson.

PROVERBS then, in this Sense, are not to be taken bere for the Old Sayings or Saws of Mankind in common Conversation ; but for the solid Sertences of Sacred Truth, and brief Oracles of Divine Wisdom, for the better Regulation of humane Life, according to the blessed Word of God. They are the wisest Observations upon Men's Manners, couch'd in the fewelt Words. They ought to be in every Body's Mouth, as the most eloquent Speeches and the best Instruktions of the mind. They are undeniable Maxims of eternal Verity, Veracity, and Prudence. They are the most special and principal Rules, either of Thinking, Speaking, or Acting. In fine, they are indeed the most pichy and profitable Allusions to the Nature of Things, under the modestest Concealment of the Sense, or the Satyr of them in Expression.

WHAT the Great St. Basil, and the late learned. Dr. Patrick, have said of the whole Book of Proverbs in general, I may be allow'd here to affirm in a great Measure of this single Chapter

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in particular; by way of Compendium to this Effect: “ It is an Instruction of Manners, a Corre« &tion of the Pagions, and an entire Direction of « the whole Life, containing Abundance of Precepts u about Well- Doing. It contains also the “. Best 6 Advices that can be given, either to Prince's, " Counsellors, Judges, Ministers, and other Publick " Magistrates; or to all sorts of Inferior Subjects, 6 in their several Relations and Conditions of

Life: to make them both Pious and Politick; " to help them in judging of Peoples Characters, Co and the Event of their Designs; to direct them " in the Choice of their Consorts; to admonish them (i in the Education of their Children; and to " aflift them in the Management of their dome" jt ick Affairs, as well as in their worldly Trans" ations with other Men. I shall only beg leave to add, after this, according to the Design of my Undertaking, that it likewise eminently sets forth the great Duties of Continency and So. briety, of Love and Charity, of Compassion and Relief, of Justice and Impartiality, of Virtue and Industry: All faithfully displayed in this work, upon the Foyl of their opposite Vices, for the Benefit of both Sexes, in their Choice of a Hus. band or Wife, as well as for the better Encomium of Wisdom, and Encouragement of Wedlock.

1. SUCH wise Sayings then as these ensuing Parables, or Proverbs; the excellent Precepts of a Moral and a good Life given to Solo. mon, descended from King David, a Man after GOD's own Heart, and ordained of GOD to be King over Israel after his Father's Death and Demise; with the divine Doctrines, which his Mother Bathsheba prophetically taught him, of a prudent Deportment and virtuous Condłuct in humane Affairs; Should in all Reason

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