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formerly made up the most part or the Felicity of the golden Age. Hence came 'the ridiculous Vanities of our Cloathing, Ornamene and Poppery; the unreasonable Superfluities of our Eating, Drinking and Nourishment; the extravagant Fashions of letting forth our Houses with gaudy Furniture and unprofitable Moveables, fitter for ontward Shew than any real' Ule. Hence proceeded the fond Vagaries of leaving our own native Climate for new Fangles, and Foreign Fanfarons ; to get ill Habits or fout Diseases; to learn ill Customs or falfe Politicks; to bring Homne ill Manners or worse Languages, and to fall at last into Ill Company or the worst Corruptions of all Virtue, Justice and Religion. · Hence arose that dangerous Mixture of Strangers with our selves; making a Mediey of the Natives, ta. king the Bread öyt of their · Mouths,' and transplanting their "Riches." For "it is notori ous, that Foseph in a strange Land was al. ways progging and providing for his own Country. Egypt could not contain his Wealth, But lie had the best Authority' for 'fo Doing: We lodge Foreigners under our own Roofs. We give them House and Harbour: We recom: mend them to Work and Imployment. We prefer them to publick Posts, Places or Pen: Tions. We'like nothing but their Kickshaws, Novelties and Inventions. We love them' al. most better than our felves: though we can learn nothing of them but the Art of Dislembling in dealing, or Cozening, and Incroachmbent in Point Of Trade. It is well if they do 'hot make it their Business at last to effeet either 'out' Ruine or Repentance. But they can never - york us out of the King:
dom. Lycurgus, the great Law.Giver, would not suffer the Lacedæmonians to converse with: Strangers, 'nor traffick with Foreigners; for: fear of growing poor in their own Virtues, by being inrich'd with the others fuperfluous Commodities. The learned Romans thought they lost by their Conquests and Vi&ories in 3
Afia; through the Medes and Perfians intailing their curious Vices upon the triumphant Ara my, or insláving its Valour and Virtue by their effeminate Delights, which they brought Home with their Laurelsi in . BUT, Navigation is a most useful and profita.. ble Study. This excellent Art'was first invented for the publick Good of all Countries, and the Benefit of all Mankind. Trading with Strana: gers by Sea, for an honeft Profit, is a Bond pf humane Society, as well as Peace and ProSperity among differenç Nations ; by interchanging or exchanging, buying or felling, commuting or communicating their Commodi. ties to one another, for their 'mutual Advanrage : provided always, that we export Things fuperfluous or ünnecessary to Foreign Markets, and import" Things highly necessary örfero vicéable to our own native Country. But before ever we undertake any such Voyage, we pught to be well-stock'd with Wisdom and Experience, for Fear of Foreign Infe&ion, the Corruption of our Manners, or making Merchandise of Vicë racher than Virtue among Strangers. We should first study hard to know the Wants and Ini perfections of our own Country, in Ordër to replenish those Scarcities, and supply those Deficiencies with the most proAitable commodities from Abroad. The Importation of Foreign Merchant: Goods may be
very commendable, but the Exportation of them again, as Holland does, must be much better, and redouble, oùr Gain : if not. Cent per Cent, yet with huge Advantage. All ho. neft Traffickers from a-far, ought to have a strict Eye, and: a particular Regard to the greatest Good or Prosperity of the Royal Ex. change in their : Voyages. Gold and Silver, which can only really make the Kingdom a Half-Peny the richer, are better worth importing in Bullion than East-India-Ware ; than Silks, Sattins or Tapestries; than Pictures, Paintings or Perfumes; than Delicacies of Diet, Provocations of Voluptuousness, or Incentives of Luxury. Our trafficking Lady deals in po such unnecessary Vanities or useless Merchana dise. No Curiosity of this Kind can be good ; but only that of more honest, useful and profitable Things, either in Heaven, Earth, Air, Fire or. Water, according to the Capacity of our Judgment, which may be most necessary for us to know, wear, eat, drink, or help us to live well and happily in the World. It is but a' meer Folly, as the Comick Poet says, to make Sleep so dear, which God freely gave us gratis, by inriching our Beds with so much Cost of Gold and Silver; as if they contributed any Thing to the Easiness of our Pillows, the Softness of our Bolsters, or the Sweet, ness of our Rest. It is nothing bụt a wana ton Novelty of Mind, that makes us seek for those Rarities of outlandish Dealers, which we may have better, cheaper and more commodious at our own Haven, or in our own Ter, ritories, without ever going out of Port for them upon dangerous Bottoms. It is only a ridiculous Fancy, like labouring in Vain, fool
ing after a light Feather, or losing the Subítance and catching at the Shadow ; to leave the more folid Food, upon Choice for some Foreign Dainties, or airy Kickshaws" at our fuperfluous Tables. For in these. Respects, both at Bed and Board, we are generally app to be too nice, curious, extravagant, profuse or yain-glorious. However, we need be beholden to other countries but for very few Blellings or Delicacies. Happy England, if he knew her own Happiness!
AFTER all, this excellent Housewife, you see, is not only forward to take any Pains her self; but likewise willing to thew a good Example to others by her own Industry. She sets them a Pattern to copy after, and gives them a Sample, as it were, of her best Mer. chandise, to traffick by in the World. She teaches them by her ingenious Manufa&ures, how to maintain their Families without any great Expence. She carries-on a beneficial Trade for Foreign Commodities in exchange for her own; and thereby increases her Husband's Wealth, as if he really traded to the Soutb-Sea, or set out a Fleet of Merchant-şhips to fetch them Home from far distant Countries : fo that the may be truly said to vie with the best Merchants in the City for Diligence, upon failing like a ship over the wide Ocean, or indeavouring, to establish a more universal Commerce. She exerts her utmoft Power throughout the whole Compass, both of Sea and Land; constantly imbarking in all useful Affairs and fruitful Negotiations, to get a competent Livelihood, or to better her Condition, incessantly taking Pains, either at Home or în før Countries, to inhance the Prosperity
Pro 9.7widrititi and and Welfare of her flourishing House. She becomes the greatest Negeriatrix of the Universe, according to her Faculties. In short, The makes her self the forwardest Volunteer in the Service of Virtue, Labour and Industry, Infomuch that fo virtuous a Wife, such' a prudent Woman in trafficking, may well be compard to the richest Ship and Cargo, for ma. king of her Husband's Fortune, and Family, that ever yet came to England.
I. BY Sea, she is her dear Spou fe's beft Friend. She will accompany him as his loving Marė or faithful Mariner in all Streights, Perils and Adventures' Abroad: whether he be bound to France, Spain or Portugal; to Italy, Greece or Turky; to the Cape of good Hope, the Ganges, ; or even Terra Australis incognita; or to any part of Europe, Asia, Africa and Ameri: ca.' She will imbark with him in all his hazard ous Voyages, and Difficulties of Fortune. She will never leave him nor forsake him for Fear of any Dangers in the Deep. She will al. ways follow his Fate by Land or Water. The Love of her Husband counter-ballances all other Considerations or Apprehensions of Disaster; and out-weighs the whole World in competition with his Happiness. She will purfue him with Kindness to the Grave, and ei. ther' fix her Affections upon his Tomb-Stone, or not desire to outlive his Funeral. How famous was Queen Hypficrates, who follow'd her beloved Mithridates to the War; fought in Armour for him like a noble undaunted He. roine: and when he was beaten by Pompey, aco company'd him in his Flight, to alleviate his Misfortune! The valiant Triara, Wife of Liso cius Vitellus, dy'd bravely fighting by her Husband's Side' ¡n Battle. The desperate Panthea