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strongest marks of detestation, that language can supply, of that very vice, which Athenæus would persuade us, he was addicted to: but I will never be persuaded that a glutton wrote the following lines in the face of his own example, nor would it be an rasy matter to convince me, that if any glutton had the will, he would possess the wit, to write them.

"You, Sir, a Cyrenean as I take you,
Look at your sect of desperate voluptuaries ;
There's Diodorus-beggary is too good for him
A vast inheritance in two short years,
Where is it? Squanderd, vanish’d, gone for ever :
So rapid was his dissipation. --Stop!
Stop, my good friend, you cry; not quite so fast!
This man went fair and softly to his ruin ;
What talk you of two years ? As many days,
Two little days were long enough to finish
Young Epicharides ; le had some soul,
And drove a merry pace to his undoing-
Marry! if a kind surfeit would surprise us,
Ere we sit down to earn it, such prevention
Would come most opportune to save the trouble
Of a sick stomach and an aching head:
But whilst the punishment is out of sight,
And the full chalice at our lips, we drink,
Drink all to-day, to-morrow fast and mourn,
Sick, and all o'er oppress’d with nauseous fumes ;
Such is the drunkard's curse, and Hell itself
Cannot devise a greater-Oh that nature
Might quit us of this overbearing burthen,
This tyrant god, the belly! take that from us,
With all its bestial appetites, and man,
Exonerated man, shall be all soul.'

ANTIPHANES.

Antiphanes of Smyrna, or, as some will have it, of Rhodes, was born in or about Olymp. XCIII. His father's name was Demophanes, and his mother's Enoe, people of servile degree ; yet our poet,

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thus ignoble in his birth, lived to signalize himself by his genius, and was held in such respect by his Athenian patrons, that a public decree was made for the removal of his remains from the isle of Chios, where he died at the age of seventy-four, and for depositing them in the city of Athens, where his funeral honours were sumptuously performed at the charge of the state.

Various accounts are given of the number of his comedies, but of all the Greek dramatists he appears to have been the most prolific, for the lowest list of his plays amounts to two hundred and ninety, and some contend that he actually composed three hundred and sixty-five, a number almost incredible if we had not the instances of Calderon and De Vega, too well authenticated to admit of a doubt in modern times, to refer to. Antiphanes bore off the prize with thirty comedies ; and if these successes appear disproportioned to his attempts, yet they were brilliant, ipasmúch as he had to contend with such respect. able rivals. We have now no other rule whereby to measure his merit, but in the several fragments selected from his comedies by various authors of the lower ages, and these, though tolerably numerous, will scarce suffice to give such an insight into the original, as may enable us to pronounce upon its comparative excellence with any critical precision : True it is, even these small reliques have agitated the curiosity of the learned moderns, to whom so many valuable authors are lost, but we cannot contemplate them without a sensible regret to find how few amongst them comprise any such portion of the dialogue, as to open the character,style and manners of the writer, and not often enough to furnish a con. jecture at the fable they appertain to; they are like small crevices, letting in one feeble ray of light into a capacious building; they dart occasionally upon some rich and noble part, but they cannot convey to us a full.and perfect idea of the symmetry and construction of the majestic whole.

I have the titles of one hundred and four comedies under the name of this author.

NUMBER CXLIV.

WHEN I find the Middle Comedy abounding with invectives against women, I am tempted to think it was the æra of bad wives. Antiphanes wrote two plays of a satirical cast, one entitled Matrimony, and the other the Nuptials ; we may venture to guess that the following passages have belonged to one or both of these plays

- Ye foolish Liusbands, trick not out your wives;
Dress not their persons fine, but cloath their minds,
Tell'em your secrets ?—Tell 'em to the crier,
And make the market-place your confidante !~

Nay, but there's proper penalties for blabbing.'

What penalties! they'll drive you out of them; Summon your children into court, convene Relations, friends, and neighbours to confront And nonsuit your complaint, till in the end

Justice is hooted down, and guilt prevails.' The second is in a more animated strain of comedy.

For this, and only this, I'll trust a woman, That if you take life from her she will die, And being dead she'll come to life no more; In all things else I am an infidel.

Oh! might I never more behold a woman!
Rather than I should meet that object, Gods !
Strike out my eyes I'll thank you for your mercy.'

We are indebted to Athenæus for part of a dialogue, in which Antiphanes has introduced a traveller to relate a whimsical contrivance, which the king of Cyprus had made use of for cooling the air of his banqueting.chamber, whilst he sate at supper.

* A. You say you've pass'd much of your time in Cyprus.
B. All; for the war prevented my departure.
A. In what place chiefly, may I ask ?

B. In Paphos;
Where I saw elegance in such perfection,
As almost mocks belief.

A. Of what kind, pray you?

B. Take this for one- T'he monarch, when he sups,
Is fann'd by living doves.

A. You make me curious
How this is to be done; all other questions
I will put by to be resolv'd in this.

B. There is a juice drawn from the Carpin tree,
To which your dove instinctively is wedded
With a most loving appetite; with this
The king annoints his temples, and the odour
No sooner captivates the silly birds,
Than straight they flutter round him, nay, would fiệ
A bolder pitch, so strong a love-charm draws them;
And perch, O horror! on his sacred crown,
If that such prophanation were permitted
Of the by-standers, who, with reverend care
Fright them away, till thus, retreating now
And now advancing, they keep such a coil
With their broad vans, and beat the lazy air
Iuto so quick a stir, that in the conflict
His royal lungs are comfortably coold,

And thus he sups as Paphian monarchs should.'
An old man in the comedy, as it should seem, of the
Imparádns, reasons thus-

I grant you that an old fellow like myself, if he be a wise fellow withal, one that has seen much and learnt a great deal, may be good for some. thing and keep a shop open for all customers, who want advice in points of difficulty. Age is as it were an altar of refuge for human distresses to iy to.

Oh! longevity, coveted by all who are advancing towards thee, cursed by all who have attained thee; railed at by the wise, betrayed by them who consult thee, and well spoken of by no one- - And yet what is it we old fellows can be charged with ? We are no spendthrifts, do not consume our means in gluttony, run mad for a wench, or break locks to get at her; and why then may not old age, seeing such discretion belongs to it, be allowed its pretensions to happiness?'

A servant thus rallies his master upon a species of hypocrisy natural to old age.

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Ah good my master, you may sigh for death,
And call amain upon him to release you,
But will you bid him welcome when he comes ?
Not you. Old Charon, has a stubborn task
To tug you to his wherry and dislodge you
From your rich tables, when your hour is come:
I muse the Gods send not a plague amongst you,
A good, brisk, sweeping, epidemic plague:

There's nothing else can make you all immortal.' Surely there is good comedy in this raillery of the servant–The following short passages have a very neat turn of expression in the original.

• An honest man to law makes no resort;
His conscience is the better rule of court.'

• The man, who first laid down the pedant rule,
That love is folly, was himself the fool:
For if to life that transport you deny,
What privilege is left us but to die?

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