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[11 ed, he had destined for purposes cated and agreed upon, that the of the most dangerous tendency to Rajah's offences requiring early the company's dominion. In a punishment, his wealth being word, that, he had determined to great, and the company's exigenmake him pay largely for his par- cies pressing, it was a meafure of don, or to exact a severe ven- policy and justice, to exact from geance for his past delinquency.- him a large pecuniary mulet for He seems, however, apprehensive their relief; the first having dein several instances, that the tran. clared his resolution to extend the sactions of which he gives the de- fine to the amount of forty or fifty tail, would be subject to much lacks. discussion, if not censure, at home; The governor general's proand in one, he seems to think it gress up the Ganges, lafted near necessary, to appeal to his mo- fix weeks before his arrival at Be. tives, at least in a certain de- nares. Whether it proceeded from gree, as a justification of his con- a sense of paft, a consciousness of duct. - He says, “I will sup. intended criminality, or a full

pose for a moment that I have knowledge of the dangers with • erred, that I have acted with which such progresses were gene

unwarrantable rigour to. rally pregnant, and a conviction “ wards Cheit Sing, and even

that there were now much aug" with injustice; let my motive mented under the peculiar prel“ be consulted; I left Calcutta sure of the times; from whatever “ impressed with a belief that ex- cause it proceeded, it appears evi

traordinary means were neces- dently that the Rajah was exceed. “ fary, and those exerted with a ingly alarmed at this journey, and.

strong hand, to preserve the that his mind seemed already to company's interests from fink. forebode some part of the ensuing

ing under the accumulated calamities. Indeed, exclusive of "weight which oppressed them : all other causes of apprehension, "I saw a political necessity for the favourable reception and en"curbing the overgrown power tertainment which Oussaun Sing, " of a great member of their do- a profligate relation of his, had for "minion, and for making it con- some time received at Calcutta, “ tribute to the relief of their and the fingular circumstance of his “ presling exigencies.If I erred, now attending the governor gene.

my error was prompted by an ral in his train, and coming un. “ excess of zeal for their interests der that protection, would in “ operating with too strong a bias themselves have afforded no small “ upon my judgment.”

room for alarm. It appears from a conference It appears from the Rajah's ma. between the governor general and nifetto, and other testimonies, Mr. Wheler (which is stated in which do not seem to be any the narrative, they being, as we where contradicted, that this man, apprehend, the only members of who had once been dewan, or mithe council then in Bengal) on nifter, having lost his office thro' the eve of the expedition, that it the effects of misconduct, or court was then confidentially connuni. intrigue, and afterwards fquan



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dered his substance in a course of armed men were yet collected in a vice and profligacy, he was at budy. length banished the country for The governor general informs his crimes. That being in that us, that he received the Rajah state joined by several whose con- with civility, and without any dition, characters, and desperate expresion of displeasure, at Buxar. fortunes corresponded with his That he received a second visit own, they drew together a num- from him in his boat, upon their ber of those rovers of all nations, passage up the river, on the fol. with whom India, more than any lowing morning; when a private other part of the world abounds, conference was requested and so that he was at length enabled granted. He does not to invade, and to excite some sort assume being correct in his reof rebellion in the country of Be- collection of the particulars which nares; and became so formidable, passed in this private conversathat it was only by the aid of the tion ; for confid-ring it, he says, English, whose forces were called as accidental, and as making no

, in for the purpose, that, after part of the plan which he had doing infinite mischief, he was concerted in his own mind for defeated and driven out. Such his conduct with the Rajah, he did was the man, who now came in not think it of sufficient consethe suite of the governor general, quence to make any written mi. to revisit the city and country of nutes. Benares.

From his recollection, however, Upon the governor general's of the substance of this confearrival at Buxar, on the borders

rence, it appears, that the Rajah of Benares, he was met by the expressed much concern for his rajah, who brought with him a dilpleasure, and contrition for great train of the principal people having himself given any occasion of his country. Mr. Hastings re- for it ; declaring at the same marks, with disapprobation, that time, and in the most humiliat. he had brought with him a great ing terms, that the zemindary

, feet of boats ; that he had af. and every thing he possesed were terwards been informed they were at his devotion : that he expressed crowded with chosen armed men great fears about Ouffaun Sing; to the amount of two thousand ;

and that upon

that occasion, and that this circumstance was a whether it proceeded from an matter of much observation and extraordinary agitation of mind, notice with some of the gentlemen or from a desire to impress a strong of his train. It is not improba- opinion of his fincerity, he acble that this matter was much companied his words with the misrepresented to him. It is now singular action of laying his turevident that no design had been ban in Mr. Hastings's lap. The formed against his perfon; nor governor general, in answer, dif.

, can it be drawn or supposed from claimed the idea of his descending the subsequent circumitances, that to become a party in the Rajah's

, any such number of chosen or of family disagreements: but avowed




his displeasure to be equal to what- settle with him. As this insulte ever he had heard or might have ing and fufficiently alarming mefconjectured of it; and concluded fage produced no manner of efby declaring, that he had been al- fect on the Rajah's motions or conready deceived by his oaths and duct, it may well be concluded, protestations, and that he hould that he had formed no designs a. not suffer his purpose to be chang- gainst Mr. Hastings's perfon, that ed, or his duty to be over-ruled, he had made no armed preparaby any verbal concellions or decla- tions, and that he was equally rations.—He takes no notice of indisposed to fight and to refiftany demands being made, or terms offered, upon this occafion. On the following evening, Mr.

But the Rajah states in his ma- Markham, the resident at Benares, nifefto, that the demands made was sent by the governor general, upon him at this meeting, were with a paper drawn up by himin the highest degree exorbitant. self, containing the several charThat after discoursing upon the ges which he laid against the rasubject of the tribute, and pro- jah, and demanding an immediate fessions from him of his attach- answer. These were founded, on ment and fidelity to the company, the Rajah's repeated evasion and and of his willingness to comply breach of promise with respect to with their demands, the payment the payment of the fubfidies, and of no less a sum than a crore of the loss sustained, in one particurupees (amounting to a hundred lar instance, by Col. Camac's lacks, or about 1,200,000 pounds corps, through that failure; on sterling) was, the demand made his evasion and non-compliance upon

and that to this was with respect to the body of caadded his surrender of the fortress valry which was demanded of of Bidjeygur, which he calls his him; his endeavours to excite dif“ family residence, the deposit orders in the English government of his women and of his honour.” by the means of secret emissaries; That, to the first of these de- and, miigovernment in his own mands he pleaded inability; and territories, by his suffering the with respect to the second, he public perpetration of robberies asked what he had done, that the and murders, in violation of the company should dishonour him so tenure by which he held them. as to take away the fort where his But the great stress of the whole family resided.

seemed to be refted, upon that On the day of their infidelity and disaffection to goAug. 14th. arrival at Benares, vernment, which appeared in the 1781.

the governor general two first instances. fent a messenger to forbid the Ra- The Rajah, in his answer, which jah's waiting upon him in the was returned late at night by Mr. evening as he had intended ; de- Markham, entered into a written Gring at the same time, that he justification of the several parts might defer his future visits until of his conduct. He states, that he should obtain permission, as he the payment of the subsidies had had fome matters previously to been much more regularly made



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length banished
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dition, characters
fortunes correspot
own, they drew to
ber of those rovers
with whom India,
other part of the
so that he was at
to invade, and to e
of rebellion in the
nares; and became
that it was only by
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doing infinite misc
defeated and driver
was the man, who
the fuite of the gove
to revisit the city an

Upon the governo
arrival at Buxar, on
of Benares, he was 1
rajah, who brought w
great train of the princ
of his country. Mr. H
marks, with disapproba
he had brought with hi
fleet of boats; that he
terwards been informed
crowded with chosen ar
to the amount of two tl
and that this circumftan
matter of much observa

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e againf his perfo nor 10 we drawn or fuppose 1 çircutive fubsequent circumitance

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