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Kings of Spain had usurped the es- enemy of Madame de Maintenon, tates of his ancestors, who, he said, whom she never called any thing but had formerly reigned in Arragon; the old few, the forceress, the bigot, the and the, haughty and vain-glorious, widow Scarron. The king's favourite conceived the hope of seeing him re- borc all this with seeming patience, initated by the power and interest of because she was sensible she had alieher father.
nated the king's heart from MaThe last sickness of this princess dame. was dreadful. She had got cold after This princess wore a perriwig like a delivery, and languished about a a nian; she kept a pack of hounds, went month, when the died with some signs a hunting, handled the sword and the of repentance. She was regretted by gun, and all sorts of arms. nobody, not even by her father, She pullionately fond of the regent her entrusted a certain person with a box Ion, because she saw in him a great of jewels of great value for Riom, many quảlities which he had only of who was absent, but the matter being her, and her attachment shewed itself discovered, they were seized by the even in favour of all the illegitimate regent as her heir.
children of that prince, whom she The other ch dren of the regent took care of.' When she was at home were still at that time (1715) under alone, she spent her time in writing age.
letters to all the courts of Germany, Charlotte - Elizabeth of Bavaria, and said she had in her life addressed dowager of Monsieur, only brother of to them anecdotes of the Court of the late king and mother of the regent, France, that would have made more still kept her court at the Palais roy- than ten volumes in folio. She lived al, at the age of seventy, and kept it on the coarsest fare, and her health with dignity. She had preserved all was fo vigorous, that at the age of the decencies and all the etiquette of sixty she had not once been lick. the old Court; she liked its pomp, its After the death of the King, she went, plcasures, and its shows ; she had like- out of decency, to visit Madame de wise preserved whatever was blunt Maintenon; but the reproached her and savage in the manners of her bitterly with having ravished from her youth, and of her native country, for the confidence of the king, and of hashe was entirely German in her prin- ving endeavoured to prevail with him, ciples and discourse. She was frank, on the death of.Monlieur, to send her and Gincere, without disguise, without to a convent. prudery, and always the declared
Anecdotes of Law, and of the beginnings of his System f.
in Edinburgh, who left him a seeing that, in the end, it would oblige small patrimony, which he dissipated in people to take paper instead of coin, a short time, and then lived by gaming and would give reality to obje&s and cheating
The parliament of which could have none intrinsically Scotland, being at that period engaged but from the confidence of the public, in discovering the means of supplying decreed that a scheme which 'tended the kingdom with money, and of faci- to establish credit upon a fiction, was litating the circulation of specie, he pernicious to morality, contrary to the propoled his pernicious system to that laws, and dangerous to the state.
+ From the
Anecdotes of Law and his System. Law, afterwards prevailed on with his question, that they fent an person, who had formerly been secre- account of it to their republic, who tary to Turenne, to write to Pelletier, caused to be registered in the rethen comptroller general, with a pro- cords of their city, a sentiment so posal for enriching Louis XIV. and worthy of the best of kings, whose preventing his subjects for ever from wealth certainly confifts in that of revolting against their lawful fove. their subjects. reigns. This new fyftem was rejected Having been condemned to death in France.
in England, banished from Italy, and Law pow took it into his head to repulsed at Turin, Law proceeded to travel, that he might present his plans Paris, where he was already known himself. He was tall, well inade, as a mad projector. In the life time and graceful; and was a man of abi- of Louis XIV. he had presented his lities. He was accompanied in his schemes to Desmarest and to Chaniiltravels by a woman whom he had car- lard, who had rejected such innovaried off from her husband in Eng- tions. He now proposed them to the land, and by whom he had a son and Duc d'Orleans, who desired Noaillis a daughter. He had kilied a man to examine them, to be as favourable in this latter kinguom, and having in his report as poflible, and to rebeen condemned to death for the mark such of them as were practicamurder, he was constantly in danger ble. Noailles called in the allistance of being taken and hanged. The re- of several merchants and bankers who geot at last obtained his pardon, when were averse to the system. Law then the Abbé Dubois went to London to proposed the establishment of a bank, negociate the league against Spain. composed of a company, with a stock In his fliglit from justice he had visi. of lix millions. Such an institution ted Italy, and had been banished from promised to be very advantageous to Venice and Genoa, because he con- commerce. An arret of the ad March trived to drain the youth of these ci- 1716 established this bank, by authoties of their money, by his superiority rity, in favour of Law and his affociin calculation, that is, by being a ates; two hundred thousand shares cheat and a sharper. He wandered were instituted of one thousand livres over all Italy, living on the event of each; Law deposited in it to the vathe most fingular bets and wagers, lue of two or three thousand crowns which seemed to be advantageous to which he had accumulated in Italy, those who were curious after novelty; by gaming or cheating. This estabbut which were always of the most lishment very much displeased the certain success with regard to him. bankers, because at the beginning buHe arrived at Turin, and proposed finess was transacted here at a very his system to the Dake of Savoy, small premium, which the old finanwho saw at once that, by deceiving ciers had charged very highly. Many his subjects, he would in a short time people had at first little confidence in have the whole money of the king- this bank, but when it was found dom in his possession : but that faga- that the payments were made with cious prince alking him how his fub- quickness and punctuality, they began jects were to pay their taxes when to prefer its notes to ready money. all their money should be gone, Law Such was the commencement of was disconcerted, not expecting such Law's bank. Noailles and Rouiller a question. The Duke, two days af- purged the plans of that adventurer terwards, relating to the deputies from whatever was rash or unjust in from Geneva how he had dismissed them, and left nothing but what this adventurer, they were so pleased tended to facilitate commerce.
Account of the Right Honourable Sir Thomas Miller of Glenlee, Bart. Lord
President of the Court of Sellion, and F. R. S. Edinburgh. By David
T has often occurred to me, as a
the usual course of academical fu. hard circumstance in the lot of dies in the University of that place ; those who follow the active employ where he acquired a relish of the purments of life, that however great heir suits of literature and science, that eminence, however useful their la- never forsook him, and especially a bours, nay, however rare and ex- fondness for the Greck and Roman cellent their talents, the remem. classics, which, even in the basiest pebrance of them dies among their coun- riods of his lift, he occasionally found trymen at large, almost as soon as opportunities to indulge. Horace they themselves are gone; and even was almost his constant companion ; with those of their own professions and even in his lait years, after his scarcely Parvives for more than a promotion to the most laborious office single generation. The records of in the law, Homer, during a vacation, the Royal Society are therefore in was often on his table. this respect valuable, that they afford Another branch of knowledge for the means of rescuing from oblivion, which he there imbibed an early prethose of our Members who, by their dilection, was that of Ethics, or Moprofessional eminence and services, ral Philosophy. This he had the adhave merited the gratitude and re- vantage of studying under the celemembrance of their country, though brated Dr Hutcheson, of whom he their line of life did not permit them was a favourite pupil The warmth 10 attain distinction of another kind, of eloquence with which this Philo. by any literary work or discovery in fopher poured forth his lectures, atscience.
tached to him extremely all those of I thought it would be universally his hearers who had any liking to the felt and allowed, that the late Sir fubje&t be treated, or w re fusceptible Thomas Miller, (at one time a Vice of being moved ; and Mir Miller, in President of this Society), most juttparticular, contracted not only a high ly fell under the above defcription of admiration of his talents, but such a singularly oseful man, and fit to be love to him as a man, that long after commemorated. And in this per. his death; and when he himself had fuasion, I have prepared a short ac- grown old, he could not mention his count of him, now to be submitted to name but in terms of gratitude and your confideration.
veneration, equal to those in which Sir Thomas Miller of Glenlee, late the disciples of Socrates spoke of Lord President of the Court of Sef- their master. Like Socrates too, Dr fion, was the second son of William Hutcheson taught his disciples to vaMiller writer to the Signet, who was lue Ethics beyond all other sciences; himself the second son of Matthew and with Mr Miller this preference Miller of Glenlee, and succeeded to was so strong, that he used habitually that estate, along with the lands of in conversation, when distinguishing Barkimming, on the death of his el. it from the rest, to give it the appelder brother.
lation of Philosophy. Sir Thomas was born on the 3d of Having thus, by the improvement November 1717. He received the of his taste, and the acquisition of a first rudiments of his education at philofophic fpirit, made the best preGlasgow, and afterwards went thro' paration for eminence in any liberal VOL. XII. No. 67. B
Account of the late Lord President Miller. Employment, he decided for the Bar, the impression of his own belief in the professio“ to which those accom- the doctrines he maintained. Men plishments lend the most diftinguished there might perhaps be in the profefluitre of any, and where they most fion, more eminent for invention of materially contribute to the advance topics in a defperate cause, or who net of the person possessed of them. Thewed more versatility of genius in For some time he had hesitated be. placing the same business in different tween this profession and his father's ; lights, or turning it into all variety of and it is said to bave been in a great shapes ; but there was none who betmeasure owing to the state of his ter understood the strength of a good health, that he gave up thoughts of or a tenable cause, or took his ground the latter.
in one of that description with more When he had resolved on going to judgment and discretion, cr used its the Bar, he fixed his residence at E. advantages to better purpose. Hadinburgh, and devoted himself to the ving found the foundert ir most fafucy of the law, with that zeal and vourable part of his client's piea, that earnestness with which, during his he attached himself to, and on it exwhole life, he was remarkable for erted all his Itrength; throwing aside following every object that had at with just and proper confidence, all once determined his choice *. Yet the more doubtful points and weaker with all his diligence in this necef- considerations in the cause. Caprious fary occupation, as the turn of his and quibbling argument indeed, and mind led him to no base or trifling all perversion of an adversary's words pursuits, he was able to find time, and or meaning, he held to be as foreign neglected not to employ it, for culti- to the lawyer's duty, as they are devaring the humaner and more liberal rogatory to the lionour of the Court it dir Even at this time, he con- where they are ! eard ; nor could he, tinued to read the classics extensively, on any occasion, be prevailed on to particularly the better Greek authors, attempt the aiding of his cause, in a having for his alaitant the late Mr manner fo inconliltent with his own Ceorge Muirhead, afterwards Pro- feelings of what was right and professor of Humanity at Glasgow, whose per. reputation as a claslical scholar is No wonder then, that thus qualiwell known.
fied, and regulated by sentiments so In the month of July 1742 he was respectable, he quickly rose to a high called to the Bar. Where he had degree of eniployment in bis profefnot long continued, before the most fion, though he had among bis cofavourable opinion came to be enter- temperaries, for rivals in the public tained, among the persons best entit- favour, men of the greatest acuteness led to judge, of the proficiency he. and splendour of parts. had made in the knowledge of the Hence also he, at an early period law, and of his excellent qualifica- of life, entered the career of public tions, both for counsel and debate. offices and honour in the department His elocution was copious and easy; of the law. his selection of argument judicious, In the year 1748, on the new 'arand his mode of presenting it, in the rangement of the office of Sheriff, highest degree perspicuous and plain ; (which has been attended with so many and he accompanied it with a man. falutary coņsequences) he was pitched per of delivery so weighty and fer- upon as a fit perfop for one of those yent, as carried home to the hearer appointments. The county which
Government * His usual hour of going to bed at this period was four of the morning.
Government had destined for him, figence of the then Ministry, he acwas that of Inverness, in those times cordingly both voted against, and gave of recent disorder and rebellion, ac- his reasons to the House for oppos. counted the most important of any; ing :-A most respectable and truly and what required the fteadiest and patriotic piece of conduct, and of molt able fuperintendence. But this which he reaped a juít, but unlookedappointment, though more advanta. for reward, in the friendship and cigeous, he declined; because his friend teem of the Marquis of Rockingham; the Earl of Selkirk had recommend. who, however loath to have an oppoed him to Government for the stew- neot in the principal servant of the artry of Kirkcudbright, and it had Crown for Scotland, yet, fatisfied that been understood between him and the he had taken this line froin the purest E:rl that he was to accept it.
and most disinterested motives, conThe duties of this office he per. tinued him in his public station, and formed with great pun&tuality, and to ever after honoured him with his para the entire satisfaction of the district ticular attention. entrusted to his charge ; and he con- In the year 1766, on the death of tinued to hold it till the year 1755, Lord Minto, he was appointed Lord when he resigned, and was named So. Justice Clerk;, which office both belicitor of Excise-an office in those itows the Presidency of the highest days genera!ly held by a lawyer. Criminal Tribunal, and a seat as an
In the year 1759, on the promoć ordinary Judge in the supreme Civil tion of Mr Pringle (afterwards Lord Court. Alemore) to the Bench, he reaped In these high stations, he fully the fruit of the public favour, in be- justified the choice that had been ing appointed his Majesty's Solicitor- made of him, and foon, by his fcruGeneral for Scotland.
pulous attendance on the Court, and In the year 1760, he succeeded the alliduous labour in the dispatch of late President Dundas as his Ma- business, gained a high place in the jesty's Advocate for Scotland, and in efteem and confidence of the public, the following year he was chosen to as a man deeply impressed with the serve in Parliament for the burgh of importance of his duties, and actuated Dumfries.
by a warm and iteady zeal conscienWhile in these stations, Mr Miller, tiously to discharge them. And this whose modeity and discretion were talk he accomplished, in the civil deequal to his ability, did not think it partment, in such a manner, as both so much incumbent on him to take an added credit to the Court of which active share in the debates of the Af he was a member, and was of the most feinbiy, as to regulate his voice ac- effential service to the interests of law cording to his opinion of the public and justice. For besides the learning good. The fingle occasion that call. and experience, acquired by long ed him up as a speaker, was indeed of study and extensive prasice, he was a very interesting kind, and became a possessed of many other more material fignal proof of the independence of qualifications, which added much to his fpirit, and sincere concern in the the power of those attainments, and grandeur and prosperity of the British peculiarly fitted him for the importempire. This was the repeal of the ant charge of deciding on the rights American ftamp ac ; a measure in of his fellow-citizens. which Mr Miller's fagacity forefaw He was happy in a great natural the miserable train of consequences temperance of disposition and foundihu have fince ensued from it, and nels of judgment. Whence, though which, thoug's curported by all the in- he was well able to pursue an intri