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EMBELLISHED WITH A PORTRAIT OF THOMAS CAMPBELL, ESQ.

MONTHLY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The in-
telligence and discussion contained in them are very extensive and various; and they have been the
means of diffusing a general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degree hath enlarged
the public understanding. HERE, too, are preserved a multitude of useful hints, observations, and facts,
which otherwise might have never appeared.-Dr. Kippis.

Every Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors.--Dr. Lolinson.

LONDON:

OFF

Printed by J. Gillet, Crown-court, Fleet-street.

PUBLISHED BY H. COLBURN, CONDUIT-STREET, HANOVER-SQUARE;
BY WHOM COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE EDITOR (POST PAID) ARE RECEIVED.
AND SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS.

[Price 12s. Beards; or 14s. Half-bound.]

PREFACE

TO THE SECOND VOLUME.

SINCE the commencement of our work the stream of time has exhibited, in rapid and brilliant succession, events of far greater importance than any which have been recorded either by ancient or modern historians. The restoration of peace to a distracted world has brought with it innumerable blessings, which, while they call for our liveliest gratitude, are stimulants to the most active exertions in the pure cause of literature and religion as opposed to licentiousness and infidelity. It is peculiarly gratifying to reflect that the principles on which our Miscellany was originally established, have been acknowledged by the family of nations, as those only that can cement the union which has been so happily effected after a frightful storm of anarchy and tyranny. But the pleasure resulting from this consideration, and the joy which naturally fills our minds, in common with the friends of social order throughout the civilized world, cannot induce the persuasion that it would be prudent to cast a veil over the horrors that are past, or to relax in our vigilance, to prevent the recurrence of those evils from which we have so happily been delivered.

Nothing can be more obvious than this truth, for, like the prophetic roll, it exhibits in letters of BLOOD, MOURNING, LAMENTATION, and wOE, that laxity of sentiment is the source of every vice. When, therefore, the press which has such a powerful influence on the mind, and contributes so much to the thoughts and actions of men, is made the vehicle of ambiguous notions in morality, corrupt doctrines in religion, seditious maxims in politics, and loose counsels in manners, it is plain that the danger must be of a magnitude proportioned to the ingenuity with which the instrument is managed, and to the facility of its operation. Every human discovery has been mixed with imperfections, and no invention of man has yet been found wholly exempt from abuse. If, then, the art of diffusing knowledge by multiplying the means of acquiring it, has in a considerable degree afforded opportunities to the turbulent to sow the seeds of mischief, the perversion of

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the good is to be lamented, and the benefit itself is not therefore to be despised.

Where opposite effects are so liable to be produced, the natural course for the wise and the virtuous to adopt is to check the corruption of bad principles by the propagation of sound doctrines, and to labour with zealous activity in counteracting those pernicious errors which would destroy all virtue under the specious plea of advancing truth, and loosen the foundations of society with the hypocritical pretence of promoting uiversal happiness. In this country liberty is too universally felt and appreciated by every man, to be in any real danger from those who are in authority, but there would be too much reason to apprehend the entire loss of that inestimable blessing, were it once to be deprived of that Palladium by which it has hitherto been secured, the MORALITY and LOYALTY of the people.

To cherish this permanent security of our internal comforts and greatness; to invigorate the tried principles of faith by which the natives of these realms have been hitherto so gloriously distinguished; and to provide, as far as lay in our power, an antidote against those acts of seduction and imposition which would, if the success were commensurate with the intention, turn our blessings into curses-this, and this alone, constituted the motive and the object of the proprietors of the NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

On reviewing the course which they have pursued, it is satisfaction beyond all praise to observe that their labours have been rewarded by the public confidence, and that the encouragement which their design met with at the beginning has experienced a progressive increase. The early friends of the work have continued unabated in their attachment, and an influx of communications from various quarters, while it remunerates past exertions, will urge to renewed endeavours, in an equal zeal to further the general interests of science and the welfare of the British empire. Dec. 30, 1815.

THE

NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

No. 7.]

AUGUST 1, 1814.

[VOL. II.

MONTHLY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The intelligence and discussion contained in them are very extensive and various; and they have been the means of diffusing a general habit of reading through the nation, which in a certain degree hath enlarged the public understanding. HERE, too, are preserved a multitude of useful hints, observations, and facts, which otherwise might have never appeared.--Dr. Kippis.

Every Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors.---Dr. Johnson.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

For the New Monthly Magazine. REPORT of the SURVEY of the EAST COAST of GREAT BRITAIN from the SOUTHERN EXTREMITY OF NORFOLK to the FRITH of FORTH. BY CAPT. G. W. MANBY. [Few of our readers, we presume, can be ignorant of the indefatigable zeal and laudable activity with which Captain MANBY, barrack-master at Yarmouth, has been for several years engaged in bringing to perfection and making known his various contrivances for rescuing shipwrecked persons, and others, from a premature grave. The principal of these expedients consists in projecting ropes attached to cannon-balls, by means of ordnance, from the shore over stranded vessels and it was with a view to the general introduction of this plan, and the selection of proper stations for mortars, &c. along the coast, that the survey, of which he has made the following Report, was undertaken in 1812. Inde pendently of the national and beneficial object which it was designed to promote, its general interest will render it peculiarly acceptable to our readers.]

YARMOUTH.-To the uncommon flatness of this shore, producing such high and lengthened surfs, must be attributed the number of lives that annually perished here, previous to the method now brought into use for saving shipwrecked persons; and although the application of projecting a rope, has successively saved the crews of eight mercbant vessels at this spot, it will be necessary to guard against and provide for any casualties that may occur from those of large draught of water, sharp-built, or vessels of war, being driven on shore. I consider it proper, in addition to a

piece of ordnance, to have a 42 pounder bowitzer, and a 6-pound mortar, as a portable piece for prompt and incidental purposes, and for using from a boat, where a vessel has grounded on the bar, when running for the harbour, with such stores and ammunition as will be pointed NEW MONTHLY MAG,-No. 7.

out to the officer commanding the depot at Yarmouth.

Caistor. From the nature of this shore, many circumstances of distress have occurred here; and as vessels are generally driven within 60 or 70 yards of the shore, a 6-pound mortar with stores, and a coil of one and a half inch rope to haul a boat off by, will effectually remedy future calamities.

Winterton.-The outer bank which runs parallel with the town, has always been found to present great danger to vessels when stranded here, particularly when of large draught of water, and generally fatal to the unfortunate crews. On minute investigatien, I find there are two banks, recently formed more to the northward of the town, produced by the remains of wrecks having diverted the course of the current: they are from 250 to 300 yards from the shore at high water, and extend from N. E. to E. by N. of the light house. In the event of vessels not being able to weather the Ness, new and increased dangers will from this cause be created; but I am persuaded the mortar already planted here is ample security to rescue the lives of such unfortunate persons as may be on board them. At the distance of about two miles, parallel with the Winterton shore, lies the Cockle Sand, recorded for its manifold circumstances of shipwreck, and total destruction to the generality of the crews. In hard easterly gales the violence of the surf prevents boats being launched from the shore, to render them assistance, which can only be effected by having two pair of anchors laid out by the rule prescribed by me, one pair half a mile to the northward of the town, and one pair at the same distance to the southward; this will insure the certainty of boats hauling through the surf to their relief.

Hasborough.-The outer bank at this
VOL. II.
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