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THE

MONTHLY CHRONICLE;

A

NATIONAL JOURNAL

OF

Politics, Literature, Science, and Art,

3

VOL. V.

JANUARY —JUNE, 1840.

LONDON:

LONGMAN, ORME, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,

PATERNOSTER-ROW

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CONTENTS OF VOL. V.

Page
Kate Anwyl

- 321
Navigation by Steam

332
Royal Liturgies. — Church and State in
Prussia

- 385
The War with China

- 415

The Convict System of Van Diemen's

Land

- 431

Hints on Dramatic Versification 461
The Editor's Room

- 481
Social Despotism of Austria

- 500
General View of Modern Italian Liter-
ature

• 518

· 193

Inez de Castro

- 270

A Night-watch by the Sea

- 297

King Boabdil's Lament for the Loss of

Granada

345

A Song for Spain

- 364

The Surety (from Schiller)

412

Boileau's "First Satire,” roughly done

into English

427

A Sister's Memory

- 449

The Past and Future

- 460

Ode to Clara Novello

- 471

The Final Darkness

497

The Bjarke Maal (from the Norse) - 536

INDEX

- 56

263

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THE

MONTHLY CHRONICLE.

THE COMING SESSION.

The unprofitable results of the two last sessions of Parliament cause many to look forward with despondency to that which is about to commence. We are not of the number. The pause of a few years in the onward progress of national improvement has been more apparent than real. The reign of our youthful Sovereign, it is true, has been unmarked as yet by any of those events, which, like Catholic Emancipation, Reform of Parliament, or Abolition of Slavery, form eras in the history of a people; but the popular energy which achieved those peaceful triumphs remains unimpaired, and whenever it shall be awakened to renewed activity, it will walk forth with a power strengthened by repose, and will be prepared to act with a vigour immeasurably beyond any that it has yet displayed. Even the last six months have done much to advance the cause of Reform. The explosion of Chartism on the Welsh border will go far to dispel the fatal illusion that lately kept the labouring classes aloof from those of their fellow-sufferers, by whom alone social improvements can ever be enforced; and the bloodshed so wantonly provoked at Newport will not have been unattended by some beneficial consequences, if it should lead to the abandonment of those visionary schemes of reform, which never could have been realised, but the too eager pursuit of which might easily have led to the reinstatement of that party, whose only principle

of government has invariably been the reduction of civil and religious liberty within the narrowest bounds.

There have been governments in England that would have made the late mournful event in Monmouthshire a pretext for the curtailment of popular rights. We have no such apprehension at present; and therefore, while we grieve for the melancholy fate of those whom their mistaken zeal has hurried into destruction, we know the full extent of the evil, and can derive comfort from the confident hope, that the sacrifice will probably lead to the dissolution of that unfortunate confederacy which has done more to revive the hopes of Toryism than any single event that has occurred within the last ten years.

We think we perceive many symptoms of an improved feeling among the working classes. They are beginning, or we are much mistaken, to become aware of the fraud that has been practised on them by those whose tools they have allowed themselves to be made; and should the dissension which has prevailed among Reformers during the last two or three years, give way speedily to any thing like a real union, we may rest assured that the coming session will not be found barren of most gratifying results.

Among the most important manifestations of the last few months, we should be disposed to name the complete disclosure of the character and de

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